Mobile roboticized fire extinguishing unit on the basis of gyroscooters

FIELD: fire safety.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises two or more firefighter robots on mobile devices including a hydraulic monitor with vertical and horizontal guidance mounted on the monitor, nozzles with a drive for changing the spray angle, an ignition detection device, connected to the switching unit, a transport drive, a drive of docking with a hydraulic valve and a power connector, a rangefinder and a battery connected through a control unit to a switching unit that on the output is connected via a radio channel through a radio control unit with remote-control console and control device connected through a receiving and controlling device with fire detectors. Firefighter robot is installed on mobile device - gyroscooter and includes control box of center-of-gravity position, the route card navigator with parking device to water intake sites for docking with hydrovalve and power connector.

EFFECT: creation of a highly reliable, efficient high-speed fire extinguishing device with automatic identification of the fire coordinates, the automatic directing of the jet of fire extinguishing agent to the source of ignition and a significant expansion of the working area of service with a decrease in the number of firefighter robots that make up the unit.

2 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

Nozzle // 2555559

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: nozzle is made in form of a cone confuser with cylindrical output channel, in which the output channel axis is displaced relatively to the confuser axis by distance from 0.15 to 0.5 of channel diameter creating transition zone in area of crossing of the confuser cone surface and channel cylindrical surface. In the nozzle the angle of the cone confuser is set from 20° to 90°, and length of the nozzle output channel does not exceed 3 nozzle diameters.

EFFECT: creation of spiral jet with increased resistance and reach distance.

14 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: fire-fighting equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of fire-fighting equipment, namely, the means for extinguishing fire, in particular to automated units of water (foam) fire-fighting. In the system of water fire extinguishing, containing pipeline distribution network equipped with sprinklers with controlled start, the receiving-control and management fire-fighting device, which is connected to fire loop with integrated fire detectors and a signal line, which comprises the devices of initiating the start, electrically connected to controlled sprinklers, and the pipeline distribution network is divided into zones, and the system is equipped with additional addressable remote start devices corresponding to each designated area, which are included in the other signal line connected to the receiving-control and management fire-fighting device, the sprinkler housing is made as a fitting with a through hole and a threaded part passing into the end valve part, and the fitting by means of an axisymmetric nozzle consisting of two vertical volume stiffeners and two inclined prismatic ribs rigidly connected to them is rigidly connected to a hollow cylindrical sleeve with an internal thread interacting with a clamping bolt which presses a glass flask to the poppet valve, while on the other side to the sleeve perpendicularly to its axis, the sprayer device is mounted, in the form of rosette with the petals positioned relative to each other with a gap, and axially on the fitting side, opposite the threaded part the lock poppet valve is located through a pad, connected with the element of automatic response to the excess of the given premises temperature, which is made in the form of a glass flask, which is a thermal lock.

EFFECT: increasing reliability of water fire-extinguishing system.

3 dwg

FIELD: fire safety.

SUBSTANCE: method of fighting fires consists in creation on the fire source of several spots of irrigation of the source with the fire extinguishing liquid, which are formed by its supply to the fire source by fire monitors, and to increase the removal of fire monitors from the fire source the surfactants-inhibitors are added to the fire extinguishing mixture, which increase the surface tension of the liquid and increase the length of the compact part of the jet. At that the positioning of each individual spot of irrigation on the fire source is carried out with the condition of absence of interaction of individual monitor jets with each other and the maximum effectiveness of movement of spots of irrigation in the process of fire extinguishing. The method is implemented with use of a robotic mobile fire-extinguishing unit having the chassis with a power drive, along the sides of which the fire monitors with power drives of positioning their longitudinal axes on elevation angle above the horizon line and the azimuthal angle are mounted, and the supply of extinguishing liquid to the fire monitors is carried out using a turbo-pump unit, which enables to supply the extinguishing liquid by one pump station to two fire monitors, and before supplying the extinguishing liquid to the fire monitors the inhibitors are added to it, which increase the surface tension of the liquid. The operation of the systems of mobile robotic fire-fighting unit is carried out either by on-board processor, or remotely by the operator, for which the unit is equipped with the corresponding TV and radio equipment.

