Method and device for determining greenhouse gases emission in ruminant animal

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes determining the simulated function of the gases emission norm EM(t) for a ruminant animal, determining the moments of eating fodder by a ruminant animal, constructing the assumed real function of the emission norm ER(t) based on the simulated function of the emission norm and the moments of eating fodder, integration of ER(t) from T0 to T given. A device for estimating emissions of greenhouse gases is also provided, which is made with the possibility of implementing said method.

EFFECT: group of inventions allows to adjust the calculations to establish the emissions of greenhouse gases in animals with knowing the moments of feeding an animal.

22 cl, 4 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device of energetically power-saving intermittent illumination comprises located on the drinking water pipeline 2 of the poultry house 1 with the nipple drinkers 3, the LED lighting fixtures 4. The lighting fixtures 4 are mounted in every 6-8 m from each other on the level of location of the hanging water droplets on the rod of the nipple drinkers 3 at a distance of 0.05-0.1 m in the horizontal plane from the line of location of the drinkers 3 on the water pipeline 2. Each lighting fixture 4 is made in the form of construction of a quadruple LED mini-spotlight with the power of 0.5-2.0 W for lighting in four directions, back and forth along the line of drinking in narrow beams with the lighting angle of 5-10° in the horizontal plane and perpendicular to the drinking line to the left and right in wide beams with the lighting angle of 120-150° in the horizontal plane perpendicular to the arrangement of the lines of the feed-distributing. The invention also discloses the method of lighting in poultry farming, comprising the general lighting of all the facility of the poultry house during the maintenance of poultry and the equipment by the staff and twenty-four-hour local lighting of only feeders or only drinkers. The feeders and the drinkers are painted green on the technological feasibility. The green light is used for the local lighting the feeders and the drinkers simultaneously. The general lighting of the facility of the poultry house is carried out with the level of illumination of 2-6 lux. The local lighting is carried out in four directions simultaneously of the feeders and the drinkers with the varying level of lighting depending on the age of the poultry, the time of day and the time of passage of combined feed through the gut of the poultry.

EFFECT: invention provides the high rate of physiological development of chickens, reduction of energy consumption.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, to technologies of formulation of fodder rations and feedings of farm animals and birds and can be used in animal industry and poultry farming branches. The device contains the livestock real age signal set unit 1, the set unit of intermediate control signals 2, the set unit of signals of economically optimum forage doses 3. The outputs of the unit 3 are connected to the first non-inverting inputs of the comparator of signals of forage doses 4. The outputs of the set unit of signals of real forage doses 5 are connected to the second inverting inputs of the unit 4. The outputs of the unit 4 are connected to inputs of the unit of forage batchers 6. The outputs of the unit 6 are connected to the mixer 7 inputs at the output of which the economically optimum forage mix 8 is formed. The set unit of the simulated signal of livestock age 9, the set unit of the simulated signal of the forage mix dose at the maximum gain of livestock live weight 10, the set unit of the simulated signal of forage mix dose at the minimum gain of livestock live weight 11, the calculator of signal of livestock live weight at the initial stage of cultivation 12, the calculator of signals of economically optimum ration at the initial stage of cultivation 13, the calculator of signal of livestock live weight at the final stage of cultivation 14, the calculator of signals of economically optimum ration at the final stage of cultivation 15, the comparator of signals of livestock live weight at the initial and at the final stage of cultivation 16, the shaper of signal of disabling of the mode of calculation of the maximum gain of live weight and switching to the mode of calculation of the minimum gain of the live weight 17, the unit of the controlled keys 18, the circuit of coincidence of signals 19, the unit of shapers of the controlling signals or the Decision Maker interface 20, the signal set unit of type of criterion of optimisation 21, the signal measuring instrument of fodder mix consumption 22, the signal set unit of the rated forage mix dose 23, the signal measuring instrument of live weight of animal or bird 24, and the set unit of signals of coefficients of functions of losses of rated efficiency of animal or bird 25 are added to the device. The output of the signal set unit 9 is connected to inputs of set unit of signals 10, 11 and to the first input of the circuit 19. The output of the signal set unit 10 is connected to the connection of the first inputs of signal calculators 12 and 13. The output of the signal set unit 11 is connected to the connection of the first inputs of signal calculators 14 and 15. The outputs of signal calculators 12 and 14 are connected to the first and second inputs of the circuit 16. The output of the circuit 16 through the signal shaper 17 is connected to the second input of the circuit 19. The output of the signal set unit 1 is connected to the third input of the circuit 19. The output of the circuit 19 is connected to the controlling input of the unit 18. The first and second inputs and the respective outputs of the unit 18 are connected to the output of signal calculator 13, 15 and to inputs of the unit 3. The output of the unit 2 is connected to the connection of the second inputs of signal calculators 13 and 15. The first output of the unit 20 through the signal set unit 23 is connected to connection of the third inputs of signal calculators 13 and 15. The second output of the unit 20 through the signal set unit 21 is connected to the connection of the fourth inputs of the signal calculators 13 and 15. The third output of the unit 20 through the unit 25 is connected to connection of the fifth inputs of signal calculators 13 and 15. The first and the second inputs of the unit 20 are connected to outputs of the signal measuring instrument of forage mix consumption 22 and the signal measuring instrument of live weight of animal or bird 24.

