Device for composting

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device includes a site for collecting crushed and mixed waste, combined with a compost storage. The store is a rectangular pit with the depth up to 1 mand the width and length dimensions providing the reception of the total volume of the waste generated. The pit is framed by boards up to 0.4 m and is divided inside with slotted partitions, with the formation of sections for alternately filling them with compost mass. The sections have independent coverages. To control the composting process, tubes with thermometers are installed in each section.

EFFECT: simplifying the process of obtaining environmentally-friendly organic fertiliser.

2 dwg, 1 ex

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: residential and industrial complex includes residential 1, plant-growing 8, cattle-breeding 9 and power blocks connected to each other by material and energy flows. And the plant-growing 8 and cattle-breeding 9 blocks are located in temperature-controlled premises. Residential zone 1 is separated from other blocks which are forming industrial zone 6, and is equipped with the system of waste collecting and milling 3 with the homogenizer 4. The waste treatment block 7 enters the industrial zone 6, connected by inputs through pipelines with the output of the homogenizer 4 and by outputs of wastes of plant-growing 8 and cattle-breeding 9 blocks, and by outputs - with the system of technical water of the residential zone 1 and of all blocks, by inputs of ground supply and stimulators of development of the plant-growing 8 block including the water treatment system 14, device for waste treatment in environmentally clean black soil and concentrated soil solution 15. Meanwhile the plant-growing block 8 includes devices for growing of greenery 16 using environmentally clean black soil and device for cultivation of energy plants 17 using the concentrated soil solution. The output of the device for greenery cultivation 16 is connected to inputs of power supply of the residential zone 1 and cattle-breeding block 9, and output of the device for cultivation of energy plants 17 through the device of fuel preparation 10 is connected to input of fuel supply of the power block 11. The power block 11 comprises the electric power generators 12 and heat generators 13, and the output of exhaust gases of the power block 11 is connected with the plant growing block 8.

EFFECT: decrease of water consumption, amount o unprocessed wastes, increase of independence of the complex from environment conditions.

2 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the field of recycling of livestock and poultry, namely manure

The invention relates to processing of organic materials and waste used in the production of compost, seed and feed

The invention relates to the recycling of municipal services, in particular to the processing of household waste population

The invention relates to the production of composted manure, derived in particular from solid waste, and can be used in devices for cleaning of compost from unwanted components, primarily salts of heavy and non-ferrous metals (TCM), as well as other inorganic inclusions

The invention relates to agriculture and is intended for use on livestock farms for the production of fertilizer from animal manure and poultry, as well as from organic waste

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to devices for making compost

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of processing wastes into compost. The processing line comprises devices of receiving, humidification, unloading, and modules made of heat-insulating enclosure panels. The modules are mounted sequentially in cascade coming down from the first to the final. The output part of the previous module is mounted above the inlet part of the next module. At the end of each module a stirring device is mounted in the form of horizontal shafts with beaters, and a hopper with dispenser of additives. The modules are equipped with conveyors and individual ventilation system with the ability of automatic regulation of the exchange and temperature of the air. The terminal devices of the ventilating system are made in the form of perforated air ducts. The air ducts are arranged along the conveyors and in the side walls of the modules with the descend to the final relative to each other. The modules comprise the moulding and the working chambers. The chambers are integrated by conveyors and blocked off by the valves-flanges. At least two modules are formed as modules of composting and germination of mycelium. The line comprises at least two modules of composting. At the beginning of the modules of composting the alignment devices are mounted.

EFFECT: reduction of time of composting and increase in the efficiency of waste processing is ensured.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to the field of processing of organic part of solid biological wastes and may be used in municipal economy and also in farm production for express-composting of wastes in cattle breeding and poultry keeping.

SUBSTANCE: the line is fulfilled multi-row and consists of parallel guides installed on the common platform for longitudinal and transversal displacement of fermentation capacities, which are kinematically connected between themselves and with an arrangement for longitudinal displacement. The arrangement for transversal displacement of fermentation capacities is fulfilled in the shape of mobile intermediary platforms which are installed opposite to each other on the face plate parts of the common platform. The arrangement for longitudinal displacement is fulfilled in the shape of a reversible rope drive. As a variant of execution the line is fulfilled multi-row and consists of parallel guides installed on the common platform in the shape of rails on which mobile fermentation capacities kinematically connected between themselves are installed. The guides are mounted in the shape of decks which are placed one over another , the end sections of decks are provided with inclined rail regulated guides, their length exceeds the length of the fermentation capacity and the angle of inclination corresponds with the height of the deck. The arrangement of longitudinal displacement of fermentation capacities is fulfilled in the shape of a reversible rope drive, and the arrangement for transversal displacement of the fermentation capacities is fulfilled in the shape of intermediary platforms which are installed opposite to each other on the face plate parts of the common platform on rail guides and are provided with propulsion drive. The guides for displacement of fermentation capacities of the overlying deck are the lateral walls of the capacities of the underlying deck. The fermentation capacities are provided with mobile heat-insulated lids which are fulfilled with possibility of fixing with forcibly opening bottoms.

