Detection of gum using optical detector in oral hygiene detection device
SUBSTANCE: detection device (1000) allows to detect a substance (116) that may be present on the surface (31, 33), on the basis of the stream probe signal measurement, correlating with the substance (116) at least partially preventing the passage of fluid (30, 35) through the stream probe (500). The device includes a distal section (620) of the optical gum detector transmission and a distal section (720) of the optical gum detector reception in the position for transmission and for reception, respectively, of the optical signal under the control of the controller (2251), allowing the controller (2251) to determine whether the open port (526) of the distal end (522) of the stream probe (500) contacts with the substance (116) at least partially preventing the passage of fluid (30, 35) through the open port (526), and whether it contacts with the gums of the subject or the user of the detection device (1000) to ignore the false positive signals.
EFFECT: device improvement.
28 cl, 46 dwg
SUBSTANCE: clinical dental health parameters following the endodontic treatment (Cl parameter) expressed in the quantitative equivalent according to table 3, are recorded. The X-ray periapical tissue health parameters following the endodontic treatment (Rtissue parameter) expressed in the quantitative equivalent according to table 4, are recorded.The X-ray root filling health parameters following the endodontic treatment (Rfilling parameter) expressed in the quantitative equivalent according to table 5, are recorded. In questionable cases, the recording procedure involves a higher rate of the estimation scale, and for multirooted teeth - the highest rate specified; each following root filling health parameter and its assessment criterion is secondary from the previous one depending on a degree of risk of potential post-endodontic complications and arranged in the ascending order, thereby characterising an increase of a therapeutic defect rate, except for the first assessment criteria of each of the parameters of a quantitative aspect of the X-ray filling health with 1 point assigned to describe the ideal clinical outcome for the given parameter. A complex index of the endodontic treatment expressed in points is calculated by formula: CIET = Cl+Rtissue+ΣRfilling, wherein CIET is the complex index of the endodontic treatment; Cl is the quantitative characteristics of the clinical dental health following the endodontic treatment; Rtissue is the quantitative characteristics of the X-ray periapical tissue health following the endodontic treatment; ΣRfilling is a total score derived in accordance with the criteria of the quantitative characteristics of the X-ray root filling health following the endodontic treatment. The clinical outcome is analysed on a basis of theoretical evaluation of numerical ranges of accepted values of the complex index of the endodontic treatment enabling to specify the therapeutic approach to the patient. The complex index less than 12 points testifies to adequate leak resistance of the root filling; pathological changes in the periapical tissues are absent; the tooth does not need to be treated; the prediction is considered to be favourable. If the range is 13-19 points, the root filling occurs to seal the root canal inadequately; the risk of periapical complications is minimised; the 6-24-month case follow-up is recommended. The range of 20-37 points shows the unsatisfactory leak resistance of the root filling; the high probability of post-endodontic complications is stated; the recurrent endodontic manipulation is recommended; the prediction is open to question. If the index reaches 37 points and more, the surgical management is recommended.
EFFECT: by additional quantitative characteristics of the clinical and X-ray periapical tissue and root filling health, the method enables characterising the quality of the therapeutic outcomes in the nearest and remote period, and specifying the indications for a certain method of treating.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to dentistry, and can be used in diagnosing body sensitivity to dental materials. A challenge test involving a 2-hour contact of a sampling material and an oral mucosa is conducted. The state of the oral mucosa microvasculature is assessed by computed biomicroscopy. A diameter of a capillary arteriolar domain, a diameter of a capillary venular domain, a mean diameter of a capillary, a diameter of gathering venules, a functional capillary density are measured. If one of the relevant parameters tends to vary at a value, which is at least 1.5 times as much as a parameter variation error, a high sensitivity to the dental materials is diagnosed.
EFFECT: technique enables providing the more objective and reliable procedure applicable to diagnose the sensitivity by using the computed biomicroscopy for studying the tissue changes and selecting the best assessment criteria.
6 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to cardiology. A method involves estimating a compliance level on the basis of 20 test questions of the compliance rating scale applicable for the patients suffering hypertensive disease; each question has three selective answers coded from 1 to 3 points; the patient either fills in the scale independently, or ticks the answers to the questions being read out by the doctor. The result interpretation involves the total score for all the questions: 51-60 means a high compliance level; 41-50 shows a medium compliance level, whereas 40 points or less stand for a low compliance level.
EFFECT: estimating the compliance level and objectifying the results in points in the patients with hypertensive disease of the 1st-2nd stage, in arterial hypertension of the 1st-3rd degree by means of the specifically developed rating scale applicable to estimate the compliance in the patients suffering hypertensive disease.