EFFECT: improvement of accuracy of determination of forage doses in fodder mixes, of the forage mix consumption and live weight of animals and birds is provided at formulation of fodder ration and preparation of fodder mix for animals and birds.

5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, to technologies of formulation of feed rations and feeding farm animals and poultry and can be used in the fields of industrial animal husbandry and poultry husbandry. The device comprises a setting device of signal of the animal or poultry species 1, and a setting device of signal of the animal or poultry age 2. The outputs of the setting devices of signals 1 and 2 are connected to the first input and the second inputs of the setting device of signal of the standard dose of feed mixture on the following day of growing 3. The output of the setting device of signal 3 is connected to the first input of the computing unit of the ration optimisation on the following day 4. The second input of the unit 4 is connected to the output of the unit of the setting devices of signals 5. The outputs of the unit 4 are connected to the inputs of the unit of setting devices of signals of the economically optimal doses of feed 6. The outputs of the unit 6 are connected to the first non-inverting inputs of the comparison circuits unit 8. The second inverting inputs of the unit 8 are connected to the outputs of the unit of setting devices of signals of resources of sets of feed 7. The outputs of the unit 8 are connected to the inputs of the unit of feed dispensers 9. The output of the unit 9 is connected to the input of the mixer 10, at the output of which the economically optimal feed mixture is formed on the following day 11. The device comprises the setting device of signal of the type of optimisation criterion 12, a unit of generators of control signals or the interface of the decision-maker 13, the setting device of signal of the rate of the feed mixture 14 and the setting device of signal of the calculated dose of the feed mixture 15, the measuring unit of signal of live weight of animal or poultry 16, the unit of setting devices of signals of loss function coefficients of calculated productivity of the animal or poultry 17, and the setting device of signal of value of allowable reduction of criterion 18. The input of the setting device of signal 18 is connected to the first output of the unit 13. The second outputs of the unit 13 through the setting device of signal 12 are connected to the third inputs of the unit 4. The output of the setting device of signal 18 is connected to the fourth input of the unit 4. The first and second inputs of the unit 13 are connected to an additional output of the unit of the setting devices of signal 6 and with the additional output of the unit of setting devices 7. The outputs and the input of the unit of setting devices of signals 17 are connected to the fifth additional inputs of the unit 4 and the third output of the unit 13. The third input of the unit 13 is connected to the output of the signal meter 16. The output and the input of the setting device of signal 15 are connected to the sixth input of the unit 4 and to the fourth output of the unit 13. The fourth input of the unit 13 is connected to the input of the meter of signal of rate of the feed mixture 14.

EFFECT: increase in accuracy of setting and control of feed doses of feed mixture in the formulation of feed ration and the preparation of feed mixture for animals and poultry on different optimisation criteria is provided.

