Method and device for vehicle access control

FIELD: motor industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle access systems. Method for identification of a person as a person having a right to drive, comprises the stages at which via at least one electronic camera, installed in a vehicle, a photo of skin of a person requesting access to the vehicle is taken, comparing the time variation of at least one parameter of the captured skin area, performing time variation of the parameters of the captured skin area, comparing with the stored reference data about the rhythm of the heartbeat of persons entitled to access, providing access to the vehicle, if the time variation of the captured skin area parameter coincides with reference data about the rhythm of the heartbeat, wherein the provided access includes opening at least one vehicle door. At least one electronic camera records the area outside the vehicle, wherein the subject requesting access to the vehicle is offered to bring the exposed area of the body to the camera.

EFFECT: higher vehicle safety.

9 cl, 5 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: method includes first creating a database from reference handwritten texts converted to digital in the form of patterns and matrices containing identification parameters in the form of average angles of projection of text, obtained by dividing the text into separate fragments, breaking down the picture of the text into elementary components and linearisation thereof;when analysing a new presented handwriting sample, creating a pattern and an identification matrix similar to the reference sample; comparing and making a decision to associate the presented handwritten text with one of the references.

EFFECT: high reliability of personal identification.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: method of biometric authentication of users consists in that a database of identification parameters of handwriting examples of users with access to an IT system is created in advance, then the user entering the access control system is suggested to make any writing of handwriting example, the received analogue signal is converted to digital form, forming an array of quantized counts, by values of its elements an array of coefficients is calculated, the elements of which are compared with the respective array elements of the registered users, and the user to be identified is deemed incidental to the reference record if this difference is minimum. After the analogue signal is converted into a digital form, an analogue signal jitter, the ratio of number of values of the analogue signal jitter exceeding the first threshold value to the total number of values of the analogue signal jitter are determined, the calculated ratio is compared with the second threshold value, in case the calculated relation doesn't exceed the second threshold value, the array of coefficients is calculated by means of two-dimensional discrete cosine conversion, otherwise the handwriting example is written again.

EFFECT: reduction of probability of error of the first sort of user authentication when the user accessed the system, whose handwriting example parameters are available in the access control system database, is denied by the access control system.

2 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: authentication device is used to store biometric data of a monitored individual by sensing a sequence from predefined handwritten words written by the monitored individual on a graphics pad. Each word is presented to the monitored individual before the individual repeats the word and the time allocated for the individual to write said word is limited. Further the biometric authentication device is trained to recognise said handwritten words and fragments thereof written by the monitored individual. Data input and training are carried out until first- and second-type error probability forecast falls to a given value for a predefined number of words. In authentication mode, verification words are presented to the monitored individual in a random sequence and the individual handwrites each verification word just presented recently. The obtained biometric data are then compared with reference data and an evaluation is made of the similarity of said words. The sequence of verification words presented to the individual is increased until a decision is made on the authentication result with the probability of first- and second-type errors, close to a predefined value.

EFFECT: high reliability of automated monitoring of enforcement of house arrest and avoiding the need to use hand and leg bracelets.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to computer engineering and can be used in video analysis and processing systems. The apparatus for automated facial recognition when processing a group photograph comprises a unit for searching for regions containing faces, a decision unit, wherein the output of a unit for localising facial regions (1) is connected to the input of a unit for separating the image into a background and an object (2), the output of which is connected to the first input of an image normalisation unit (3); the output of a control unit (9) is connected to the second input of the image normalisation unit (3), the output of which is connected to the input of a unit for generating vectors of facial features (4), the output of which is connected to the input of a buffer unit (5), the output of which is connected to the first input of a comparator unit (6); the output of a delay unit (7) is connected to the input of a unit for generating vectors of facial features (8), the output of which is connected to the second input of the comparator unit (6), the output of which is the data output of the apparatus.

EFFECT: automated facial recognition when processing a group photograph.

1 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises P units for selecting a maximum signal, P units for calculating an activation function, P groups of multiplier units, P groups of decoders and P groups of units for generating membership function values.

EFFECT: high accuracy of recognition when recognising objects in conditions without or with strong distortion of separate areas of an image, broader functional capabilities.

