Grease lubricant composition
SUBSTANCE: grease lubricant composition comprises base oil, thickener and poly (meth)acrylate containing hydroxyl groups, wherein said thickener is urea compound obtained by reacting between isocyanate and primary amine, and said poly(meth)acrylate containing hydroxyl groups is copolymer comprising, as composite monomers, alkyl(meth)acrylate containing C1-20 alkyl group, and vinyl monomer containing a hydroxyl group.
EFFECT: high wear resistance.
13 cl, 1 tbl, 10 ex
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a lubricant composition which includes base oil and one or more additives, wherein the composition includes a detergent additive which is a reaction product of an acidic organic compound, a boron compound and a basic organic compound of general formula where a equals 1 or 2 and where R1 and R2 are independently selected from hydrocarbon groups, provided that when a equals 2, groups R1 and R2 are selected independently, and has sulphate ash content (according to ASTM D 874) of at least 0.1 wt % and at most 0.60 wt %; and a total base number (TBN) (according to ASTM D 2896) of at least 8.0 mg KOH/g and at most 15.0 mg KOH/g, potassium content (according to ASTM D 4951) higher than 0.10 wt % and at most 0.15 wt %.
EFFECT: present invention relates to use of a lubricant composition in a gas engine to improve oxidation resistance and maintain the base number.
5 cl, 3 ex, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a lubricant composition for use in a crank case, which contains base oil and at least one additive, wherein the base oil contains more than 80 wt % base oil produced via a Fischer-Tropsch method. The lubricant composition has kinematic viscosity lower than 5.6 cSt at 100°C (ASTM D 445 test), Noack volatility (ASTM D 5800 test) lower than 15 wt % and high temperature and high shear (HTHS) viscosity (ASTM D 4683) lower than 2.0 cP. The invention also relates to use of said lubricant composition in a crank case to improve fuel efficiency.
EFFECT: obtaining a low-viscosity lubricant composition, which simultaneously has desirable properties for saving fuel, desirable anti-wear properties and Noack volatility properties.
10 cl, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to plastic lubricant, including deeply-purified waste industrial oil, soap thickening agent, anti-wear additive and anti-friction filling agent with the following component ratio, wt %: SFA 28-30; lime 2-3; DP-11 4-5; graphite of grade GL 10-12; DWIO - the remaining part. Claimed invention also relates to method of obtaining plastic lubricant.
EFFECT: increase of lubricant quality, its anti-wear properties, reduction of prime cost, simplification of manufacturing process, improvement of the environment due to application of wastes - waste oils.
2 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a lubricant composition for use in a turbine engine, the composition containing: (i) 50-99 wt % base oil; (ii) 0.01-5 wt % ionic liquid and (iii) 0.01-10 wt % additives, wherein the freezing point is lower than -54°C, the flash point is higher than 246°C, and kinematic viscosity at 100°C is in the range of 4.9 mm2/s to 5.4 mm2/s. The present invention also relates to use of the lubricant composition to lubricate a turbine engine and to use of an ionic liquid (version).
EFFECT: obtaining a lubricant composition suitable for use in turbine engine oil and for reducing formation of deposits in the lubricant composition.
11 cl, 18 ex, 7 tbl
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a method of producing lignosulphonate-containing lubricants, which includes: a) a step of mixing: at least one base oil, at least one calcium soap of a saturated or unsaturated monocarboxylic acid containing 10-32 carbon atoms, optionally substituted, at least one complexing agent selected from: i) an alkali metal salt, except a sodium salt, an alkali-earth metal salt or an aluminium salt of a saturated or unsaturated monocarboxylic acid or a hydroxy carboxylic acid containing 2-8 carbon atoms, a dicarboxylic acid containing 2-16 carbon atoms, wherein each of said acids can be substituted, ii) an alkali and/or alkali-earth metal salt of boric acid and/or phosphoric acid, including products of reaction thereof with LiOH and/or Ca(OH)2, and iii) mixtures thereof, and at least calcium lignosulphonate with weight-average molecular weight higher than 10000 g/mol, heating the mixture to temperature higher than 120°C to initiate the reaction and removing low-boiling components to obtain a lubricant base, and b) a step of cooling and adding base oil and, optionally, additives while stirring. The present invention also relates to a lubricant composition and to use of the lubricant (versions).
