The wind-generating tower

FIELD: machine engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind-generating tower includes a wind farm section and a section of energy conversion, has many levels of wind-entries, through which the wind enters and passes through the inner volume of the tower of the wind generator and is removed outside, the wind farm section has many wind-entries and many wind outputs, and around the center of the tower of the wind generator a plurality of wind deflecting walls are radially arranged in such a way that the wind coming through the wind-entries flows radially in the direction of the energy conversion section through the wind outputs, the wind turbine with vertical shaft having vertical blades in the space formed at the center of each of the levels of the tower of the wind generator is installed in the energy conversion section in such a way that a wind channel of at least 1 m length is formed between the wind deflecting walls and the vertical blades and the wind coming through the wind-entries and the wind outputs of the wind farm section, flows through the wind channel, formed radially in the direction of the energy conversion section and is removed outside from the wind generating tower.

EFFECT: increase the efficiency of use of the wind rotating blades.

8 cl, 9 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

Vertical rotor // 2557147

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering and can be used in wind power generators with vertical axis of rotation. The invention is aimed at improvement of efficiency due to design simplification. The essence of the invention is achieved by that the vertical rotor which comprises a vertical shaft with active blades, according to the invention has the blades which are implemented in the form of the upper and lower groups of passive elements, and the lower group of passive elements is installed on the ends of the angular frame facing with an angle downwards and hingedly installed in the lower part of the vertical shaft, and the top group is installed on the ends of the angular frame facing with an angle upwards and hingedly installed on the vertical shaft, while the passive elements are fitted with wings, and angular frames are connected with the vertical shaft by the elastic elements.

EFFECT: technical and economic advantage of this rotor is its high performance, namely the increased working moment and the decreased counteracting moment which decreases both due to decrease of arm, and due to shading effect.

3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering, and namely to wind power plants and wind turbines. The turbine for a wind engine contains the top and bottom blades. Between blades at different distances the wings with formation of air ducts between the top and bottom blades are fixed. The forward part of the wing, located closer to the centre, is guiding one, and back higher part of the wing, located further from the centre, is an air inlet. Each wing includes the top and bottom wings. The top wing is designed with a possibility of change of distance and an angle with reference to the bottom wing.

EFFECT: increase of the working area of turbine with design simplification at the same time.

2 cl, 4 dwg

Wind engine // 2550993

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering and may be used to produce mechanical and electric energy. The wind engine with a vertical axis of rotation comprises a wind turbine. The wind turbine comprises at least one section. S-shaped blades are installed in the section. The section is equipped with a frame in the form of a polygonal prism with rotary wind-guiding screens. Wind-guiding screens are installed on each side of the polygonal prism as capable of provision of smooth air overflow from them to the S-shaped blades of the wind turbine. The wind engine is made in the form of a tower. Wind-guiding screens are made as rotary with the rotation angle from 0 to 90° being capable of serving as the louvres and closing each side of the frame. At the corners the wind-guiding screens are equipped with locks. In the lower part of the tower there is a turbine room and an operator room.

EFFECT: technical result consists in increased strength of design, higher capacity of a wind engine and lower noise.

3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: vertical-axial wind unit contains a hub rigidly secured in space, located in centre of rotation, where electric generator and rotor are arranged. The rotor contains a cylindrical shaft, from it radially in horizontal plane the power cross-arms exit, they are closed in aerodynamic fairings, at their ends there are vertical blades. The cylindrical shaft with possibility of rotation passes through the guide sleeve rigidly secured at end of the vertical mast. The electric generator contains casing, in its plane the laminated core secured to hub is installed, it has slots in which the winding coils are located. In stator cylindrical cavity the electric generator rotor is located with possibility of rotation. The rotor contains inductor made with possibility of Halbach magnetic circuit creation or with possibility of radial or tangential magnetizing. The electric generator casing is equipped with the first and second shields made with possibility of rigid engagement with the appropriate end edges of the electric generator casing.

EFFECT: invention use results in increased service life and operation reliability of the wind unit and its electric generator due to significant friction decreasing in bearings, increased generator efficiency, reduced weight of the rotating parts, increased rotational speed of the electric generator inductor.

