Multifunctional sprinkling machine

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, namely to watering equipment. Multifunctional sprinkling machine includes fixed support with fixed pipe and rotary bend, sprinkler vehicles, self-propelled trucks with hydraulic drives, distributing valves and drain lines. Distributing valves are connected to pipeline connected with rotary bend. Valves are connected via branch pipe and hydraulically controlled valve, shutoff element with hydraulic drive, hydrorelay with control unit, connected to pressure pipe through orifice with tube of outer protection system. Tube connects series actuating valves, hydraulic drive of hydro-controlled valve, drain lines. Hydraulic drives of dollies are equipped with spray nozzles coming from working fluid dispenser. Dosing unit is made as hydraulic drive with piston. Lower cavity of hydraulic drive is connected to additional pipeline through check valve and dispensing valve. Upper cavity is connected to pressure pipe via controlled two-way valve. Lower cavity has filling valve. Extra pipe is made of polyethylene material and is located in clamps on posts. Posts are rigidly connected with second clamps on machine pipeline. Extra pipe is equipped with saddles. Saddles provide hydraulic connection with distribution valves of hydraulic drive supports, drain valves.

EFFECT: reduced metal consumption and higher reliability are provided.

1 cl, 2 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying the controlled amount of irrigation fluid to the plants through the pump and the irrigation head moving from plant to plant by means of the actuator controlled by software device before the start of implementing the cycle of automatic irrigation the sprinkler head which is in the initial position, in the manual control mode, is supplied to each plant alternately and stops, in the memory of the software device the coordinates of the stop points are recorded, after which the irrigation head returns to the original position, having reached which the software device is taken off into the automatic mode of representation of the stop points.

EFFECT: providing the possibility of an independent change in irrigation places for each plant individually.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: system of subsoil irrigation comprises a source of water, a storage tank (32) with a float control, a field (1) and sectional distributors (2), humidifiers (3) and a device for automatic water supply (4). The float control comprises a vertical distributor (20), inside which the spool (27) is mounted. The spool (27) is connected to the float chamber (32) fluidly connected by the tube (36) with the perforated tubes-storage units (37). The distributor (20) is provided with inlet and outlet holes overlapped by the flap of the spool (27). The spool (27) position change mechanism is made in the form of a rod rigidly mounted in the upper part, having free moving clamps (34, 35). In the mode of manual change in the spool (27) position the elevator (39) with a clamp (40) is moved to the desired height. The elevator (39) interacts with the rod with the moving clamps (34, 35).

EFFECT: simplified structure of the system, reduction of the material consumption, elimination of soil overmoisturising, water saving.

3 cl, 2 dwg

Water distributor // 2551916

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, and is intended for the use in water distribution in pressure irrigation systems. The water distributor comprises a distributing housing which is successively switched relative to the smooth surface of the housing, and which by a sealing device is adjacent to the mating surface of the housing. For water distribution the displacing means and the sealing device at the areas of movement with the stepwise movement promote the removal of the distributing housing from the mating surface of the housing.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at the reduction of wear in the area of the sealing device and the mating surface of the housing of the water distributor.

16 cl, 5 dwg

Water distributor // 2549851

FIELD: transport, distribution.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water distributor to be used for water supply for garden waste sprayers. Water distributor incorporates the fluid-pressure-activated stepwise water feed regulator. The latter allows stepwise switching to several angular increments (IW) and, hence, passage of inactive outlets (A5, A6) of said water distributor. Outlets (A3-A6) may be designated by the user as active or inactive. Stepwise switching device sets the distributor body to different preset step magnitudes, hence, to the other water discharge outlet. Different step magnitudes are set by variable stroke (D1-D5) of piston (KO) of stepwise regulator.

EFFECT: ruled pressure drop at active outlets, simplified servicing.

11 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device for automatic watering plants comprises a container for irrigation liquid (1) with a device of the irrigation liquid supply (2) to several rows of plants, having an outlet hose (3) with the supplying nozzle (4), the drive (5) controlled by the software device (7) to move the nozzle (4) from one inlet spout (6) to another. The inlet spouts (6) located at each row of plants are connected to the distribution pipelines (8) with watering nozzles (9). The software device (7) controls automatically the process of watering plants according to the given programs.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of automatic watering of several rows of plants with the desired flow rate of irrigation liquid.

