Multifunctional chamber and refrigerator
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.
SUBSTANCE: multifunctional refrigerator chamber contains an internal container and an element in the form of a door. The internal container is enclosed in multiple plate elements, and the chamber additionally contains at least one hole, a moisture-preserving module, a top cover and at least one air channel. At least one hole is provided in at least one plate element. The moisture-preserving module is located in the hole. The moisture-preserving module is used to regulate the relative humidity in the chamber and to control it. The top cover is movably disposed on the moisture-preserving module. The air channel is provided in at least one of several plate elements and is used to drain moisture from the chamber. When the chamber is in a high humidity mode, the top cover is moved in the moisture-preserving module to uncover the moisture-preserving module, and when the chamber is in the drying mode, the top cover fully closes the moisture-preserving module.
EFFECT: ability to switch the chamber between the high humidity mode, and the mode depending on the requirements of relative humidity for the stored products to achieve flexible regulation of the medium in the chamber and reduce the unused time of the chamber.
10 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: assembly of a two-compartment refrigerator comprises fastening of a tubular tube-coil evaporator to the rear wall of a refrigerating compartment, drawing the outlet tube of the evaporator and the capillary tube through a hole in a plug inside the freezing compartment. The outlet tube of the evaporator and the capillary tube are placed in the technology channel which is located in the freezing compartment, and at first the capillary tube is placed, and then the evaporator tube. The tubes (capillary and evaporator) are fixed securely in the technology channel from falling by lateral protrusions placed relative to each other in a checkerboard pattern, the space between the walls of the refrigerating and freezing compartments and the inner walls of the refrigerator housing is filled with a heat-insulation material.
EFFECT: use of the present invention provides simplifying of the assembly and reduction of labour intensity.
SUBSTANCE: refrigeration device and the method of manufacturing the refrigeration device with a chamber for chilled products, in which the tubular evaporator with a plurality of tubular sections is mounted. At least one of these tubular sections passes through the wall of the chamber for chilled products. The tubular section which passes through the wall of the chamber for chilled products, and at least another tubular section are fixed relative to each other by means of the holding device.
EFFECT: use of this group of inventions provides stabilization of the tubular evaporator in a simple manner.
18 cl, 16 dwg
SUBSTANCE: refrigerating unit includes a heat-insulating internal housing with a cooled internal cavity, a refrigerating device for cooling of the internal cavity, a door that is installed with possibility of being turned relative to the internal housing and designed for opening and closing of the internal cavity, and an indoor lighting device that is located inside internal cavity (4) for at least partial lighting of the internal cavity. The indoor lighting device includes a housing and a lighting unit placed inside the housing, which can receive electrical energy via an electrical wire. On the electrical wire end, on the side of the indoor lighting device there is a male plug for connection to a printed-circuit board, which is intended for installation of an electrical device with the lighting unit.
EFFECT: use of this invention allows simpler assembly of the refrigerating device.
8 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: refrigeration device, in particular household refrigeration device comprises a housing with an inner casing which forms a refrigerating compartment with inner walls covering the back wall, and the sliding shelf, in particular a glass plate, which rests with the ability of sliding on the inner walls of the refrigerating compartment by means of at least one linear guide. The sliding shelf, in particular a glass plate, comprises a retaining device (24) for at least one container which is mounted on the sliding shelf, in particular the glass plate. The container is retained in the position specified by the retaining device which is made with the ability to lock the container to prevent shifting in the direction of sliding and/or in the direction of retraction of the sliding shelf. The retaining device comprises a fixture provided on the sliding shelf which comprises the projecting part of the container and is located on the plank mounted on the sliding shelf edge, in particular is formed by the groove formed in the plank.
EFFECT: use of this invention enables to provide compactness of mounting of the container on the sliding shelf.
11 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: refrigerating device, and namely a domestic refrigerating device has a housing and a door, which restrict an inner volume. The inner volume is divided at least by one partition at least into one upper compartment and one lower compartment. Lower compartment is subject to action of cold air through the channel passing in rear wall of the housing and in the partition. Channel air outlet holes opening to the lower compartment are located mainly in the front area of the partition.
EFFECT: use of this invention allows reducing refrigerator capacity to be achieved in the lower compartment of the specified temperature.
18 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: refrigerating device, in particular a household refrigerating device which comprises a shell with an inner cavity, a door of the refrigerating device and an isolated compartment which is located in the inner cavity and is thermally separated from the refrigerating compartment. The opening of the isolated compartment can be closed by a heat-insulating door with a handle. The handle is located outside the heat-insulating area of the compartment door and is provided on the lower of two horizontal edges of the compartment door.
EFFECT: use of the present invention provides increased heat-insulation while simplifying the design.
14 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: refrigerator comprises the main body with the first receiving part, an additional door, which includes a frame, the second receiving part, a handle of an additional door, the first and second light-emitting parts, a door of a compartment attached to the main body, which includes the inner part of the door, the outer part of the door with a transparent plane, which comprises a reflecting layer, a sight glass, a manipulator of light reflection, a manipulator for light emission, a control device for connection and disconnection of light-emitting parts, a device to display the working condition of the refrigerator, a control device for connection and disconnection of the light-emitting part.
