Method of increasing symbiotic activity of grain legume crops
SUBSTANCE: method involves cultivating crops and applying zeolite-containing clay alanite dissolved in water. In this case, 2-3 weeks after emergence, plants are fertilized with a mixture of poultry litter and potassium humate in a ratio of 2:1, which is mixed with alanite saturated with boron-containing mineral water Karmadon for 20-24 hours in the same ratio. Repeated cultivation is carried out in the budding-flowering phase with potassium humate in a concentration of 0.2% aqueous solution.
EFFECT: method allows to increase the fertility of soils, the productivity of grain legume crops and the efficiency of cultivation through the use of local raw materials.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: method comprises placement of sprouts in pots and obtaining mini-tubers. At that before planting in pots the seedlings are soaked in Trautvetteri maple sap for 30-40 minutes. Subsequently the seedlings are enveloped with clay dialbeculit preliminary saturated with mineral fertilizers for 5-6 hours in aqueous solution at a ratio of 1:1:3.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the net reproduction of seed material of selection samples.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: method comprises green manuring of crops and hydration of the ploughed mass. At that after harvesting the tubers, the white mustard is sown, which green mass is mowed and treated with aqueous solution of the mixture of biological preparations Boverina and Actofita in concentrations of 1% and 0.6%, respectively, followed by ploughing the hydrated mass to a depth of 20-25 cm.
EFFECT: method enables to increase potato yield and reduce its damage rate by Colorado potato beetle.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of engineering biology and bioindication of environment. The method comprises taking leaves from the accounting trees. And for measurement each leaf is placed in front with the side facing the top of the shoot. From each leaf from the left and right sides the parameters of the width of left and right halves of the leaf are measured, mm, the length of the nerve of the second order, the second leaf from the bottom, mm, the distance between the bases of the first and the second nerves of the second order, mm, the distance between the ends of these nerves, mm, the angle between the main nerve and the second from the leaf base with the nerve of the second order, degrees. The accounting trees are taken at least three birches, from each birch at least five leaves of different sizes are taken from the side of each local evaluated area, and all at least 15 leaves are taken as the population of separate independent individuals. Next, a table of all the measurements is made without their averaging, the resulting sample is subjected by statistical modelling to factor analysis by detection of binary relations between the 10 factors, and all 100 biotechnical regularities are identified in the software environment by the formula of the form: where y is component or dependent quantitative factor (10 parameters on five indicators from two halves of the leaf); x is explanatory variable or influencing factor (the same 10 parameters on each leaf); a1-a8 are the model parameters obtained by identification on specific measurement data.
EFFECT: method enables to improve the accuracy of indication of the local environment quality surrounding the birch leaves, as well as to simplify and improve the performance of measurements of the parameters of the leaves.
4 cl, 23 dwg, 8 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to crop production. For outdoor transplanting stevia the plants are treated with fertilisers and biological products. The seedlings are enveloped with zeolite-containing clay Bekulit saturated with 0.25% aqueous solution of magnesium hydroxide for 10-15 hours. Then the seedlings are soaked in 5-6% aqueous solution of potato starch.
EFFECT: invention enables to reduce costs and to increase the survival rate of planted seedlings.
SUBSTANCE: method includes determination of valley geomorphological parameters. For this purpose on the above-located rocky slopes phytoindicators are revealed - a Gypsophila imbricata Rupr. and Juniperus communis L., characterized by slow growth and considerable, up to several hundred years, life. In the lower parts of slopes near the river in the narrow part of the valley the absence of the same phyto-indicators is identified which is not caused by anthropogenous reasons. Meanwhile the studied rocks are in the zone of steadily positive average annual air temperatures and from pre-historic time they do not contact directly with the glaciers lying in riverheads.
EFFECT: method allows to simplify identification of signs of natural hazards.
2 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: under this method statistical analysis is performed, it includes calculation of average long-term phenodata of taxons, average long-term phenorythmtypes in the family complex are determined, directions and values of shift of dates of phenophases of the vegetative organs are estimated. Forecast of long-term changes of phenorythmtypes is made based on data of the phenological monitoring of the dynamic of season development of the vegetative organs of the plants relating to the same family, for at least 15-20 years. Critical vegetation periods are detemined: date of frost, date and duration of dry-weather periods, repeating intervals. At that the negative forecast includes shift to earlier - with earlier start of gemmation and liner growth of spears, and to later - with later full stiffening of spears of phenorythmtypes of Pinaceae family.
EFFECT: method increases efficiency of the long-term forecast of dynamic change of season development of plant, and prospectivity of their further inclusion in ex situ culture.
14 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method comprises selection of approbation bundle of plants and determining their strength features of the main stem. The approbation bundle is selected in phase of appearance of the reproductive organs of plants. As the strength features of the main stem the maximum di max and the minimum di min dimensions are measured in a horizontal plane of the second from below node of each i stem. According to data value λ, determined by the expression:
EFFECT: method enables to reduce labour intensity and to improve the accuracy of prediction of lodging of crops in the field conditions in the early stages of plant development.
