Rail vehicle

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises a connecting rail car (3) mounted between two cars (1, 2, 11, 12, 13), supporting these cars and installed resting on its own truck (6) with the ability to freely rotate around one rotation axis (T) in the horizontal plane. Between the connecting car and the cars attached to it, a device is unconnected with their trucks is arranged to support horizontal rotation angles (α, β) between them almost equal in value, which comprises a lever mechanism (7) comprising a first rod (8) hingedly connected to one car (1, 11, 12), a second rod (9) hingedly connected to the other car (2, 11, 13), and an idle shaft (10) rotatably mounted on the connecting car (3). The first rod (8) and the second rod (9) are hingedly connected to opposite sides of the rotation axis (A) of the idle shaft at selected distances from the rotation axis (A). The first rod (8) and the second rod (9), as well as the idle shaft (10), are located on one side of the rail vehicle with respect to its longitudinal vertical central plane (B).

EFFECT: reducing the car and truck weight, increasing their service life.

7 cl, 5 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: coupler comprises first element (33) to be coupled with first car (3) and second element (35) to be coupled with second car (19). First element comprises guide means to accommodate said second element. Coupler comprises also the second element translation drive and power absorber (56) arranged between said first and second elements (33, 35). Said first element comprises central part (36) with guide means to make a ladder between two cars for passage there between and two lateral parts (37, 39) to be attached to passage sidewalls (65, 67) between the cars. Said second element features outer shape complying with that of central part inner shape to get into said central part in direction of the first car to slide therein.

EFFECT: efficient power absorption at impacts.

11 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: coupling unit (10) comprises rolling surface (16) for a friction roller having the first part (12) and the second part (14) which are detachably connected by elements (20, 40), for example, in the form of a pin and a hook. The said parts are connected to each other around a pivot axis (32, 34) being orthogonal to the rolling surface. The rolling surface is continuous and the connection elements are built-in in it. The coupler comprises cross members (50) linked to each other by the above coupling unit. A friction conveyor comprises rails (62) on which carriages (54) of the cross members and a driving unit (64) for the coupler actuated by rolling of the friction roller (70) on the rolling surfaces, move.

EFFECT: improved reliability of friction transportation system with the transported cargos being independent for sure.

25 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed joint comprises two swing elements 1, 2 interconnected by, at least, one swivel unit 10. Hemisphere 11, 12 is arranged on every side of said swivel unit. Seat 15 is arranged between hemispheres with concave surfaces 15a, 15b located on their every side. Bearing insert 20 with elastomer layer 22, 23 is fitted between said hemisphere and said seat. Two hemispheres 11, 12 are connected by coupling bolt 30.

EFFECT: simple joint to allow whatever shifts in vehicle motion.

14 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: in the first version, heavy-duty aligning articulated joint with rocking plate contains resilient washer located on end part of tie rod from the side of compressing action. The end part of tie rod with spring cylindrical support located from the side of compressing action connects tie rod via end plates of tender coupling with plates of thrust bearing of bottom frames which plates are located at car side. Aligning articulated joint rocking plate is located in between end plate of tender coupling and thrust bearing plates. Rocking plate rolling surface is located on rocking plate or on one of transmitting subsequent compressive force of binding faces between rocking plate of aligning articulated joint and parts accommodated at the side of tender coupling or at the side of thrust bearing. Spring buffers with their pressure contact surfaces form similar to supporting separator space for accommodation of resilient washer. In the second version, heavy-duty aligning articulated joint with rocking plate has "combined shockproof design" to increase acting returning effect of aligning articulated joint in emergency situations. Distance between transfer end upsetting points is equal to or greater than distance between spring buffers.

EFFECT: reduction of mounting space, lowering the dead-weight of car sections and providing damping when longitudinal compressive forces are high.

4 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: rolling stock cars 1, 2 are coupled from above by two hinged links to turn about vertical axles 5a-5d. First car RH link 4a is coupled to turn together with second car RH hinged link 4c while first car LH hinged link 4b is coupled with second car LH hinged link 4d via unsupported bearings 6a, 6b to turn together therewith. Four hinged links form variable-shape parallelogram.