2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, functional diagnostics and can be used for preclinical, predoctoral examination, assessment of the functional state of body organs and systems, and pre-diagnosis. The method involves measuring electrical conductivity (EC) of 24 representing points of 12 symmetrical meridians, determining an arithmetic mean (AM) value of these measurements and specifying a corridor of permissible values for this patient, to which the derived values are compared in order to assess the functional state of the patient's body. That involves using the following criteria: a ratio of total ECs of Yin meridian points to total ECs of Yang meridian points, a ratio of total ECs of arm points to total ECs of leg points, a ratio of total ECs of left-side points to total ECs of right-side points. ECs are measured at voltages 5V, and/or 9V, and/or 12V. If the measurements are taken at 9V, the measured ECs are re-calculated by formula: I new=9/(29/I measured-0.1)*Coeff, (I); if the measurement process is performed at 12V, the measured values are re-calculated by formula: I new=9/(29/I measured-0.1)*Coeff, (I); and at 5V: I new=1 measured*Coeff, (III), wherein in (I), (II) and (III) respectively: I new is the re-calculated EC; I measured is the measured EC; Coeff is a correction coefficient taking into account a meridian conductivity heterogeneity. The re-calculated values are transformed into adjusted ones by formula: I adjusted=I new/I mean, wherein: I adjusted is the adjusted EC; I new is the non-adjusted re-calculated EC; I mean is the arithmetic mean value of all the 24 measurements. That is followed by delimiting an individual normal corridor for this patient depending on the preset diagnostic sensitivity S and a width of corridor of the permissible EC values Wpv. The Wpv represents a range of EC values measured in this patient, whereas the diagnostic sensitivity S is specified depending on selecting the patients with a certain disease. Delimiting the individual normal corridor for this patient is ensured by measuring intermediate coefficients for lower Kl and upper Ku corridor limits respectively: Kl=1-(1-S)*Wpv/2.1 and Ku=1+(1-Kl)*1.1. Lower L and upper U limits of the individual normal corridor are determined: L=Kl* I mean and U=Ku* I mean. That is followed by comparing I adjusted to the derived limits of the individual normal corridor.
EFFECT: method provides high accuracy of the individual diagnosis.
4 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: senior guinea pigs are exposed to optical light generated by light emitting diodes or fluorescent tubes at a colour temperature of 4,500 K within the wavelength region of 360-460 nm for various time distances. The exposure is assessed by functional activity indices of neutrophilic granulocytes and a mononuclear cell count.
EFFECT: using the method requires no expensive equipment, critical chemicals; it is of a particular importance for evaluating the biological safety of new artificial light sources embedded into a light-colour medium; it provides expanded information on biological effects of optical light.
SUBSTANCE: method involves specifying the patient's age in years, measuring a left atrium diameter in millimetres, assessing the anti-arrhythmic therapy provided and determining a degree of aortic and mitral incompetence. The produced values are used to calculate a risk (R) of recurrent atrial fibrillation following a radiofrequency ablation procedure by original formula. If the derived value R is more than 0.5, the development of recurrent atrial fibrillation is predicted to follow the radiofrequency ablation procedure; the value R of 0.5 or less shows no risk of recurrent atrial fibrillation following the radiofrequency ablation procedure.
EFFECT: higher prediction accuracy.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment, namely to equipment for visualisation of physiological data. Method of monitoring physiological parameters contains stages at which physiological parameters are measured periodically or aperiodically by at least one electronic sensor, with each measured value of physiological parameter having corresponding medical expiry date, determined and continuously visualised are: the last measured value of each measured physiological parameter and its designation, medical expiry date for each measured value of physiological parameter, which represents preliminary specified maximal time, during which value of physiological parameter is visualised, remaining medical term to expiry date of each measured value of physiological parameter for inquired time moment is determined, for each measured physiological parameter with non-zero remaining time period before expiry date determined and visualised on display are: the last measured value of physiological parameter, its designation and indication of remaining medical time period before expiry date in form of indicating the number of days, hours, minutes or seconds, during which reading is visualised, or indication of amount of time before visualisation of the following reading, with removal of reading from display in real time after preliminary configured medical term before expiry date finishes, absence of image is replaced with symbol, showing absence of current reading. Method is realised with application of machine-readable carrier, containing programme, recorded on it, and device for visualisation of data values and designations of patient's physiological parameters, which contains electronic sensors for periodical of aperiodical measurement of values of physiological parameters, processor, programmed for determination of the last measured physiological parameter and display device control.
EFFECT: application of invention makes it possible to increase rapidity of determination of data remoteness of the screen.
