Wall panel with installed window block
SUBSTANCE: wall panel with an installed window block comprises a base with a slab with an outer face and an inner face that are made larger in size compared to other slab faces, first two vertical ribs, two second vertical ribs, two larger horizontal ribs, two smaller horizontal ribs, a window opening, as well as a window block, an inner insulating layer, an outer insulating layer, first heat-insulating layers, a second heat-insulating layer, third heat-insulating layers, fourth heat-insulating layers, fifth heat-insulating layers, a protective layer, U-shaped elements with a crossbar, two first fastening elements, second fastening elements, an inner slope, an outer slope. The window opening is located between the smaller horizontal ribs and the second vertical ribs. The first heat-insulating layers are located between the larger horizontal ribs, the first vertical ribs, the second vertical ribs and the smaller horizontal ribs. Besides the window opening, flush with said ribs, from the side of said ribs and the first heat-insulating layers, opposite to the slab, a second heat-insulation layer adjacent thereto is located. The U-shaped elements are installed along the vertical ribs and attached to them by means of the second fastening elements. Each third heat-insulating layer is located between the U-shaped element and the part of the second heat-insulating layer, corresponding to it. The crossbar is located on the side of the third heat-insulating layer opposite to the slab, the second fastening elements being attached to the crossbar and passing through the corresponding third heat-insulating layer. The window block is fastened with a gap in the window opening by means of the first fastening elements with filling the gaps with the fifth heat-insulating layer closed from the inner face by the inner insulating layer, and from the opposite side - by the outer insulating layer. A fourth heat-insulating layer adjacent to the outer insulation layer and separated by it from the second heat-insulating layer is located between the window block and the third heat-insulating layer. The outer slope is connected to the window block and the nearest U-shaped element. The protective layer is arranged on the side of the U-shaped element, opposite to the slab, and is attached thereto with providing the protection of the second heat-insulating layer from destructive environment factors. The inner slope is located on the inner insulating layer with an overlap.
EFFECT: increasing the thermal insulation level of the wall panel with the installed window block.
SUBSTANCE: insulating link (10) comprises a body (20), extended in a longitudinal direction (z) and having at least two longitudinal edges (21, 22) in the form of sealing heads (25) for their sealing into grooves of parts (31, 32) of the combined profile. In one or several walls of the body (20) of the insulating link there are cuts (24), stretching via the body in the direction (y) of the height and separated from each other in the longitudinal direction (z) by crosspieces (23). Arrangement of crosspieces by width, thickness, length and number allows for relative displacement of longitudinal edges in a longitudinal direction and limits it. The insulating link is arranged as a whole with a covering profile (40) and with the possibility of at least partial connection of the cover profile (40) to it by means of clicking.
EFFECT: increased shift stiffness of an insulating link, higher heat insulation of a combined profile.
6 cl, 37 dwg
SUBSTANCE: bearing capacities of carcass-frame glasing make it possible to manufacture multiple-circuit panels of building facade glasing, with a mobile function, for instance, tilting. Installation of a vacuum nipple in the carcass makes it possible to get serviced vacuumisation of interlayer spaces. Installation of an electric thermal cable inside a carcass shaped pipe of glasing prevents formation of ice, fog, dew, increases heat insulation and makes it possible to avoid installation of heating radiators under the glased opening. The reinforced glasing unit with application of a carcass steel frame from a shaped pipe instead of a regular spacer foil frame, acquires the property of a rigid independent fold, the framing casework is not required for it, this is a new property of the glasing unit.
EFFECT: increased optical transmission properties of a glasing structure, increased heat insulation of interlayer chambers due to the possibility of multiple increase of a glasing unit thickness up to 200 mm, it becomes possible to install a burglar retardant grid inside a movable fold.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, in particular to section for frames of wall elements, doors or windows, comprising upper part, lower part and side walls that fix them. Side walls of section have links that extend at an angle and considerably reduce heat transfer, due to heat conductivity. Side walls are arranged so that height (h) of side walls is arranged as less or equal to distance (A) between front walls of upper and lower parts. Side walls are besides welded to upper or lower part.
