Electronic-mechanical instrument for architectural reconfiguration of musculoskeletal system at ligamental and musculoskeletal level
SUBSTANCE: device to affect individual muscular parts of the Atlas-occipital articulation contains a hollow body, an electric mini-motor located in the body and a reduction gear that transfers reciprocating motion to the rod, and a tip with a head at the end. The head is rigidly fixed to the instrument body by a clamp and is designed to affect the upper oblique muscle, the anterior rectus muscle and then the lateral rectus muscle of the head from the left and right sides of the neck. A spiral groove of circular profile with metal balls located in it is made on the end part of the tip with a possibility of their movement when the tip rotates and the movement of the head is ensured. A through hole is provided on the tip, which ensures balls return to the initial turns of the spiral.
EFFECT: invention allows to increase therapeutic effectiveness and quality of treatment of spine diseases by developing the most effective tool that allows to exert an effective effect on the muscles, that is, to reconfigure the musculoskeletal system on the ligamental and musculoskeletal level architecturally.
SUBSTANCE: mechanical spinal massaging apparatus comprises a massaging trolley configured in the form of a first balance lever, on arms of which there is a first pair of massaging rollers, and a second balance lever, on arms of which there is a second pair of massaging rollers, and a compression assembly. A balance lever axis is mounted perpendicularly to the direction of the massaging trolley. The compression assembly is mounted on the pair of displacement rollers under the massaging trolley and provided with a four-link lever mechanism, two additional links, an electric actuator and guides. One end of each pair of the links of the four-link lever mechanism is pivotally connected to the balance lever axis, while the other end - to a respective axis of the pair of the displacement rollers. Each of the two additional links is connected to the respective axis of the pair of the displacement rollers. Ends of the electric actuator rod are connected to the respective additional links of the compression assembly. The displacement rollers are mounted on the guides. Both balance levers are configured to adjust their position both in the direction of motion of the massaging trolley and perpendicularly thereto by forming long through slots in the balance levers; the above axis provided with a threaded section with attached retaining nuts extends through the slots.
EFFECT: invention enables enhancing the therapeutic possibilities of the device by giving the mechanical rotation massage of each spine.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device for treating eyelid cicatrices comprising a massaging element and a handle. The massaging element is ball-shaped and has a diameter of 5-12 mm and located to rotate freely. The handle is V-shaped and has an angle of 5-15° adjusted by a mounting screw; one elbow of the V-shaped handle on a free end transfers into a smooth dished plate having a diameter of 5-8 mm configured as an eyelid, while the other elbow of the handle is coupled with the ball by a metal rod bent at an angle of 70-80° with a round bend profile at the working end. The rod with the elbow is coupled with the mounting screw, while a free end of the rod is longitudinally straight after the diameter of the ball, and is arranged inside the ball. On the rod, within an inlet opening, there is a cone-shaped soft plastic stopper with its wider base facing from the ball with the ball that can be fixed by impressing the stopper inside the ball.
EFFECT: simultaneous emolliating, expanding, stretching of the cicatrices and cicatrical deformities of the eyelids, including the combined exposure with the pharmacological preparations with increasing the functional, anatomical and aesthetic effect of the treatment.
5 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medical equipment, namely to massage instruments, and can be used both domiciliary, and in hospitals as a medicated product. A massage instrument comprises a body with a U-shaped handle, a working portion, massage elements. A working section has a wave-shaped axis in the form of all-around spiral directionality at a period of 360°n or a zig-zag three-dimensional axis with mounted massage elements of different size in the form of the balls and/or disks and/or star wheels and/or grater rolls. The axis is related to a hand drive mechanism or an electric drive, which is connected to the axis additionally through a rope with a safety enclosure. A working area is covered with a flexible sacking material from above. A part of the massage elements is presented in the form of permanent magnets, wherein n=2 is a minimum turning number.
EFFECT: invention enables the higher therapeutic effectiveness of the massage exposure ensured by the axis shape with the massage elements and the mechanic and magnetic exposure on the user's body surface.
3 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medical equipment and is intended for self-massage of back muscles. Device for back massage includes immobile part in form of base with head rest and mobile part. In the middle of base made is an opening with placing in its clearance massage elements on common axis with possibility of rotation on it. Mobile part is made in form of two parallel traction levers, fixed with one end to lower edge of vertically placed foot rest, provided with foot-holder and heel pad, and contains axis of massage elements near another end. massage elements are made with possibility of their movement longitudinally with respect to base within the opening and changing in height above base and width of location of working surface of massage elements. Each traction level is placed in not fewer than two sliding units, fixed to base.
