Polymer-woven waterproof fire-resistant material (frost resistant version)

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of polymer processing, in particular, to the production of a polymer-woven waterproof fire-resistant material (frost resistant version) intended for the production of technical products, to which there are higher demands for fire safety. Material includes polyester base, which is used as a technical polyester fabric, and a double-sided PVC coating, in composition of which a composite plasticiser retardant of the brand "FosfaKhim TT", chlorinated paraffin of the brand HP-470, fillers: zinc borate, antimony trioxide, magnesium hydroxide ecopiren 3.5 are introduced to improve the fire resistance, and thermoplastic polyurethane TPU KM-80 is introduced to improve the frost resistance.

EFFECT: material has a flammability group G1 in accordance with GOST 30244 and a frost resistance minus 50 degrees.

2 tbl

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polymer processing, particularly production of synthetic leather which can be used for pool finishing. The bioresistant waterproofing polymer material includes a polyester base and a polyvinyl chloride coating. The base is made of cross-weave polyester threads with mesh size of 2x2 mm, wherein the weight ratio of the layers - front:intermediate:back is 9:1:9, respectively, and the weight ratio of the layers - polyester base:polymer coating is 1:18. The polyvinyl chloride coating is obtained from suspended polyvinyl chloride and additionally contains a mixture of plasticisers - dioctyl phthalate, dioctyl adipate, diglycidyl ester of 1,4-butanediol laproxide BD with weight ratio of epoxy groups of 24-34% and synthetic butadiene-nitrile rubber with weight ratio of acrylonitrile of 26-30% in ratio of 1:0.8:0.2:0.6, respectively; the stabiliser used is Baerostab UBZ 711-1x RF; the bactericidal additive is Bioneutral M 10; the composition is coloured using pigments.

EFFECT: invention provides resistance to wearing loads and atmospheric phenomena, the effect of microorganisms and formation of algae, temperature drops, as well as shearing strength of a welded joint.

4 tbl, 8 ex

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to production of finishing materials. Nonwoven geotextile is used as a substrate. Layer of hardened bulk comprises pebble gravel preprocessed by epoxy paint and mixed with polymer binder at 4:1 ratio. Said epoxy paint comprises epoxy resin, thickener and pigment or mineral dyestuff. Polymer binder represents a water-dispersion acryl or polyvinyl acetate or epoxy material. Hardened bulk layer thickness consists of the mix pebble gravel preprocessed by epoxy dye and polymer binder equal 2-7 mm. Hardened bulk layer face surface is coated with polymer binder layer diluted in water at 1÷10 ratio.

EFFECT: high durability, flexibility and vapour permeability, simple composition and production.

6 cl

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of floor covering involves preparation of glass-fibre mat roll, application of primer and front coatings, printing of patterns and application of transparent coating, application of PVC flakes, application of the second transparent coating, application of rear PVC coating, mechanical stamping of face coating and application of UV protection lacquer.

EFFECT: optimum speed choice of cloth supplied in automated line for manufacturing floor covering, choice of the most implemented patterns, chromaticity, shades of pictures, obtaining the appropriate cloth flexibility and consumer density of new material.

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coating shaping and can be used in production processes. Proposed method in consisting in using available production facilities cooling to technologically expedient temperatures in applying a number of techniques, as well as in creating conditions for solidification of coating surface layer, turning over the coating through 180° on using coat paint and lacquer layers, the coat being moved at 25 m/min rate.

EFFECT: expanded performances.