2 dwg

FIELD: biotechnology.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying irrigation drinking water in the root module ion-saturated ion-exchange fibre soil-substitute and providing auto-correction of the pH value of the obtained substrate solution, as well as its saturation with nutrients containing the elements N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg and Fe. To ensure it with nutrients in the required amount, the continuous monitoring of the total concentration of the elements in the irrigation water is carried out before supplying to the root module. The irrigation drinking water before supplying to the root module is previously passed through a layer of granulated ion-saturated ion-exchange fibre-soil-substitute the amount of which is selected so that before the end of the calculated period of operation the total concentration of the elements S, Ca, Mg and Fe in the irrigation water is within the range adequate for growing plants. At that in case of a decrease in the irrigation water after passing through the layer of granulated ion-saturated ion-exchange fibre-soil-substitute of the total content of the elements N, P and K to the lower limit of the admissible range of concentrations, a concentrate is added to it, which is obtained by passing the water through the layer of granules of slow-acting fertiliser (SAF), the number of which is selected so that the elements N, P and K contained in it are enough to the end of the calculated period of operation. The system comprises a root module with the ion-exchange fibre soil-substitute for planting seeds or seedlings and the subsequent growing the plants, which is connected to the output of the pipeline of supply of irrigation water with the peristaltic pump mounted at the inlet. In addition the pipeline of supply of irrigation water after the peristaltic pump the concentrating cartridge filled with granular ion-saturated ion-exchange-soil-substitute, and the flow mixing chamber with a sensor of electrical conductivity of water and a stirrer placed in it are connected in series, the mixing chamber is equipped with its own closed loop water circuit, in which the pump and the concentrating cartridge with granular SAF are mounted in series. At that the system is provided with a controller electrically connected to the pumps, the stirrer and the sensor of electrical conductivity of water, and the sensor of electrical conductivity of water is included in the loop of the negative feedback of the controller.

EFFECT: inventions enable to improve the technology and manufacture of plant products in the space greenhouse under conditions of microgravity.

4 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device of automated control of multisupporting irrigation machine of front action for precision irrigation comprises pipelines of right and left wings of the machine, mounted on trolleys with electric drive, unit of motion synchronisation with the course with a guide rope and a speed control unit of the machine motion. Along the irrigation channel a contact network is mounted on racks, which interacts with the current collector, which, through the telescopic mechanism is fixed to the trolley moving along the opposite side of the irrigation channel. The output of the current collector is connected to the input of the control panel, which output is connected to the input of the counter of electrical energy, which outputs are connected to the inputs of the microprocessor control unit and the frequency inverter. The inputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to a timer, a system of course stabilisation, a synchronisation system of trolleys in line, sensors of path, setter of irrigation rate, setter of length of irrigation site, water metre and a pressure gauge mounted on the pipeline, and the outputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to electric hydraulic shutter, frequency inverter, contactor, devices of trolley synchronising in line and the devices of stabilisation of the course of left and right wings, through a vacuum pump with a pump inlet, which outlet through the electric hydraulic shutter and the flow metre is connected to the pipeline. The microprocessor control unit is connected to the input-output of the interface device. The signal from the output of the frequency inverter is supplied to the electric drive of the left and right-wing of the machine, and the contactor output is connected through the electric motor to the pump inlet. The signal obtained from the humidity gauges mounted on the irrigated area of the field, enters to the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite, the signal from the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite is transmitted to the input-output of the GLONASS-receiver which output through the unit of signal analysis is connected to the microprocessor control unit, which output is connected to the GLONASS-receiver. The input-output of the microprocessor control unit is electrically connected to a sensor screen, and the output of the frequency inverter is connected to the input of the contactor. The output of the signal analysis unit is connected to the inputs of the irrigation control unit, which outputs are at the extreme driving support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the course stabilisation and on the intermediate support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the trolley synchronisation in line, of both right and left wings of the machine.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of irrigation water, fertilisers, electricity, elimination of insufficient irrigation and excessive irrigation.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method comprises spraying the agricultural crops with an initial crushing the solution flow of microelement fertilisers by the air flow and the subsequent drops electrocharge in corona electrostatic field. The liquid-air mixture is prepared at a distance from the hydraulic sprayer nozzles, then fed under pressure to hydraulic nozzles, at the output of which it is crushed and passes in the form of a torch with bubbles of air through the electrostatic field, where the mixture in the form of liquid-air drops is electrostatically charged, is additionally crushed thus increasing monodispersity, surface moisture of the fed plants, the number of free ions of nutrients of microellement fertilisers, which, precipitating on the surface of the agricultural crops, penetrate into the plant, improving its nutrition. The drop size, their crushing, monodispersity of drops and the amount of free ions is regulated by the pressure of microelement fertiliser solution from 0.2 to 0.3 MPa, the air pressure of 0.4 to 0.5 MPa, injected in the solution of fertilisers in the pumping mains, microelement fertiliser solution flow through one nozzle to 0.3 L/min, electrocharging of the sprayed liquid-air drops with the electrostatic voltage on the electrodes of 3 to 5 kV and a current of 10 mA.