EFFECT: possibility of self-massage of back muscles in case of muscular pain in lumbar area for rehabilitation and treatment after traumas and diseases of spine by application of device without participation of other person and without application of electric energy with increased safety measures and reduction of financial expenditures.
6 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wrist massager comprises a body made of a nonmagnetic material and massage elements. The body is presented in the form of parallelepiped poles, while the massage elements are ball-shaped and fixed on the poles by means of locating fixtures. The poles extend through the ball holes, while the half of the balls is made of permanent magnets.
EFFECT: invention provides higher therapeutic effectiveness of the wrist massager by providing the mechanical and magnetic effect on the user's wrists and body.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: massager comprises a body made of a nonmagnetic material and a freely moveable massaging element in the form of a permanent magnet built in the body. The massager body is configured of a rigidly connected X-links to form a perforated barrel-shaped container. From both outer bases of the body, the rods are connected in the centre; their both ends are fixed in the centres of disks. Rings are arranged at the base of the body, and holes are formed in the centre of the free bases of the disks; the ring and disk diameters are relatively equal. A diameter of the perforated barrel-shaped container is more than a diameter of the rings in the centre.
EFFECT: invention enables higher therapeutic effectiveness of the massager by providing a mechanical effect on the user's body.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: patient is massaged by placing massage therapist's hands on the patient's body at 45° to the orientation of the exposed tissue fibres. The skin is displaced until feeling a resistance. When feeling the resistance, the massage therapist presses with his/her hands and makes a pause until it is possible to displace the skin further along the muscular fibres. Thereafter the massage exposure covers the whole massaged region. The procedures are performed 2 times a week; the number of sessions makes 4-10. The massage exposure can be performed by applying sea-floor deposited minerals representing pressed shells, shellfish and corals on the patient's body.
EFFECT: method provides fast management of acute pain, including those resulted from muscle spasms accompanied by surrounding tissue oedemas, an increase in the range of motion by developing a specific technique for gentle static exposure targeted at the recovery of microcirculation and other natural processes in muscles and tissues, promoting metabolite outflow from a pathological focus.
2 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: wrist massager comprises a rod-like body. In the centre, the rod is V-curved, and a lever is mounted at the curve point A rod curve angle is found within the range of 120° to 170°. Cylinders and wheels are arranged along the rod surface from the lever.
EFFECT: invention enables providing a higher massage effect.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, cosmetic, rehabilitating massage. Muscular activity is recovered, plastic reconstruction of face and neck is carried out by manual massage with application of rubbing, kneading, stroking with changing toning up and relaxing movements. After that, mechanical impact on internal soft tissues is performed by means of elastic trainer, as such used are versions of cylindrical roller from elastic material, whose size corresponds to either height of mouth opening - from the centre of upper to the centre of lower jaw, and trainer is installed vertically between teeth of upper and lower dentition in the centre and held by teeth in performing method techniques, or roller size corresponds to jaw length. Techniques of capturing, stretching, pulling, pressing different parts of face and neck with respect to trainer, articulation exercises, movements of eye balls are made in accordance with sequence of techniques given in invention formula.
EFFECT: method provides simultaneous mechanical action of trainer on soft tissues of face from inside and outside, which increases massage efficiency, with stable recovery of muscle symmetry, face oval, inclusion of hypotonic muscles into work, removal of psychoemotional stress.
2 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to therapy, and may be used for treating chronic diseases. That is ensured by a course of acupuncture massage and hirudotherapy procedures. The therapeutic course additionally contains procedures of administering a preparation produced by mixing patient's venous blood and water for injections, as well as procedures of capillary blood-letting. The acupuncture massage is paravertebral along the spine with each session of the course started from the 7th cervical vertebrae downwards, including the lumbosacral region to localise painful points and to prepare the patient's body to the procedure of administering the preparation produced by mixing patient's venous blood and water for injections; the above procedure extends paravertebrally along the spine; each session of the course covers 2 points from each side in relation to the spine starting from the 7th cervical vertebrae to the 2nd thoracic vertebra in the first session of the course and downwards for each session of the course, and then the produced preparation is administered into 2 points from each side along the spine, including the lumbosacral region. Before the procedure of administering the preparation, vacuum cups are placed on the painful points localised during the procedure of acupuncture massage, while the hirudotherapy therapy is carried out at the end of the whole therapeutic course covering the lumbosacral region.
EFFECT: method enables the short-term recovery ensured by the stable immune recovery with the systemic body effect.