3 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method comprises formation of stems with sleeves and fruit formations on them. At that the vine stems are grown to the height of 1.7 m, and the sleeves are formed at the same height in the form of spiral, twisting them on the cropping wire in opposite directions relative to each other. The fruit formations are formed on the sleeves from the side shoots in the form of 1-2-bud knots, the developed green shoots of which are pinched when reaching 25-30 cm, leaving two buds.
EFFECT: method enables to reduce the period of formation of vines and to increase the yield of standard cuttings per area unit.
1 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ecology and agriculture, in particular to land recultivation. Method includes use of phytometers, their morphologic and physiological indications during initial growth periods. At that as indicator the crops are used, during their early henogenesis the soils contamination is determined as per size of roots and above-ground spears of plantlets. Based on change of ratio 1:1 of their morphometric parameters the conclusion on the soils toxicity is made.
EFFECT: method simplifies technical solution without additional expenses for chemical analysis, improves efficiency.
1 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: in this method the plant rejuvenation is performed in the prolonged culture of early water-melon in open ground due to formation of new sprouts from the dormant buds of a epicotyl on the water-melon plants after fruiting. After cropping of early crop fruits the continuous cutting of the main stalk and the first order lashes to the interstice length - 15-18 cm from epicotyl is performed for stimulation of germination of the dormant buds at which in axils of leaves the generative bodies are formed which stimulate the formation of fruit sets forming an additional crop. The rudiments of stalks which are located in the epicotyl zone are left.
EFFECT: obtaining an additional crop of water-melon.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method comprises ploughing, application into soil of water or liquid fertilizer, after harvesting the crop the field is prepared - decontaminated, neutralized and dehydrated sludge residue is scattered across the field, obtained during biological purification on the complex of livestock wastes, then before ploughing on the irrigated field soil disking is carried out to the depth of 5 cm, the passage is made in two directions, longitudinal and transverse, and ploughing is carried out not on the slope of the field, but perpendicular to the horizontals in direction of the slope, followed by application into the soil of liquid effluent across the width of the arable field with the sprinkler unit with the sprinklers equipped with the closed pipelines to transport the said effluent from the storage pond, after application of the liquid effluent and drying the sludge remaining after application of liquid effluent in the ploughed field, soil disking or cultivating is carried out, its smoothing and compacting is carried out with smooth water-filled rollers. The effluent through the ploughing and depth of the soil enters the drainage pipes, which communicate with the open collector.
EFFECT: increase in soil fertility.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to crop production. In the method tomato seedlings are grown with water irrigation. To obtain increase in early harvest the tomato seedlings are watered additionally with 0.23% aqueous solution of potassium nitrate KNO3.
EFFECT: method enables to obtain an increase in early harvest by storing the first inflorescences of tomato seedlings.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of foliar feeding of grain crops comprises treatment of vegetative plants with a solution of organo-mineral fertiliser which is a mixture of potassium humate with boric acid in a ratio of 1:1, and the feeding is held together with chemical weeding with herbicides.
EFFECT: invention enables to provide bio-stimulating action of the agent with the effect of mobilising the potential of plants to adverse weather conditions, to reduce the stress state of the plants from the herbicides used, to increase the plant immunity, to promote and develop the plant growth, to ensure the improvement of productive tillering and to provide the optimal formation of the reproductive organs of plants.
SUBSTANCE: method includes perforating half of strips of a synthetic film; folding in two and using said strips to cover strips of the surface of an irrigated area; feeding irrigation water under the film; spreading ammonium nitrate on the perforated parts of the strips of the of the synthetic film; depositing binder on the layer of ammonium nitrate; folding the strips of the synthetic film in two; using said strips to cover the surface of the irrigated area and feeding irrigation water under the film.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities of the method by feeding ammonium nitrate into the soil during irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises placement of fertilisers in piles in rows across the field and distribution of fertilisers immediately before tillage. Before the distribution the fertilisers are loaded from the piles by the loader of continuous action, which unloads the fertilisers on the right along the direction of motion to the body spreader equipped with distributing working bodies of rotary type. The first row of piles from the edge of the field is placed at a distance Lp, chosen from the condition:
EFFECT: reduction of unevenness in distribution of fertilisers, the energy consumption of process of application and increase in productivity of the production line for fertilisation.
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of clay deposits and consequent mechanical treatment. At mowing of grass stand in the period of its maturing across the slope, and forming from it of mulching wings with the intervals between them 5-6 m the site is covered with fine zeolite-containing clay - irlit. In inter-rows of wings a capsulated seed material consisting of mix of perennial cereal-fabaceous grasses and irlit in the ratio 1:2 is seeded.