2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the wind power plants for small farms, settlements, suburban areas in far regions, and centres of winter sport, for example, in hills, and increases heat and energy independence of the users. The essence of the invention is that in the wind power plant of the rotor type containing rotor in form of at least two opposite oriented curvilinear blades-semicylinders installed on the end disk; the curvilinear blade is Ѕ if the cylindrical pipe or barrel manufactured by means of trimmed cylindrical pipe of barrel cutting at angle different from the right angle, and dividing the input billet to two equal parts. At that the internal surface of the assembled cylindrical pipes or barrels can be rubberised, and outside surface of the assembled cylindrical pipes or barrels can be polished.

EFFECT: invention use with suggested technical solution reduces metal consumption of the wind power plant of rotor type keeping the design and technical simplicity and aerodynamic characteristics (usage coefficient of wind energy and relative torque) of the plant.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Wind motor // 2544902

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power generation, in particular to wind motors, and can be used to build the wind power generating units with horizontal axis of rotation of the wind impeller located downwind. The wind motor contains the horizontal shaft with installed impeller, cone guide and outside shell, on which uniformly along the perimeter the second level vanes are installed in quantity equal to length of outside shell in meters.

EFFECT: vanes location ensures significant increasing of the total area of vanes and torque.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: horizontal wind-powered turbine comprises a frame and a unit for air flow routing. A rotor able of rotating on the rotor shaft is mounted on the frame horizontally. The rotor is fitted by three or more radial blade elements fixed on the rotor shaft by a fastener. The radial blade elements are set at equal distance from each other. Each radial blade element comprises supporting brackets and a wind blade fixed at the outer end section of the supporting brackets. The wind blade is of such a shape so that to capture an air flow directed to it and provide for the movement of the blade and creation of rotating force at the rotor shaft. As a result the rotor rotates around its longitudinal axis. The radial blade elements are rigidly connected to each other at their outer end sections by guy lines with tension adjustment. The air flow routing unit is designed for the acceleration and guidance of the air flow into the working air channel in order to affect the wind blades set in the working air channel. As a result the wind blades are moved under the action of the aerodynamic drag.

EFFECT: reduced weight of wind-powered turbine and provision for operation at low wind speeds.

15 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: power generation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power generation. The wind-driven power plant includes at least two wind-power modules placed one over the other. Each wind-power module comprises internal and external wind-power units mounted in a bearing frame, arranged on the same axis and capable of rotating. The internal wind-power unit is a housing, whose sidewalls are formed by blades. The external wind-power unit includes at least two Darrieus blades, mounted on elements of the internal wind-power unit. The two wind-power modules are arranged to allow the installation of a generating unit in between them. The internal and external wind-power units of one module are connected to the generator rotor. The internal and external wind-power units of the second module are connected to the generator stator. The bearing frame is at least three posts connected by cross-members on the side of the top and bottom walls of the housing of the internal wind-power unit. The posts of the bearing frame of one module can be connected to the posts of the bearing frame of an adjacent module.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at improving the efficiency of using wind energy, reliability and simplification of the structure and transportation of the system.

27 cl, 6 dwg

Rotor device // 2531159

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technologies and devices of conversion and generation of kinetic energy of gas and fluid flows into mechanical and formation of flows from energy mechanism driving. The rotary device contains a barrel 4, rigidly fastened on the power takeoff shaft, vanes 8-11, in pairs fixed on the shafts 5, 6. The shafts 5, 6 are designed with a possibility of independent from each other rotation around of own longitudinal axes. The drum 4 is placed in the body 1, containing a spheric ring part and end surfaces containing a section, made as a truncated cone fixed with a wide base with edges of spheric parts of the body 1. The narrow base is placed in a cavity of the spheric part of the body 1 and is equipped with a round plate placed in parallel to ends of the drum 4, with a hole, through which the power takeoff shaft passes with a possibility of rotation. Vanes 8-11 have the axisymmetric shape. The cross-section of the cavity of the body 1 is overlapped with a partition fastened with an internal spheric surface of the body 1 and side conic surfaces of its end parts. The partition with a transversal slot is designed with a possibility for the vane 8-11 to pass through it, which is unfolded in a diameter plain of the spherical part of the body 1.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at increase of completeness of flow conversion into mechanical energy.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind-power engineering. Rotor with vertical shaft comprises blades, crossbars and vertical bearing assembly with the hub fitted at working mechanism. The blades are composed of serial shutters, horizontal channels and streamlined elements arranged in symmetry about outer edges of said channels.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of windmill operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive windmills. Windmill rotor comprises shaft and pole-forming elements. The latter are composed of crossed parallelepipeds with bore for shaft made at the center of every parallelepiped. Lower parallelepiped is located in lower stator area while upper parallelepiped in arranged in upper stator area.