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer, tent covering material. The material contains a polyester base and a double-sided polyvinyl chloride coating. The polyester base is flat knitted linen, made from polyester thread of 100-111 tex, with 200-400 filaments in the thread and 85-400 windings per metre. Mass ratio of layers front : intermediate : back equals 1.1:1:1.6 respectively. Mass ratio of layers of polyester base and polymer coating is 1:2.7. The polymer coating is obtained, based on suspended polyvinyl chloride and additionally contains a mixture of dioctylphthalate and dioctyl sebacate plasticizers, Vitur T thermoplastic polyurethane, synthetic butadiene-acrylo-nitric rubber BNKS -28, copolymer of methyl methacrylate, butadiene and styrene KANE ACE B-28A. The stabilisers used are barium-, cadmium-, zinc-containing Vigostab BKT complex stabilisers. The antipyretic additive is antimony trioxide and chloroparaffin CP-1100. The coating also contains a fungicide - salicylic acid alinide, processing additive - stearic acid and pigments.

EFFECT: good fatigue properties in static and dynamic conditions, high frost resistance (up to -60 °C), fire-resistance and resistance to action of microorganisms.

1 cl, 6 tbl, 9 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coating and can be used individually or industrially for floor coating in apartments and manufacturing facilities. The floor coating is polyvinyl chloride foam. Cost-effectiveness lies in use of available agents for cooling to technologically feasible temperature, creation of conditions for hardening of the surface layer of the fabric, possibility of turning the fabric by 180 degrees when there is need to use dyeing and lacquer coatings at rate of movement of the fabric of up to 25 m/min.

EFFECT: effect of sensory and organoleptic perception of natural species of wood and/or stones.

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: foamable composition for obtaining foamed products contains polyvinylchloride, primary plasticiser, if necessary, other additives and as alkyl ester of benzoic acid, isononyl ester of benzoic acid in amount from 5 to 95 wt %, counting per weight of all available plasticiser, which constitutes 10 to 400 wt.p. per 100 wt.p. of polyvinylchloride. Method of product obtaining, which contains at least one foamed layer of polyvinylchloride consists in application of foamed composition on carrier, before and after application it is foamed and in conclusion it is thermally processed. Product represents covering for floors, artificial leather and wallpapers.

EFFECT: reduction of composition viscosity, temperature of its gelatinisation, which results in simple and quicker composition processing.

11 cl, 8 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemical industry; other industries; methods of production of the of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of chemical industry, in particular, to production of plastics, namely - to the development of the method of production of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating. The method is realized by deposition at heating up to temperature of 150-190°С on the textile base of the coating consisting of the polyvinylchloride composition including the film forming agent - polyvinylchloride suspension, the plasticizers - di-(2-ethylhexyl)- phthalate, chlorinated paraffin wax and the mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling ethers with the number of the hydroxyl groups of 23-36 %, the filler - the chalk and the crystalline calcium carbonate, the stabilizing agent - the stearic acid and calcium - the zinc complex stabilizing agent , the surface active agent - the flotation reactant - oxalic agent, the pigment - titanium dioxide, as the textile basis they use the cloth thermo bound by the surface density of 46-54 g/m2 made out of the polyester filaments with the density of 0.12-0.33 tack and the cutting length of 38-66 mm. The laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthways of 0.4-0.7 % and transversely - 0.1-0.3 %.

EFFECT: the invention ensures, that the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthwise and transversely are less than unity.

2 tbl

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacture of simulated leather-type material with polymer coating, which can be used in making automotive tents, shelters, and for bundling of various technical tools. According to first option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing with the aid of calender technique at the face and at the underside. Coating is composed of, weight parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.2÷0.4). According to second option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing at the face and at the underside, face-side polymer coating being formed with the aid of calender technique and composed of, wt parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, and underside coating being formed with the aid of deposition technique and composed of, wt parts: emulsion polyvinylchloride (EP-6602Ts) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.15÷0.3). According to second option, material represents film having the same composition as coating in the first option formed with the aid of calender technique, thickness of this film material ranging from 0.15 to 1.0 mm.

EFFECT: enhanced frost resistance, increased level of resistance to multiple bending (also at negative temperatures), and increased level of resistance to abrasion ensuring long service time.

3 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: manufacture of building materials.