1 dwg

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of identifying and classifying an object. The method comprises the following steps: detecting an object using at least one physical detector disposed on said object; using the output signal of the detector, by forming a threshold value, and an analysing device to detect at least one object defined as a singly-connected region having defined physical properties which uniquely distinguish the object from other objects; identifying and/or classifying the object from the output signal based on predetermined properties; using the output signal for the object to deduce multiple different physical features; based on the selected physical features, associating the object with at least one of N predetermined base classes; ordering the N base classes in a predetermined sequence into an N-dimensional vector V, which is associated with the object, wherein elements v1…vN of the vector V indicate the identity of the object to the corresponding base class; depending on the vector V, associating the object with an arbitrary class selected from a reference database, wherein if the object belongs to the corresponding base class, the vector element v1…vN is assigned a binary value "1", otherwise the binary value "0" is assigned.

EFFECT: faster identification and classification of objects by predefining N base classes ordered by an N-dimensional vector V.

2 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: database of users allowed to access a system is formed from sampled and quantised readings of handwriting samples of a matrix of two-dimensional discrete Haar transform coefficients. When allowing a new user into the system, a matrix of two-dimensional discrete Haar transform coefficients similar to the reference sample is formed from the sampled and quantised readings of handwriting samples of that user. Comparison is carried out and a decision is made to associate the obtained record to one of the reference records.

EFFECT: high reliability of authorised access in systems requiring use of personal identification means.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises the pretreatment units of first and second images, the recording units of first and second images, the conversion units of first and second images into a color space YIQ, the enhancing units of the real component of first and second images, the image forming units as a result of rotation of the first and second image, the units of image forming in changing the angle of inclination of the first and second images, the units of storage of simulated images for the first and second images, the unit of application of the method SIFT, the calculation unit of quantity of equal descriptors, the unit of storage of the found pair of duplicates.

EFFECT: ensuring the ability to compare the descriptors applied to the task of searching image duplicates.

5 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes a register of criteria codes, a unit of memory of criteria codes, a decoder of criteria codes and a unit of result memory.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of a device due to reduced quantity of requested criteria of recognition for instances, when the result becomes available in advance by the current situation of recognition.

5 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: radio engineering, communication.

SUBSTANCE: image recognition device contains a multichannel switch, an ADC, a marker associativity coefficient memory unit, a logical AND unit, a shift register unit, a control unit, a logical OR element, an address register, an address selection memory unit, a buffer register.

EFFECT: device performance improvement.

4 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to computer engineering. A method of preventing unauthorised use of vehicle equipment, based on use of software, the method comprising determining, using a vehicle computer system, that the infotainment system is turned on; receiving a unique identification number of the vehicle from a vehicle network associated with the vehicle in which the infotainment system is installed; comparing the unique identification number of the vehicle with a stored identification number of the vehicle, previously associated with the infotainment system; providing access to the infotainment system only if the unique identification number of the vehicle matches the stored identification number of the vehicle; otherwise blocking use of the infotainment system.

EFFECT: effective prevention of unauthorised use of stolen equipment in another vehicle.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: vehicle control system (100) comprises the first set of vehicle functions set (V-CAP). Vehicle (100) user interface (101) receives personal data (D-ID) designating the vehicle (100) drive identity. Communication device (105) transmits personal data (D-ID) and vehicle data (V-ID) to data processor module (120). The later analyses if the user identified by personal data (D-ID) is the authorized user of vehicle (100). If so, vehicle description (D-CERT) is compared with said first set of vehicle data (V-CAP). Then, activation message (MSG-A) is generated to indicate the necessity of activation of the driver authorized functions included in the first set of vehicle (100) functions (V-CAP). Invention covers also the method of vehicle control.

EFFECT: vehicle control by authorized drive only.

8 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to antitheft devices. Antitheft interlock comprises thrust or thrust shoe with limiter interacting with wheel inner side surface while L-like pin is fitted in the disc vent opening or between spokes and locked at thrust shoe at point corresponding to wheel appropriate width. This interlock this interlock suits most forged and cast light-alloy discs. To prevent wheel removal wheel nits securities are used.

EFFECT: simplified design and fitting in place.

2 dwg

FIELD: radio engineering, communication.

SUBSTANCE: method of protecting a car security system from unauthorised use includes a receiving device mounted on a car and a portable transmitting user device, wherein the transmitting device creates a code package using an encryption key and transmits the package to the receiving device. When reprogramming the system, particularly in case of real or imaginary malfunction of the system, communication between the portable transmitting device and the receiving device is carried out through an information transmission channel which does not use a radio signal.

EFFECT: low risk of information interception.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: auxiliary interlocking mechanism is proposed which mechanism locks interlocking element (6) in steering column locking position. In the auxiliary interlocking element, its sliding plate (91) is engaging with auxiliary catching section (95) of interlocking element (6) being in steering column locked position, so that engagement between holding element (21) and holding/receiving section (93) could disengage. Closer to the side of interlocking element (6) rear end relative to relative to auxiliary catching section (95), fragile section (74) is fitted permissible loading on which is less than loading which can sliding plate (91) can withstand. In case when loading of specified or greater value is applied to interlocking element (6), the latter (6) breaks in fragile section (74).