EFFECT: use of lignosulphonates as structure-forming agents and as additives which protect from wear, reduce friction and protect from aging.
29 cl, 10 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: present invention refers to a process fluid for a heat exchanging unit containing i) CO2, as a refrigerant, and ii) a lubricant composition of polyol esters having a viscosity ratio of 130 or higher, containing a mixture of esters of formula I, wherein n represents an integer from 1 to 20; each R independently represents alkylcarbonyl with 3-12 carbon atoms; each R1 is specified independently and represents either group R, or a substitute of formula II, and wherein at least 50% of all groups R in the compounds of formula I found in the process fluid represent n-pentanoyl, and wherein the lumbicant composition of polyol esters ii) contains: a) from 20 to 45 wt % of the compounds of formula I, wherein n is equal to 1 and each R1 is specified independently and represents a group R, b) from 15 to 20 wt % of the compounds of formula I, wherein n is equal to 2 and each R1 is specified independently and represents the group R, c) from 10 to 15 wt % of the compounds of formula I, wherein n is equal to 3 and each R1 is specified independently and represents the group R, and d) from 30 to 55 wt % of the compositions of formula I, which represent pentaerythritol oligomers of 4 or more monomer groups of pentaerythritol.
EFFECT: technical effect of the present invention is producing the process fluid containing the lubricant of polyol esters providing the excellent viscosity and lubricating property together with the unexpectedly excellent mixability with the CO2 refrigerant.
7 cl, 5 tbl, 7 ex
SUBSTANCE: protective lubricant for metal components includes waste mineral motor oil. The lubricant additionally contains products of waste mineral motor oil oxidation, which consist of neutral resins and asphaltenes, with the following component ratio, wt %: waste mineral motor oil 60±5; products of mineral motor oil oxidation 40±5.
EFFECT: increase of the corrosion stability of metal components when they are stored on an open site and simplification of the component composition of the lubricant.
SUBSTANCE: solid lubricant composition contains a finely dispersed mixture of natural minerals with particle size of 1-5 mcm, which includes serpentine and talc; the composition further contains chalk, kaolin and borax, with the following ratio of components, wt %: chalk - 10-15, borax - 10-15, kaolin - 5-20, talc - 5-15, serpentine - the balance.
EFFECT: improved anti-friction and anti-wear properties of friction assemblies by forming a protective servovite film on friction surfaces, improved wear resistance and longevity of said surfaces.
SUBSTANCE: preservation grease contains petroleum oil, a nitrogen-containing anticorrosion additive and a boron-containing additive, wherein the nitrogen-containing anticorrosion additive is a mixture of a condensation product of monoethanolamine, boric acid, pentaerythritol and oleic acid in molar ratio of 1.5:0.2:(0.2-0.4):1.5, respectively, and an azole compound, and the boron-containing additive is a reaction product of glycidyl methacrylate and boric acid in molar ratio of 0.5:1, with the following ratio of components, wt %: condensation product 30.0-50.0; azole compound 4.0-8.0; reaction product 4.0-8.0; petroleum oil up to 100.
EFFECT: improved preservation properties of the grease, prolonged protective effect, wide range of preservation greases.
2 cl, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to application of sulphided lignin as anti-scuff additive in lubricating composition.
EFFECT: extension of areas of sulphided lignin application, application of sulphided lignin for wear reduction in wheel-rail pair.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ecologically pure lubricating material for lubrication of zone of "wheel-rail" contact of rail transport, containing as base oil biodegradable oil or mixture of base oil, selected from lubricating base oil of mineral oil type, synthetic lubricating base oil and biodegradable lubricating base oil. Lubricant contains as thickening agent lithium-calcium soap of 12-oxystearic acid, as additives, improving tribotechnical properties, sodium tetraborate and sulphuretted oil, in addition lubricant contains glycerol, with the following component ratio, wt %: 12-oxystearic acid - 7.3-10.3; calcium hydroxide - 0.3-0.5; lithium hydroxide - 0.2-0.7; sodium tetraborate - 2.0-4.3; glycerol - 0.9-2.1; sulphuretted oil - 6.8-9.0; base oil VMG3- 0-9.1; synthetic oil BZV - 0-6.5; vegetable oil (for instance, sunflower oil unrefined) - to 100. Invention also relates to method of production of ecologically pure lubricating material.