EFFECT: using this group of inventions makes it possible to expand functional capabilities of a refrigerator.
24 cl, 18 dwg
SUBSTANCE: freezer and/or refrigerator includes a housing, in which freezing and/or refrigerating heat-insulated chambers including a compartment for production of potable melt-water are located. The compartment has a water filling tank, a water drain, a cooling agent circulation circuit, and a control device of the freezer, refrigerator and compartment operation. Additionally, the compartment for production of potable melt-water is equipped with a removable basket that is inserted into the tank; the removable basket has a mesh bottom; the lower part of the tank is provided with a water drain valve.
EFFECT: enlarging capabilities of domestic refrigerators and freezers allowing in addition to their common functions of cooling, freezing, sublimating and defrosting of different products to produce clean melt-water.
7 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to refrigerating unit (1) that includes external housing (2), at least one refrigerating compartment (3) for storage of cooled products (5) and refrigerating circuit (6) with evaporator (4) for cooling of refrigerating compartment (3). Evaporator (4) includes the first element (7) of evaporator and the second element (8) of evaporator; besides, the first element (7) of evaporator is located outside refrigerating compartment (3), and the second element (8) of evaporator is located inside refrigerating compartment (3). The first element (7) of evaporator is made in the form of a helix evaporator, envelops refrigerating compartment (3) and includes the pipelines carrying cooling agent, which are wound around the refrigerating compartment and are in heat-carrying contact with it. The first element (7) of evaporator and the second element (8) of evaporator are connected in series; besides, the cooling agent circulating in refrigerating circuit (6) of the refrigerating unit first flows through one evaporator element, and then through the other evaporator element, or they are parallel connected.
EFFECT: increasing efficiency, and cooling or freezing capacity.
6 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: refrigerator includes a hollow housing that is divided into a cooling chamber and a freezing chamber, a door housing for random opening and closing of the cooling chamber and the freezing chamber, and in addition, it includes an ice generator chamber, and movable supporting mechanisms attaching the ice generator chamber to the inner wall of the hollow housing.
EFFECT: use of this invention allows simplifying removal and installation of products at effective use of a refrigerator inner space.
15 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: cooling, particularly self-contained movable devices, domestic refrigerators with several compartments.
SUBSTANCE: method involves successive pumping cooling agent in condenser; throttling thereof; moving cooling agent to cooling chamber evaporator; additionally throttling thereof and feeding cooling agent to freezing chamber evaporator with following sucking cooling agent off; drying vapor-and-liquid mixture in cooing chamber evaporator under temperature of 0 … - 5oC; boiling vapor-and-liquid mixture in freezing chamber evaporator under temperature of -20 … -30oC.
EFFECT: reduced energy losses.
FIELD: domestic refrigerators.
SUBSTANCE: refrigerator comprises thermally insulated chamber, cooling device with a cooler, additional cooling device with the additional cooler mounted inside the thermally insulated chamber for direct cooling of products, and temperature controller. The additional cooling device is provided with a working unit which comprises reference-input element, actuator, control device, and controlled pressure-tight passages which are used for circulating coolant cooled by ambient air and pass through the wall of the chamber. The passages are the inlet and outlet for the additional coolant and are directly in communication with the ambient air which circulates in the space of the additional cooler and is cut-off by means of the control device and actuator.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
25 cl, 21 dwg
FIELD: self-contained movable devices, for instance domestic refrigerator with cooling compartments at different temperatures.
SUBSTANCE: control method for double-chamber refrigerating plant involves taking fresh product chamber 1 temperature as reference temperature, wherein heat penetration in above fresh product chamber 1 is low at low ambient air temperature; using fresh product chamber 1 temperature and repeatedly starting compressor 4 by activating heater 3 to avoid long inactive state of compressor 4 and to increase freezing chamber 2 temperature up to value exceeding desired temperature value. Heater 3 activating time is dynamically determined in dependence of compressor 4 operation intensity.
EFFECT: provision of optimal operational characteristics of refrigeration plant irrespective of ambient temperature change.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: designs of refrigerators.
SUBSTANCE: refrigerator with inner cavity restricted by heat insulation housing and door and having plate type evaporator arranged on wall of housing for cooling inner cavity and placed at least on part of wall of lower (at working position of refrigerator) zone of inner cavity. Refrigerating capacity of evaporator in its part related to lower and to upper zones respectively is calculated in such a way that in upper zone of inner cavity lower temperature is achieved in comparison with temperature achieved in lower zone of inner cavity. Evaporator is made, practically in the form of rectangle in one angle of which in part of wall related to lower zone cutout is formed. Or evaporator has in part of wall related to lower zone region with lowered refrigerating capacity in comparison with refrigerating capacity of remaining surface of evaporator. In front of said region inside inner cavity of refrigerator extensible shelf is arranged.
