SUBSTANCE: oil-resin composition contains (in wt %) oxidized sunflower oil 30-35; ozonized petroleum resin modified with monoethanolamine, 15-20; solvent - the rest.
EFFECT: obtaining of coatings with increased impact strength.
1 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydroxylfunctional oil-based polyols, compositions for coating application, formed on their basis, methods of applying coatings on substrates of surfaces by means of said compositions, in particular on packing materials and the like for storage of food products and drinks, and to substrates, covered with said compositions. Hydroxylfunctional oil-based polyols can be obtained by interaction of epoxidised vegetable oil with hydroxylfunctional material in presence of acidic catalyst, which includes strong acid. Compositions for coating application can be obtained by cross-linking of hydroxylfunctional oil-based polyols by cross-linking agent. Polyol does not include compound, which has (meth)acrylate functional group.
EFFECT: obtaining hydroxylfunctional polyols.
20 cl, 7 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to self-hardening grafted copolymer of oil polyol with hydroxyl functional groups, to thermally hardened covering composition, suitable for coatings of packages and containers, as well as to method of substrate covering and to substrate. Grafted polymer is obtained in two stages. At stage one epoxidised vegetable oil is subjected to interaction with polyol, containing hydroxyl functional groups, in presence of catalyst of strong acid type. Reaction is carried out at temperature from 50 to 200°C. At stage two obtained oil polyol with hydroxyl functional groups interacts with unsaturated monomer component of ethylene type in presence of initiator. Thermally hardened covering composition is obtained by cross-linking of obtained grafted copolymer of oil polyol by cross-linking agent. Method of substrate covering consists in application of said composition on substrate and its cross-linking. Coated substrate is in contact with food or drink.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase corrosion stability of coating, which has high content of solid substances.
18 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 8 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction finishing coatings for walls and ceilings and a finishing glaze for decorative textured finish. The glaze composition for application on a substrate contains dry powder latex, a liquid latex emulsion, a coalescing solvent, wax, a thickener and water. The glaze is rewettable during application and is extremely durable after fully drying.
EFFECT: invention enables to produce a glaze composition which takes up colour and enables uniform application of the composition onto the surface of a substrate.
10 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: paint composition is prepared by mixing drying oil and filler. The filler used is metal-oil dross which is ground and sieved through sieve N0056 and has the following composition, wt %: FeO - 48.5, Fe2O3 - 32.3, CaO - 6.4, MgO - 1.9, SiO2 -1.5, Al2O3- 1.6, oily substances with surfactant impurities - the balance. The paint composition contains, wt %: drying oil 35-65; said metal-oil dross 35.0-65.0.
EFFECT: invention enables to obtain dough-like and ready-to-use paint compositions.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of paint materials. The paint composition is prepared by mixing varnish with fine powder of an inorganic material. The powder of inorganic material used is water treatment sludge sieved through a No.0056 sieve, said sludge being formed as a result of removing hardness salts during water treatment at thermal power plants. Components are in the following ratio, wt %: varnish 35-65; said powder of water treatment sludge 35.0-65.0.
EFFECT: method is simple and enables to obtain dough-like and ready-to-use paint compositions.
SUBSTANCE: polyurethane coating is made from a composition which contains refined castor oil, an ester, an antifoaming additive BYK-066 based on fluorine-modified polysiloxanes, aluminium oxide, titanium oxide, aerosil, a water adsorbent, an additive BYK-410 - urea in an organic solvent N-methylpyrrolidone, a curing agent isocyanate SUPRASEK 5025, which is 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and additionally as filler - dolomite or zeolite or a mixture of dolomite and zeolite in ratio 3.25:1.
EFFECT: coating has high breaking strength and modulus of elasticity in tension, while providing sufficiently high deformation characteristics, particularly tensile elongation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to coating compositions, particularly coating compositions with a decorative effect, which enable to obtain multi-colour and/or different-tone surfaces when applied once. Initially, the single-colour coating composition contains a first dye, a thickener, a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) less than 9 or greater than 11 and binder. All components are dispersed or dissolved in an organic solvent and water. After deposition of the said composition in form of a film onto a substrate surface which is a wall or ceiling panel, the first dye becomes incompatible with the said composition, as a result of which a portion of the first dye migrates towards the outer face of the panel while the coating composition is still in liquid state. Additional decorative effects are achieved by sliding the surface using a putty spittle or some other instrument while the coating composition is still in liquid or quasi-liquid state. The set for applying the decorative coating onto the surface contains the said composition and a label.
EFFECT: obtaining a ready coating having two differently-coloured zones, colour contrast (ΔE) between which is greater than 0,25.
23 cl, 5 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention is used in shipbuilding, construction works in shafts, for repair works on metallurgical factories, for painting concrete and plastered structures, for painting metal structures, wooden structures and slate roofing. The paint contains components in the following ratio in wt %: film-forming agent 50-90, titanium dioxide and/or chalk 0.1-32.0, cement and/or cement dust 0.1-30.0, siccative 0.5-5.0, microtalc and/or micromica or sand and/or lime or lime milk and/or flue ash and/or microcalcium and/or sulphanol and/or iron oxide - the rest. The film-forming agent contains components in the following ratio in wt %: pentaphthalate and/or glyphtal lacquer or mixture thereof with nitrocellulose and/or perchlorovinyl and/or ethylcellulose and/or coal-tar varnish 1-55.0, drying oil or masut or bitumen 1-45.0, bustilat and/or liquid glass 1-10.0, water and/or nefras and/or solvent and/or benzine and/or solvents 647, 646, 650, 651 3-20.0, sulphanol or butyldiglycol - the rest.