EFFECT: creation of ecologically pure biodegradable plastic lubricant, reducing wear and increasing resource of rails and wheels, reducing energy consumption for rolling stock traction and possessing high degree of biodecomposition.
2 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a pack of additives to motor oils, which contains washing additives, an ashless nitrogen-containing dispersant, a block-copolymer of ethylene and propylene oxides, based on ethylenediamine, an antioxidative and anti-wear additive, phenyl-α-naphthylamine and octylated diphenylamine. As the washing additives the pack contains a solution in oil of a mixture of a carbonated product of dialkylbenzenesulphonic acid and calcium hydrate interaction, which has an alkaline number not less than 350 mg KOH/g, with calcium salt of an alkylphenol derivative with an alkaline number not less than 140 mg KOH/g, taken in a ratio of (1.5-2.5):1 by a weight part to the carbonated product, as the antioxidant and anti-wear additive used is zinc dialkyldithiophosphate counted per the content of phosphorus in final oil of 0.05-0.12 wt % and additionally contains either a product of condensation of benzotriazole, formaldehyde and amine or a derivative of tolutriazole with the following component ratio, wt %: the solution in oil of the mixture of the carbonated product of dialkylbenzenesulphonic acid with calcium hydrate interaction, which has the alkaline number not less 350 mg KHO/g, with calcium salt of the alkylphenol derivative with the alkaline number not less than 140 mg KOH/g, taken in the ratio of (1.5-2.5):1 by the weight part to the carbonated product - 30.00-38.00, ashless nitrogen-containing dispersant - 18.00-22.00, block-copolymer of ethylene and propylene oxides, based on ethylendiamine - 0.18-0.22, zinc dialkyldithiophosphate, counted per the content of phosphorus in final oil of 0.05-0.12 wt % - 10.00-22.00, phenyl-α-naphthylamine - 2.70-3.30, octylated diphenylamine - 9.00-11.00, product of condensation of benzotriazole, formaldehyde and amine or the derivative of tolutriazole - to 100. The claimed invention also relates to motor oil.
EFFECT: increase of the additives pack efficiency by an improvement of its antioxidant properties and creation of a possibility to deactivate constructive metals under conditions of high-temperature catalytic oil oxidation, which contains the pack, without the reduction of its anti-wear and anti-corrosion properties and increase of the engine resource.
2 cl, 9 tbl
SUBSTANCE: described is a protective lubricating material which contains an alkali-earth metal sulphonate, solid petroleum hydrocarbons, a structure-forming agent - organo-modified sepiolite, butyl cellosolve, with ratio of the structure-forming agent to butyl cellosolve of 3:1, microtalc for increasing thixotropy, an antioxidant additive, an anti-rust additive, synthetic polymeric petroleum resin and an organic solvent.
EFFECT: improved protective properties and improved thixotropic properties of the material.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method which involves at least the following steps: a) obtaining a base oil composition which optionally contains one or more additives; b) obtaining a solution of one or more alkyl-substituted quinolines or oligomer derivatives thereof in a solvent, wherein the solvent is polyglycol; and c) adding the solution obtained at step b) to the base oil composition obtained at step a), at temperature ranging from 10 to 110°C. The present invention also relates to a lubricating composition and grease.
EFFECT: improved dispersion of alkyl-substituted quinolines when producing a lubricating composition, providing an alternative method of producing a lubricating composition.
12 cl, 2 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of raising the dropping temperature of lithium complex grease, involving thickening base oil with lithium soap of 12-hydroxystearic acid and adding a borate, wherein first a base oil mixture which is thickened with lithium soap of hydroxystearic acid is obtained, said base oil being industrial mineral oil or synthetic oil or a mixture of mineral and synthetic oil, having kinematic viscosity of 5-600 cS at 40°C, followed by addition of tri-2-ethylhexylborate and a metal dialkyl dithiophosphate, after which the obtained mixture whose temperature is not above 90°C is stirred to a homogeneous state, with the following ratio of components, wt %: lithium soap of 12-oxystearic acid 8.0-20.0; tri-2-ethylhexylborate 2.0-3.2; metal dialkyl dithiophosphate 0.5-2.0; base oil - the balance.