8 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: "orthopaedic index" is calculated as a sum of three values. The first value is derived by conducting densitometry, and points are assigned according to its findings: 1 point for norm, 2 points for osteopenia, 3 points for osteoporosis, and 4 points for severe osteoporosis. The second value is derived by means of Charlson comorbidity index; 0-2 points according to the Charlson comorbidity index scale correspond to 1 point of the second value; 3 points of the Charlson comorbidity index scale are 2 points of the second value; 4 points of the Charlson comorbidity index scale show 3 points of the second value, while 5 points and more of the Charlson comorbidity index scale correspond to 4 points of the second value. The third value is determined by assessing the quality of life as per the scales SF-36; 0-200 points according to the scales SF-36 correspond to 4 points of the third value; 201-400 points of the scale SF-36 show 3 points of the third value; 401-600 points of the scales SF-36 provide 2 points of the third value, and 601-800 points correspond to 1 point of the third value. Total score is deriving by summing up the three values to determine "the orthopaedic index": I - 1-3 points, II - 4-6 points, III - 7-9 points, IV - 10-12 points. The form of treatment is defined: the patients with index I have the endoprosthesis replacement with endoprostheses with a shortened leg of the femoral component, the greater diameter of the head (36 mm or more); the patients with index II have the endoprosthesis replacement with cementless anchored total endoprostheses; the patients with index III have the total hip replacement with cemented endoprostheses; the patients with index IV have the endoprosthesis replacement with cemented anchored bipolar endoprostheses.
EFFECT: through assessing the available factors influencing the postoperative period, prosthesis anchoring in its bed, potential endoprosthesis rejection, functional effect and potential aggravation of comorbidities, the method can improve functional outcomes, reduce the risk of endoprosthesis loosening and the risk of recurrent operations.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for medical monitoring. The method contains stages at which: a packet (7) of data about a patient is transmitted from a device (10) for patient monitoring to the central server (12); a message (72) with acknowledgement (ACK), transmitted by the central server (12) in response to receiving by the central server (10) of the transmitted packet (70) of data about the patient, with a message with acknowledgement containing a time stamp, provided from the central server (12) clock (46), indicating the time and date, when the central server (12) received the packet (70) of the patient's data; the message time stamp (72) with ACK is compared with the current time of the clock (28) of the patient monitoring device (10); and if the difference between the current time of the clock (28) of the patient monitoring device (10) and the time stamp (74) with ACK is larger than the first preliminarily determined time, the clock (28) is synchronised in accordance with the time and date in the time stamp (74) in the message (72) with ACK.
EFFECT: provision of control of the time synchronisation interface.
13 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: non-invasive examination of vessels is performed by means of a probe, installed on the skin surface in the projection of a vessel, by a method of optic coherent (OC) tomography, tomograms, obtained without compression test and OC tomograms under conditions of the compression test by the displacement of tissues by the probe by 1 mm towards the visualised vessel, are analysed. Compressibility of the vessel, tissues and formations and uniformity of the vessel configuration change under compression are estimated on the images. If a non-uniform and/or incomplete compressibility and a non-uniformity of the vessel configuration change are detected, microangiopathy is identified.
EFFECT: method ensures the high accuracy and objectivity of non-invasive diagnostics of the condition of microvasculature, in particular, the presence of intra-vascular formations, including differential diagnostics of vasculopathy due to the identification of particular criteria for the determination of pathological changes.
5 dwg, 4 ex
FIELD: personal appliances.
SUBSTANCE: tooth brush comprises a handle section (12 or 55) and a brush head section (14 or 57) with a set (20 or 53) of bristles on one end of the tooth brush. At least one sensor (16 or 56) is mounted either on a handle, or on a carrier plate (54) for the set of bristles. If the sensor is mounted on the handle, the head position is determined by a processor (44 or 58) in relation to inner or outer dental surfaces following the temperature detected by the sensor, as both an ambient temperature, and a user's skin temperature. If the sensor is mounted on the carrier plate for the set of bristles, this procedure is performed on the basis of the position of the set of bristles in relation to user's cheek.
EFFECT: structural improvement.
7 cl, 18 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: toothbrush comprises components with light-emitting and structural characteristics. The components in combination, on the whole, are chemically compatible and function so that to provide for areas with varied visibility of elements and, additionally, varied level of odorous substances release.
EFFECT: improvement of visual and other organoleptic effects.
22 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a cleaning head with conductive fibre bristles which are used to feed a potential for the electrochemical activation of the dental bleaching agent, e.g. peroxide nearby the teeth. A complex impedance device system (62) or an optical device system (27) provides the information whether the bristles with the conductive fibres are nearby the dental surface or nearby the gingival surface. The first of the above systems - the complex impedance one - uses an electrical signal through a fibre to determine the complete impedance of a chain comprising a tooth or a gingival surface with the complex impedance supposed to vary in accordance with the fact if the tooth or the gingival surface is involved into the chain. The optical system generates a light beam, which is directed to the oral cavity surface through the conductive fibre with the return light colour showing if the surface is dental or gingival. If it is the tooth that is detected, the dental bleaching agent is activated on the bristle, whereas determining the gingival tissue keeps the dental bleaching agent inactive on the bristle.