EFFECT: better manufacturability.

3 dwg

Power plant // 2555090

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power energy, and can be used as wind(hydraulic)-generator without blades. The invention is based on new principle of designing of the power plant based on the aerodynamic element (1) in form of a wing. The aerodynamic element (1) has symmetrical profile with ejection slits (2) at its convex surfaces. Inside the aerodynamic element (1) the channel with input (3) at its end face is formed, it is connected with the ejection slits (2). The channel is made with possibility of supply of the flowing air to the turbine connected with one or multiple electric generators.

EFFECT: decreased negative environmental effect of the power plant.

3 cl, 1 dwg

Wind engine // 2551444

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for construction of wind-driven power plants with a horizontal rotation axis and an incoming air flow. A wind engine includes a horizontal shaft, a multiblade wheel fixed on it and provided with internal and external shells, between which the main blades of the first power level are located. The number of the main blades of the first power level is equal to diameter of the external shall in metres, and on the inner surface of the external shell there additionally fixed between the main blades are blades of an intermediate power level, which are connected with a locking ring.

EFFECT: use of the invention allows considerably reducing diameter of the wind wheel with a view to installed capacity of the wind-driven power plant.

2 cl, 4 dwg

Wind engine // 2550993

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering and may be used to produce mechanical and electric energy. The wind engine with a vertical axis of rotation comprises a wind turbine. The wind turbine comprises at least one section. S-shaped blades are installed in the section. The section is equipped with a frame in the form of a polygonal prism with rotary wind-guiding screens. Wind-guiding screens are installed on each side of the polygonal prism as capable of provision of smooth air overflow from them to the S-shaped blades of the wind turbine. The wind engine is made in the form of a tower. Wind-guiding screens are made as rotary with the rotation angle from 0 to 90° being capable of serving as the louvres and closing each side of the frame. At the corners the wind-guiding screens are equipped with locks. In the lower part of the tower there is a turbine room and an operator room.

EFFECT: technical result consists in increased strength of design, higher capacity of a wind engine and lower noise.

3 dwg

Vertical rotor // 2548699

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric power generation and can be used in windmills with vertical spinning shaft. Vertical rotor comprises vertical shaft, active blades engaged by flexible ties with said shaft. Attachments of said blades are additionally interconnected by extra flexible links.

EFFECT: simplified design, higher reliability, better manufacturability.

2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: vertical-axial wind plant comprises a hub, where a power generator and a rotor are placed, and the rotor comprises a row of vertical blades rotating around the vertical axis. On the hub there is a stator, the outer surface of which is shaped as a cylinder, at the same time it is covered with a cylindrical cavity of the rotor. Stator slots, where winding coils are placed, are located at the outer side of the stator and open towards the cylindrical cavity of the rotor that faces them. The inner surface of the rotor cavity facing the stator is equipped with a circular ledge with a slot, where an inductor is mounted, which comprises planks aligned along the longitudinal axis of the rotor, made of permanent magnets, to form a composite magnet ring. At the same time planks are magnetised so that between radially magnetised magnets there are tangentially magnetised magnets, with the possibility to produce a magnetic Halbach circuit. The bearing unit of the electric machine comprises magnetic radial bearings placed in gaps between edges of end shields of the power generator and rotor surfaces facing them, and also comprises magnetic thrust bearings placed in gaps between surfaces of end shields of the power generator and rotor ledge surfaces facing them.