EFFECT: method allows to recover efficiently the degraded slope grounds and minimize erosive processes.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of fertilizing - complex compost, comprising half-fire-fang BC manure, phosphogypsum and vegetative residue - straw wheat, wastes of animal feeding, vegetative residue of corn, sunflower and sugar beet taken in identical proportions. An interrelation of components in the compost is as follows (by mass %): phosphogypsum - 8-9, vegetative residue - 15-16, half-fire-fang BC manure - the rest. The components are previously stacked by layers and held 1.0-1.5 months. Then in the summer period within 2.0-3.5 months they are periodically mixed and humidified up to 35-40 % of humidity. Then in the autumn ammoniac saltpeter is brought at a rate of 190 kg/ha, and complex compost is brought in a dose 65-70 t/ha with consequent disking and spring sowing of sugar beet.
EFFECT: method allows to improve agronomical properties of soil, save its fertility and increase productivity of sugar beet and its sugar content.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of fertilizing in the form of compost, consisting of organic and mineral components, pre-plant soil treatment and seeding. Meanwhile in the composition of the complex compost the organic components are half-fire-fang manure of the black cattle (BC), wheaten straw, wastes of animal feeding and grain treatment, sunflower peelings and raspings, and mineral components are phosphogypsum and leach, at the following interrelation of components (by mass %): phosphogypsum - 6-7, leach - 1-2, wheaten straw - 2-3, wastes of animal feeding - 2-3, wastes of grain treatment - 2-3, sunflower peelings - 2-3, raspings - 2-3, half-fire-fang manure of BC - rest, which are composted from the middle of April during 5 months, with monthly mixing by to ensure the aeration of composted heap until maturing. Then the obtained compost is brought into the soil in middle of September in a dose 70 t/ha with aftertreatment of soil to the depth 15-18 cm and sowing of winter wheat in the second decade of October.
EFFECT: method allows to improve environment performance at the expense of decrease of NO3 infiltration, N2 denitrification, improve soil properties, fertility, productivity of agricultural crop at continuation of the operation and aftereffect of the complex compost within 5 years, rational use of wastes of industry and agriculture.
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of complex compost, consisting of manure and wastes of agricultural crops, for increase of number and activation of activity of earthworm. Meanwhile the complex compost is brought into the soil to the depth of the top layer. Complex compost in addition includes a waste of chemical industry - phosphogypsum. Wastes of agricultural crops - vegetative residue of sunflower (caps), sugar beet, corn, wastes of grain cleaning, spew of vegetables and fruit, straw of barley, wastes of fodder for of animals, are taken in equal proportions, at the following interrelation of components, %: wastes of agricultural crops - 2-3, phosphogypsum - 5-6, manure of the black cattle - the rest.
EFFECT: method allows to improve the soil fertility with simultaneous improvement of physical, chemical and biological properties of soil.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of fertilizing before the main soil treatment. For the main fertilizing the complex compost is used, consisting of half-fire-fang manure of the black cattle, phosphogypsum, straw, wastes of animal feeding, wastes of grain after its final purification, post-harvest vegetative residues of sunflower and sugar beet, sediments of waste water and poultry dung at the following interrelation of components (by mass %): phosphogypsum - 7-8, straw - 2-3, wastes of animal feeding - 2-3, wastes of grain final purification - 2-3, vegetative residue of sunflower and sugar beet - 3-4, sediments of waste water - 6-7, poultry dung - 3-4, half-fire-fang manure of the black cattle - the rest, which are composted in a spring-summer-fall period within 4-5 months, mixing in middle of May a manure, straw, phosphogypsum, various types of wastes of animals feeding and grain after its final purification, sediments of waste water and poultry dung with adding of the vegetative residue of sunflower in August - September and sugar beet in the beginning of September, with its mixing each month - month and a half up to maturing. Then the obtained complex compost is brought into the soil in the second half of October in a dose 65-70 t/ha with its consequent embedding down to the depth 15-18 cm , and in spring the grain corn is seeded.
EFFECT: method allows to improve efficiency of cultivation of grain corn, to improve environment performance at the expense of recycling of domestic wastes, industrial and agricultural wastes, and also to improve for 4-5 years agronomical properties of soil.
FIELD: soil restoration from formation fluid contaminants in oil recovery and transportation regions.
SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (mass %): chemical ameliorant 3.5-5.7; organic fertilizer 15.7-29.0; adsorbent 67.5-78.6. Method for sectioning soil treatment includes application of composition onto soil layer with 30 cm of depth. Then treated layer is shifted out of spot boundary. Opened surface is covered with composition of present invention. Then mole drainage of 60-65 cm in depth is made in soil by using mole plow or chisel plow, followed by plowing of 58-51 cm in depth and returning of sheared soil into spot.
EFFECT: effective soil restoration from formation fluid contaminants.
5 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl