Substitutive coolant temperature calculation device of internal combustion engine, equipped with additional heater
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: subject of the invention is a device (50) for calculating the engine coolant substitutive temperature (TEs) when an additional heater has been activated in advance to provide optimum control of the internal combustion engine. This temperature is based on weighing (Cp) between the measured temperature (TEmes) of the coolant and the oil temperature (TH). The coefficient of this weighing (Cp) varies depending on the activation conditions of the heater and it is determined based on a pre-compiled cartography. The calculated substitutive temperature takes into account the thermal state of the internal combustion engine.
EFFECT: improved engine start-up, eliminated problems of combustion, stops, fuel overexpenditures and increased emissions of pollutants.
10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in pre-starting and auxiliary heat power plants of vehicles for simultaneous generation of heat and the electric power. Pre-starting heat power plant for vehicles contains an internal combustion engine (1), an electric generator (2), a waste heat exchanger (3) utilising the heat of exhaust gases, a mixing device (4) with an electric heater, a liquid pump (8) with the electric drive, a check valve (5) and hydraulic lines (9), (10), (11) with heat carrier. The plant is also contains the oil pump (15) with the electric drive, the recuperative heat exchanger (18) for heating of engine oil and the oil line which is built in the oil pan with the nozzles directed towards necks of the cranked shaft and towards the oil pump of the internal combustion engine, oil hydraulic lines. The recuperative heat exchanger (18) of heating of engine oil according to the series hydraulic circuit is connected by hydraulic lines of the heat carrier to the mixing device (4) with the electric heater. The oil pump (15) with the electric drive through oil hydraulic lines supplies engine oil to the recuperative heat exchanger (18) for heating of engine oil after which heated engine oil is supplied into the oil line which is built in the oil pan with the nozzles directed towards the necks of the cranked shaft and towards the oil pump of the internal combustion engine.
EFFECT: design simplification and reduction of dimensions.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines. The invention proposes an electric heater of diesel oil or motor oil, which includes the following: outer casing (2), heating rods (1) and temperature control (3). Each of the heating rods (1) includes an electrode part, a heating part and a cover of the external coating, as well as it is connected to a mounting end of temperature control (3) by means of the electrode part and rigidly attached to outer casing (2) with one of its ends. Temperature control (3) is arranged inside outer casing (2); cavities of outer casing (2) are filled with a liquid sealant, and hole (5) is arranged on outer casing (2) for fixation of the heater in a set position.
EFFECT: heater has a low price; it is composed in the form of a structure; it is safe, reliable and serviceable.
6 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: proposed heater comprises housing with coolant feed and discharge channels and cover tightly coupled with said housing, tubular electrical heater secured therein and motor-drive rotary pump Impeller is fitted on pump rotor shaft inside aforesaid housing Note here that said rotary pump is provided with jacket fitted in heater housing with secured by its one end in the latter in inlet channel zone Its opposite end is secured at housing cover in the area of rotor shaft with impeller exit so that said impeller is located inside aforesaid jacket Note here that said jacket in impeller zone has openings to communicate the jacket inside with heater housing inside Motor rotor is enclosed in cup-like case closed by cup cover on cover outer side and secured at cover inner side Note here that rotor shaft section with impeller fitted thereon extends through cup cover and heater housing cover inside the housing Tubular heater is composed of helical coil arranged around said jacket above its openings and secured at heater housing cover Coolant feed channel, pump jacket and rotor shaft with impeller are aligned.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, electric power saving.
11 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention claims autonomous device for diesel fuel heating in fuel tank 16, including heat exchanger 1 and heat carrier feed and control system 2. System 2 includes trolley 3 with gas heater 4 for heat carrier, pump 5, accumulator 6, control device 7 and gas cylinder 8 mounted on the trolley, heat exchanger is made in the form of rigid spiral tube mounted on handle 10 by a joint and connected to heater 4 with a flexible hose. Electric pump for heated diesel fuel stirring is installed inside spiral tube of the heat exchanger.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of diesel fuel heating in the whole volume of fuel tank.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: measured ambient air and coolant temperatures are used to define air heater operating interval to correct it by fuel mix temperature in combustion chamber at compression stroke end while fuel in nozzle is heated to maximum possible value. After engine start, fuel heating intensity is decreased while nozzle operating heat conditions are kept up with the help of thermal pickup built in the nozzle, heater and control unit and maintained at said level during the entire cycle of post-starting interval with allowance for engine heat conditions and ambient air temperature. Inlet fuel and air controlled heating subject to engine and ambient air temperature allows maintenance of optimum temperature of combustion mix in the engine combustion chamber at whatever operating conditions.
EFFECT: decreased time and power consumption by diesel preparation for starting.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: electric fuel heater comprising body in form of the bolt with cavity in its rod, input and output holes, agitator, ceramic heating element, nickel-chromium spiral connected in series with the ceramic heating element, and casing. The internal cavity of the fuel heater body is made with spiral groove. The fuel agitator installed in the internal cavity of the body is in form of the bolt containing guide part and agitating element in form of the ellipse with spiral groove direct opposite to the spiral groove of the body.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of heat transfer.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: heater comprises ICE, electrical generator, heat exchange offgas heat recovery unit, offgas main line, fluid lines, electrically drive fluid pump, check valve and tank with electric heater. In compliance with this invention incorporates extra recuperative heat exchanger for cooling of coolant with electrically driven blower and three-way valves with servo drive. Note here that fluid electrically driven pump is communicated via coolant fluid lines with ICE cooling system. Said system accommodates the tank with electric heater and heat exchanger-offgas heat recovery unit. Said heat exchanger is connected via fluid line with the first three-way valve with servo drive. The latter is arranged downstream of check valve in fluid line feeding coolant from ICE to carrier heater radiator lines and those of aforesaid recuperative heat exchanger. Second three-way salve with servo drive is arranged upstream of electrically driven fluid pump to communicate coolant feed and discharge lines with carrier ICE. Besides, ICE exhaust gases are fed via offgas main line to recuperative heat exchanger.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of pre-starting heating, higher thermal efficiency, decreased overall dimensions.
SUBSTANCE: engine prestart heating is performed by natural gas feed into prestart heater combustion chamber to heat carrier engine coolant by natural gas combustion heat. Natural gas is fed from low-pressure main line via distribution gas line and gas hose into prestart heater combustion chamber. Prestart heater control system power supply and that of actuators related therewith is performed by connection to power supply located outside the carrier.
EFFECT: higher reliability and efficiency at long stops.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: system to maintain availability for start-up of an internal combustion engine (7) of a diesel locomotive comprises a standard system (4) for cooling of an internal combustion engine (7), a liquid heater (1), connected to the main manifold of the standard cooling system (4), a standard fuel system (18) of an internal combustion engine with a standard fuel tank (23) and a standard injecting fuel pump (19), an additional fuel tank (20), equipped with an overflow pipeline (21), a drain pipeline (22) with a tap and a pipeline connecting the additional fuel tank (20) with the liquid heater (1). There is an additional fuel pump (17), installed in the standard fuel system (18) in parallel to the standard injecting fuel pump (19), an additional oil pump (11), connected in parallel to the standard injecting oil pump (43), a device (15) for booster charge of an accumulator battery (16) of a diesel locomotive, maintaining it in the condition of availability for start-up of the internal combustion engine, and cooling coolant temperature sensors (13) for control of system operation, connected into the pipeline (46) with the lowest coolant temperature in the cooling system of the internal combustion engine. The additional fuel tank (20) of the system is connected into the drain pipeline of the standard fuel system (18) for provision of its reliable filling with diesel fuel. Additional circulating water pumps (30) are installed on inlet pipelines of standard liquid heaters (28) of air in driver's cabins (29) for provision of conditions in them for start-up of the internal combustion engine (7). Supply of the liquid heater (1), circulating electric motors (8), oil (11) and fuel pumps (17), a device (15) for booster charge of the diesel locomotive accumulator battery (16) and elements of the control system (47) is arranged via a separate cabinet (48) of electric equipment from the external source of energy.
EFFECT: increased reliability of system operation and increased time for engine standing idle in cold time of the year as continuously available for start-up.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method consists in gas feed into cylinders and cylinder antechamber, spark ignition of gas in antechambers, and feed of gas combustion product from antechamber into combustion chambers of engine cylinders. At starting gas engine at crankshaft cranking by starter to stable idling rpm, gas is forced into engine cylinder antechamber and/or gas engine cylinders, gas volumetric combustion heat exceeding that of natural bas by some 1.5-2 times and higher. At starting the gas engine, fuel gas can be fed into some cylinders of multicylinder gas engine.
EFFECT: higher reliability of starting and accelerated starting.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to heat exchange devices for vehicle heaters. Heat exchanger includes bowl-shaped body (12) with internal wall (22, 24) and external wall (18, 20) forming a chamber for heat carrier flow between them. External wall (18, 20) features first flow hole (54) and adjoining body (58) of heat carrier pump integral with the wall.
EFFECT: compact size of heat exchanger.
15 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat exchangers for a portable heating device and automobiles equipped with such heating devices. Heat exchanger (100) for the portable heating device that is equipped with a burner includes load-carrying body (12) with inner side (14) and outer side (15). Inner side (14) of load-carrying body (12) is made in the form of an exit gas internal guide to direct the burner exit gas. Between inner side (14) and outer side (15) of load-carrying body (12) there located is a guide that is meant to direct a heat carrier medium. The heat carrier medium is in heat-conducting contact through inner side (14) with exit gas in the exit gas internal guide. On outer side (15) of load-carrying body (12) a provision is made for exit gas external guide (102) to direct the burner exit gas. Heat carrier medium is in heat-conducting contact through outer side (15) of bowl-shaped load-carrying body (12) with the exit gas flowing in exit gas external guide (102).
EFFECT: improving efficiency of a heat exchanger and compactness of the structure.
