Seedbed formation device and method by devyatkin

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular to horticulture and gardening, and can be used for growing fruit and berry crops and vegetables on private farms. Device for the formation of seedbeds in the soil consists of polyhedral rod 2 on which there is a polyhedral cone-shaped constriction, cup-shaped limiter 8 and replaceable form-builders in the form of a cone with a curved end, in the form of a sphere or a conical cylinder, and retainer 10 creating a support for the rod. Seedbeds in the soil are formed by rotating a polygonal rod in a circle, giving the seedbeds a cone-shaped cross-section, and then a pit-like seedbed, while a clay solution is added to strengthen the walls of the seedbeds in sandy soils, and in the clay soils, a reinforcing material in the form of sand or organic materials from crushed wood, grass or humus is added.

EFFECT: proposed invention will increase the depthward volume of the root layer of trees with a reduction in the root propagation area along the crown projection, and also increase the wind resistance of the gardens.

11 cl, 6 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a rod with a handle and a working element. The device is provided with a "П"-shaped frame. The frame comprises wedge-shaped side blades with supports for the legs, interconnected by a shaft which is mounted inside the housing of the rotary mechanism with the stopper. On the housing a rack with a handle is mounted, which is made in the form of two sleeves interconnected by angle joints. Inside the rack a movable rod is placed on one of the free ends of which the working element is fixed in the form of a rectangular plate with a cutting wedge, and between the sleeves there is a removable handle.

EFFECT: quality of planting is enhanced by improvement of embedding of the root system in the soil and faster survival ability and further development of a seedling.

8 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises cylindrical rod with cross handle and a working element for arrangement of a planting seat in the form of hollow truncated cone with foot rest. Working element has a cavity of cylindrical shape. Working element is coaxially put on rod with the possibility of free displacement along it by length of not less than depth of planting seat. Rod has a sharpened conical end and guide slot of according length, and working element - a fixing bolt, end of which interacts with a mentioned slot.

EFFECT: such design reduces labour intensiveness of planting seat formation, improves quality of planting and operational reliability of device.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: forest-planting sword comprises metal rod of a certain length with cross handle and a working element. Rod has length equal to optimal length of sword. End of rod on the side of working element at the length of not more than length of the latter has a section in the form of two-sided wedge. Working element consists of two identical flat knives welded to side surface of rod in plane of symmetry of its wedge-like section.

EFFECT: such design simplifies device design, improves its operational reliability and process of manufacturing.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: sword for planting of seedlings comprises rod with cross handle and a working element. Sword comprises additional cutting element, and end of rod on length of working element has a flat surface, which is formed by plane passing via upper and lower points that are diametrically opposite to generatrices of rod surface at this height. Working element is arranged in the form of tray with flat sides and flat section along its axis of symmetry with width equal to diametre of rod. Rod with its flat surface is fixed on back side of working element on its flat section.

EFFECT: such design simplifies sword design, technology of its manufacturing, improves its reliability in operation.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: sword for planting of forestry crops comprises rod with cross handle, working element and rest for foot. End of rod on the side of working element at the length of not more than length of the latter has a section in the form of cone. Working element is arranged at least from three identical flat knives, which are radially arranged on surface of mentioned section of rod at the angle of 120° versus each other around axis of the latter. One of knives is installed in plane, which is perpendicular to plane of cross handle. Foot rest is arranged in the form of ring.

EFFECT: such design simplifies sword design, improves its reliability and quality of fitting.

3 dwg

Drill // 2298076

FIELD: building and agriculture, particularly ground excavation tools and devices, namely drills adapted to make holes in ground.

SUBSTANCE: drill comprises rod with handle formed on one drill end and at least one screw with cutting edge connected to opposite rod end. The screw has at least one turn. Helical screw surface facing handle is provided with elongated extensions so that slots are created in-between. The extensions are directed from outer helical screw edge and are inclined to screw edge tangent. The extensions are made as least on part of screw turn surface. Outer helical edge of the screw is cut from opposite side thereof so that sharp wave-like edge is formed. Extensions may be bent so that curvilinear slots are created in-between.

EFFECT: increased reliability due to possibility of outer helical drill screw edge self-sharpening.

2 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to the field of forestry, mainly to the technology of the plantation of seedlings with closed root system grown in containers, in addition, can be used in agriculture

The drill-stick // 2164061
The invention relates to the field of agricultural engineering, in particular to a device for sowing seeds of forest crops on soils in hard to reach areas for forestry machines

Sword for planting // 2145780
The invention relates to forestry, particularly to hand tools for planting seedlings and saplings of forest crops

Drill // 2298076

FIELD: building and agriculture, particularly ground excavation tools and devices, namely drills adapted to make holes in ground.

SUBSTANCE: drill comprises rod with handle formed on one drill end and at least one screw with cutting edge connected to opposite rod end. The screw has at least one turn. Helical screw surface facing handle is provided with elongated extensions so that slots are created in-between. The extensions are directed from outer helical screw edge and are inclined to screw edge tangent. The extensions are made as least on part of screw turn surface. Outer helical edge of the screw is cut from opposite side thereof so that sharp wave-like edge is formed. Extensions may be bent so that curvilinear slots are created in-between.