12 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, to technologies of formulation of fodder rations and feedings of farm animals and birds and can be used in animal industry and poultry farming branches. The device contains the livestock real age signal set unit 1, the set unit of intermediate control signals 2, the set unit of signals of economically optimum forage doses 3. The outputs of the unit 3 are connected to the first non-inverting inputs of the comparator of signals of forage doses 4. The outputs of the set unit of signals of real forage doses 5 are connected to the second inverting inputs of the unit 4. The outputs of the unit 4 are connected to inputs of the unit of forage batchers 6. The outputs of the unit 6 are connected to the mixer 7 inputs at the output of which the economically optimum forage mix 8 is formed. The set unit of the simulated signal of livestock age 9, the set unit of the simulated signal of the forage mix dose at the maximum gain of livestock live weight 10, the set unit of the simulated signal of forage mix dose at the minimum gain of livestock live weight 11, the calculator of signal of livestock live weight at the initial stage of cultivation 12, the calculator of signals of economically optimum ration at the initial stage of cultivation 13, the calculator of signal of livestock live weight at the final stage of cultivation 14, the calculator of signals of economically optimum ration at the final stage of cultivation 15, the comparator of signals of livestock live weight at the initial and at the final stage of cultivation 16, the shaper of signal of disabling of the mode of calculation of the maximum gain of live weight and switching to the mode of calculation of the minimum gain of the live weight 17, the unit of the controlled keys 18, the circuit of coincidence of signals 19, the unit of shapers of the controlling signals or the Decision Maker interface 20, the signal set unit of type of criterion of optimisation 21, the signal measuring instrument of fodder mix consumption 22, the signal set unit of the rated forage mix dose 23, the signal setter of allowable criteria decrease 24, and the set unit of signals of coefficients of functions of losses of rated efficiency of animal or bird 25 are added to the device. The output of the signal set unit 9 is connected to inputs of set unit of signals 10, 11 and to the first input of the circuit 19. The output of the signal set unit 10 is connected to the connection of the first inputs of signal calculators 12 and 13. The output of the signal set unit 11 is connected to the connection of the first inputs of signal calculators 14 and 15. The outputs of signal calculators 12 and 14 are connected to the first and second inputs of the circuit 16. The output of the circuit 16 through the signal shaper 17 is connected to the second input of the circuit 19. The output of the signal set unit 1 is connected to the third input of the circuit 19. The output of the circuit 19 is connected to the controlling input of the unit 18. The first and second inputs and the outputs of the unit 18 are connected respectively to the output of signal calculators 13, 15 and to inputs of the unit 3. The output of the unit 2 is connected to the connection of the second inputs of signal calculators 13 and 15. The first output of the unit 20 through the signal set unit 23 is connected to connection of the third inputs of signal calculators 13 and 15. The second output of the unit 20 through the signal set unit 21 is connected to the connection of the fourth inputs of the signal calculators 13 and 15. The third output of the unit 20 through the signal set unit 25 is connected to the connection of the fifth inputs of the signal calculators 13 and 15. The first and the second inputs of the unit 20 are connected to outputs of the signal measuring instrument 22 and of the signal set unit 24.

EFFECT: improvement of accuracy of determination of forage doses in fodder mixes, of the forage mix consumption is provided by formulation of fodder ration and preparation of fodder mix for animals and birds.

13 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, to technologies of formulation of feed rations and feeding farm animals and poultry, and can be used in the fields of animal husbandry and poultry husbandry. The device comprises a setting device of signal of the animal or poultry species 1, and a setting device of signal of the animal or poultry age 2. The outputs of the setting devices of signals 1 and 2 are connected to the first and the second inputs of the setting device of signal of the standard dose of feed mixture on the following day of growing 3. The output of the setting device of signal 3 is connected to the first input of the computing unit of the ration optimisation on the following day 4. The second input of the unit 4 is connected to the output of the unit of the setting devices of signals 5. The outputs of the unit 4 are connected to the inputs of the unit of setting devices of signals of the economically optimal doses of feed 6. The outputs of the unit 6 are connected to the first non-inverting inputs of the comparison circuits unit 8. The second inverting inputs of the unit 8 are connected to the outputs of the unit of setting devices of signals of resources of sets of feed 7. The outputs of the unit 8 are connected to the inputs of the unit of feed dispensers 9. The output of the unit 9 is connected to the input of the mixer 10, at the output of which the economically optimal feed mixture is formed on the following day 11. The device comprises the setting device of signal of the type of optimisation criterion 12, a unit of generators of control signals or the interface of the decision-maker 13, the measuring unit of signal of the rate of the feed mixture 14, the setting device of signal of the calculated dose of the feed mixture 15, the unit of setting devices of signals of coefficients of loss functions of calculated productivity of the animal or poultry 16, and the setting device of signal of value of allowable reduction of criterion 17. The output of the setting device of signal 17 is connected to the first input of the unit 13. The outputs and the input of the unit 16 are connected to the third inputs of the unit 4 and to the first output of the unit 13. The second output of the unit 16 through the setting device of signal 12 is connected to the fourth input of the unit 4. The output and the input of the setting device of signal 15 are connected to the fifth input of the unit 4 and the third output of the unit 13. The second input of the unit 13 is connected to the output of the measuring unit of signal of the rate of the feed mixture 14.