EFFECT: method enables to increase the saturation of the solution mixture of fertiliser with air and to increase the monodispersity of the sprayed solution of microelement fertilisers.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used for land reclamation in the irrigation and humidification systems, water conservation measures, distribution of sewage and livestock waste in the system of irrigation from distribution lines. The device comprises a water intake structure, a distribution pipes, water distribution devices in the area of drainage from the distribution pipes, irrigation pipes and the differential between the inlet and outlet parts of the pipeline. The irrigation pipes are arranged sequentially along the length of the distribution pipes. The sections of the distribution pipes are equipped with a corrector of flow of open type with the inlet and outlet in the form of a fixed discharge elbow fitting. The elbow fitting is installed coaxially to the opening of the discharge inlet elbow fitting with the ability of horizontal rotation and interaction simultaneously with the discharge and irrigation pipes. The elbow fitting is made with the ability of releasable connection. The arch of the discharge pipe has an additional sprinkler.

EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability of the system operation and the use of drained lands through efficiency and quality control of liquid fertiliser in the calculated moisture layer.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method the plant protection unit is operated, which consists of the vehicle and the sprayer with nozzles for spraying agent of protection. The operation of the movement of plant protection unit is performed by the onboard computer with the navigation system in accordance with coordinates of the route inputted in the onboard computer. The operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzles of the sprayer in untreated areas of the field. At that operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzle of the sprayer in untreated contaminated areas of the field to be sprayed - the contaminated area. The operation of the plant protection unit, movement and choice of the route geometry of movement, positioning accuracy of the unit on the route, the length of the rod, the number of nozzles on the rod, the radius of nozzle discharge pattern, the criterion for inclusion of the nozzles and operation of spraying is carried out with a minimum of environmental damage, and power resources costs of the plant protection unit, taking into account the spatial position of the contaminated zones and field configuration for a given precision of navigation and the system of determining the geographical coordinates.

EFFECT: method enables to minimise environmental damage and power resources costs for operation of the plant protection unit by reducing the length of the route of movement of the unit on sites including the contamination zones.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device for creation of a gas-droplet jet comprises a housing with supply systems of gas and liquid, and the mechanism of their mixing with the formation of a gas-droplet jet, the gas supply system is formed as a fan built in the housing and the fins placed at the inlet of the housing, the mechanism of mixing of liquid and gas is a disc atomiser with electric drive and a water-supply pipe, the disc atomiser is arranged coaxially with the housing at its outlet and has two spraying edges of different diameters, communicating with each other through the water circulating holes.

EFFECT: providing the ability of separation of the gas-droplet jet into the fractions - large-drop to moisten the soil covering and a fine for the plant leaf surface and the surface air at a controlled flow range of the gas-droplet jet.

3 dwg

Sprinkler device // 2546630

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler device comprises a support base, pneumatic wheels, a supply hose, a riser with a rain-generating device, tubular subsoil plows attached to the wheels. The novelty is that from the outer sides of the tubular subsoil plows the coaxial annular extensions are mounted, made of rubberized material, each annular extension is formed with a circumferential annular slit to form edges, in the area of which the rows of openings are made for connecting the edges to each other by couplings.

EFFECT: increase in transverse stability from slipping the sprinkler device on the sloping areas due to the use of rubberized material of coaxial annular extensions of tubular subsoil ploughs having a larger coefficient of friction.