EFFECT: improved resource of a wind plant and its power generator, reduced friction in bearings, increased circumferential speed of power generator inductor, self-unwinding of the rotor at low wind speeds.

5 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power plants and methods of power production. The main element of the wind power plant is aerodynamic surface in the form of a wing, in the body of which there is a channel that connects opposite surfaces of a wing. Air sucked into this channel rotates the turbine and the power generator connected to it. The plant may be stationary or mobile.

EFFECT: design improvement.

9 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: vertical-axial wind unit contains a hub rigidly secured in space, located in centre of rotation, where electric generator and rotor are arranged. The rotor contains a cylindrical shaft, from it radially in horizontal plane the power cross-arms exit, they are closed in aerodynamic fairings, at their ends there are vertical blades. The cylindrical shaft with possibility of rotation passes through the guide sleeve rigidly secured at end of the vertical mast. The electric generator contains casing, in its plane the laminated core secured to hub is installed, it has slots in which the winding coils are located. In stator cylindrical cavity the electric generator rotor is located with possibility of rotation. The rotor contains inductor made with possibility of Halbach magnetic circuit creation or with possibility of radial or tangential magnetizing. The electric generator casing is equipped with the first and second shields made with possibility of rigid engagement with the appropriate end edges of the electric generator casing.

EFFECT: invention use results in increased service life and operation reliability of the wind unit and its electric generator due to significant friction decreasing in bearings, increased generator efficiency, reduced weight of the rotating parts, increased rotational speed of the electric generator inductor.

2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind-driven power plant on a continuous wind flow includes multiple wind-driven units comprising wind wheels with a power generator, a heating element and a wind tunnel. Wind wheels with a power generator are installed in underground tunnels connected to a tower, where gas burners are arranged, which develop continuous air flow. In the centre of the tower there is a perforated thin-walled ceramic pipe and a water supply system with nozzles inside, gas burners heat the ceramic pipe, and its diffused infrared radiation is actively absorbed by water vapours, which together with spent heated gases move upwards and heat air in the wind tunnel faster, which develops temperature gradient with environment required for draught, further the flow is reinforced due to difference of atmospheric pressure at the ends of the wind tunnel.

EFFECT: usage of the invention makes it possible to increase efficiency of operation of a heating element, which, in its turn, results in increased efficiency of a wind-driven power plant.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: vortex power plant of a gas compressor unit (GCU) of a compressor station includes a housing of hyperboloid shape (6), which is installed above exhaust pipe (1) of the gas compressor unit; in the housing centre along its axis there arranged is electric generator (8), gas/air flow guide vane (9) and single-stage turbine (10). The upper part of the housing is connected through a bearing support with an exhaust system - Venturi pipe (12) with guide vane (13), which is installed in wind direction; in the lower part of the housing there arranged is an air flow inlet guide vane; walls of its tangential channels are formed with curved panels consisting of gas cooler tubes (4) connected with metal strips; upper ends of the gas cooler tubes are connected to pipeline (7) of hot gas compressed in GCU pump, and their lower ends are connected to collecting pipeline of cooled gas (2).

EFFECT: increasing electrical power of a unit.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluid medium turbines on and, in particular, to fluid medium turbines with a vertical axis. The turbine (100) is a wind turbine with a vertical axis intended for generation of the electric power from the wind power. The system (100) has a vane unit (140). The unit (140) has vanes (142, 144, 146, 148), designed with a possibility of rotation around of the axis (Y). The system (100) has a concentrator (120), designed with a possibility of mounting windward and in front of return side of the unit (140). The concentrator (120) can form a convex surface facing windward. The system (100) has a regulated concentrator (110), designed with a possibility of positioning windward with reference to the pushing side of the unit (140). The concentrator (110) is designed with a possibility of switching between the first and the second position, and the concentrator (110) is capable to deflect more wind to the turbine (100) in the first position, than in the second position.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at efficiency improvement.

15 cl, 17 dwg

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