Prefabricated module for building

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: prefabricated module has a side made with the possibility to be connected to a plurality of panels and slabs for forming a part of the building comprises: four walls extending between the floor slab and the roof slab to form a rectangular cubic form; a compartment (10) in said rectangular cubic form; internal equipment, at least part of which is connected to technical means located inside the cubic form. A wet area is created in said module. Said module is made in the form of a load-bearing structure having said four walls equipped with the flat wooden core comprising at least one insulating layer. Said wet area is made in said module by means of providing watertight layers on the inner sides of the walls and the floor slab of the compartment (10). Said flat wooden core also comprises cross-laminated multilayer wood disposed adjacent to said at least one insulating layer.

EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the building erection time and to provide a wide range of its use.

14 cl, 51 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to satisfaction of human vital needs, in particular - structural design of rooms and their peculiarities intended for dress changing, storage and drying of clothes, headgear and footwear with the help of directed air mass flows, in particular, in drying modules. The personal wardrobe system is designed in the form of a hollow rectangular prism each edge whereof is made of metal sheets attached within a rigid welded frame made of metal profile. The prism is no more than 2050 mm high, no more than 1300 mm wide and no more than 1500 mm deep one of the edges is designed in the form of a sliding door equipped with a lock. Positioned inside are furniture elements such as: a chest of drawers, a two-level section with a panthograph equipped with a bar and a shelf, two built-in sections (one of them equipped with an automatic control unit capable of contact with the heating unit), a tip-up seat.

EFFECT: development of a module capable to provide for an individual changing dress, drying and storage of their special clothing and personal protection equipment, possibility of performing the actions simultaneously in the same room and automatic control of the drying process.

7 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: spatial cellular sections with hexagonal cross section are installed. The structure is formed, at least, by one section module comprising three mutually formed cellular sections. Assembly is started from the central cellular section of the second layer the lower shelf of which is installed on an adjustable rack, then it is attached by inclined panels of adjacent peripheral cellular sections of the first layer assembled with pre-attached seats then the common for central and peripheral cellular sections inclined panels assembled are attached. Then the lower shelves and seats are fixed by peripheral cellular sections of the first layer. To the latter the inclined panels are attached outside and under them adjustable racks are installed. On the lower shelves of peripheral cellular sections two other adjustable racks are installed on which the top shelves of peripheral cellular sections are placed and to them outside inclined panels are attached, completing by obtaining of a hexagonal form of peripheral cellular sections from which adjustable racks are removed. Then to the central cellular section of the second layer one inclined panel assembly with a seat is attached and the top shelf is attached to it which is installed on the adjustable rack placed between it and the lower shelf. After that the inclined panel assembly is attached with obtaining of the finished hexagonal form of the central cellular section. Then all adjustable racks are removed and the formation of the lower section module is finished. Then similarly the subsequent layers of the structure are assembled. The named cellular sections are formed by panels so that adjacent panels of cellular section are the common between them and form sidewalls, floor and ceiling. Inclined panels are arranged at the angle 60 with reference to the horizontal panels and seats connected to them. Inside the cellular sections between seats the tables are attached to the floor, and cellular sections from one end face are fitted with protective decorative guards. The lower shelf - is a floor of the top and its adjacent sections of each underlying layer of the structure is extended towards another end face to the width of the stairs flight fitted with the staircases made on similar extensions of the lower parts of internal inclined panels, adjacent to the central cellular section, and interfaced on the lower entrance section to the floor horizontal panel. The stairs flights are fitted with decorative guards up to which the external inclined panels of peripheral sections and seats attached to them are extended. When installing the structure of more than one section module in the open location it is fixed by the fasteners to a bearing surface designed as flexible extensions or anchor elements. Inclined panels of the top section module are limited by adjacent top shelves.

EFFECT: invention allows to improve operational possibilities of the design, simplify technology of assembly, increase structural strength.

5 cl, 33 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to house construction, particularly to modular spatial caged element that can form tetragonal closed space suitable for room construction when combined with other similar elements. Spatial caged building module for house building includes elements of caged spatial tetrahedron type and tetragonal panels for walls, floors and ceilings and is made out of standard elements in the tetrahedron form (I) where two tensioning devices (11 and 12) or supports of given length are attached to tetrahedron vertexes of each element to comprise the building module. One building module allows for construction of at least one room per storey. Two tetrahedron vertexes are attached to the basement, one of the tensioning devices or one of the supports is attached by one end to one of tetrahedron vertexes while the other tensioning device or support is also attached to another vertex of the same tetrahedron so that the tensioning devices or supports installed in parallel are oriented along vertical direction of the structure. A tetragonal panel forming a part of floor is positioned between each respective end of each tensioning device or support and tetrahedron vertexes attached to the basement; besides, the room includes wall panels, at least one of which features holes, and a ceiling panel attached to the structure. To build more rooms in one storey, similar units are attached to the sides, with alternating tilt of outer rods of module units; their tetrahedron vertexes are interconnected to form separate units of reinforcement rods. In addition, invention claims method of building construction out of such modules, and house structure.