5 dwg

Irrigation system // 2535158

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: irrigation system comprises self-propelled carriages with drives, a water supply pipeline with sprinkler nozzles. The water supply pipeline is made of polyethylene pipes that are placed on spans of the carriages, made in the form of bridge-type stress volume frame of triangular section, which are pivotally attached with their ends to the self-propelled carriages. The diagonal rods forming the sides of the triangle are attached to the longitudinal angle at the top of the frame, so that their ends are above this angle, forming the staging, in which the polyethylene pipes are placed and attached, connecting with their flanges with short pipes on the self-propelled carriages. This design of spans of the water supply pipeline enables to mount on the carriages of the system of the frame first, and then to place the pipeline on these frames.

EFFECT: simplifying the dismantling of the pipeline for the purpose of its repair or replacement, and simplifying of mounting the pipeline on the system.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: multisupport irrigation machine of circular operation comprises the water-supply pipeline, undercarriages equipped with wheels with pushers and hydraulic cylinders with power L-shaped two-arm levers having large and small arms, pivotally connected respectively to the hydraulic cylinder and the wheel pushers, the mechanical brake mounted by the hinge with the torsion spring on the frame of the undercarriage. The small arm of the L-shaped lever is made in the form of a headscarf. The pushers of the wheels are pivotally connected with the vertical lever which is pivotally connected to the headscarf through the plank to form a gap between the vertical lever and the headscarf and the possibility of angular rotation of the vertical lever. The mechanical brake is kinematically connected by the cable with the end of the vertical lever. The novelty of the invention is the additionally provided retaining mechanism of the mechanical brake consisting of a housing fixed rigidly to the headscarf, and the rod moving in a cylindrical guide of the housing with the pressing spring and kinematically connected with one end through the cable with the position regulator of the water-supply pipeline, and the other end has the possibility of entering into the opening of extension fixed to the vertical lever.

EFFECT: improving reliability and efficiency of the mechanical brake work in operating the irrigation machine in areas with a different arrangement of the relief and prevention of the mechanical brake failure and failure of the irrigation machine by retaining the mechanical brake when driving on level relief areas.

5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device of automated control of multisupporting irrigation machine of front action for precision irrigation comprises pipelines of right and left wings of the machine, mounted on trolleys with electric drive, unit of motion synchronisation with the course with a guide rope and a speed control unit of the machine motion. Along the irrigation channel a contact network is mounted on racks, which interacts with the current collector, which, through the telescopic mechanism is fixed to the trolley moving along the opposite side of the irrigation channel. The output of the current collector is connected to the input of the control panel, which output is connected to the input of the counter of electrical energy, which outputs are connected to the inputs of the microprocessor control unit and the frequency inverter. The inputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to a timer, a system of course stabilisation, a synchronisation system of trolleys in line, sensors of path, setter of irrigation rate, setter of length of irrigation site, water metre and a pressure gauge mounted on the pipeline, and the outputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to electric hydraulic shutter, frequency inverter, contactor, devices of trolley synchronising in line and the devices of stabilisation of the course of left and right wings, through a vacuum pump with a pump inlet, which outlet through the electric hydraulic shutter and the flow metre is connected to the pipeline. The microprocessor control unit is connected to the input-output of the interface device. The signal from the output of the frequency inverter is supplied to the electric drive of the left and right-wing of the machine, and the contactor output is connected through the electric motor to the pump inlet. The signal obtained from the humidity gauges mounted on the irrigated area of the field, enters to the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite, the signal from the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite is transmitted to the input-output of the GLONASS-receiver which output through the unit of signal analysis is connected to the microprocessor control unit, which output is connected to the GLONASS-receiver. The input-output of the microprocessor control unit is electrically connected to a sensor screen, and the output of the frequency inverter is connected to the input of the contactor. The output of the signal analysis unit is connected to the inputs of the irrigation control unit, which outputs are at the extreme driving support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the course stabilisation and on the intermediate support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the trolley synchronisation in line, of both right and left wings of the machine.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of irrigation water, fertilisers, electricity, elimination of insufficient irrigation and excessive irrigation.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed machine comprises water feed pipeline, running trucks with wheels and pushers and hydraulic cylinders with L-like bell cranks having large and small arms articulated with wheel hydraulic cylinders and pushers, mechanical brake secured by hinge with torsion spring at running truck frame. L-like lever small arm is composed by corner plate. Wheel pushers are connected with vertical lever articulated via the plate with corner piece to make the clearance between vertical lever and corner pierce to allow said vertical lever to make an angular turn. Mechanical brake is articulated by rope with vertical lever end. It differs from known designs in that element to adjust the clearance between vertical lever and angle piece composed by screw fitted in threaded hole in vertical lever.