SUBSTANCE: floor coating obtained by laying method has its principal structure formed from thermoplastic material, in particular from plasticized polyvinylchloride, reinforced with textile armature and, if necessary, attached to foam sublayer. Front face resistance surface coating to be imaged and to provide wear resistance of part. Reverse face, which contacts floor, represents textile. Connection of textile structure with reverse surface of principal support is provided by means of additional plastisol layer penetrating to a inconsiderable depth into textile structure and ensuring, after gelation, fastening of textile to reverse face of principal support made from thermoplastic material.

EFFECT: improved walking comfort and both acoustic and thermal insulation at better mechanical strength and evenness.

8 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: construction industry, in particular, laminated materials, such as rolled polymeric floor coverings, in particular, linoleum.

SUBSTANCE: multilayer rolled polymeric 2.7 mm thick floor covering has base comprising lower layer of nonwoven needle-stitched material of polyester or polypropylene filaments or mixture of filaments having thickness of 1.3-2.0 mm, density of 200-360 g/m2, and upper polymeric layer composed of at least two polyvinyl chloride layers. Lower polyvinyl chloride layer has glass fabric or mineral paper used as reinforcement material and having thickness of 0.6-1.0 mm. Thickness of transparent face layer is 0.12-0.50 mm. Middle polyvinyl chloride layer of polymeric layer may foamed and provided with decorative relief pattern.

EFFECT: increased decorative effect, improved wear resistance, heat and sound isolating properties and sanitary and hygienic qualities of rolled covering.

2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: manufacture of building materials.

SUBSTANCE: floor coating obtained by laying method has its principal structure formed from thermoplastic material, in particular from plasticized polyvinylchloride, reinforced with textile armature and, if necessary, attached to foam sublayer. Front face resistance surface coating to be imaged and to provide wear resistance of part. Reverse face, which contacts floor, represents textile. Connection of textile structure with reverse surface of principal support is provided by means of additional plastisol layer penetrating to a inconsiderable depth into textile structure and ensuring, after gelation, fastening of textile to reverse face of principal support made from thermoplastic material.

EFFECT: improved walking comfort and both acoustic and thermal insulation at better mechanical strength and evenness.

8 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacture of simulated leather-type material with polymer coating, which can be used in making automotive tents, shelters, and for bundling of various technical tools. According to first option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing with the aid of calender technique at the face and at the underside. Coating is composed of, weight parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.2÷0.4). According to second option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing at the face and at the underside, face-side polymer coating being formed with the aid of calender technique and composed of, wt parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, and underside coating being formed with the aid of deposition technique and composed of, wt parts: emulsion polyvinylchloride (EP-6602Ts) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.15÷0.3). According to second option, material represents film having the same composition as coating in the first option formed with the aid of calender technique, thickness of this film material ranging from 0.15 to 1.0 mm.

EFFECT: enhanced frost resistance, increased level of resistance to multiple bending (also at negative temperatures), and increased level of resistance to abrasion ensuring long service time.

3 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: chemical industry; other industries; methods of production of the of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of chemical industry, in particular, to production of plastics, namely - to the development of the method of production of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating. The method is realized by deposition at heating up to temperature of 150-190°С on the textile base of the coating consisting of the polyvinylchloride composition including the film forming agent - polyvinylchloride suspension, the plasticizers - di-(2-ethylhexyl)- phthalate, chlorinated paraffin wax and the mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling ethers with the number of the hydroxyl groups of 23-36 %, the filler - the chalk and the crystalline calcium carbonate, the stabilizing agent - the stearic acid and calcium - the zinc complex stabilizing agent , the surface active agent - the flotation reactant - oxalic agent, the pigment - titanium dioxide, as the textile basis they use the cloth thermo bound by the surface density of 46-54 g/m2 made out of the polyester filaments with the density of 0.12-0.33 tack and the cutting length of 38-66 mm. The laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthways of 0.4-0.7 % and transversely - 0.1-0.3 %.

EFFECT: the invention ensures, that the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthwise and transversely are less than unity.