EFFECT: enhanced strength and seismic parameters of construction.

6 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: in one version, the low-rise building with possibility of transformation of the inner and outer space is characterized by the fact that the outer walls and roof are designed integrally from panels located at an angle to the base and towards each other and have the same size and shape of right triangle. Panels lean by the vertexes of more acute angles upon the angles of the square foundation. In this case, panels are joined in pairs by minor sides with formation of the roof ridge and with formation by pairs of mayor sides of facades-frontispieces. Sides-hypotenuses of panels are joined with the sides-hypotenuses of other pairs of panels. In another version, the building is characterized by the fact that the outer walls are made of panels located at an angle to the base and towards each other and have the same size and shape of isosceles triangle, leaned by the vertexes of more acute angles upon the angles of foundation, having a shape of regular polygon in plan view. Vertexes of other angles are joined with the vertexes of similar angles of other panels, forming the perimeter of horizontal roof. Equal sides of neighbour triangles-panels form facades-frontispieces, having full glazing with possibility of closing tightly with the help of flexible panels-shutters.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the security of homes, reduce the construction terms of low-rise buildings and modular complexes of them.

2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: residential and industrial complex includes residential 1, plant-growing 8, cattle-breeding 9 and power blocks connected to each other by material and energy flows. And the plant-growing 8 and cattle-breeding 9 blocks are located in temperature-controlled premises. Residential zone 1 is separated from other blocks which are forming industrial zone 6, and is equipped with the system of waste collecting and milling 3 with the homogenizer 4. The waste treatment block 7 enters the industrial zone 6, connected by inputs through pipelines with the output of the homogenizer 4 and by outputs of wastes of plant-growing 8 and cattle-breeding 9 blocks, and by outputs - with the system of technical water of the residential zone 1 and of all blocks, by inputs of ground supply and stimulators of development of the plant-growing 8 block including the water treatment system 14, device for waste treatment in environmentally clean black soil and concentrated soil solution 15. Meanwhile the plant-growing block 8 includes devices for growing of greenery 16 using environmentally clean black soil and device for cultivation of energy plants 17 using the concentrated soil solution. The output of the device for greenery cultivation 16 is connected to inputs of power supply of the residential zone 1 and cattle-breeding block 9, and output of the device for cultivation of energy plants 17 through the device of fuel preparation 10 is connected to input of fuel supply of the power block 11. The power block 11 comprises the electric power generators 12 and heat generators 13, and the output of exhaust gases of the power block 11 is connected with the plant growing block 8.

EFFECT: decrease of water consumption, amount o unprocessed wastes, increase of independence of the complex from environment conditions.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of low-rise energy-producing buildings, also on permafrost soils, relates to non-conventional power engineering with usage of natural sources of energy and may be used primarily under conditions of moderate and cold climate. The difference is in the fact that when walls are made of wooden elements, logs of smaller diameter are used, starting from 15 cm. In the invention the main elements of the building, such as walls and roof, serve as elements of a wind-solar plant. At the same time the wind generator installed in the building roof starts producing electric energy at wind speed of 0.5-0.8 m/sec.

EFFECT: technical result and substantial differences of a building compared to available ones consist in the fact that a building is a source of electric and thermal energy, is equipped with an anti-precipitation device, wind-gripping vertical partitions placed on external surfaces of the building wall, a solar power plant, solar panels of which are arranged along the entire surface of the flat roof, a plant of atmospheric water supply, a device for air cooling in the building with usage of thermal energy of soil, a plant for automatic removal of snow from the surface of the roof, a device for prevention of ice formation in rainwater pipes and the method of erection of piled footings and operation of low-rise buildings under conditions of permafrost soils.

2 cl, 11 dwg

Lookout tower // 2524221

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: lookout tower includes viewing armoured cabin made in the form of convex double-layer polyhedron at least one face of which being cabin floor is parallel to ground surface. Exit is located in one of the faces of lower part of cabin. The cabin is mounted on support provided with device for lifting and lowering a human being. Cabin floor is connected with cabin body with possibility of detaching and attaching, lifting and lowering device is made in the form of elevator, connected with support and cabin with possibility of lifting and lowering along the support.