EFFECT: increase in accuracy of controlling the processes of the formulation of feed ration and the preparation of feed mixture for animals and poultry in the presence of the information on consumption of feed mixture by animals and poultry is provided.

12 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, to technologies of formulation of fodder rations and feedings of farm animals and birds and can be used in animal industry and poultry farming branches. The device contains the livestock real age signal set unit 1, the set unit of intermediate control signals 2, the set unit of signals of economically optimum forage doses 3. The outputs of the unit 3 are connected to the first non-inverting inputs of the comparator of signals of forage doses 4. The outputs of the set unit of signals of real forage doses 5 are connected to the second inverting inputs of the unit 4. The outputs of the unit 4 are connected to inputs of the unit of forage batchers 6. The outputs of the unit 6 are connected to the mixer 7 inputs at the output of which the economically optimum forage mix 8 is formed. The set unit of the simulated signal of livestock age 9, the set unit of the simulated signal of the forage mix dose at the maximum gain of livestock live weight 10, the set unit of the simulated signal of forage mix dose at the minimum gain of livestock live weight 11, the calculator of signal of livestock live weight at the initial stage of cultivation 12, the calculator of signals of economically optimum ration at the initial stage of cultivation 13, the calculator of signal of livestock live weight at the final stage of cultivation 14, the calculator of signals of economically optimum ration at the final stage of cultivation 15, the comparator of signals of livestock live weight at the initial and at the final stage of cultivation 16, the shaper of signal of disabling of the mode of calculation of the maximum gain of live weight and switching to the mode of calculation of the minimum gain of the live weight 17, the unit of the controlled keys 18, the circuit of coincidence of signals 19, the unit of shapers of the controlling signals or the Decision Maker interface 20, the signal set unit of type of criterion of optimisation 21, the signal measuring instrument of live weight of animal or bird 22, the signal set unit of the rated forage mix dose 23 and the set unit of signals of coefficients of functions of losses of rated efficiency of animal or bird 24 are added to the device. The output of the signal set unit 9 is connected to inputs of set unit of signals 10, 11 and to the first input of the circuit 19. The output of the signal set unit 10 is connected to the connection of the first inputs of signal calculators 12 and 13. The output of the signal set unit 11 is connected to the connection of the first inputs of signal calculators 14 and 15. The outputs of signal calculators 12 and 14 are connected to the first and second inputs of the circuit 16. The output of the circuit 16 through the signal shaper 17 is connected to the second input of the circuit 19. The output of the signal set unit 1 is connected to the third input of the circuit 19. The output of the circuit 19 is connected to the controlling input of the unit 18. The first and second inputs and the respective outputs of the unit 18 are connected to the output of signal calculators 13, 15 and to inputs of the unit 3. The output of the unit 2 is connected to the connection of the second inputs of signal calculators 13 and 15. The first output of the unit 20 through the signal set unit 21 is connected to connection of the third inputs of signal calculators 13 and 15. The second output of the unit 20 through the signal set unit 23 is connected to the connection of the fourth inputs of the signal calculators 13 and 15. The third output of the unit 20 through the unit 24 is connected to connection of the fifth inputs of the signal calculators 13 and 15. The input of the unit 20 is connected to the output of the signal measuring instrument 22.

EFFECT: improvement of accuracy of measurement of live weight of animals and birds, and determination of fodder doses and the forage mix consumption is provided at formulation of fodder ration and preparation of fodder mix for animals and birds.