EFFECT: controlled running gear brake operation interval, ruled out high inertial loads, damages and faults.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed machine comprises water feed pipeline, running trucks with wheels and pushers and hydraulic cylinders with L-like bell cranks having large and small arms articulated with wheel hydraulic cylinders and pushers, mechanical brake secured by hinge with torsion spring at running truck frame. L-like lever small arm is composed by corner plate. Wheel pushers are connected with vertical lever articulated via the plate with corner piece to make the clearance between vertical lever and corner pierce to allow said vertical lever to make an angular turn. Mechanical brake is articulated by rope with vertical lever end. It differs from known designs in that element to adjust the clearance between vertical lever and angle piece composed by screw fitted in threaded hole in vertical lever composed by two parts fastened together to turn and to be locked relative to lever lower part.

EFFECT: controlled running gear brake operation interval, ruled out high inertial loads, damages and faults.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: front sprinkler unit comprises an irrigation pipeline made sectional and equipped with sprinkler nozzles, the wheel bearings, the drive, placed in the middle of the central section, and couplings for connecting the sections. The irrigation pipeline is mounted on the brackets of the drive trucks and the support wheels mounted on the aisles of agricultural crops at a height of 2.0-2.5 m above the soil surface. The bracket of the central drive truck has triangular swinging boom staked forward for fixing cables-guyropes connected to the brackets of the drive trucks and the support wheels of the side sections, the engine designed to transmit torque to the drive trucks by a drive shaft mounted on the suspension bearings placed on the brackets of the drive trucks and the support wheels using the chain transmissions. In the outermost drive truck on the bracket the drive drum is mounted with wound flexible supply hose hydraulically connected to the supply pipe of the irrigation pipeline. The drum drive is made from the internal combustion engine through the chain transmission and the coupling clutch. The sprinkler nozzles connected hydraulically through the take-off connections to the irrigation pipeline comprise a distribution chamber with two upper sprinkler trunks having in the inner cavity the lead bars with left-side winding and a lower sprinkler trunk with the lead bar with left-side winding. The pitch of the lead bar of the lower sprinkler trunk is smaller than the pitch of the lead bar of the upper trunks, the length of the upper sprinkler trunks is greater than the length of the lower sprinkler trunk.

EFFECT: increased productivity and quality of irrigation.

6 dwg

Irrigation machine // 2520732

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: irrigation machine comprises a support base, pneumatic wheels with rims, a feeding hose, a riser with rain-forming device, subsoil ploughs that are rigidly fixed to the wheel rims at the outer sides of the wheels. At the inner sides of the wheels the subsoil ploughs are additionally mounted, made in the form of hollow cylindrical attachments with removable pins secured radially on the outer surfaces of the hollow cylindrical attachments and directed with their free ends away from the outer surface of the hollow cylindrical attachments. The hollow cylindrical attachments have a diameter equal to the diameter of wheels, and are interconnected at the outer sides of the wheels with the plated planks and the fastening elements.

EFFECT: preservation of green grass canopy at work on lawn grass and providing transversal stability from slipping the irrigation machine on sloping lands due to the use of gentle design of subsoil ploughs.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: portable laboratory-field irrigation machine comprises a horizontal frame with panel, a water tank, a filter, supply and discharge water conducts with the valve, a sprinkler comprising the sequentially fixed nipple, a thick flexible tube with collars, a sleeve, and a bunch of thin flexible tubes fixed in it. The water tank is mounted above the frame on the vertical racks with a hanger bracket. Between the discharge water conduct and the nipple a float mechanism is mounted comprising a housing with the rubber bulb mounted on it on the side on the drainage tube with a drain opening and the sequentially mounted in it the needle slot, the needle and the float with the guide. The drip forming ends of the thin flexible sprinkler tubes are fixed on a horizontal panel along the Archimedean spiral with the same pitch.

EFFECT: improving the uniformity and stability of distribution of rain on the area of irrigation and simplification of the unit design.

5 cl, 3 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2246209

FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.

3 cl, 5 dwg

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