EFFECT: better masking of assembled tower, higher safety of sentry, tower mounting simplification.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to a structure having multiple used levels and the method of its erection. The structure comprises multiple sets of construction sections. Each set of the construction section is structurally autonomous and has at least one side wall, a floor and a roof. The method includes the following operations: lifting of sets of construction sections into the specified position in the structure, so that each level of the structure comprises the specified number of sets; connection of adjacent sets with each other at each level; and connection of sets at one level with appropriate sets at least at one adjacent level, which is vertically higher or lower than this level. In accordance with one structural version the set of the construction section comprises a construction section, which comprises two side walls, the floor and the roof with segments of the frame structure attached to it.

EFFECT: development of a flexible assembly system.

27 cl, 85 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: automatic teller machine is arranged in a service area and fixed to power elements of a pavilion frame in this area, and the front part of the ATM is taken out of the opening in the partition into the client area. To replace the ATM, they use a transition frame and a superimposed frame. The superimposed frame is made in the form of a solid or composite design U-shaped frame, at the same time the superimposed frame is made with an inner opening, which follows the external size of the ATM in plan, and with elements of bolt joint at the side of the service area to the partition. The transition frame is a supporting horizontally arranged design with holes for bolt elements of connection to power elements of the pavilion frame in the service area and with holes for bolt elements of ATM connection.

EFFECT: improved operating manufacturability for banking devices of different dimension types, without making changes to design of a bank pavilion.

1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: automatic teller machine is arranged in a service area and fixed to power elements of a pavilion frame in this area, and the front part of the ATM is taken out of the opening in the partition into the client area. To replace the ATM, they use a transition frame and a superimposed frame. The superimposed frame is made in the form of a solid or composite design U-shaped frame, at the same time the superimposed frame is made with an inner opening, which follows the external size of the ATM in plan, and with elements of bolt joint at the side of the service area to the partition. The transition frame is a supporting horizontally arranged design with holes for bolt elements of connection to power elements of the pavilion frame in the service area and with holes for bolt elements of ATM connection.

EFFECT: improved operating manufacturability for banking devices of different dimension types, without making changes to design of a bank pavilion.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: spatial cellular sections with hexagonal cross section are installed. The structure is formed, at least, by one section module comprising three mutually formed cellular sections. Assembly is started from the central cellular section of the second layer the lower shelf of which is installed on an adjustable rack, then it is attached by inclined panels of adjacent peripheral cellular sections of the first layer assembled with pre-attached seats then the common for central and peripheral cellular sections inclined panels assembled are attached. Then the lower shelves and seats are fixed by peripheral cellular sections of the first layer. To the latter the inclined panels are attached outside and under them adjustable racks are installed. On the lower shelves of peripheral cellular sections two other adjustable racks are installed on which the top shelves of peripheral cellular sections are placed and to them outside inclined panels are attached, completing by obtaining of a hexagonal form of peripheral cellular sections from which adjustable racks are removed. Then to the central cellular section of the second layer one inclined panel assembly with a seat is attached and the top shelf is attached to it which is installed on the adjustable rack placed between it and the lower shelf. After that the inclined panel assembly is attached with obtaining of the finished hexagonal form of the central cellular section. Then all adjustable racks are removed and the formation of the lower section module is finished. Then similarly the subsequent layers of the structure are assembled. The named cellular sections are formed by panels so that adjacent panels of cellular section are the common between them and form sidewalls, floor and ceiling. Inclined panels are arranged at the angle 60 with reference to the horizontal panels and seats connected to them. Inside the cellular sections between seats the tables are attached to the floor, and cellular sections from one end face are fitted with protective decorative guards. The lower shelf - is a floor of the top and its adjacent sections of each underlying layer of the structure is extended towards another end face to the width of the stairs flight fitted with the staircases made on similar extensions of the lower parts of internal inclined panels, adjacent to the central cellular section, and interfaced on the lower entrance section to the floor horizontal panel. The stairs flights are fitted with decorative guards up to which the external inclined panels of peripheral sections and seats attached to them are extended. When installing the structure of more than one section module in the open location it is fixed by the fasteners to a bearing surface designed as flexible extensions or anchor elements. Inclined panels of the top section module are limited by adjacent top shelves.

EFFECT: invention allows to improve operational possibilities of the design, simplify technology of assembly, increase structural strength.