5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, to technologies of formulation of feed rations and feeding farm animals and poultry and can be used in the fields of industrial animal husbandry and poultry husbandry. The device comprises a setting device of signal of real age of livestock population 1, a unit of setting devices of intermediate control signals 2, a unit of setting devices of signals of the economically optimal doses of feed 3. The outputs of the unit 3 are connected to the first non-inverting inputs of the comparison circuits unit of feed dose signals 4. The second inverting inputs of the unit 4 are connected to the outputs of the unit of setting devices of signals of real feed doses 5. The outputs of the unit 4 are connected to the inputs of the unit of feed dispensers 6. The outputs of the unit 6 are connected to the inputs of the mixer 7, at which output the economically optimal feed mixture 8 is formed. The outputs of the unit 3 are connected to the first non-inverting inputs of the comparison circuits unit of feed dose signals 4. The second inverting inputs of the unit 4 are connected to the outputs of the unit of setting devices of signals of real feed doses 5. The outputs of the unit 4 are connected to the inputs of the unit of feed dispensers 6. The outputs of the unit 6 are connected to the inputs of the mixer 7, at which output the economically optimal feed mixture 8 is formed. The device comprises the setting device of the simulated signal of livestock population age 9, the setting device of the simulated signal of feed mixture dose with a maximum weight gain of livestock population 11, the computer unit of signal of live weight of livestock population in the initial stage of growing 12, the computer unit of signals of economically optimal ration in the initial stage of growing 13, the computer unit of signal of live weight of livestock population in the final stage of growing 14, the computer unit of signals of economically optimal ration in the final stage of growing 15, the comparison circuit of signals of live weight of livestock population in the initial and final stage of growing 16, the signal conditioner of switching off the mode of calculation of maximum weight gain and transmitting to the mode of calculation of the minimum weight gain 17, the unit of controlled keys 18, the signal coincidence circuit 19, the unit of generators of control signals or interface of decision-maker 20, the setting device of signal of type of optimisation criterion 21, the measuring unit of signal of rate of feed mixture 22, the setting device of signal of the calculated dose of feed mixture 23, the measuring unit of signal of live weight of animal or poultry 24, the unit of setting devices of signals of coefficients of functions of estimated productivity loss of animal or poultry 25, the setting device of signal of value of allowable reduction of criterion 26. The output of the setting device of signal 9 is connected to the inputs of the setting devices of signals 10, 11 and to the first input of the circuit 19. The output of the setting device of signal 10 is connected to the connection of the first inputs of the computer units of signals 12 and 13. The output of the setting device of signal 11 is connected to the connection of the first inputs of the computer units of signals 14 and 15. The outputs of the computer units of signals 12 and 14 are connected to first and second inputs of the circuit 16. The output of the circuit 16 through the signal conditioner 17 is connected to the second input of the circuit 19. The third input of the circuit 19 is connected to the output of the setting device of signal 1. The output of the circuit 19 is connected to the control input of the unit 18. The first and the second inputs and outputs of the unit 18 are connected respectively to the output of the computer units of signals 13 and 15, and to the inputs of unit 3. The output of the unit 2 is connected to the connection of the second inputs of the computer units of signals 13 and 15. The first output of the unit 20 through the setting device of signal 23 is connected to the connection of the third inputs of the computer units of signals 13 and 15. The second output of the unit 20 through the setting device of signal 21 is connected to the connection of the fourth inputs of the computer units of signals 13 and 15. The third output of the unit 20 through the unit 25 is connected to the connection of the fifth inputs of the computer units of signals 13 and 15. The first, second and the third inputs of the unit 20 are connected to the outputs of the measuring unit of signal 22, the measuring unit of signal 24 and the setting device of signal 26.

EFFECT: increase in the accuracy of determining the dose of feed in the feed mixture and its consumption in the formulation of the feed ration and the preparation of the feed mixture for animals and poultry is provided.

13 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The device comprises a setting device of signal of real age of livestock population (1), a unit of setting devices of intermediate control signals (2), a unit of setting devices of signals of economically optimal feed doses (3), the outputs of which are connected to the inputs of the comparison circuits unit of feed dose signals (4), the second inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the unit of setting devices of signals of real feed doses (5), and the outputs of the comparison circuits unit of feed dose signals (4) are connected to the respective inputs of the unit of feed dispensers (6), the outputs of which are connected to the inputs of the mixer (7), at which output the economically optimal feed mixture (8) is formed. The device comprises the setting device of the simulated signal of livestock population age (9), the setting device of the simulated signal of feed mixture dose with a maximum weight gain of livestock population (10), the setting device of the simulated signal of feed mixture dose with a minimum weight gain of livestock population (11), the computer unit of signal of live weight of livestock population in the initial stage of growing (12), the computer unit of signals of economically optimal ration in the initial stage of growing (13), the computer unit of signal of live weight of livestock population in the final stage of growing (14), the computer unit of signals of economically optimal ration in the final stage of growing (15), the comparison circuit of signals of live weight of livestock population in the initial and final stage of growing (16), the signal conditioner of switching off the mode of calculation of maximum weight gain and transmitting to the mode of calculation of the minimum weight gain (17), the unit of controlled keys (18), the signal coincidence circuit (19), the unit of generators of control signals or interface of decision-maker (20), the setting device of signal of type of optimisation criterion (21), the setting device of signal of feed mixture flow rate (22), the setting device of signal of calculated dose of feed mixture (23), the setting device of signal of the value of allowable reduction of criterion (24).