EFFECT: simplified design and lower weight of coupler, smaller disturbances of outer rail elevation above inner rail on turns.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: jointing together of adjacent ends of railway car pair to lock device for fixation of bearing assembly inside male joint part. First appliance is made to allow engagement with one of said: bearing assembly, bore and combination thereof, for engagement of bearing assembly with second distal end section of male joint part. First appliance comprises: skewed section, cavity and lock part. Said skewed section is made in bore nearby relevant and of said bore to extend outward from said bore. Cavity is formed on second distal section of male joint part by skewed section combination made in bore to extend downward of shaped deepened section made on sliding part outer surface nearby skewed section. Skewed section is made in said bore and inner surface of extending section made in sliding part to adjoin deepened section. Extending section covers partially said deepened section. Inner surface extends from deepened section to bore at certain angle. Lock part features section and shape partially located inside said cavity to prevent displacement of bearing assembly in second direction opposite the first one. Lock part combined with sliding part extending section lock bearing assembly sliding part inside said bore. Second appliance is made to allow engagement with one of said: bearing assembly, bore and combination thereof, for engagement of bearing assembly with second distal end section of male joint part.

EFFECT: ease of replacement of sliding plate in reclamation of articulated coupling.

16 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to coupling of two articulated sections of transport facility. Proposed coupling assembly comprises two links jointed together to turn about vertical axle. First coupling link comprises U-shaped opening to grip second coupling assembly link in the area of vertical axle. There are sliding devices acting between coupling links in, at least, axial direction. Aforesaid vertical axle comprises appliance to displace coupling link. Second coupling link comprises two coupling element, each being screed separately to transport facility frame. Sliding device serve to make two coupling links move relative to each other. For longer operation of moving device it is necessary that coupling links between which sliding device are arranged move relative to each other with zero clearance.

EFFECT: higher reliability and linger life.

23 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of railway transport, namely to towing devices intended for couplings of rolling stock. Towing device comprises rod, on the back end of which finger is available. Finger protrudes in axial direction via through hole in plate. Both sides of plate cover spring shock-absorbing elements that always try to support finger in initial position relative to plate and under action of which finger and rod may move in axial direction. Plate is located in holder, which has cone and is inserted into deformable tube. Wide front part of tube via journal passes into narrower back part that is deformed as holder penetrates in it. Deformable tube has cylindrical shape as a whole and comprises back part that via journal narrowing to cone passes into wider front part, to which flange is connected to fix deformable tube in frame or in chassis of transport facility unit. Inside wide front part there is facility for fixation of clamping ring.

EFFECT: possibility is achieved to absorb and suppress large amount of energy that is produced in case of collisions, without specific protection facilities against collision and simplified design of device.

8 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: transition platform (1) with a bellows-type coupling between two transport vehicles, e.g. a coupled autobus or a vehicle with a trailer, incorporates two overlapped plates (2, 3) with their bottoms made moving relative to each other. Joint point (30) has support (20) of the joint point arranged on supporting lower plate (2) of the bottom made sliding. Upper plate (3) of the bottom rests on lower plate (2) of the bottom nearby support (20) of the joint point.

EFFECT: increased reliability thanks to support of the platform by the joint point.

12 cl, 4 dwg

The invention relates to vehicles, multi-purpose, used as a rail, and a terminal

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport. Proposed facility comprises car body 102 and running gear 103. Said car body and running gear define facility lengthwise, crosswise and vertical directions of this facility. Inclined device 104 is arranged between said body and said running gear to transmit crosswise oscillation about facility parallel lengthwise axis at crosswise shift in facility transverse direction. Said inclined device 104 comprises transverse coupler 105.7 to reduce stiffness of said inclined device at pure transverse shift of body 102 relative to running gear 103.

EFFECT: higher reliability, friendly application.

11 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport. Proposed system comprises wheels or mounted axles fitted on bogie frame with bolster supporting car body and suspended via system of springs to bogie frame to allow displacement relative to bogie frame with the help of suspensions. Points of attachment of suspensions to bogie frame are shifted inward to bogie center. Points of attachment of suspensions to bolster are shifted outward to locate lengthwise axes of suspensions inclined and engage them with said bolster at an angle relative to bogie vertical axis. Said suspensions are composed of hydraulic cylinders with rods secured to bogie frame sidewalls to increase vertical and horizontal components of force applied by said cylinders to bolster in direction of car centrifugal force in running on curved track sections, and to decrease said components on bolster opposite side, as well as to make additional turn of bolster, body and car.

EFFECT: simplified design, higher reliability, efficiency and safety.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport. Proposed system comprises wheels or mounted axles fitted on bogie frame with bolster supporting car body and suspended via system of springs to bogie frame to allow displacement relative to bogie frame with the help of suspensions. Points of attachment of suspensions to bogie frame are shifted inward to bogie center. Points of attachment of suspensions to bolster are shifted outward to locate lengthwise axes of suspensions inclined and engage them with said bolster at an angle relative to bogie vertical axis. Said suspensions are composed of hydraulic cylinders with rods secured to bogie frame sidewalls to increase vertical and horizontal components of force applied by said cylinders to bolster in direction of car centrifugal force in running on curved track sections, and to decrease said components on bolster opposite side, as well as to make additional turn of bolster, body and car.