EFFECT: improvement of method of fire extinguishing.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: fire safety.

SUBSTANCE: in the water extinguishing system comprising a pipeline distribution network, equipped with sprinklers with the controlled start, the receiving-control and the fire control unit, which is connected to the fire loop with the fire detectors and signal line comprised in it, which comprises the devices of initiating the start, electrically connected to controlled sprinklers, and the said pipeline distribution network is divided into zones, and the system is additionally provided with address devices for remote start, corresponding to each designated zone, which belong to the other signal line connected to the receiving-control instruments and fire control unit. The first and second signal lines are joined, and the zones are formed so that each successive one overlaps the half of the previous one. Around each of the zones, except for the extreme, four more zones are isolated, each of which overlaps the quarter or half the first, and in the upper part of the housing of the sprinkler with controlled start the sleeve is located, on which an atomiser is rigidly fixed, comprising a lower cup rigidly connected with the sleeve and the upper cup-splitter, on which conical surface the slits are made. The lower cup by at least three inclined spokes is connected to the upper cup-splitter, in the atomiser the splitter is additionally provided, made in the form a body of revolution, e.g. a ball, fastened by means of at least three radial, horizontally located, flat lobes to the inclined spokes. The body of revolution of the axis coincides with the axes of the sleeve and the shut-off valve.

EFFECT: increasing the reliability of water extinguishing system due to optimising the position of the centre of the fire extinguishing with respect to fire.

7 dwg

FIELD: fire-prevention facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of instrumentation and can be used in detection of fires in forestry. Forest fire detection system comprises a unit of radio transmitter, a unit of radio receiver. Forest fire detection system is also provided with sensors of temperature and concentration of carbon dioxide, units of electric power supply the carbon dioxide concentration sensors, and a radio transmission device, a unit of switching on and off the electric power supply, the data conversion unit of the temperature and concentration of carbon dioxide and transferring them to the radio transmitter, the power control unit of the radio transmitter, the data processing unit of the temperature and concentration of carbon dioxide. Units of sensors of temperature and carbon dioxide, the electrical power unit of sensors, the unit of switching on and off the electric power supply, the unit of the radio transmitter, the power control unit of the radio transmitter are located directly in the zone of possible fire emergence. The unit of radio receiver is located at a distance in the radio range area of the radio transmitter. The electrical power unit is connected to the carbon dioxide concentration sensor and a unit of radio transmitter, the a unit of switching on and off the electric power supply is connected to the electrical power unit and the temperature sensor, the sensors of temperature and carbon dioxide concentration are connected with the data conversion unit of the temperature and concentration of carbon dioxide and transferring them to the radio transmitter, the power control unit of the radio transmitter is connected to the carbon dioxide concentration sensors and the unit of radio transmitter, the unit of radio transmitter is connected by the radio channel with the unit of radio receiver, the unit of radio receiver is connected to the data processing unit of the temperature and concentration of carbon dioxide, the data processing unit of the temperature and concentration of carbon dioxide is connected to the communication unit with the receiving operators.

EFFECT: early local detection of emergence of forest fire and prompt non-contact notification about its emergence by the receiving operators.

1 dwg

FIELD: fire-prevention facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire fighting equipment, and particularly to equipment for 3D fire fighting. A device for 3D fire fighting comprises elements for fire fighting connected to each other by means of blasting fuses. Elements for extinguishing are installed in the room space so that their axes cross in the geometric centre of the room. The centre of the room is determined as a point of crossing of rectangular parallelepiped or cube diagonals. Blasting fuses connect elements for fire fighting with a charge from a smoke-forming composition, creating a closed quadrangle with tops. In tops of the quadrangle there are elements, every of which comprises a body with a collar and an output hole. The charge of the smoke-forming composition with an initiation unit, besides, the charge of the smoke-forming composition is made as channel-shaped, and the output hole of the body is closed with a rupture membrane.