EFFECT: automated control of the technological processes is ensured, increase in accuracy of determining of feed doses in the feed mixture.

10 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The device comprises a setting device of signal of real age of livestock population (1), a unit of setting devices of signals of intermediate control signals (2), a unit of setting devices of signals of economically optimal feed doses (3), the outputs of which are connected to the corresponding first non-inverting inputs of the comparison circuits unit of feed dose signals (4), the second corresponding inverting inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the unit of setting devices of signals of real feed doses (5), the outputs of the comparison circuits unit of feed dose signals (4) are connected to the corresponding inputs of the unit of feed dispensers (6), the outputs of which are connected to the inputs of the mixer (7), at which output the economically optimal feed mixture (8) is formed. The device comprises the setting device of the simulated signal of livestock population age (9), the setting device of the simulated signal of feed mixture dose with a maximum weight gain of livestock population (10), the setting device of the simulated signal of feed mixture dose with a minimum weight gain of livestock population (11), the computer unit of signal of live weight of livestock population in the initial stage of growing (12), the computer unit of signals of economically optimal ration in the initial stage of growing (13), the computer unit of signal of live weight of livestock population in the final stage of growing (14), the computer unit of signals of economically optimal ration in the final stage of growing (15), the comparison circuit of signals of live weight of livestock population in the initial and final stage of growing (16), the signal conditioner of switching off the mode of calculation of maximum weight gain and transmitting to the mode of calculation of the minimum weight gain (17), the unit of controlled keys (18), the signal coincidence circuit (19), the unit of generators of control signals or interface of decision-maker (20), the setting device of signal of type of optimisation criterion (21), the measuring unit of the signal of feed mixture flow rate (22), the setting device of signal of value of the estimated feed mixture dose (23), the unit of the setting devices of signals of coefficients of functions of estimated productivity loss of animal or poultry (24).

EFFECT: control of technological processes of formulation of the ration of feed mixture is ensured, increase in accuracy of determining of feed doses in the feed mixture.

7 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The device contains setting device of actual age of livestock (1), block of setting devices of intermediate control signals (2), block of setting devices of economically optimal food doses (3), its outputs are connected to the appropriate first non-inverting inputs of the block of comparison circuit of food dose signals (4), to its second appropriate inverting inputs the outputs of the block of setting devices of actual food doses (5) are connected, and outputs of the block of comparison circuits of food dose signals (4) are connected with the appropriate inputs of the block of food dosing units (6), its outputs are connected with inputs of the mixer (7), at its output the economically optimal food mixture is prepared (8). The device has setting device of simulated signal of livestock age (9), setting device of simulated signal of food mixture dose upon maximum growth of live weight of the live stock (10), setting device of simulated signal of food mixture dose upon minimum growth of live weight of the live stock (11), calculator of signal of live weight of the live stock at the initial stage of culture (12), calculator of signal of economically optimal ration during the initial stage of culture (13), calculator of signal of live weight of the livestock at final stage of culture (14), calculator of signal of economically optimal ration during the final stage of culture (15), comparison circuit of signals of live weight of the livestock during initial and final stages of culture (16), signal generator to deactivate mode of calculation of maximum growth of live weight and switching to mode of calculation of minimum growth of live weight (17), block of controlled keys (18), signals matching circuit (19), block of control signal generators or interface of the person making the decisions (20), setting device of signal of type of the optimisation criterion (21), meter of signal of live weight of the animal or bird (22), setting device of signal of design dose of the food mixture (23), block of setting devices of signals of function coefficients of losses of design productiveness of the animal or bird (24), setting device of signal of permitted criterion decreasing (25).

EFFECT: automatic control of the processes is ensured, increased accuracy of determination of food doses in the food mixture.