5 cl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: speech stimulation in a child is three-staged. At the first stage, pronouncing involuntary consonants is induced and reinforced in a game situation with the use of an association of an object movement and a gesture to allow the child reproducing them voluntarily. The sound reproduced during the game is accompanied with a gesture associated with the object movement until a strong relationship of the specific sound and the object is formed; the gesture and object motion are supposed to mean the same sound. Thereafter, the child is trained to pronounce the consonants missing in his/her speech by blowing out an air flow, which is blocked by obstructions formed by articulation organs; the consonants are reinforced in the game situation with using the object movement and gesture accompanying the sound pronunciation; the gesture and object motion are supposed to mean the same sound. The second stage involves practicing how to complete the word pronunciation with the use of an effect of an unstressed syllable fixation to a stressed one, and/or unstable music fixation to a stable one, and/or how to complete a rhythmically specified word structure. That is followed by practicing words consisting of two or three open syllables and one closed syllable. The third stage provides practicing pronouncing an expression with the use of a combination of its rhythmic-melodic structure, gestures, pictures and/or objects symbolising the whole word.
EFFECT: method enables accelerating sound induction, voluntary sound pronunciation, increasing the efficiency of training the word pronunciation by the child by applying logopedic approaches.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to restorative medicine and can be used for the drug-free correction, prevention and rehabilitation of the functional state and the enhancement of adaptability in patients of various age groups suffering various psychoneurological symptoms. There are performed three successive stages: setting (SS), adaptation (AS) and tactile contact (TCS). The SS involves introducing the patient into dolphins' organisation and behaviour characteristics, instructing to perform commands required for communication with a dolphin, and tactile contact with a dolphin. The adaptation stage involves meeting the living dolphin and contacting it directly on a swimming pool platform out of water. The TCS involves doing the exercises to develop patient's communicative abilities, fine motor skills, motor coordination, motor activity control, emotional state and attention with the use of art therapy elements, musical exercises together with the dolphin, action games with the dolphin using various objects. The TCS is performed in the swimming pool filled with mineral water NaCl 1.8-2.0 ppm at temperature from 25 to 28 degrees; the whole correction course involves from 10 to 14 sessions, from 30 to 40 min each. The SS length is at least 3 sessions of 30 min each; the AS is from 1 to 3 sessions of 30-35 min each; the TCS includes from 7 to 9 sessions of 35-40 min each.
EFFECT: method provides the higher stress stability and adaptation potential of the patient of any degree of functional preparation, the integral enhancement of communicative ability and orientation to active targeted activity, the optimised length of the rehabilitation course depending on the patient's psychoemotional state and abilities.
4 cl, 6 dwg, 3 ex, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, pulmonology and can be used for the integrated treatment of chronic bronchitis. The pre-formed physical factors are used, and a manual therapy is conducted to eliminate functional blocks of a thoracic spine. The integrated exposure to the pre-formed physical factors involves a diadynamic therapy. At the beginning, the presence of an imbalance of thoracic muscle tonus from the right and left is detected, and the relaxed region is exposed to the diadynamic therapy applying toning manipulations by means of Tonus-1 apparatus starting with a full-wave continuous pulse current at frequency 100 Hz for 3 min and changing an electrode pole from (-) to (+) for the following 3 min; that is followed by the half-wave rhythmic exposure for 1 s, with a pause of 1 s, continued for another 3 min, and changing the electrode pole from (-) for (+) for the following 3 min. The procedure is terminated by exposing the back muscles to postisometric relaxation preceded by isometric stress of the above muscles. Herewith, initially the patient sits with his/her back turned to the doctor, clenches his/her fists and fixes them on his/her sacral bone. The doctor initially stands behind the patient's back at arms' length, stretches his/her arms and fixes his/her hands on the patient's elbow joints; the doctor holds his/her back straight and sets one foot back to keep balance. The patient inhales and presses his/her sacral bone for 5 s with his/her elbows pulled back and shoulder rotated outside; this position is held for 7-9 s. While the patient exhales, the doctor stretches the patient's back muscles inactively, pulls the patient's elbows forth, rotates the patient's shoulder inside; the patient's fists are still held on his/her sacral bone. The manipulation is performed 5 or 6 times for 1 or 2 minutes as a part of the integrated procedures for 12-15 min in the therapeutic course, daily.
EFFECT: method provides normalising the thoracic muscles tonus, improves the external respiration function, eliminating the functional blocks that enables increasing the effectiveness of the integrated treatment of chronic bronchitis, relieving its clinical course, avoiding acute periods for a long period of time (up to 1 year).