EFFECT: increased reliability and efficiency of a 3D fire fighting system.

2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: fire-prevention facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of fire-fighting equipment and operators of extinguishing fires in buildings with electrical equipment, as well as for protection of electronic systems of fire extinguishing plants from electric shock. Prior to the operation of the control facility the deliberately safe value of electric current is set. In operation of the control facility an exception to exceed the given value of the electric current is provided in the place of contact of the extinguishing agent to the device that generates it. The operator of extinguishing fire or other control facility are warned about the presence of electric current and risk of it in the extinguishing area of the plants that are under voltage. According to the parameters of the stream flow (direction, distance of the stream) of the extinguishing agent the presence and location of plants under voltage is determined. For actuating of the warning of the control facility the potential difference between the geometric center and the periphery of the stream is used, or between the stream and the grounded device that generates the stream of extinguishing agent. In case of excess of the given value of the electric current the extinguishing is terminated automatically, remotely or manually or transferred it to a safe mode.

EFFECT: development of the method of electrical hazard warning of control facility by fire-extinguishing system due to eliminating dangerous electrical current flowing through the stream.

2 cl

FIELD: fire-prevention facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to plants of automatic fire extinguishing. The plant of automatic fire extinguishing with controlled irrigation area comprises sprinklers, fire detectors, lock-start gear and pipeline. The sprinklers have an electric start. The pipeline is with the extinguishing liquid. The detectors are made address analog, as well as the control devices and control line of the sprinkler. The sprayer comprises a hollow housing with a nozzle and a central core. The housing with a channel for supplying liquid comprises a sleeve rigidly connected to it, at the bottom of which a nozzle is fixed. The nozzle is made in the form of a cylindrical two-stage sleeve which is connected to a central core by a threaded connection. The core consists of a cylindrical part and a hollow cone. The cone is mounted with the annular gap relative to the inner surface of the cylindrical sleeve. The annular space is connected with the channel of the housing for supplying liquid. In the lower part of the cone the sprayer is rigidly fixed with a screw, which is made in the form of a front circular plate which edges are bent in the direction of the annular gap. On the side surface of the cone the orifice axis openings are made, which lie in planes perpendicular to the axis of the cone.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of fire extinguishing by creating a plant of automatic fire extinguishing with controlled irrigated area.

2 dwg

FIELD: fire-prevention facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment and can be used to activate remotely the agitating system of the fire fighting plant off-line of continuous control of fire and explosion hazard state of the controlled area in case of pulse pressure generated in the air by explosion source of shock wave, particularly in the underground workings of coal mines, at enterprises of oil-refining industry, etc. The sensor of shock wave (versions) comprises a housing with a lid, a power trigger element in the form of a plate hingedly connected on it, a spring made with the ability to reinstall one of the hitches. The means that triggers an electrical impulse is a magnetic system (version 1) or is made in the form of an accumulator battery (version 2).

EFFECT: sensor design, which provides the dynamic factor (shock wave) transformation in a remote, inaccessible and rarely visited controlled area into an electrical impulse, which effects remotely on the triggering device of the remote means of fire and explosion suppression, greatly increases the possibility of its rapid response, anticipating coming of the shock wave to it, enables to achieve reliably the functional result, with high speed, stand-alone, with the exclusion of the human factor and increase the reliability of the triggering device of fire and explosion suppression at a low cost for operation.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: fire-prevention facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of fire-fighting equipment, namely, the fire-fighting means, particularly to automated plants of water (foam)-based fire suppression. The system of water-based fire suppression comprises pipeline distribution network, divided into zones, the receiving-control device and the fire control device. The network is equipped with sprinklers with the controlled start. The receiving-control device and the fire control device are connected to the fire loop, which comprises fire alarm units and a signal line. The signal line comprises devices of start initiation, which are electrically connected to the controlled sprinklers. The system is additionally equipped with targeted devices of remote start. The first and second signal lines are combined. The zones are formed so that each successive one overlaps by half the previous one. At the upper part of the sprinkler housing with a controlled start a sleeve is located on which the sprayer is rigidly fixed. The sprayer consists of a lower cup which is rigidly connected to the sleeve. In the upper cup-divider, on the conical surface the slots are made. The lower cup is connected by slanting spokes with an upper cup-divider. Inside the sprayer a divider is additionally installed which is designed in the form of a body of revolution. The divider is attached via radial, horizontal, flat lobes to slanting spokes.