EFFECT: allows to accelerate composting and reduce power intensity at receiving end products of high quality.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: devices for processing of sediments of household and similar industrial waste waters.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the devices for processing of sediments of household and similar industrial waste waters into a compost by means of a vermiculture and may be used in the municipal services of the camp-type settlements, villages, recreation centers, in individual houses at the cottage-type building-up on the territories without sewerage systems. The vermicomposting device for a complete purification plant is made in the form of a bed on supports used for growing of the vermiculture, equipped with a system of tools for watering of the vermicompost, shelter from action of direct sun rays in summertime and a preheating in winter, feeding in of composted wastes and a removal of a ready compost. The bed is made in the form of an inverse truncated pyramid with the open upper base, with an opening hatch in the lower base and holes in a side surface of one of lateral planes of the pyramid in the form of a horizontal row and spaced with a step of no more than 20 mm and with a diameter of no less than 10 mm used for insert to the full depth in a horizontal plane of a row of spokes cutting the upper part of the compost from the lower part, discharged from the device at opening the hatch in the lower base. The technical result is simplification of vermicomposting device servicing and creation of conditions for intensification of process of the organomineral raw processing into vermicompost.

EFFECT: the invention ensures simplification of vermicomposting device servicing and creation of conditions for intensification of process of the organomineral raw processing into vermicompost.

2 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to the field of recycling of organic waste to ensure the ecological state of the environment with the simultaneous production of useful products by composting of faeces and other exposed biodegradable materials

Bioreactor // 2208004
The invention relates to biotechnology and can be used in the enzymatic processing of organic waste vegetable and animal household waste, including waste of timber and woodworking industry, etc

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, devices for composting

The invention relates to agriculture, namely technology make compost

The invention relates to the processing of organic waste and can be used to produce fertilizer from manure

The invention relates to agriculture, and is intended to produce organic fertilizers and preparation of artificial soil using different additives and other means, namely for the production of fertilizer vermicompost using earthworms

The invention relates to agriculture, namely the facilities for rapid composting of organic waste, and can be used on farms, poultry farms and cattle-breeding complexes for processing of organic waste, such as manure, plant residues, wastes of livestock enterprises and mixtures thereof, in an effective organic fertilizer

FIELD: devices for processing of sediments of household and similar industrial waste waters.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the devices for processing of sediments of household and similar industrial waste waters into a compost by means of a vermiculture and may be used in the municipal services of the camp-type settlements, villages, recreation centers, in individual houses at the cottage-type building-up on the territories without sewerage systems. The vermicomposting device for a complete purification plant is made in the form of a bed on supports used for growing of the vermiculture, equipped with a system of tools for watering of the vermicompost, shelter from action of direct sun rays in summertime and a preheating in winter, feeding in of composted wastes and a removal of a ready compost. The bed is made in the form of an inverse truncated pyramid with the open upper base, with an opening hatch in the lower base and holes in a side surface of one of lateral planes of the pyramid in the form of a horizontal row and spaced with a step of no more than 20 mm and with a diameter of no less than 10 mm used for insert to the full depth in a horizontal plane of a row of spokes cutting the upper part of the compost from the lower part, discharged from the device at opening the hatch in the lower base. The technical result is simplification of vermicomposting device servicing and creation of conditions for intensification of process of the organomineral raw processing into vermicompost.

EFFECT: the invention ensures simplification of vermicomposting device servicing and creation of conditions for intensification of process of the organomineral raw processing into vermicompost.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to the field of processing of organic part of solid biological wastes and may be used in municipal economy and also in farm production for express-composting of wastes in cattle breeding and poultry keeping.

SUBSTANCE: the line is fulfilled multi-row and consists of parallel guides installed on the common platform for longitudinal and transversal displacement of fermentation capacities, which are kinematically connected between themselves and with an arrangement for longitudinal displacement. The arrangement for transversal displacement of fermentation capacities is fulfilled in the shape of mobile intermediary platforms which are installed opposite to each other on the face plate parts of the common platform. The arrangement for longitudinal displacement is fulfilled in the shape of a reversible rope drive. As a variant of execution the line is fulfilled multi-row and consists of parallel guides installed on the common platform in the shape of rails on which mobile fermentation capacities kinematically connected between themselves are installed. The guides are mounted in the shape of decks which are placed one over another , the end sections of decks are provided with inclined rail regulated guides, their length exceeds the length of the fermentation capacity and the angle of inclination corresponds with the height of the deck. The arrangement of longitudinal displacement of fermentation capacities is fulfilled in the shape of a reversible rope drive, and the arrangement for transversal displacement of the fermentation capacities is fulfilled in the shape of intermediary platforms which are installed opposite to each other on the face plate parts of the common platform on rail guides and are provided with propulsion drive. The guides for displacement of fermentation capacities of the overlying deck are the lateral walls of the capacities of the underlying deck. The fermentation capacities are provided with mobile heat-insulated lids which are fulfilled with possibility of fixing with forcibly opening bottoms.

EFFECT: allows to accelerate composting and reduce power intensity at receiving end products of high quality.

7 cl, 3 dwg

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