13 dwg

FIELD: ball-shaped toy for dog.

SUBSTANCE: device has ball provided with at least one elongated grip indirectly connected to ball by means of intermediate embracing member arranged around ball or directly connected to ball so as to define continuation to outer casing of ball, to inner casing of ball or to member inserted between outer and inner casings. Such arrangement provides for resilient engagement between grip and ball and constant returning of grip to its radial position relative to ball center. Grip prevents ball from being bitten by dog during playing with it.

EFFECT: increased entertaining effect and provision for preventing ball from damage.

18 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method is based upon detection of non-healthy animals inside area of heating and forming of control signal. Preset threshold signal informing on absence of animal inside area of heating is formed. Then additional signal is formed which corresponds to moment of time at which animal leaves area of heating. Period of time is calculated inside which all the animals leave area of heating and when that period of time is over, the control signal is compared with preset one. Control signal informing on presence of animals inside area of heating is formed according to the result of comparison. The control signal is used for signaling on presence of non-healthy animal inside area of heating. Device has area of heating provided with brooder house, animal presence detector, power supply and relay. Output of power supply is connected with first power input of relay. Device also has signal lamp, first amplifier, first comparison circuit, first preset device, time counter, pulse former, first and second differentiating circuits, first controlled switch, second comparison circuit, second preset device, second controlled switch. Output of animal presence detector is connected with first inputs of first comparison circuit and first controlled switch through first amplifier. Output of controlled switch is connected to first input of second comparison circuit which has second input connected with output of second preset device. Output of second comparison circuit is connected to connection point of output of relay and output of second controlled switch. First input of controlled switch is connected with output of power supply. Output of first comparison circuit is connected with second control input of second controlled switch and with first input of time counted through first differentiating circuit. Output of time counter is connected with second control input of first control switch through pulse former and with null second input of time counter through second differentiating circuit. Output of relay is connected with signal lamp.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of information supply on presence of non-healthy animals inside area of heating.

3 cl

Emitter for animals // 2261593

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: emitter has illumination fittings incorporating infrared radiation source and ultraviolet lamp. Ultraviolet emitter is formed as ring, within the cavity of which round-symmetric infrared radiation source is located. Infrared radiation source is equipped with hood having half-moon shaped channels and is positioned for displacement along vertical axis by means of bimetallic plates. Bimetallic plates are arranged above each of said channels and are immovably secured with their one end to case and with their other end to hood outer surface. Emitter case is made in the form of hemi-sphere with round base.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in irradiating of animals.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to installations of local gas infrared heating of stock and poultry buildings.

SUBSTANCE: the installation for decentralized system of local infrared heating has a « light» gas infrared burner with a reflector and a conical muzzle, a single mainline, a heat exchanger. The upper base of the reflector of the burner is connected through a socket conducting products of combustion with the input of the «hot» channel of the heat exchanger which is fulfilled countercurrent and air-gas and the output of the «hot» channel is connected with environment, the «cold» channel of the heat exchanger at the input is connected with environment and at the output - with air of the agricultural building and through the single main line, the regulation valve, the input socket of a dosing quantity of gas into the pipe-mixture - with the injector connected with the conical muzzle of the infrared burner.

EFFECT: allows to create microclimate in stock and poultry buildings due to installation of a decentralized system of gas local infrared heating.

Emitter (versions) // 2270561

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, animal irradiation equipment.

SUBSTANCE: emitter has casing with gas-discharge lamp and carriage equipped with rollers, telescopic bar mounted centrally of carriage for free displacement along drive cable, another cable to which ends of telescopic bars are attached by means of clamps while other ends of bars are rigidly connected with ends of flexible guide. According to first version, emitter is provided with equal arm lever system and telescopic bar for controlling the latter, said telescopic bar being fixed at lever junction sites. Pivot joints are provided at lever joining sites. Two opposite ends of system are secured to clamps for attachment of telescopic bars to cable. According to second version, emitter is provided with equal arm lever system and telescopic bar for controlling the levers, said bar being fixed at lever arm junction sites. Pivot joints are provided at lever junction sites. Two opposite ends of system are fixed to clamps for attachment of telescopic bars to cable which is positioned for displacement in vertical plane. Upper end of lateral telescopic bars is attached to drive cable by means of rings.