EFFECT: possibility for creating inside inner space of refrigerator zone suitable for storing drinks.
11 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: cooling equipment, particularly freezers.
SUBSTANCE: freezer has the first and the second cooling zones adapted to maintain different temperatures and ice generator. Ice generator comprises cooling loop filled with coolant. Ice tank is in thermal contact with the cooling loop through the first heat-exchanger. The ice generator cooling loop is separated from freezer cooling loop and comprises the second heat-exchanger arranged in the second cooling zone of the freezer. Ice tank is located in the second cooling zone.
EFFECT: decreased time and increased costs of ice generation.
10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: lighting; heating.
SUBSTANCE: refrigerator comprises a housing, a door providing access into the housing, one or more shelves provided in the housing and used for placing thereon various things such as containers for storing food products, a supporting device comprising more than one holder for placing thereto a large and shallow plate or a frying pan provided with a bottom and a border, and a lower bearing surface being arranged on the holder and supporting the plate or pan bottom so that the centre of gravity remains outside; and an upper bearing surface being arranged under the holder and supporting the border of the plate or pan placed on the lower bearing surface, preventing thereby the creation of torque of the plate or pan weight, and the centre of gravity of the plate or pan remains outside the lower bearing surface, and providing thereby cantilever suspension of the plate and pan by wedging up its border between two holders.
EFFECT: providing access to non-involved volumes in the housing and on the shelves for efficient use thereof.
7 dwg, 7 cl
SUBSTANCE: electro refrigerator comprises a metal case, a cooling and freezing chambers, a cooling assembly consisting of an electric motor and compressor, an evaporator, an automatic thermo regulator and electric circuit; the refrigerator has a thermos with heating a hot meal, a hot chamber with electric heating, an electric motor and compressor installed into a pressure tight case containing a cooling agent Freon-12 and oil "ХВ-12" with a filter, a forcing pipe which is transformed into a condensing pipe, a dehydrator and a suction tube; at that the hot chamber is located at a cooling assembly level and is divided with a latticed partition and thermo insulated from all sides including the door, deep in a recess of the chamber the cooling assembly is located, while from the side of the door there is a place for a cooked meal; at that outside the case of the cooling assembly is equipped with ribs for enhancing heat emission; near the case the forcing pipe is made as a coil and serves as a tray for a cooked meal; at that the hot chamber is equipped with a thermo regulator to maintain a preset temperature in the chamber.
EFFECT: invention allows keeping a hot meal in a thermos avoiding heating.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cooling compartments, refrigerators with proper cooling compartments and methods of control. Super-cooling device contains storage compartments and super-cooling compartments. Storage compartments are supplied with cooled air from cooled air supply unit. Super-cooling compartment is inside storage compartment. Air-cooled super-cooling compartment cools down products. It consists of container and cover. Container forms free space for product storage. Cover is used for opening and closing container outlet. There are holes in cover for cooling air supply to and from super-cooling compartment. There is also a screen in cover to open and close holes. In addition, super-cooling plant contains temperature sensor inside super-cooling compartment and control unit.
EFFECT: development of refrigerator and control method, which may keep drinking compartment temperature at optimal levels and produce super-cooled drink in fast manner.
26 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: refrigerator includes refrigerating chamber, which is arranged accordingly in top part of refrigerator body, and freezing chamber, which is arranged accordingly in bottom part of refrigerator body, contains ice-generating chamber, which is separated in refrigerating chamber by means of isolating partitions and contains ice generator for generation of ice and ice storage for storage of ice produced in ice generator, one or several heat-exchanges that serve as composite parts of heat exchanging cycle for creation of cold air and regulation of temperatures in refrigerating and freezing chambers, and give-out device that communicates with ice storage and is installed on the door. Application of this invention provides minimum losses of cold air in case of door opening, simplification of give-out device for water supply.
EFFECT: provision of minimum losses of cold air in case of door opening, simplification of give-out device for water supply.
32 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: refrigerator for operation with use of low climatic temperatures contains a heat-insulated case with freezing and refrigerating sections, refrigerator set which evaporator is installed in the freezing section, heat rejection device for abstracting heat from the refrigerating section, the said heat rejection device being made in the form of a thermal pipe which condenser site is installed so as to maintain thermal contact with the refrigerator set evaporator. The thermal pipe evaporation site is located in the refrigerating section. To highways of the refrigerator set detachably jointed is a condenser with separate channels for gas and liquid, arranged outside the heated premises, on which gas supply highway a NO return valve is arranged. The thermal pipe rejecting heat from the refrigerating section to the freezing one is equipped with separate channels for gas and liquid, with a NO valve installed on the gas channel. The refrigerator shell also incorporates an in-built heater and remotely programmed processor connected, by means of control circuits, to the refrigerator set compressor, thermal pipe valve and the heater and, by means of metering circuits, to environment temperature gauge and temperature gauges in freezing and refrigerating sections of the refrigerator.
EFFECT: invention enables independent temperature adjustment in refrigerating and freezing sections of refrigerator.