EFFECT: provision of both low heat conductivity and best possible heat insulation, high static and dynamic stability.
20 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ground construction, and namely to enclosing structures of buildings and structures, and namely to wall panels, panels of coatings, floors, and can be used at erection of multi-storey buildings with a load-carrying reinforced-concrete, metal and wooden frame for large-scale and individual development, at reconstruction of buildings and secondary structures. An element of a multilayer light-weight construction panel includes an internal frame made in the form of a detachable steel frame containing perforated horizontal lower and upper guide elements, between which perforated vertical post elements are installed, which are located in a row in a longitudinal direction of guide elements and rigidly attached to them by means of fasteners and nodal connections, as well as an internal heat insulating layer and external and internal linings; with that, horizontal and vertical elements are made in the form of steel profiles, and profiles of vertical elements have a C-shaped section. Elements of the skeleton frame represent finished parts; with that, horizontal parts are made in the form of profiles of C-shaped section and also include horizontal connection straps; vertical and horizontal parts are connected and have additional bends of flanges of a trapezoid shape at connection points; perforation of parts is made in the form of transverse and longitudinal cut-outs for shaped metal, plate or wooden reinforcement elements of the framing, as well as in the form of process through cuts and guide drawn ends of holes for reinforcement of a connection node with additional stiffeners. The internal heat insulating layer is three-layered and made in the form of two layers of cellulose warmth-keeping material, between which an internal temperature and moisture control insert with internal vertical air chambers, drain channels and condensate collecting channels, which are connected to each other into a common system, is located; inner and outer linings are composite and made in the form of parts with internal fish joints and structural attachment nodes; to outer surface of the outer lining there attached are external fish joints and horizontal U-shaped profiles, which are covered with an external heat insulating layer. Besides, a manufacturing method of such an element is described.
EFFECT: reduction of labour intensity and power consumption for manufacture and erection owing to reducing the number of process operations related to humid processes, machines and mechanisms, which provides the possibility of reducing design and construction limits, with increased fire resistance, sound insulation and heat insulation indices; reduction of material consumption and power consumption for construction.
31 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for panel fixation, providing for fixation of the panel on a support with two fastening grooves at the opposite sides, which during installation of the panel are located oppositely to the device of panel fixation, comprising two primary ledges, which are adapted to cover two lateral opposite sides of the support; at the same time each primary ledge comprises a secondary ledge transversely directed inside, capable of being installed into one of appropriate grooves of the support or being located behind it. One or several such elements as the panel, primary or secondary ledges, are flexible or resilient, therefore secondary ledges under action of the bending force may be elastically removed or stretched from opposite lateral sides of the support, and upon termination of the bending force action, are able to engage with the appropriate groove.
EFFECT: improved reliability.
15 cl, 16 dwg
SUBSTANCE: multilayer construction panel comprises an inner frame made in the form of a collapsible frame, made from galvanised perforated thermal profiles, made of lower and upper guides of a "П"-shaped profile with edge bends made towards one side, between which there are vertical ribs of a C-shaped profile arranged in a row at the distance from each other in longitudinal direction of the guides and rigidly connected to them by means of fastening elements, and also comprises a sheet lining, and in the inner cavity there is a non-structural insulant arranged, the external casing of the panel surface is made in the form of a fire-resistant air-permeable material arranged along its outer side, adjoining the vertical ribs of the C-shaped profile, and rigidly pressed with grating, made of rigidly connected to each other horizontal and vertical - shaped profiles, at the same time the grating is arranged aflush with the panel contour or as protruding, with a rigidly fixed finishing facade layer along the entire outer surface of the panel. In the panel there are window and/or door openings formed by "П"-shaped and C-shaped profiles. The protruding part of the grating is connected to a joint angle. Along the lower side of the panel there is a sealing gasket arranged. Along upper and/or lateral sides of the panel there is a compensating gasket. The fire-resistant air permeable material is represented by cement-magnesium slabs with perforation, or steel sheets with an anti-corrosion coating with perforation.
EFFECT: improved operational capabilities due to improved environmental capability, increased fire resistance, tightness, thermal properties, increased strength, reliability, durability and universality.
