Centrifugal wide-flare sprayer

FIELD: devices for spraying of liquids.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluids and solutions spraying devices. In a wide-flare centrifugal nozzle, a hollow conical swirler arranged in the form of a truncated cone is located coaxially in the vortex chamber. Lower base of the cone is carried by the base of the cylindrical vortex chamber. Upper base of the cone is carried by the central cylindrical hole of the nozzle insert. On the surface of the hollow cone swirler a screw thread is cut.

EFFECT: technical result of invention is higher efficiency of spraying.

1 cl, 2 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: swirl atomiser comprises the housing with auger, located inline in the housing bottom, and located in the top of the housing the choke with a cylindrical hole for fluid supply, connected with a diffuser, axisymmetric to housing and choke, the auger is pressed-in into the housing with formation of the conical camera located above the auger inline with the diffuser and connected with it in series, and the auger is made solid, and auger external surface is composed from connected in series two surfaces, one of which is at least single-thread helical groove with right or left thread and is located in the casing , and second surface is made smooth as solid of revolutions, axisymmetrically connected with spraying disk located perpendicularly to the casing axis, and protruding beyond the end face of the casing bottom part, at that both straight line and curved line of n-power can be used as line creating this surface. The surface of spraying disk protruding out of the end face of the casing bottom, is made deflected towards the casing bottom and has on the peripheral part the radial cutouts alternating with the solid part of the surface of the atomising disk. To the surface of the spraying disk protruding beyond the end face of the casing bottom the divider is secured made as rod vertical, axisymmetric to the atomiser casing, to its bottom part at least three inclined spokes are secured, at free ends of the spokes looking towards the spraying disk the impellers are installed with possibility of rotation around the spoke axis.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of liquid spraying.

2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: centrifugal atomiser with counter swirling flows contains a casing with vortex chambers and nozzle. The casing is made in form of the union with hole for liquid supply from main line and rigidly connected with it cylindrical coaxial sleeve with external thread. In the sleeve cone and cylindrical cavities are installed in series, they are coaxial with hole for liquid supply. Coaxially with casing in its bottom part a nozzle is connected, it is made in form of two-stage centrifugal cylindrical swirler connected with output cone chamber of the nozzle and separated from the hole for liquid supply by the perforate partition, secured at the end surface of the swirler casing. The partition looks towards the liquid supply, at that the first stage of the swirler is located in its top part, and contains cylindrical chamber with coaxially installed rod and secured on it helical plate. At that rod is secured in centre of the perforate partition. Second stage of the swirler is located coaxially with the first one and is made by ring cylindrical chamber connected is series with the cylindrical chamber of the swirler first stage, and has tangential inputs for liquid supply via the cylindrical ring cavity made by the casing of the swirler and cylindrical cavity of the sleeve. On the cone surface of the output cone chamber of the nozzle the screw thread is cut with direction of the flow swirling, opposite to direction of two-stage centrifugal cylindrical swirler.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of spraying due to increase of spray and to fine dispersion of sprayed liquid.

2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, maintenance and repair of machines and parts due to highly intensive cavitation saturation of a liquid jet. Technical result is achieved due to the fact that a high frequency atomiser comprising a casing with a mixing chamber, a nozzle communicated with the mixing chamber, flow swirling units, a swirler, spacers with axial spiral channels, is equipped by a dynamic cavitator at the output nozzle, the cavitator provides for the saturation of a jet coming out of the atomiser nozzle by cavitation masses. The dynamic cavitator is made as a resilient plate set perpendicular to the nozzle axis at the height of ≈0.3 nozzle diameter, the specified natural vibration frequency of the unit is equal to approximately 120 Hz. The total pressure at the atomiser nozzle output shall be not less than the cavitation threshold value.

EFFECT: invention provides for high quality cleaning of surfaces without cleaning agents being used.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler nozzle-activator comprises a housing and a deflector attached to the helical rack. The deflector is in the form of a bladed disc which blades are made on elliptic curves, the output edges of which are directed tangentially to the outer surface of the disc. The height of the blades corresponds to the required flow rate through the sprinkler nozzle-activator. In the interlobe space the spirals of left-hand orientation are fixed. Fixing the deflector to the housing is arranged by means of bolts, for this purpose on the deflector disc the protrusions are provided with the holes. The height of the protrusions is equal to the height of the blades, and the shape of the protrusions corresponds to the curved shape of the blades. In the central part of the blade disc a flow divider is fixed through the screws, made in the form of a surface of rotation of a parabola z2=px near the axis z.