EFFECT: increased reliability due to possibility of outer helical drill screw edge self-sharpening.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: sword for planting of forestry crops comprises rod with cross handle, working element and rest for foot. End of rod on the side of working element at the length of not more than length of the latter has a section in the form of cone. Working element is arranged at least from three identical flat knives, which are radially arranged on surface of mentioned section of rod at the angle of 120° versus each other around axis of the latter. One of knives is installed in plane, which is perpendicular to plane of cross handle. Foot rest is arranged in the form of ring.

EFFECT: such design simplifies sword design, improves its reliability and quality of fitting.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: sword for planting of seedlings comprises rod with cross handle and a working element. Sword comprises additional cutting element, and end of rod on length of working element has a flat surface, which is formed by plane passing via upper and lower points that are diametrically opposite to generatrices of rod surface at this height. Working element is arranged in the form of tray with flat sides and flat section along its axis of symmetry with width equal to diametre of rod. Rod with its flat surface is fixed on back side of working element on its flat section.

EFFECT: such design simplifies sword design, technology of its manufacturing, improves its reliability in operation.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: forest-planting sword comprises metal rod of a certain length with cross handle and a working element. Rod has length equal to optimal length of sword. End of rod on the side of working element at the length of not more than length of the latter has a section in the form of two-sided wedge. Working element consists of two identical flat knives welded to side surface of rod in plane of symmetry of its wedge-like section.

EFFECT: such design simplifies device design, improves its operational reliability and process of manufacturing.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises cylindrical rod with cross handle and a working element for arrangement of a planting seat in the form of hollow truncated cone with foot rest. Working element has a cavity of cylindrical shape. Working element is coaxially put on rod with the possibility of free displacement along it by length of not less than depth of planting seat. Rod has a sharpened conical end and guide slot of according length, and working element - a fixing bolt, end of which interacts with a mentioned slot.

EFFECT: such design reduces labour intensiveness of planting seat formation, improves quality of planting and operational reliability of device.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a rod with a handle and a working element. The device is provided with a "П"-shaped frame. The frame comprises wedge-shaped side blades with supports for the legs, interconnected by a shaft which is mounted inside the housing of the rotary mechanism with the stopper. On the housing a rack with a handle is mounted, which is made in the form of two sleeves interconnected by angle joints. Inside the rack a movable rod is placed on one of the free ends of which the working element is fixed in the form of a rectangular plate with a cutting wedge, and between the sleeves there is a removable handle.

EFFECT: quality of planting is enhanced by improvement of embedding of the root system in the soil and faster survival ability and further development of a seedling.

8 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: trolley body, on the platform of which a box of seedlings is mounted, in its lower part, is attached to one of free ends of the hollow tube using Hooke joint, and the other free end is fixed on the top of the trolley body by a clamp, at that in the bend of the tube a rectangular plate is mounted, on one side of which a guide tube with a through opening for the seedling is mounted, and on the other - the working body made in the form of a hollow truncated cone.

EFFECT: device enables to reduce the time for planting and the number of workers employed in delivering seedlings, which ultimately enables to increase the productivity of labor.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: foot drill includes a central shaft rigidly connected to a transverse handle, a working member, a foot abutment. The central rod is located in a housing. The housing consists of two parts: an upper part in the form of a hollow cylinder retained in its initial position by return springs with the possibility of vertical movement, and a lower part in the form of a hollow cone connected to the top with the possibility of rotating the cone with respect to the cylinder by means of a thrust bearing. The rod has projections, the arrangement and dimensions of which coincide with the grooves in the inner cavity of the upper part of the housing. In the lower part of the rod, guide spiral grooves are formed, which engage with twisting projections. The working member is rigidly connected to the lower part of the housing.

EFFECT: possibility of forming larger holes in heavy soils while reducing the expenditure of physical efforts.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular to horticulture and gardening, and can be used for growing fruit and berry crops and vegetables on private farms. Device for the formation of seedbeds in the soil consists of polyhedral rod 2 on which there is a polyhedral cone-shaped constriction, cup-shaped limiter 8 and replaceable form-builders in the form of a cone with a curved end, in the form of a sphere or a conical cylinder, and retainer 10 creating a support for the rod. Seedbeds in the soil are formed by rotating a polygonal rod in a circle, giving the seedbeds a cone-shaped cross-section, and then a pit-like seedbed, while a clay solution is added to strengthen the walls of the seedbeds in sandy soils, and in the clay soils, a reinforcing material in the form of sand or organic materials from crushed wood, grass or humus is added.

EFFECT: proposed invention will increase the depthward volume of the root layer of trees with a reduction in the root propagation area along the crown projection, and also increase the wind resistance of the gardens.

11 cl, 6 dwg

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