5 cl, 33 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to house construction, particularly to modular spatial caged element that can form tetragonal closed space suitable for room construction when combined with other similar elements. Spatial caged building module for house building includes elements of caged spatial tetrahedron type and tetragonal panels for walls, floors and ceilings and is made out of standard elements in the tetrahedron form (I) where two tensioning devices (11 and 12) or supports of given length are attached to tetrahedron vertexes of each element to comprise the building module. One building module allows for construction of at least one room per storey. Two tetrahedron vertexes are attached to the basement, one of the tensioning devices or one of the supports is attached by one end to one of tetrahedron vertexes while the other tensioning device or support is also attached to another vertex of the same tetrahedron so that the tensioning devices or supports installed in parallel are oriented along vertical direction of the structure. A tetragonal panel forming a part of floor is positioned between each respective end of each tensioning device or support and tetrahedron vertexes attached to the basement; besides, the room includes wall panels, at least one of which features holes, and a ceiling panel attached to the structure. To build more rooms in one storey, similar units are attached to the sides, with alternating tilt of outer rods of module units; their tetrahedron vertexes are interconnected to form separate units of reinforcement rods. In addition, invention claims method of building construction out of such modules, and house structure.

EFFECT: enhanced strength and seismic parameters of construction.

6 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: construction module (1) is proposed, comprising a construction floor (2), bearing walls (3) and a construction ceiling (5) and designed for installation of other construction modules (1) on them in a multi-storey building. Bearing walls comprise a bearing frame (4) and light concrete (20) between elements of the frame. Concrete is cellular concrete with entrained air, having density within 400 kg/m3 - 600 kg/m3. Concrete is poured between elements of the frame, fully filling cavities between them along the plane of the wall. Construction walls have such shape, so that when two modules are installed next to each other, a composite wall is formed, having a cavity between these modules. Construction walls (3) at least at one side may be lined with panels (21), containing magnesium oxide, at the same time light concrete and panels provide for two hours of fire resistance. In the corner of the module there may be a vertical seat made (32) for insertion of a locating pin (33) of the upper or lower module into it. The module may have a connection board (30) at the corner for attachment to multiple other modules. The connection board (30) has a through opening to accept the locating pin (33) of the adjacent module.

EFFECT: improved design.

23 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method of erection includes multiple transformable volume block modules, each made in the form of a base installed by means of weight-lifting mechanisms on a rectangular frame connected as capable of detachment with angular vertical stands connected to a wall enclosure and a ceiling slab. Transformable volume block modules are installed in at least two and more rows comprising at least two transformable volume block modules, one of which is central, and the other one - peripheral. Initially they erect a peripheral row of transformable volume block modules of one dimension type. First angular vertical stands are installed onto a previously prepared strip footing with intermediate linear supports of the base on rectangular frames of two transformable volume block modules and fixed at the corners of each rectangular frame of the base, and the stands are rigidly connected to each other on coupled sides of rectangular frames of the base. A ceiling slab is installed onto angular stands of the first and second block module. Slots in areas of joints of bases and ceiling slabs are sealed, and a wall enclosure is installed at the extreme end sides of the rectangular frames of bases. Simultaneously they install a wall enclosure at extreme sides of the first and last transformable volume block modules installed in this peripheral row. Afterwards they install a central row of transformable volume block modules of one dimension type, but with higher angular vertical stands and longer base of each transformable volume block module, compared to the peripheral row with identical width of end sides of rectangular frames of bases and ceiling slabs of the installed peripheral row of transformable volume block modules, and the central row serves as an auditorium and a stage. Slots in areas of joints of angular vertical stands in all installed rows are sealed, internal surfaces of angular vertical stands are heat-insulated, and coupled angular stands are covered with a figured profile. Trussing is installed on the outer side of the ceiling slabs, and the roof is arranged on top.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce labour intensiveness of erection and dismantling of a transformable building, to increase its operating and technical reliability, prefabricability and variability.

6 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: building of a cultural entertainment establishment comprises multiple transformable spatial block-modules installed onto a foundation and coupled in a certain order, joined to each other and covered with a single roof, each made in the form of base having a rectangular frame and a ceiling, connected as capable of disconnection with angular vertical stands and connected to a wall barrier installed on one and more sides of the rectangular frame of the base. The angular vertical stands of joined sides are rigidly connected to each other by fastening elements and are covered with heat insulation. As transformable spatial block-modules are joined, an auditorium, a lobby with a cloakroom, vestibules, a hall, service and engineering-technical rooms are formed. Transformable spatial block-modules forming an auditorium have, at the same width of the ceiling and rectangular frame of the base, larger length of the ceiling, rectangular frame of the base and height of vertical stands, compared to the length of the ceiling, rectangular frame of the base and height of vertical stands in transformable spatial block-modules of vestibules, hall, lobby with a cloakroom, service and engineering-technical rooms. The foundation is a prepared continuous footing with intermediate linear supports.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce labour intensiveness of assembly and disassembly of a transformable building, to increase its operating and technical reliability, prefabricability and variability.