EFFECT: improvement of the structure of rain, uniformity of its distribution on the irrigated field and increase in yield.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of irrigation using fine and drip sprinkling, and can be used in the mobile installations to ensure rain with drops size permitted for sprinkling of wide spectrum of crop. In the cascade-wave sprinkler the casing is made detachable, connected out of two halves by ribs using bolted joints. In internal cavity of the casing the deflector pole is installed by cone tip upwards. The deflector contains arc-shape fixtures to internal side of the casing of the wave blades connected with the casing by screws. The wave blades are made as segmental, and are secured on the casing wall by cascades. The blades are secured to the casing wall along the helical line with left hand direction. In bottom part of the casing the cone replaceable sprinkler with water catching aprons is secured using flanges. The water catching aprons are deflected from the wall of the cone replaceable sprinkler at some angle. The rear guide wall is made as per curve of the function y=arctgx, where y is coordinate of the curve point through vertical, x is coordinate of the curve point through horizontal. The water catching aprons are directed CCW by the input windows and are connected with water outlet holes. Face wall of the water outlet holes is made at angle towards wall of the cone replaceable sprinkler. Top edge of the water catching aprons has cut parallel to the wall of the replaceable cone sprinkler.

EFFECT: possibility of selection of the optimal rain parameters, increased operation reliability, simple design, increased crop-producing.

3 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: proposed vortex injector comprises casing with auger pressed therein fluid and air feed elements. Said casing consists of two coaxial and coupled cylindrical sleeves: large diameter sleeves and small diameter sleeves, and inside the small diameter sleeve coaxially with it a auger is installed rigidly coupled with its internal surface, at that external surface of the auger is helical groove with right or left thread. Between the internal surface of the small diameter sleeve and external surface of the auger a helical external surface is created, it is connected by means of tube with the compressed air source, and inside the auger a hole is made with left or right thread connected with tube for liquid under pressure supply, at that direction of thread cutting in hole made inside the auger opposite to direction of the external helical groove of the auger, and in large diameter sleeve coaxially with it a shaped sleeve is located, its internal surface is created by cone and cylindrical surfaces, and it is rigidly secured in the large diameter sleeve via the sealing gasket creating the cylindrical chamber performing functions of the dampening tank for uniform compressed air supply to the helical external cavity, at that in the cylindrical cavity of the shaped sleeve a free end of the tube for liquid supply is provided, it is located in coaxial resilient ring served for dampening if the hydraulic impact in case of non-uniform liquid supply. In end part of the small diameter sleeve of the casing the diffuser is secured, at its end divider of the liquid flow is installed, it is made in form of the perforated ring coaxial with the diffuser.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of liquid spraying.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: proposed sprayer comprises casing with auger pressed therein and fluid feed union. Said casing consists of two aligned and coupled cylindrical sleeves: large diameter sleeves and small diameter sleeves. In the small diameter sleeve coaxially with it an auger is located, it is rigidly connected with its internal surface, at that the external surface of the auger is helical groove, and inside the auger at least two rows of through holes are made concentrically along circles. In each row at least three holes are made, and diameters of holes decrease from the auger axis to peripheral holes, and in the large diameter sleeve coaxially with it an union is installed, it is rigidly secured in it via the sealing gasket. In the union coaxially cylindrical hole is made, it transits in axisymmetric diffuser connected with the cylindrical chamber created by internal surface of the small diameter sleeve, and end face of the auger, and inside the auger coaxially and axisymmetrically with it a rod is secured, its one end is located flush with its end face looking on the union, and at the other free end of the rod at right angle to its axis at least two uniformly located along the rod length disks are installed, their diameters increase towards free end of the rod. On the free end of the rod the perforated sprayer is installed made in form of spherical segment, its concave part looks towards the disk last through the rod length, and to the peripheral part of the spherical segment the perforated cone shell is secured, the another part is rigidly connected with the end face of the cylindrical sleeve with small diameter of the injector casing.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of spraying.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: proposed sprayer comprises casing with auger pressed therein and fluid feed union. Said casing consists of two aligned and coupled cylindrical sleeves: large diameter sleeves and small diameter sleeves. In the small diameter sleeve coaxially with it an auger is located, it is rigidly connected with its internal surface, at that the external surface of the auger is helical groove, and inside the auger at least two rows of through holes are made concentrically along circles. In each row at least three holes are made, and diameters of holes decrease from the auger axis to peripheral holes, and in the large diameter sleeve coaxially with it a union is installed, it is rigidly secured in it via the sealing gasket, at that inside the union a cylindrical hole is made coaxially, passing to an axially symmetrically located diffuser, which is connected to a cylindrical chamber formed by the inner surface of the sleeve of smaller diameter, and the end surface of the auger; and inside the auger coaxially and axisymmetrically with it a rod is secured, its one end is located flush with its end face looking on the union, and at the other free end of the rod at right angle to its axis at least two uniformly located along the rod length disks are installed, their diameters increase towards free end of the rod. The disks uniformly installed along the rod length and having diameters increasing towards free end of the rod are made perforated.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of spraying.