EFFECT: high reliability and longer service life of friction assemblies of machines and mechanisms by providing dropping temperature of the lubricant.
11 cl, 9 ex
SUBSTANCE: described is a thread lubricant which contains a mixture of oils, stearic acid, lithium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, aluminium stearate, antioxidant and anticorrosion additives.
EFFECT: reduced corrosion damage to the thread surface when applying the thread lubricant.
SUBSTANCE: described is a grease lubricant which contains a base oil mixture which is based on oils with viscosity which is common for industrial lubricant materials (from ISO VG 2 to ISO VG 1500), an ionic liquid, a thickener selected from a group consisting of a urea thickener as well as common additives. The grease lubricant can be used at common operating temperatures from higher than 120°C to 260°C, especially at high operating temperatures from higher than 180°C to 260°C, and at low temperatures of up to -60°C. The invention also relates to a method of preparing similar grease lubricant compositions.
EFFECT: longer service life of the grease lubricant, negligible wearing of antifriction bearings, high oil separation.
10 cl, 13 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to grease for high-speed radial-axial bearings of gyroscopes and synchronous gyromotors, which contains a dispersion medium, a dispersion phase and functional additives, wherein the dispersion medium contains a mixture of low-viscous polyalphaolefin hydrocarbons PAOM-4, dioctyl sebacate and is a product of reaction of octadecylamine, polyisocyanate and aniline, and the functional additive contains an antioxidant additive - phenyl-alpha-naphthylamine and an antiwear additive - tricresyl phosphate.
EFFECT: obtaining a lubricant with a high operating temperature range.
1 cl, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing consistent urea grease, which is carried out in an apparatus using an extruder and having several reaction zones mounted in a row and linked by a fluid medium. The apparatus includes: (a) a first feed zone; (b) a second feed zone; (c) a first reaction-mixing zone; and (d) a cooling-mixing zone, wherein said zones lie in the apparatus in the order (a), (b), (c), (d), and the method involves feeding a first starting component into the first feed zone (a); and feeding a second starting component into the second feed zone (b); reaction of the first and second components in the first reaction-mixing zone (c); and cooling and mixing the product of the first reaction-mixing zone in the cooling-mixing zone (d) to obtain consistent urea grease. The invention also relates to apparatus for realising the present method.
EFFECT: invention has such advantages as operational stability, has flexibility, with possibility of applying to many types of consistent urea grease without significant change to the used equipment.
15 cl, 14 tbl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of grease for working with rocket fuel components in a wide temperature range, high pressure and high vacuum. The grease contains perfluoropolyether which is a product of copolymerisation of tetrafluoroethylene with oxygen, organosilca gel - trimethylsilyl derivative of silicic acid gel, teflon T-4-95 and an alkylamine salt of perfluoropolyoxaalkylcarboxylic acids (Asol F), with the following ratio of components, wt %: organosilica gel 2.0-3.6; teflon T-4-95 1.3-3.0; (Asol F) 0.2-0.4; perfluoropolyether - up to 100.
EFFECT: provision for application temperature range from minus 120°C to plus 250°C and possibility of use in high vacuum conditions (up to 10-8 Torr) and high pressure (up to 500 atm).
SUBSTANCE: in the filed of gear and bearing grease lubricants at operating temperatures of -60°C to +120°C. Lubricant contains, wt %: lithium soap of 12-hydroxystearic acid 5.5-8.5, lithium soap of stearic acid 5.5-8.5, phenol-type antioxidant additive 0.05-0.15, tricresyl phosphate 3.8-4.2, benzotriazole 0.05-0.2, synthetic hydrocarbon oil remainder to 100. 4-methyl-2,6-ditretbutyl phenol (agydol) is used as antioxidant additive. Polyalphaolefine oil of 3.5-4.5 sSt viscosity at 100°C or isoparaffin oil of 3.0-4.0 sSt viscosity at 100°C is used as synthetic hydrocarbon oil.
EFFECT: improved corrosion resistance of heavy-duty friction assemblies made of non-ferrous metals and alloys thereof.
3 cl, 3 tbl