8 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to a structure having multiple used levels and the method of its erection. The structure comprises multiple sets of construction sections. Each set of the construction section is structurally autonomous and has at least one side wall, a floor and a roof. The method includes the following operations: lifting of sets of construction sections into the specified position in the structure, so that each level of the structure comprises the specified number of sets; connection of adjacent sets with each other at each level; and connection of sets at one level with appropriate sets at least at one adjacent level, which is vertically higher or lower than this level. In accordance with one structural version the set of the construction section comprises a construction section, which comprises two side walls, the floor and the roof with segments of the frame structure attached to it.

EFFECT: development of a flexible assembly system.

27 cl, 85 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: block comprises a base 1, the frame 2 of which is made of beams 3 of rectangular cross section, rigidly connected to each other by stiffening ribs 5, and in places of angular joints they are connected to each other with the help of corner seats 6, which in turn are connected, capable of detachment, with corner vertical stands 9, made of bent profile of complex section, upper ends of which are connected to a ceiling slab 11, which forms together with the corner vertical stands 9 the rectangular openings 12 for a wall barrier 13. The wall barrier 13 comprises sections in the form of wall panels 18 with outer 19 and inner 20 linings, with heat insulation between them. The lower end part 24 of wall panels 18 is made with a mounting slot cut 25. Beams 3 are rigidly connected to a guide U-shaped profile 27, the external rib 28 of which is connected to the mounting slot cut 25 of wall panels 18. The frame 29 of the ceiling slab 11 is made of bent profile 30 of complex section, which retains the outer metal coating 31, heat insulation 32 and a wood-containing coating 33. Wall panels 18 are connected with a ceiling slab by means of fixators 37. The frame 2 is connected with a metal sheet 38, rigidly fixed on sides of the inner perimeter of the frame 2. On the metal sheet 38 there is heat insulation 39, above it there is a wood-containing coating 40 with a floor cover 41.

EFFECT: reduced labour intensiveness of building installation, higher operational and technical properties, reliability, prefabricability and variability of erected structures, reduced prime cost of transportation.

8 cl, 28 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: modular building block comprises stands, connection elements fixed to stands, and beams, opposite ends of which are installed in the assembly zone of connection elements. Each of connection elements comprises plates made up with formation of the assembly zone, which is open in several directions.

EFFECT: reduced labour inputs in installation and assembly of a block.

14 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: frame is arranged as truss and monocellstructure or monocubostructure, or of monosymbiosis structure. The central volume has a shape of hexahedral prism and/or a rectangular parallelepiped. The upper volume has a shape of a hexahedral or a tetrahedral pyramid. The lower volume comprises polyhedrons. Upper and lower bases of the central volume, faces of the upper and lower volumes are made from spatial figures. Figures are a set of plane segments in the form of products assembled from parts of triangular shape.

EFFECT: provides for rigidity and unification of a production process of assembly.

16 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: monocell structure comprises a frame, facade panels and internal wall panels. The frame is arranged in the form of a monocell with an upper volume in the form of a pyramid with faces of triangular shape, with a lower volume in the form of a polygon and with a central volume in the form of a hexahedral prism with upper and lower bases. Along perimetres of bases there are perforated banding rims are installed to fix vertical guides, onto which facade panels of volumes are suspended. Panels comprise sections, every of which has inbuilt fastening elements, an external decorative-protective facing cover and/or removable decorative-architectural elements and sealants. Volume panels are arranged in the form of sections with sealants and are fixed on elements of volume faces. Each section comprises a spacer stand with a spacer-fastening element and fastening universal joints, contains heat-sound-hydraulic insulation, has an external decorative-interior facing cover and/or removable decorative-interior elements, is equipped with a process assembly opening for local assembly and dismantling of sections, and also for installation of universal cartridges in them with special purpose, closed with a removable decorative panel.

EFFECT: expansion of structural realisation of a monocell structure, simplified process operations and assembly works and higher functionality.

9 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly structures composed of units comprising at least considerable parts of two sides of a room.

SUBSTANCE: method involves using three factory-made standard members, namely well member including two facades and floor, roof member including part of ceiling structure, roof slope part and roof ridge part, and service member extending at two levers and including access means, which open access to upper lever, or sanitary or cooking equipment. Each member comprises frames connected one to another. Central orifice of each frame is closed with solid panel or glassed member as appropriate.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs.

5 cl, 8 dwg

Up!