3 cl, 1 dwg

Nozzle head // 2551289

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices to speed up a gas-dynamic (compressible) flow to supersonic velocities in different spheres of technical activities (sand blasters, vacuum cleaners, dust extractors, gas catchers, phase separators, oil cracking etc. equipment for chemical industry and household appliances). At least one nozzle in the nozzle head is made as a tapering part with critical section. The critical section enters the expanding part with a gap communicated with a cavity. The expanding part is set inside the nozzle head starting from the first to the last but one nozzle, in the form of an expanding shell. At the nozzle head outlet in the last nozzle the expanding part is made as an expanding shell or a concave or convex lip.

EFFECT: reduced power consumption in start-up and operation modes, provision for more stable operation mode, expanded range of application.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: liquid flow spreader is fixed to the end face surface of a captive nut in an active spreader for a nozzle. The spreader is of pin type in the form of a truncated tetrahedron attached to the end face surface of the captive nut. The tetrahedron ribs are pins with blades with stops being mounted on them. Thus rotation of blades is provided due to the flows outgoing from a throttle plate with a nozzle jet. The tetrahedron base ribs are also connected to the blades with stops being mounted on them, by the pins.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of liquid atomising.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: in end piece, flow conic slit-like channel of variable section is made screwed with rotation of longitudinal axis for angle 20-60°. Section at output is decreased in comparison to input in 1.5-3 times.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly for domestic, medical and transport use.

SUBSTANCE: device includes lavatory pan with hinged seat, flushing tank, composite tube with operating handle to supply water from water source to pouring head, namely to shower head. Operating handle includes L-shaped connection pipe arranged in depression formed in seat and having short and long parts. L-shaped connection pipe rotates around long part axis during water pouring out process and may be longitudinally displaced. L-shaped connection pipe is freely arranged on lavatory pan and freely detached from it. Connection pipe is secured to pouring head. Short part of connection pipe is attached from below with water source by means of flexible hose. Short part axis is always parallel to pouring direction of pouring head. Operating handle includes two mutually perpendicular arms provided with seating areas for L-shaped connection pipe installation in different positions is socket of wall holder. Shower head made in accordance with the first embodiment comprises hollow body with outlet cavity, outlet net for water pouring and inlet L-shaped connection pipe. Connection pipe includes seating areas for shower head installation in wall holder socket formed in transition area between short and long parts of connection pipe. Shower head may perform mechanical rotation inside wall holder socket. Shower head made in accordance with the second embodiment comprises body with outlet cavity, outlet net for water pouring and handle. Arranged inside body are relief valve, shutoff member and operating lever connected to relief valve by the first lever arm and kinematically linked with control member of shower head handle by another, free, end. L-shaped connection pipe is used as shower head handle. Shower head handle has inner water hose. Connection pipe includes seating areas for shower head installation in wall holder socket formed in transition area between short and long parts of connection pipe. Shower head may perform mechanical rotation inside wall holder socket.

EFFECT: simplified structure, reduced number of supply pipeline branches, elimination of hinge and sealing connections usage, improved ability of device detachment.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: nozzles, particularly for cleaning reservoir bottom from residual viscous, high-viscous and hardening liquids and for removing deposits near connection pipes of fire-extinguishing systems adapted for extinguishing fire in reservoirs.

SUBSTANCE: device bottom is provided with radial eccentrically located distributors formed as plates having chamfers on the first plate sides. Plate length is less than device bottom radius. Plate height exceeds width of gap defined by device body and bottom.

EFFECT: increased efficiency along with maintaining design effective volume of the reservoir, reduced reservoir damage due to corrosive action.

2 dwg

Cascade nozzle // 2253517

FIELD: heat-and-power engineering, particularly for medium and deep water spraying in cooling towers, scrubbers, gas and steam condensing plants, gas-cleaning systems, for spraying high-viscous liquids or liquids with considerable content of impurities.