EFFECT: enhanced antitheft protection.

11 cl, 14 dwg

Vehicle terminal // 2537892

FIELD: physics, navigation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of navigating, namely to vehicle terminals. The vehicle terminal includes the master microcontroller, antenna GPS/GLONASS, SIM-chip, housing. The housing contains the standby power supply and printed circuit board. The printed circuit board has flash memory, three-axial accelerometer, GPS/GLONASS receiver, power supply control unit, GSM module with antenna, LED indicators, interface unit connection module, slot for installation of SIM-card of mobile communication operator, external power supply module. The output of GPS/GLONASS antenna is connected to the input of GPS/GLONASS receiver. The master microcontroller contains minimum 7 inputs-outputs. SIM-chip and slot for installation of SIM-card are connected to GSM-module. The power control module is connected with the external power supply module and standby power supply module. The acceleration sensor is designed with additional function of determination of acceleration values by three coordinate axes. The standby power supply terminal contains the lithium - polymeric battery.

EFFECT: improvement of reliability of obtaining operating and reliable monitoring information at simultaneous decrease of the sizes of the vehicle terminal.

8 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: radio engineering, communication.

SUBSTANCE: control points are placed on motorways and are provided with receivers for detecting a source of interference for GPS and GSM signals. Photographic and video capturing of vehicles on the motorway is performed upon detecting interference and the data are transmitted to a remote server. Data received at the server from multiple control points are processed to detect licence plate matches. Data on said licence plates and direction of movement are transmitted to road patrol service posts nearest to the last point where the interference was detected.

EFFECT: high efficiency of detecting stolen vehicles.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: steering wheel interlocking device consists of rod, braces rigidly fixed on it, grip installed on steering wheel and locked by lock mechanism. Lock mechanism is made as separate unit with key. The grip is made as levers with pin. The braces are made as plate with holes in butt ends and in base. In one of butt end holes, rod is installed, and in the other butt end hole pin is installed on which pin levers are fixed opposite to each other with possibility to rotate around this pin for specified angle. In the hole in plate base, lock mechanism is installed.

EFFECT: improved protective properties and reduced dimensions of steering wheel interlocking device.

5 dwg

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to public information systems and intelligent transport systems. The method comprises installing an intelligent transport system on vehicle, completely adapting the system to the electrical system of the vehicle, using the system continuously in automatic and manual mode together with cellular communication means, the Internet and navigation satellite systems, and performing video surveillance and monitoring of the vehicle at a distance using cellular equipment which supports 3G technology. The intelligent transport system consists of the following basic interlinked structural components: a video surveillance system, a video recorder, a touch screen display, a processor board with a SIM module, a transceiver, an emergency unit with an antitheft system module, a uninterrupted power supply, a multimedia device, a distance meter and a preventive security system.

EFFECT: achieving comprehensive protection of a vehicle, the driver, passengers, pedestrians and creating favourable traffic conditions overall.

4 cl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry. Proposed device comprises valve (7) to reciprocate in antitheft device (1) for locking the steering column. Lock is fixed to antitheft device (1) to displace said valve (7). Locking means displace when lock gets disengaged from antitheft device (1) between inactive position and working position whereat locking means lock said valve (7). Antitheft device (1) comprises extra retainers of locking means to lock the latter at working position. Said retainers comprises clip and second spring means to act thereat in direction of the position whereat said clip retains said locking means at working position.

EFFECT: higher reliability.

12 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to radio-electronic systems used for monitoring immovable property objects and vehicles. Proposed system contains one or several dispatcher centers, personal information centers, stationary and carry-on alarm complexes. System is provided with over-territory distributed retransmission-radio direction finding network with retransmitters-radio direction finders made for reception of signals containing code messages from carry-on alarm complexes, measuring power of received signals and bearings of sources of radiation and transmission of said code messages and results of measurements to dispatcher center. Said dispatcher centers and at least part of personal information centers are made with possibility of access to external information sources. Stationary and carry-on alarm complexes are made for transmission of voice and text messages and video pictures by cellular mobile communication network. Dispatcher centers and personal information centers are made for reception of said voice, test messages and video pictures by cellular mobile communication network.

EFFECT: reduced level of false alarms at revealing of facts of unauthorized action onto objects under protection, improved reliability of location of hi-jacked vehicle.

3 cl, 6 dwg

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