EFFECT: increase in reliability of water-based fire suppression system.

6 dwg

FIELD: personal protection devices.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to respiratory apparatus used in salvage and rescue operations, fire fighting and during works in heaps. The device for connection of, at least, two bottles with compressed respiratory mixture with collector of respiratory apparatus. It contains collector the housing of which has, at least, two inlets and at least one outlet connected to the inlets. Also it has at least two threaded sleeves and at least two coupling with seal components. The first ends of the coupling are connected to housings of compressed mixture bottles housings with sleeves and second ends of the couplings are fixed in the inlets of the collector with thread made at the external side of the surface of second coupling ends and internal surface of collector inlets. At this the device is equipped with at least two check nuts, having female thread necessary for interaction with male thread of the second coupling end. Each check nut is located at the coupling making force contact with corresponding sleeve possible. The direction of check nut female thread, external sides of second couplings ends and internal sides of collector inlets are contrary to sleeve and bottle vents housing threads.

EFFECT: invention allows connecting two and more compressed mixture bottles with respiratory apparatus collector.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of filtration materials. Proposed method consists in calculating resistance of cermet filtration materials to continuous flow of filtered air. Calculation is performed using the expression representing relationship of double product of filtration layer thickness, filtered air flow rate, square coefficient of cermet filter material pore tortuosity and modified curvilinearity of dynamic viscosity aerosol particles motion to product of porosity and square mean radius of filter material porous channel.

EFFECT: reduced costs, accurate estimation.

1 tbl

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of filtration materials. Method of determining protective properties of cleaning air from aerosols containing dangerous impurities consists in calculation of breakthrough factor for porous cermet filtration materials with the help of formula based on exponent of expression including relation of double product of "useful porosity", total coefficient of diffusion in precipitation of aerosol particles and thickness of cermet filtration material layer to product of filtered air flow rate and square of difference between pore and aerosol particle radii.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 tbl

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to analysis of quality of materials and articles, namely, to determining air flow rate in filtration-absorption packages incorporated with individual respiratory protection means. Determination of airflow rates is performed as follows: calibrating the pickup (plotting the dependence of current interruption period upon airflow linear rate); designating zones on filtration-absorption face surface whereon measurements are made, measuring current interruption periods for each said surface zone, and defining air flow rate from calibration graph.

EFFECT: possibility to set airflow rate for every point of filtration-absorption surface without destruction of filtration-absorption material.

3 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: fire-fighting means.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to quality performance analysis of materials and products, namely to creation of an experimental method for assessing the protective properties of canisters of respiratory protectors. The protective properties of the canisters of the respiratory protectors are assessed in the following order: mixing ozone and air; determining the ozone concentration in the canister inlet; sampling the air mix in the canister outlet; converting the derived ozone retention time values to the chlorine cyanide protective power time.

EFFECT: invention allows assessing the state of health of canisters with no toxic surfactants that does not require creating special conditions for the experimental quality performance analysis of canister models for personnel protection.

1 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: medicine, rescue facilities.