EFFECT: simplified design, higher reliability, efficiency and safety.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport. Proposed system comprises wheels or mounted axles fitted on bogie frame with bolster supporting car body and suspended via system of springs to bogie frame to allow displacement relative to bogie frame with the help of suspensions. Points of attachment of suspensions to bogie frame are shifted inward to bogie centre. Points of attachment of suspensions to bolster are shifted outward to locate lengthwise axes of suspensions inclined and engage them with said bolster at an angle relative to bogie vertical axis. Said suspensions are composed of hydraulic cylinders with rods secured to bogie frame sidewalls to increase vertical and horizontal components of force applied by said cylinders to bolster in direction of car centrifugal force in running on curved track sections, and to decrease said components on bolster opposite side, as well as to make additional turn of bolster, body and car.

EFFECT: simplified design, higher reliability, efficiency and safety.

2 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: running gear contains a wheel pair supporting frame (3) via primary spring suspension system (4), secondary suspension system allowing car body (5) to rest upon the running gear frame, a device of the car body forced inclination about the car lengthwise axis and transverse spring suspension system (24, 25). The transverse spring suspension system or the transverse cushioning system is arranged above secondary spring suspension system (6) and behind the car body floor. Middle girder (10) supporting actuator (15) adjusting the car body inclination relative to the running gear frame is mounted above the aforesaid secondary spring suspension system. The said middle girder is furnished with a hole or recess (18) letting support (17) pass through to support the transverse spring suspension system or the transverse cushioning system.

EFFECT: running gear compactness, higher performances.

25 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: rolling stock carriage incorporates wheels or wheel pairs supporting, via a primary spring suspension system, frame (1) which, in its turn, supports, not necessarily via intermediate swinging scaffold (4), car body (5). The said swinging scaffold or the car body leans relative to the frame against spring beam (2) via springs (6) of the secondary suspension system. The swinging scaffold or the body is jointed to the frame by means of shock-absorbers cushions vertical vibrations and/or rolling. The spring beam is suspended to the frame by means of pendulum-type suspensions. Note here that the points of attachment of the said suspensions to the frame are shifted towards the centre of the latter that makes the pendulum suspension lengthwise axes located inclined. Active actuator (7) is arranged horizontally between the frame and the spring beam to add to the centrifugal force effect, thus, to ensure the car inclination at an optimum angle.

EFFECT: higher speeds at curvilinear section, higher comfort for passengers, good chances of updating rolling stock carriages.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rail traction vehicles. Proposed running gear of locomotive has body with automatic couplers and two bogies furnished with traction motors, wheelsets, two-side traction gear trains and all-welded frames. Frames of bogies are made semi-open in which end cross beams are provided with brackets in middle part and arranged under body opposite to each other. Inclined rods are connected with central part of body frame, and cross middle beams are provided with central hole in which safety pivot secured on body frame is installed with guaranteed clearance. Longitudinal sides of frame of each bogie are coupled with axle box cases through vertical vibration dampers and they rest on axle boxes through set of axle box springs. Springs are provided with vertical displacement limiters from inside and are connected in horizontal direction by one-side axle box links with elastic spherical members.

EFFECT: improved operation reliability of locomotive by improving its dynamic characteristics.

2 cl, 4 dwg

The invention relates to railway transport, in particular to the undercarriage parts trucks rail vehicles, such as high-speed trains

The invention relates to the field of locomotive engineering and can be used in the construction of electric locomotives and diesel locomotives

The invention relates to railway transport

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport. The railway train consists of at least three cars (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) and includes two end cars (1, 3) each one of which rests on motor wheel bogie (10) by its free end, and by its opposite end rests on axle of carrying inter-car wheel bogie (11) with two carrying axles. At least one car (2, 4, 5, 6) located between two end cars (1, 3) rests on the axle of carrying inter-car bogie (11) by its each end. The train contains on-board equipment including device (25, 28) for connecting to contact electric system, transformer (27), traction electronic unit (19), device (20) for rheostatic braking, generator set (22), tank (23) with liquid fuel and accumulator battery (16). The fuel tank (23) is located under frame of end car (1, 3). The accumulator battery (16) is located inside end car (1, 3), essentially over motor wheel bogie (10), and the rest on-board equipment (10, 20, 22, 25, 27, 28) is located on roof and distributed between train cars (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6). Train set of cars includes at least two railway trains.

EFFECT: improved train dynamic characteristics.

19 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

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