EFFECT: increased animal irradiation efficiency.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: irradiation apparatus has start regulating device with contact mains wires, gas discharge lamp chuck, and reflector attachment device. Apparatus is further equipped with two photo-resistors connected to inductance coil and located on reflector internal surface. Inductance coil with winding and core is positioned centrally on casing. Isolating insert is located between casing and core. Receptacle surface of photo-resistors is turned to internal surface of reflector and is made in the form of wavy strip extending through the entire length of reflector at its both sides, symmetrically to edge of emitter. Casing is connected to attachment device through vibration isolators.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in protecting of lightening equipment from settling of dust thereon and reduced consumption of power.

2 dwg

FIELD: animal farming, in particular, heating equipment for farm animals.

SUBSTANCE: brooder is made in the form of rigid construction of heat-insulating member with heating sources mounted under heat-insulating member. Vertical heat-insulating screens arranged along perimeter of brooder construction are covered at their side facing heating zone with beam reflecting material, with reflectivity of said material being within operating range. Height of screens is sufficient for contacting of their lower edges with heating zone floor. Screens are fixed on heat-insulating member construction. Screens are equipped with vertical slots provided in the vicinity of their lower edge.

EFFECT: increased productivity and retention of stock, and wider operational capabilities.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has sensors for sensing temperature felt in local heating zone, temperature of inside air within room, stock age setters, admissible minimum and maximum air temperatures within room, predetermined felt temperature value, standard air temperature, local and general heating temperature regulators, local heaters and heating elements. Output of felt temperature sensor is connected with first input of general heating temperature regulator. Output of felt temperature value setter is connected to second input of local heating temperature regulator, whose output is switched to local heaters. Heating elements are connected to output of general heating temperature regulator. Apparatus is further provided with outside temperature sensor, inside and outside air humidity sensors, request time setter, setter for signal indicative of air temperature within room, constant setter, first, second and third computing units, summer, control unit, differentiating amplifier whose input defines second input of control unit and whose output is connected to first input of comparison circuit having second input defining common bus of apparatus, and having output connected through differentiating circuit, rectifier and waiting multivibrator to second input of controllable key, with first input of said key defining first input of control unit and output being connected through memory element to output of control unit. Apparatus is additionally equipped with forth computing unit, which is united in conjunction with first, second and third computing units into computer unit, and has heating energy, electric energy, manufacturer product and feed price setters, interface and communication unit, apparatus and program oriented network means unit, and peripheral unit of computer network. Input of said means is connected to user's computer network peripheral unit output.

EFFECT: reduced expenses for general and local heating processes.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: electric heat recovering equipment.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has inlet air fan and waste air fan, small-sized heat-exchanger made from polymeric materials, air feeding branch pipe, air discharge duct and air inlet duct. Apparatus is further provided with electric inlet air heater positioned between inlet air fan and air feeding branch pipe, and recirculation channel for connecting waste air duct to inlet air duct through gate.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of power and enhanced reliability in operation of apparatus.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring and setting room temperature felt by animals; comparing measured and set temperature; measuring temperature and relative humidity of inner air in room and outer air; calculating heat energy losses in room depending on measured temperature and relative humidity of outer air and inner air in room; measuring feed consumption; generating signal indicative of felt room temperature; periodically altering signal indicative of generated felt room temperature in a range between admissible minimal and maximal set values; calculating product cost of given animal batch depending on value of altered signal indicative of generated felt room temperature and measured feed consumption; calculating heating power costs depending on value of altered signal indicative of felt room temperature; calculating feed cost depending on measured feed consumption; calculating first difference between product cost and total costs of heating power and feed cost as profit factor in a range between admissible minimal and maximal preset values of signal indicative of generated felt room temperature; defining maximal value of first difference as maximal profit and corresponding signal indicative of generated felt room temperature; defining second difference value as standardized profit at standard felt temperature in process mode of maximal productivity of stock; subtracting second cost value from first maximal cost of first cost difference to produce maximal third difference cost in the form of maximal profit gain value and corresponding signal indicative of generated felt room temperature; comparing signal indicative of felt room temperature corresponding to maximal first or second difference value with measured felt room temperature; correcting young animal heating mode and animal or poultry house heating mode on the basis of comparison data. Described in Specification is apparatus for controlling economic heating of young animals and house room.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing precise optimization of room heating mode.

3 cl, 3 dwg

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