SUBSTANCE: method involves manual action on a nasal dorsum in the form of 20-25 rhythmic pressures at a force of 8-10 kg. The downright forward efforts are applied at an angle of 45 degrees to the horizontal plane. That is followed by 15-20 rhythmic squeezes of the nasal sides and frontal processes of the maxilla at a force of 6-8 kg and 15-20 smooth-out motions on the nasal sides.
EFFECT: effective elimination regardless the prescription of the suffered injury and avoided necessity to use surgical intervention.
3 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: complex of dosed physical exercise in form of exercises and course of protein nutrition are carried out. Complex includes successive stages: active-passive warming-up gymnastics (APWG), active gymnastics on training apparatus (AGT), correction of muscular-ligamentous apparatus (CMLA) by myofascial correction, aimed at normalisation of tone of muscles, involved at the stage of active gymnastics, as well as muscles, which are not worked out at previous stages: splenius muscle, clavisternomastoid muscle, scalene muscles, longus capitis muscle, long muscle of neck, anterior and lateral rectus muscles of head, short muscles of back region of neck. APWG includes 5 exercises, characterised in invention formula. AGT is carried out on training apparatus crossover, with realisation of exhalation and retraction of abdomen on the weight, with traction of load with one hand from upper block, one hand from lower block, one hand from middle block, as well as vertical traction, horizontal traction with decompression, pullover in lying position, traction to chin, shrugs with bringing together. Fractional drinking mode with portions of 100-150 ml throughout the day in dose 1 l per 30 kg of body weight is observed. During training electrolyte balance is normalised by intake of isotonic, with intake of protein nutrition an hour after training. During treatment course patient takes preparations of chondroitin sulphate and calcium.
EFFECT: reduction of treatment time, simplification of procedures, reduction of probability of painful sensations.
5 cl, 19 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: health improvement complex is performed daily. Meditation is performed for at least 10-15 minutes a day. Respiratory exercises involve inhaling deeply through a nose, which starts by blowing up a belly, continuing inhaling with rising on toes and pulling the shoulders back, completing the inhalation, and holding breath. That is followed by exhaling in reverse order, and the last stage of the exhalation involves sucking in. Self-massage represents vibrations and stroking with palms rubbed together. The self-massage starts from a head, a neck, a chest, a belly, a lower back, an edgebone, hips, hip, knee and ankle joints, shoulder and elbow joints, and wrists sequentially. The physical exercises involve going running at a leisurely pace or ski walking at least 20-40 minutes a day and gymnastics. The gymnastics involve doing the exercises for working out face, hand and neck muscles sequentially, the exercises for stretching the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine, for working out leg muscles, as well as the exercises for working out hip joints.
EFFECT: complex individual's health improvement without using training apparatuses or additional equipment, comfort and simplicity of doing the exercises for the whole day accompanying usual, routine activities, essential motions of the bearing muscles, including outside the house.
4 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sports medicine, physical education, recreational gymnastics, restoring the body of sportswomen of high qualification in rhythmic-sportive gymnastics and other sports. At first, auto-training is performed by muscle and mental relaxation accompanied by music with the inclusion of texts aimed at relaxation of all muscle groups. Then three sets of exercise are consistently performed, based on hatha yoga asanas, from sitting in the lotus pose, lying on back, abdomen, sitting with legs placed forward and sitting on knees, where the exercises include different bendings, rotations, spans, rolls, performing sharp respiration - "fire breath", alternating curling and curving out the limbs, raising hands and feet, rest and relaxation, as characterised in the formula of invention.
EFFECT: method enables the relieving of mental and muscular stress with gentle physical exercise regimes based on hatha yoga asanas, as well as health improvement and recovery of the organism of gymnasts after the training and competitive loads maximum in volume and intensity.
SUBSTANCE: functional training consists in performing circular training, during which exercises on stations are done. Cardio warming up and exercises for muscle pre-stretching before the main part of training and cool-down- after training, are performed. As the main part of training performed are: 2-4 circles of aerobic exercises, where each circle includes the following stations: exercise of the general influence - involving in operation more than 2/3 of the muscle groups of the entire body, after which two exercises of a selective impact - involving in operation separate regional groups of muscles. Between the exercises there is time for rest, with the station of cardio-insertion being carried out at the end of each circle. The level of complexity is regulated depending on the level of preparation of the training person by changing the frequency of repetitions, duration, type of exercises in the stations, duration of rest. The ratio of the time for rest and for the fulfilment of exercises is specified depending on the level of preparation: 2:1 - for the starting level of preparation, 1:1 - for the middle level, and 1:2 - for the advanced level.
EFFECT: increased time of effective work before the onset of fatigue with working with all groups of muscles and main physical properties of the person with the correspondence of a high level of physical properties of the training person to the high level of the functional state of the cardiovascular system, with the elimination of monotony, adaptation in the process of the training cycle, CNS fatigue, with the long support of interest and positive motivation for involvement in physical training.