2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: foamable composition for obtaining foamed products contains polyvinylchloride, primary plasticiser, if necessary, other additives and as alkyl ester of benzoic acid, isononyl ester of benzoic acid in amount from 5 to 95 wt %, counting per weight of all available plasticiser, which constitutes 10 to 400 wt.p. per 100 wt.p. of polyvinylchloride. Method of product obtaining, which contains at least one foamed layer of polyvinylchloride consists in application of foamed composition on carrier, before and after application it is foamed and in conclusion it is thermally processed. Product represents covering for floors, artificial leather and wallpapers.

EFFECT: reduction of composition viscosity, temperature of its gelatinisation, which results in simple and quicker composition processing.

11 cl, 8 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coating and can be used individually or industrially for floor coating in apartments and manufacturing facilities. The floor coating is polyvinyl chloride foam. Cost-effectiveness lies in use of available agents for cooling to technologically feasible temperature, creation of conditions for hardening of the surface layer of the fabric, possibility of turning the fabric by 180 degrees when there is need to use dyeing and lacquer coatings at rate of movement of the fabric of up to 25 m/min.

EFFECT: effect of sensory and organoleptic perception of natural species of wood and/or stones.

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer, tent covering material. The material contains a polyester base and a double-sided polyvinyl chloride coating. The polyester base is flat knitted linen, made from polyester thread of 100-111 tex, with 200-400 filaments in the thread and 85-400 windings per metre. Mass ratio of layers front : intermediate : back equals 1.1:1:1.6 respectively. Mass ratio of layers of polyester base and polymer coating is 1:2.7. The polymer coating is obtained, based on suspended polyvinyl chloride and additionally contains a mixture of dioctylphthalate and dioctyl sebacate plasticizers, Vitur T thermoplastic polyurethane, synthetic butadiene-acrylo-nitric rubber BNKS -28, copolymer of methyl methacrylate, butadiene and styrene KANE ACE B-28A. The stabilisers used are barium-, cadmium-, zinc-containing Vigostab BKT complex stabilisers. The antipyretic additive is antimony trioxide and chloroparaffin CP-1100. The coating also contains a fungicide - salicylic acid alinide, processing additive - stearic acid and pigments.

EFFECT: good fatigue properties in static and dynamic conditions, high frost resistance (up to -60 °C), fire-resistance and resistance to action of microorganisms.

1 cl, 6 tbl, 9 ex

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coating shaping and can be used in production processes. Proposed method in consisting in using available production facilities cooling to technologically expedient temperatures in applying a number of techniques, as well as in creating conditions for solidification of coating surface layer, turning over the coating through 180° on using coat paint and lacquer layers, the coat being moved at 25 m/min rate.

EFFECT: expanded performances.

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of floor covering involves preparation of glass-fibre mat roll, application of primer and front coatings, printing of patterns and application of transparent coating, application of PVC flakes, application of the second transparent coating, application of rear PVC coating, mechanical stamping of face coating and application of UV protection lacquer.

EFFECT: optimum speed choice of cloth supplied in automated line for manufacturing floor covering, choice of the most implemented patterns, chromaticity, shades of pictures, obtaining the appropriate cloth flexibility and consumer density of new material.

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to production of finishing materials. Nonwoven geotextile is used as a substrate. Layer of hardened bulk comprises pebble gravel preprocessed by epoxy paint and mixed with polymer binder at 4:1 ratio. Said epoxy paint comprises epoxy resin, thickener and pigment or mineral dyestuff. Polymer binder represents a water-dispersion acryl or polyvinyl acetate or epoxy material. Hardened bulk layer thickness consists of the mix pebble gravel preprocessed by epoxy dye and polymer binder equal 2-7 mm. Hardened bulk layer face surface is coated with polymer binder layer diluted in water at 1÷10 ratio.

EFFECT: high durability, flexibility and vapour permeability, simple composition and production.

6 cl

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