15 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to evaporating unit for vehicle heater. The evaporating unit contains evaporative medium carrier (12) with base (14), porous evaporative medium (18) at one side of base (14) and electrically exited ignitor (34). The ignitor is integrated into base (14) material so that the material wraps considerable area of ignitor surface. The ignitor does not pass through both evaporative medium carrier and porous evaporative medium (18).
EFFECT: better burning or ignition properties.
15 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive seat system. Proposed heater comprises burner (12) with elongated fire tube (16) extending in lengthwise axis (L) to divert exhaust gases from combustion chamber (14) and heat exchanger casing (18) to cover said fire tube (16) around said axis (L) to confine space (26) for exhaust gas backflow (20) and bottom (30) arranged opposite end area (28) for exhaust of flue gases from fire tube (16). Discharge opening (38) to release offgas from said space (26) is arranged in heat exchanger casing (18), at its discharge area (48). Flow cross-section in first axial area (33) of gas backflow space (26), between fire tube (16) and circular wall (20) in circular discharge area (48) is smaller than that in circular area (50) with respect to lengthwise axis (L) located opposite circular discharge area (48). Flow cross-section in circular discharge area, downstream of the first axial expansion are increases. Flow cross-section in discharge circular area (48) in direction of offgas discharge outlet (38) of second axial area (52) downstream of expansion area (35) corresponds, in fact to flow cross-section in opposite circular area (50) and/or flow cross-section in expansion area (52) increases in stepwise manner.
EFFECT: better heat exchange.
11 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for protection of vent grates against icing. Grates are heated by making hollow stiffness ribs at grates and laying heating cable inside said stiffness ribs. Optimum spacing between said rubs and louver thickness are selected to ensure optimum heating of louvre by transfer of heat therefrom over metal.
EFFECT: ruled out icing at low arctic temperatures at standard operating conditions of electric heater.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: by means of installation of a heating cable along a shell, stiffening ribs and parts of grid fixation with further application of a heat insulating coating on them, thermal energy is accumulated in massive parts and sent to less massive louvers, which have contact with heated parts by metal.
EFFECT: method and device make it possible to eliminate icing of grids with simultaneous preservation of gaps between louvers required to let air through in the specified volume without considerable increase of dimensions of ventilation grids.
4 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heaters of vehicles. When seat heater and flat heater of internal element surface are used in parallel, their heating capacity is limited because of limited output of vehicle electrical system. In vehicle with sufficient engine efficiency, heating of passenger cabin inside by air conditioner heat tapped from engine is hardly sufficient. In compliance with this invention, heater is arranged in vehicle side door panel. Seat heater allows heating, mainly, when passenger gets in car. Side door panel heater allows heating after said interval.
EFFECT: efficient heating system.
13 cl, 19 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to universal climatic device consisting of compressed air source, air-to-air heat exchanger, vortex power separator made up of vortex tube with hot and cold air outlets, pipeline system, gates, heater, air conditioner mixing chamber, noise killer, refrigeration chamber, accumulation plate, air cleaning unit and ejectors. Flow accelerator is arranged at vortex tube inlet while, at vortex tube hot flow outlet, air extra heating system is arranged communicated with manifold that has three outlets to: heat exchanger, gate and extra channel intended for release of cold air into atmosphere. All air release channels are quipped with noise killers.
EFFECT: efficient air conditioning in closed space.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, namely to system designed to bleed fuel for additional heater. Fuel tank incorporates fuel bleed system to bleed fuel from automobile fuel tank. Fuel bleed system comprises collecting reservoir arranged in fuel tank connected with additional heater. Fuel bleed system comprises bleed pipeline to suck in fuel. Bleed pipeline suction end is enveloped by collecting reservoir partially open at its top. Collecting reservoir is arranged in fuel tank so that fuel comes into said reservoir via its top edge. Method of bleeding fuel for additional heater consists in that fuel is bled from collecting reservoir arranged in fuel tank that is connected with additional heater. Then fuel is sucked from collecting reservoir via suction pipeline with its suction end enveloped by collecting reservoir. Fuel collected in said collecting reservoir flows therein via its top edge partially open at its top.
EFFECT: optimum operation of heater due to guaranteed fuel feed.
10 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly to prestart warm-up device and method of its operation. Proposed device consists of starting system, converter, heat exchanger and control system. Converter accommodates catalyst for fuel air conversion. Fuel air conversion products pass through heat exchanger to warm heat carrier circulating through heat exchanger. Proposed method consists in that catalyst is built in converter to allow air conversion of fuel. Fuel air conversion products pass through heat exchanger to warm heat carrier circulating through heat exchanger.
EFFECT: expanded performances due to use of prestart warm-up device.
24 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; self-contained heaters.
SUBSTANCE: proposed heater contains nozzle arranged in chamber, blower to deliver hot air into nozzle chamber which is installed in heater housing and is driven by electric motor located in motor chamber from which air is fed into nozzle channel, and controller from which air is also fed to nozzle chamber. Nozzle is directly connected with housing of blower which contains motor chamber connected through vent channel with nozzle chamber and which accommodates additionally elements of controller.
EFFECT: reduced cost of production, mounting and complementary parts, optimization of layout.
6 cl, 2 dwg