EFFECT: paint film has good adhesion to surfaces, coating does not crack during bending and sharp change in temperature, paint film has high resistance to water, acid, alkali, benzene, the paint can be applied on a rusty, oily or wet surface, does not form a dried up film during storage and is environmentally safe.
3 cl, 4 tbl, 70 ex
SUBSTANCE: described is an oil-resin composition for producing drying oils, lacquer and paints, including oxidised sunflower oil, synthetic resin and an organic solvent, characterised by that the synthetic resin used is alkylmethacrylate-modified polymeric petroleum resin which is obtained through polymerisation of unsaturated compounds of fractions of liquid products of pyrolysis of straight-run gasoline with boiling range of 130-190°C and alkylmethacrylate (alkyl, methyl, butyl, hexyl), with the following ratio of components (wt %): oxidised sunflower oil 10-20; modified polymeric petroleum resin 30-40, solvent 50.
EFFECT: low consumption of plant oil, wider raw material base and range of high quality paint materials, preparation of the oil-resin composition under mild conditions.
1 cl, 3 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to paint-and-varnish industry and may be used for dilution of oil paints, for impregnation of wood, plastering of concrete prior to painting. Moisture-resistant combined drying oil contains the following components, wt %: oil polymer drying oil, which represents 60% solution in kerosene fraction of oil polymer resins with softening temperature of 72-90°C - 54, oxidised mixture of vegetable oil that contains 3-10% of paraffin with viscosity of 4 400-1100 sec. -20 by VZ-4, oil solvent S4 - 150-200°C -20, siccative - 6.
EFFECT: improved moisture resistance of paint-and-varnish coat.
SUBSTANCE: composition, apart from film-forming substance - hydrocarbon aliphatic resin, pigment, mineral fillers, glass balls and waxes additionally contains block-copolymers of styrene with unlimited aliphatic hydrocarbons, copolymers of ethylene and vinyl acetate, in combination with plasticisers, esters of aromatic and aliphatic acids and mineral oils. In composition hydrocarbon aliphatic resin may be partially or completely replaced for pentaerythritol or glycerin esters of white resin without damage to quality.
EFFECT: combination of components in certain ratio makes it possible to increase elasticity of roadbed compositions and as a result, its wear resistance and functional durability.
1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: composition of spray-plastic contains the following components as film-forming substance - aliphatic hydrocarbon resins or their mixtures with glycerin or pentaerythritol ester of white resin in combination with block-copolymer on the basis of styrene and isoprene. Plasticiser used is represented by esters of aromatic acids or paraffin mineral oils.
EFFECT: increased elasticity and wear resistance of spray-plastic.
1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: described is a method for producing modified polymeric petroleum resin by co-polymerisation of unsaturated compounds of a fraction of liquid straight-run pyrolysates within the distillation range of 130 to 190°C and an additional monomer when exposed to 2% titanium tetrachloride for 60-120 min and followed by deactivation of a catalyst complex by propylene oxide; the monomer is cyclopentadiene in an amount of 5% to 10% of fraction weight, and the polymerisation is performed at a temperature of 20°C.
EFFECT: producing bright polymeric petroleum resins in the mild conditions: at a low working temperature at a high rate.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: film-forming substance based on petroleum-polymer resin includes ozonised petroleum-polymer resin, with ozonised petroleum-polymer resin being modified by mono-, or di-, or triethanolamine at ratio ozonised petroleum-polymer resin:ethanol, equal 10:(1.0-1.1) in presence of 0.1% of weight of reagents sulphuric or phosphoric acid.
EFFECT: aim of invention is to reduce consumption of products of natural origin in paint-and-varnish industry, to extend raw material base and assortment of paint-and-varnish materials, to obtain film-forming substances in mild conditions.
2 tbl, 21 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing light polymeric petroleum resins which are colour-stable at high temperatures. The method of producing light polymeric petroleum resin which is colour-stable at high temperatures is realised by feeding into a cooligomerisation zone 30-70 wt % alkylbenzene solvent, 30-70 wt % mixture of unsaturated hydrocarbons consisting of 30-90 wt % styrene or methyl derivative thereof and 10-70 wt % piperylene concentrate, a complex of a Friedel-Crafts acid (FCA) with an oxygen-containing promoter at temperature ranging from minus 10°C to plus 60°C, with subsequent neutralisation of the FCA with a base, removing the neutralisation products and separating the end product by distilling unreacted hydrocarbons. The oxygen-containing promoter used is the following mixture, wt %: 2.22-66.01 carbonyl compound (aldehyde and/or C1-C8 ketone); 3.20-8.06 C1-C9 alcohol; 1.23-66.58 lower olefin oxide and 26.40-52.92 water, in molar ratio FCA: carbonyl compounds : alcohol : oxide : water = 8.97-14.06:0.01-0.69:0.01-0.09:0.01-0.74:1. The technical result is that the polymeric petroleum resins are compatible with mixtures of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer and/or another similar elastomer with wax or paraffin and are meant for use in adhesives, adhesion compositions, in road marking paints and other products.