SUBSTANCE: method relates to evaluation of protective properties of materials of facial parts of gas masks with respect to β,β'-dichlorethylsulfide by application of its simulator - butyl-β-chlorethylsulfide. Method includes application on one side of material of gas mask facial part of simulator - butyl-β-chlorethylsulfide drops with further analytic determination of the moment of accumulation in sample of limiting amount of simulator. Butyl-β-chlorethylsulfide in tested sample is caught by sorption substrate Quantitative determination of simulator is carried out with application of photocolorimetric method of analysis Limit of sensitivity of detecting butyl-β-chlorethylsulfide constitutes 1·10-3 mg/ml with inaccuracy not exceeding 15%.

EFFECT: technical result lies in possibility to carry out evaluation of protective properties of not only rubberised fabric, but also materials of facial parts of gas masks (rubbers) of various thickness, with increase of evaluation method safety

2 dwg

FIELD: ecology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of control of permeability of filters from active coals and can be used in sphere of ecology, as well as for control, including operational, of filtering means for respiratory organs protection. Method of non-destroying control of coal layer permeability includes pulse dosing of well-sorbable indication substance into air flow passing through controlled layer and determining coefficient of indication substance permeability through the layer by means of detector. As indication substance iron pentacarbonyl is taken. As detector, detector of molecular condensation nuclei is used. Into air flow parallel to controlled layer standardised model is installed. Testing of controlled layer and standardised model is carried out at one go, for which purpose indication substance is introduced in general air flow passing through controlled layer and standardised model. Flow, leaving the layer, is additionally passed through buffer, then joined with flow leaving the model, and joined flow is directed into detector.

EFFECT: invention ensures increase of method descriptiveness, reduction of labour intensiveness and simplification of control.

4 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: method of assessment of parametre characterising current stage of charge of anti-gas filter consists in following: power source of measuring block is turned on; further, electric capacity between electrodes installed in zone of charge placement is measured by means of capacitometer; electric signal generated at output of metre and proportional to measured electric capacity is supplied to signal input of comparing device, wherein this signal is compared with test signal coming from output of test signal generator; also test signal determines threshold value of measured electric capacity Ccr, characterising critical exhaust of charge.

EFFECT: operative control over current stage of charge of anti-gas filter directly during its usage.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: individual protection means.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of individual protection of respiratory organs of humans, for instance, gas mask in use in dangerous zones, for instance, on chemical weapons destruction objects. Proposed method of checking individual protection means of respiratory organs of man operating in room into which aerosol or fumes with specific odor are introduced and maintained during entire working period at concentration level organoleptically felt by man in room, if protection means fail. Used as such material is irritant, and gas mask is used as individual protection means. Feeling of odor of this material in gas mask warns each man practically immediately that his gas mask has lost its protective properties, making it possible to prevent injuries caused by action of chemicals under destruction.

EFFECT: immediate and easy checking of protection means by man himself without auxiliary means and efforts.

2 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: testing facilities.

SUBSTANCE: proposed converter contains ring permanent magnet installed in housing which accommodates movable electric coil rigidly coupled with diffuser movably mounted in diffuser holder of housing. Said diffuser holder is hermetically connected with fixed surface of base so that said surface forms, together with diffuser, working chamber with outlet channel connected with chamber. Stand is provided with actuating device connected with data transmitting device and simulating breathing of man made in form of electropneumatic converter connected with amplifier. Breathing apparatus is connected to outlet channel of working chamber of electropneumatic converter, and position or displacement pickup connected with data transmitting device is connected with diffuser of electropneumatic converter.

EFFECT: improved reliability.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: testing facilities.

SUBSTANCE: proposed converter contains ring permanent magnet installed in housing which accommodates movable electric coil rigidly coupled with diffuser movably mounted in diffuser holder of housing. Said diffuser holder is hermetically connected with fixed surface of base so that said surface forms, together with diffuser, working chamber with outlet channel connected with chamber. Stand is provided with actuating device connected with data transmitting device and simulating breathing of man made in form of electropneumatic converter connected with amplifier. Breathing apparatus is connected to outlet channel of working chamber of electropneumatic converter, and position or displacement pickup connected with data transmitting device is connected with diffuser of electropneumatic converter.

EFFECT: improved reliability.

4 cl, 2 dwg

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