SUBSTANCE: method includes carrying out electrostimulation and exercises, aimed at the recovery of the laryngeal nervous-muscular apparatus work. The electrostimulation is realised by a current with a bipolar asymmetric pulse shape, with the frequency of 20-120 Hz, pulse duration of 0.2 ms, with 2 sec interval between the pulses. The time of exposure is 5-10 minutes. Seven pairs of electrodes, placed symmetrically, are used. The first and second pairs of electrodes are placed in the area of anterior and posterior bellies of the digastrics muscle on the left and on the right. The third and fourth pairs of electrodes are placed horizontally on the left and on the right in the area of upper and lower thirds of the lateral neck surface, crossing the sternocleidomastoid muscle. The fifth pair of electrodes is placed at the level of 3 and 6 cervical vertebrae in the area of the posterior neck surface on the left. The sixth pair of electrodes is placed at the level of 3 and 6 cervical vertebrae in the area of the posterior neck surface on the right. The seventh pair of electrodes is placed in the area of the middle third of the trapezius muscle on the left and on the right of the spine. After that the patient independently does a number of exercises. First he/she protrudes the tongue towards the teeth, then the tongue root is pulled back. Then he/she makes an inhalation and with the mouth closed, holds the nose wings for 1 s during one exhalation. After that, without opening the mouth, he/she makes an inhalation and holds the nose wings a single time for 5-7 seconds with their further opening during one exhalation. Then, he/she makes an inhalation, holds the nose wings and realises an exhalation through the mouth, shutting the lips one time for 1 second. The described exercise is repeated, increasing the duration of the lips shutting to 5-7 seconds. Each exercise is repeated by the patient 3-4 times running. While fulfilling the exercises the patient bends his/her head to the chest, pressing the chin to it. After performing the exercises, the shoulder girdle area is subjected to a vibrostimulation impact. The impact is realised with the frequency of 20-60 Hz, amplitude of 1.5 mm, at the rate of vibration frequency growth by 20% per 10 seconds. The time of the impact is 10-15 minutes. The course includes 8-12 daily procedures.
EFFECT: method increases the working range of the voice, recovers the phonation time due to the recovery of a contraction of the laryngeal muscles, normalises functions of the respiratory apparatus.
2 dwg, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: apparatus comprises a construction frame with a user's surface, a support structure contacting a margin of a pool, a construction frame travelling mechanism, a load mechanism, upper and lower user's fasteners. The support structure comprises central and two lateral sections. Each of racks is height-adjustable individually. The travelling mechanism is configured as a hydraulic or electric drive relocating the construction frame either smoothly, or intermittently into the vertical position and back. A drive shaft comes into a movable contact to two shaped plates, each of which has holes. Greater sides of the construction frame have plates with holes with the diameter and pitch equal to those of the holes of the shaped plates. A traction unit represents two crossbars. The frame has a hooked rail to interact to the upper fastener. The user's surface represents a single surface, which is provided with two grooves for travelling hooks interacting to the lower fastener.
EFFECT: apparatus enables enhancing the operation and ease of use by creating the conditions for the better functional outcome if used in swimming pools with various design features of the margin and various depths alongside with minimising any stress factors.
10 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: medicine, narcology.
SUBSTANCE: one should detect satisfaction insufficiency syndrome due to performing genetic analysis by the presence of, at least, one of the genes coding the exchange of neuromediators being the constituents of human satisfaction system. One should compensate satisfaction insufficiency due to performing, at least, one complex of physical exercises. Moreover, in case of availability of pathological gene allele of dopamine D2 receptor and/or protein gene of reverse dopamine capture in patient one should apply the complex of physical exercises including those to provide sedative effect, and in case of availability of pathological gene allele of dopamine-beta-hydroxylase protein one should apply the complex of physical exercises including those that induce an activating effect. In case of availability of pathological gene allele of dopamine D2 receptor and/or protein gene of reverse dopamine capture one should apply additional food biologically active additives based upon amino acids being the precursors of neuromediators, such as taurine, D-, L-phenylalanine in combination with 5-hydroxytryptophan, hypericin and vitamin B6, and in case of pathological gene allele of dopamine-beta-hydroxylase protein one should additionally apply food biologically active additives based upon amino acids being the precursors of neuromediators, such as: taurine, tyrosine and/or dimethylaminoethanol, lecithin and group B-vitamins. The present innovation enables to take into account pathological disease mechanism.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of prophylaxis.
14 cl, 5 ex