SUBSTANCE: nozzle comprises connection pipe and deflecting members formed so that cone angle of each next deflecting member is less than that of previous one. Nozzle has conical body. Deflecting members made as deflecting washers are arranged along vertical axis between at least two fixing posts. Deflecting washers have inner orifices decreasing in direction away from inlet connection pipe. Each deflecting washer is made as truncated cone. Outermost deflecting washer is of hemispheric shape and adapted for water spraying into area located under nozzle connected with pipeline by straight and adapter couplings. To increase hydraulic capacity and system flexibility cascade nozzles with lesser inlet connection pipe diameters are substituted for ones with greater diameters.

EFFECT: increased cooling efficiency, simplified structure, improved flexibility, minimizing of nozzle clogging.

4 dwg

FIELD: environmental protection.

SUBSTANCE: furnace comprises combustion chamber whose bottom section is provided with the igniter and branch pipe for supplying fuel, intermediate section is provided with the branch pipe for supplying waste, and top section is provided with the exhaust branch pipe connected with the duct for discharging flue gases. The casing is mounted around the chamber to define the air passage between the casing and outer side of the chamber. The passage is in communication with the bottom section of the combustion chamber and branch pipe for supplying fuel. The casing is provided with the air supply branch pipe. The branch pipe for supplying fuel receives at least one pair of vortex cyclonic chambers whose openings for air supply are made in opposite tangential directions.

EFFECT: enhanced environmental safety.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: irrigation equipment, in particular, fine-dispersion or drop sprinkling equipment used in mobile and stationary sprinkler units for producing of sprays with droplet sizes admissible for irrigation of wide range of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has hollow cylindrical casing with partition wall, wherein guiding rod is rigidly fixed centrally of partition wall. Conical deflector with curved grooves is fixed on guiding rod for displacement along it. Location of conical deflector in predetermined position on guiding rod is provided by means of adjustment nut which may is fixed by lock nut. In order to form uniform liquid film around perimeter of conical deflector, grooves are provided in such a manner that they do not reach edge by distance equal to width of casing outlet opening ring, when conical deflector is lifted to maximal extent. Fluoroplastic layer is built in friction surface of conical deflector.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in producing of finely dispersed uniform spray, simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.

3 dwg

Contrast sprays set // 2257883

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for carrying out health-improving and curing hydrothermal treatment. Proposed contrast sprays set has sprays panel made of two non-communicating tubular systems consisting of collecting and operating pipes installed parallel to each other at preset angle to sides of sprays panel. Operating pipes are provided with great number of holes pointed to side of operating zone. Panel is installed on supports for reciprocating in plane of panel under action of drive.

EFFECT: provision of convenience in treatment of patient, and accurately checking of main parameters.

4 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: spraying equipment, particularly hydrodynamics of delivery pipeline adapted to be used in different industries.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises pump, liquid vessel, barrel with control arm and flexible hoses. Barrel includes valve with grooves to provide working liquid jet bypass in reverse direction to pump inlet. Device also has means aimed at reduction of losses and minimization of force to be applied to valve control arm. More particularly, valve grooves are inclined at 60° angle one to another, device comprises collars for valve securing having outer and inner packing members with seats and providing free valve rotation about valve axis. The rotation is performed around pin with packing member. Pin diameter is considerably lesser than valve diameter.

EFFECT: simplified structure, improved performance and increased safety.

4 cl, 3 dwg

Liquid sprayer // 2258567

FIELD: liquid spraying equipment, particularly used in fire-fighting, sanitary and watering facilities, for liquid fuel combustion, etc.

SUBSTANCE: sprayer has body with channels for liquid jets forming and liquid supply nipple. The channels are directed so that axes thereof cross beyond channel outlets in sprayed liquid flow generation space. Minimal distance between crossing axes does not exceed hydraulic channel radius Rh value. Distance between outlet channel sections and sprayed liquid flow generation space defined by plane with minimal distance between crossing channel axes preferably does not exceed 80Rh. Sprayer body may be provided with chamber shaped as solid of revolution and installed beyond outlet channel sections. Axial channel may be formed in the sprayer body. Channels may have equal cross-sections. Sprayer in accordance with the second embodiment has one channel with cross-sectional area, which is not more than 2 times greater than that of another one.

EFFECT: increased uniformity of droplet intensity and dispersion over flow section, reduced energy consumption.

1 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: spraying or atomizing.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises housing with the lid provided with even number of nozzles and disk deflector provided with odd number of ring recesses. Each ring recess has central corner that overlaps the outlet openings of adjacent nozzles.

EFFECT: improved design.

5 cl, 8 dwg

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