EFFECT: low production cost due to low consumption of materials and a simple process scheme.
1 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polymer chemistry and specifically to a method of producing polymeric petroleum resins - substitutes of expensive and scarce natural products such as plant oil (in paint materials), colophony (in paper production), as well as wood-pyrogenic and indene-coumarone resins (in rubber mixtures and production of industrial rubber products). To obtain modified polymeric petroleum resins, copolymerisation unsaturated compounds of the fraction of liquid products of pyrolysis of straight-run gasoline with boiling range from 130 to 190°C with low-molecular weight hydroxyl-containing butadiene rubber is carried out in toluene solution in the presence of an initiator - α,α'-dioxybenzyl peroxide.
EFFECT: obtaining novel modified polymeric petroleum resin with an almost quantitative output.
3 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of petroleum resins, particularly to obtaining reactive unsaturated petroleum resins which are used in production of paint materials as binder when producing reinforced and filled plastic, rubber softening agents, in thermosetting polymer compositions etc. To obtain petroleum resins, liquid products of pyrolysis of straight-run gasoline with boiling range from 130 to 190°C are polymerised, and the initiator used is α,α'-dioxybenzyl peroxide.
EFFECT: high output of polymeric petroleum resin and shorter duration of the process.
SUBSTANCE: invention describes a method of producing polymeric petroleum resins which involves polymerisation of unsaturated compounds of the fraction of liquid products of pyrolysis of straight-run petrol with boiling range of 130-190°C in the presence of a catalytic complex of AlCl3:C1-C5 alcohol:C2-C5 carbonyl compound:water in molar ratio equal to 10.0-98.0:0.9-5.2:1.7-7.0:1.0,characterised by that, the catalyst is deactivated with triglycidyl ethers of polyoxypropylenetriols manufactured under the Laproxide 603 and Laproxide 703 brands, having general formula: where a, b, c=1-3, with molecular weight 434-782, taken in equimolar ratio to 100% AlCl3 in the catalytic complex, which corresponds to an equimolar amount of epoxide groups to the amount of Cl to aluminium. The deactivation products remain in the polymeric petroleum resin.
EFFECT: improved environmental friendliness of the process of producing polymeric petroleum resins, elimination of the explosion hazard and inflammation during deactivation of components of the catalytic complex.
1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for producing polymeric petroleum resins. The invention describes a method of producing polymeric petroleum resins which involves polymerisation of unsaturated compounds of the fraction of liquid products of pyrolysis of straight-run petrol with boiling range of 130-190°C in the presence of catalyst systems: titanium tetrachloride and an organoaluminium compound in molar ratio: TiCL4 : Al(C2H5)2Cl = 1:(0.1-3.0); TiCl4 : Al(C2H5)3 = 1:(0.1-3.0); TiCl4 : Al(iso-C4H9)3 = 1:(0.1-3.0).The method is distinguished by that the catalyst is deactivated with triglycidyl ethers of polyoxypropylenetriols manufactured under the trademark Laproxide 603 and Laproxide 703, having general formula:
, where a, b, c = 1-3, with molecular weight of 434-782, and taken in molar ratio to the catalyst system of 1.0:2.1.The deactivation products remain in the composition of the polymeric petroleum resins.
EFFECT: simple technology of producing polymeric petroleum resins, improved environmental safety of the process, improved sanitary and hygienic conditions during production.
1 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: method is described for producing polymer petroleum resins, involving polymerisation of unsaturated compounds of the fraction of liquid products of pyrolysis of straight run benzene with boiling range from 130 to 190°C in the presence of catalyst systems: titanium tetrachloride and an organoaluminium compound in molar ratios: TiCl4 : Al(C2H5)2Cl = 1 : (0.1 - 3.0); TiCl4 : Al(C2H5)3 = 1 : (0.1 - 3.0); TiCl4 : Al(iso-C4H9)3 = 1 : (0.1 - 3.0). The method is distinguished by that, the catalyst is successively deactivated with 1,2-epoxy-compounds of general formula where R=CH3, C2H5, C3H7, C6H5, CH2-O-R', where R'=CnH2n+1 (n=1-3); C6H5-R", where R"=H, CH3, C2H5, epoxy-diane resins of general formula: , where n=0-3, with content of epoxy groups from 10.0 to 22.5%, taken in molar ratio: epoxy-diane resin : 1,2-epoxy-compound, equal to 1.0-1.25 : 1.0-1.5, where total amount of epoxy equivalents is equal to the total number of chlorine atoms and alkyl substitutes with aluminium and titanium atoms in the selected catalyst system. The deactivation products remain the composition of polymer petroleum resins.
EFFECT: simpler technology, improved environmental friendliness of the process.
1 cl, 3 tbl, 24 ex