12 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: laminated panel for making a building wall comprises an outer facing board, an inner wall board and a fastening structure arranged between the outer facing board and the inner wall board, and at least partially submerged into a polymer foam material. The polymer foam material is a polyurethane foam material and has density exceeding 30 kg/m3. Besides, the fastening structure comprises a metal frame, comprising at least two side stands, an upper crossbeam and a lower crossbeam. At the same time in the fastening structure there is at least one mineral wool panel. The method of laminated panel manufacturing is also described.
EFFECT: reduction of labour intensiveness of manufacturing.
29 cl, 16 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wood-gypsum-concrete board is made of gypsum-concrete board and wooden frame made of two or more longitudinal bars, which form bearing ribs of panel and joined to transverse bars. Gypsum-concrete board arranged between wooden bars along panel thickness forms gypsum-concrete gaskets between bars of bearing ribs, which are solidly joined to bars into a single composite structure.
EFFECT: improved bearing capacity of panel.
SUBSTANCE: connection device for use in structure of stand frame comprises detachable attached/disconnected part. The first element (plate) comprises an element at least in one wall, which, when elements are connected, engages according element at least in one wall of the second component (stand). Element, such as V-shaped ledge, is arranged at an angle to longitudinal axis of component, and element on the second component is arranged in general as parallel to its longitudinal axis so that after engagement of the first and second components, according elements in the fist and second components are engaged so that they are leveled versus each other, thus attaching the first element to the second one.
EFFECT: holding function, may be arranged on upper surface of web to prevent sliding, shift, motion and displacement of stand inside plate.
13 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to lightweight building slabs which are used for manufacturing of furniture, doors, walls and suchlike. Slab contains filler bonded to facing layer from at least one side and collars bonded to facing layer. Bonding of facing layer to filler and collars is performed under line pressure, at that line pressure is directed along lightweight board, after that division of infinite slab into several lightweight slabs. Infinite slab is divided in area of collars in such a way that after division one collar forms edges of two adjacent slabs.
EFFECT: improvement of manufacturing of lightweight structural panel.
28 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in the first version, wood and metal panel includes wood and metal foam frame formed of lengthwise and transverse wooden boards, flat-topped metal frames attached to them and bearing stiffeners and housing, and heat-insulated waterproof interlayer. Lengthwise boards feature support plates attached to their ends, and flat-topped metal frames feature slits for lengthwise boards. In the second version, wood and metal panel includes rectangular welded metal frames attached to frame boards along frame perimetre, and stiffeners of metal frames are made in the form of one or more diagonal strips welded to frame or to each other and to frame.
EFFECT: enhanced rigidity and durability of panel.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: constructional engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to constructional engineering, in particular to building construction systems. The walled building construction system is formed by panel components. Panel components are made of material containing fibrous vegetable breakage, the latter being sawdust or wood chips. Panel components are grooved on one surface for bearing structure frame. Walls either consist of prefabricated non-load-bearing wall elements or are assemblied thereof. Non-load-bearing wall elements contain panel components. Frames, rift and overhead joist of coverage are constructed in panel components grooves.
EFFECT: increased heat insulation and air diffusion in non-load-bearing wall elements.
23 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to binding compositions for insulation articles based on mineral wool. Disclosed is a binding composition based on mineral felt or glass fibre, which includes at least one saccharide, at least one organic polycarboxylic acid containing 2-4 carboxylic functional groups and having molecular weight less than or equal to 1000, and at least one polyorganosiloxane containing at least one functional group capable of reacting with at least one of the components of the binding composition. The invention also discloses a sound- and/or heat-insulation article and coating made of mineral fibre, glued using the disclosed composition and a method of producing a sound- and/or heat-insulation article.
EFFECT: disclosed binding composition does not contain formaldehyde and endows insulation articles with low water absorption.