EFFECT: structural improvement.
20 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: toothbrush comprises a handle with an inner chamber and a grip element, a head with bristles, a window positioned between the head and the grip element, a highlighting element positioned in the inner chamber and designed so that the highlighting element light is visible through the window. The toothbrush inner chamber contains a power supply and a motor for driving at least one of the said bristles as well as a timing circuit for activation within the preset period of time; the highlighting element is active during the whole of the preset period of time, a part thereof and/or at the end of the said period. The activation device designed so that to enable activation of the motor and the timing circuit. Placed in the inner cavity is a frame whereto the motor, the highlighting element and at least part of the activation device are connected prior to the frame insertion into the inner chamber. The frame has at least one leg for interaction with the inner chamber wall when the frae is fixed in its position inside the chamber.
EFFECT: electric toothbrush is designed so that the user can see the highlighting element light in the mirror positioned before the user when using the toothbrush for tooth cleaning.
15 cl, 27 dwg
SUBSTANCE: instrument comprises an oral sample collection vessel, a detector able to detect a marker in this sample, an indicator actuated by a detector signal. The above vessel is detachably connected to an oral cavity instrument. The vessel comprises a sample collection element, a sample storage container, and a passage connecting the collection element and the container to supply the sample to the container by capillary action. The indicator is integrated into the container. The declared instrument is used to diagnose oral diseases by collecting the oral sample, detecting one or more markers in this sample and indicating the presence of one of the disease markers.
EFFECT: inventions enables establishing an accurate and fast diagnosis of the oral pathologies accompanying the daily oral care by placing the detector inside the container able to accumulate a required amount of the sample to be diagnosed.
25 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed is a toothbrush containing a head (having a longitudinal axis extending from the proximal end of the head to its distal end), a handle connected to the proximal end of the head and extending therefrom emerging from the head surface and including multiple groups of elastomer walls that jointly form closed configurations positioned along the head longitudinal axis. The elastomer walls within each group are separated with a gap with each closed configuration containing a gap positioned on the longitudinal axis of the head, central cleaning elements positioned inside each closed configuration and multiple bristles positioned outside the closed configurations.
EFFECT: convenience of use.
20 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: presented invention refers to devices and systems for detecting the presence of oral diseases. The device comprises an oral disease marker detector and an agent indicative of an oral disease. The agent is integrated into a release device that enables releasing a release agent in response to the marker detected. The detector is presented in the form of a layer above the release device and the agent. The device can be detachably attached to an oral care instrument.
EFFECT: developing device indicative of the oral diseases.
19 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed is an oral care device containing a head including a section for soft tissues cleaning containing the first area with hard projections that are positioned essentially vertically and the second area with flexible projections designed so that to enable bending from the first inclined position into the second inclined position and the third inclined position.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed is an oral care means comprising a handle, a head attached to the handle and having a base as well as multiple cleaning elements attached to the base; one end of each of the multiple cleaning elements is connected to the other with at least one of the multiple cleaning elements representing a spiral bristle.
EFFECT: design improvement.
10 cl, 29 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medical equipment and describes versions of oral care devices and a method for making a head for this device. According to the first version, the device comprises a handle, a head attached to the handle, first and second cleansing devices. The head has a body with a front surface and a back surface opposite the front surface. A socket is formed in the back surface of the body. The body comprises a bulb extending up from the sunk socket bottom with the socket surrounding the bulb. The first cleaning device is formed of an elastic material for cleansing oral soft tissues and provided inside the socket with the body bulb extending through a central hole of the first cleansing device. The second cleansing is formed of an elastic material for cleansing oral soft tissues with the second cleansing device is provided on the body bulb of the structure. The second cleansing device is formed in an upper surface of the bulb for cleansing oral soft tissues and projects therefrom. The body is made of solid plastic. A method for making the head of the device involves moulding the body of the head of solid plastic, injecting a first dose of thermoplastic elastomer through a first port into the socket of the body of the head to form the first cleansing device and injecting a second dose of thermoplastic elastomer through a second port onto the body of the head to form the second cleansing device.
EFFECT: inventions provide the comfort and effective clearance of bacteria from the tongue and other soft tissues by penetration into narrow oral spaces and sockets.
56 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: equipment for application of various liquid compositions onto various surfaces.
SUBSTANCE: brush has handle, bristle and insert located within said bristle at operating side of handle. Insert is made in the form of member having saw shape in section perpendicular to bristle, said saw shape being defined by steps and protrusions arranged opposite with respect to one another on opposite sides of perimeter of insert.
EFFECT: increased amount of stored painting substance and improved painting quality.
2 cl, 2 dwg