25 cl, 2 tbl, 8 ex
SUBSTANCE: heat insulation material on the basis of a raw mix contains the following components (in terms of dry substance), wt %: ground fibrous mass from container board 10.56-10.71, binder - polyvinyl acetate glue 0.35-1.72, hardener on the basis of isocyanate 0.02-0.09, foaming agent 0.37-0.38, and water - balance. Ground fibrous mass from container board is used with moisture of 100-350%. The method is characterised to produce a heat insulation material.
EFFECT: reduced coefficient of heat conductivity with preservation of its physical and mechanical characteristics and reduced prime cost of material.
2 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: process line to produce a pelletised heat insulation material from a diatomite material includes areas of raw material treatment, mixing, shaping and production of pellets. The line equipment includes the following components installed along the technological process: a raw materials warehouse, a clay ripper, a hammer tangential mill, a sizing screen, a double-shaft mixer, a clay attritor, a reactor-mixer, a pelleting press, a duster, a drying drum, the second duster, a drum heaving furnace, a layer refrigerator, fine-grinding rolls and a steeply inclined sifter. A finished goods warehouse is equipped with hoppers to store pellets of the following fractions: 20-40 mm, 10-20 mm, 2-10 mm and at least 2 mm, and also a hopper for accumulation of powder.
EFFECT: improved quality of a manufactured product.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: structural element is installed between two construction parts of a building. Structural element consists of insulator and reinforcement elements that cross insulator and are attached to both construction parts. Reinforcement elements are represented by elements of tension forces and elements of compression forces. Elements of tension forces are installed in upper zone of insulator and protrude horizontally forward relative to insulator. Elements of compression forces are installed in lower zone of insulator. Horizontally next to insulator there is one additional insulator installed with it at the same line. Additional insulator in zone of its lower half has additional elements of tension forces. Additional elements of tension forces protrude forward relative to insulator in horizontal direction and are designed for seismic loads.
EFFECT: perception of seismic loads.
9 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: heat-insulating layer of the building external wall includes coating and tubular members that attach the coating to load-carrying wall of the building so that the cavity wherein low-strength heat-insulating material is arranged is formed; at that coating is a high-strength membrane attached to tubular members some of which protrude out of the wall in a staggered manner for the length that is smaller so that attachment to them can create tension of membrane to the required structural stiffness.
EFFECT: providing structural stiffness that does not change under influence of external load and protects low-strength heat-insulating material.
1 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly heat-insulation for outer walls of buildings and building structures.
SUBSTANCE: outer envelope structure comprises base made as wall construction, heat-insulating layer, covering applied to heat-insulating layer and fastening members. The covering is connected to wall. The covering is formed as reservoirs pressed one to another and previously loaded with heat-insulation material located in the reservoirs. The reservoirs may be filled with gas before reservoir filling with heat-insulation material.
EFFECT: reduced wall mass and increased service reliability of outer walls.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building members, particularly heat-insulated building unit used as filler structures, facings and building structures.
SUBSTANCE: heat-insulated building member comprises outer layers, metal foil screen layers, cellular packing layers made of bent paper strips and adhered one to another. Cells of one packing layer are displaced with respect to that of another packing layer. Outer layers are made of metal foil and are used as screens and load-bearing layers. Cellular packing layers are connected with each other by means of flat paper sheets. Planes of adjacent packing layer connection areas are turned one relative another through angle equal or less than 90°. Packing layer thickness, namely cell height, and cell dimensions are reduced towards outer layers. Flat paper sheet thickness increases towards outer layers. Packing layer cells adjoining outer load-bearing layer facing heat-dissipation surface are filled with foaming composition. The foaming composition includes components, which sublimate under the action of high temperature with water vapor or carbonic oxide gas emission. Adjacent packing layers adjoining opposite outer load-bearing layers are filled with ecologically-safe cotton wool. Ratio between flat paper sheets and packing layer thickness (cell height) is 1:1 - 1:250. Ratio between cell height and cell face dimensions is 1:2-1:5. Ratio between bent paper strip thickness used for cell production and packing layer thickness (cell height) is 1:50-1:300. Ratio between mean packing layer thickness (mean 9-th cell height) and heat-insulation layer thickness is 1:2-1:60.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, strength and fire-resistance along with retention of good heat-insulation properties.
5 cl, 2 dwg