Floor panel for forming floor boarding, floor boarding formed from such floor panels, and method for manufacturing such floor panels
SUBSTANCE: floor panel consists of a synthetic material and has the decorative upper side. On at least one pair of opposite edges, the panel comprises connecting parts which allow the two panels to be connected to each other. The connecting parts perform locking in the first direction perpendicular to the plane of the floor panels, and also in the second direction perpendicular to the corresponding edge and in the plane of the floor panels. At least one of the connecting parts comprises a separate locking element which, in the connected state, provides locking in at least the first direction.
EFFECT: increasing the operational reliability of the floor.
22 cl, 19 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction, in particular to a floor panel. A panel includes a body, mating locking devices located on opposite edges of the panel in the form of receiving and locking hooks. A receiving hook has a slot open to the upper side, and a locking hook has a slot open to the lower side and a projection entering the slot of the receiving hook. On the edge of the receiving hook a provision is made for a spring fastening tongue conjugated with a fastening cavity of the slot of the locking hook.
EFFECT: reduction of labour costs at locking of panels.
11 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to floor panels. The cover includes panels and at least one external fixing element. Panels are equipped with longitudinal and transverse connecting facilities, accordingly, for connection of single-type panels along appropriate adjacent edges. Transverse connecting facilities in the connected state form a channel for reception of an outer fixing element. The outer fixing element inserted into the channel formed by transverse connecting facilities of panels in the first row, may at least partially enter the slot of the adjacent parallel panel in the second row so that the lower surface of the outer fixing element engages with the contact part of the lower edge of the slot, and the upper surface of the outer fixing element engages with the contact part of the upper edge of the slot.
EFFECT: technical result of the invention consists in reduction of labour inputs in assembly of cover panels.
57 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to pliable support for the flexible support of synthetic floor tiles above the ground surface. The pliable insert comprises one or more elongated body, having the longitudinal axis oriented in parallel to the upper surface of floor tiles, the upper side having the connecting surface of the contact for connection with the tile support structure, extending downwardly from the rear side of floor tiles, and lower side, having, at least, one contact surface for interaction with the ground surface, and, at least, one vertically directed recess in order to make fluids flow under the insert. Each elongated body has also the sufficient thickness and rigidity in the nonloaded condition to raise the support structure to a distance above the ground surface.
EFFECT: reducing the labour costs while laying the tiles.
21 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, particularly to the locking system of floor panels and building panels. Panels for floor locking are disclosed in the invention. These panels are provided with mechanical locking system, comprising a spike with yokes, which gives the possibility of locking by means of the vertical rotatory motion.
EFFECT: facilitating stacking of panels.
15 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device for attachment of elevated floors is fixed on the base and includes at least two elements connected to each other, one of which is a support one and has a plane that is supported from the base, and the other one is an attachment one and has a plane to which a floor beam is attached. The invention proposes 4 versions of attachment channels. An attachment channel is made in the form of a beam, support channels and the attachment channel in each connection are located perpendicular to each other. Length of support channels exceeds width of the attachment channel; support channels are made as wedge-shaped throughout their length; attachment channels, throughout their length or at least at connection points to support channels, have vertical sides of different height with difference chosen based on horizontal location of a covering attachment surface.
EFFECT: reducing labour input at installation of floors.
4 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to an assembly of a floor panel. A panel assembly comprises sheet floor panels made as capable of connection with the help of connecting elements. Each panel has at its first edge the first connecting element, and on its second edge - the second connecting element, besides, first and second connecting elements are made as capable of connection while these two panels are moved towards each other. Connecting elements fix the specified panels vertically and horizontally, besides, connecting elements contain a locking element made as capable of deformation in the specified connection from the first position, providing for connection of connecting elements, into another second position, in which it fixes connecting elements with each other, at least in horizontal direction.
EFFECT: reduced labour expenses in assembly of floor panels.
32 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely, to light panels, preferably to floor panels. A light floor panel, manufactured using direct printing, comprises a light bearing board in the form of a wood fibre board of medium or low density, which has density of ≤750 kg/m3, a decorative layer applied by printing onto a bearing board, and a transparent protective coating. Different layers and coatings are applied so that surface structures and/or optical features of the bearing board are at least partially visible and as a result included into decorative layer ornament.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability of a panel.
15 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely, to the method to manufacture floor boards, as well as floor board design. Semi-floating floor boards and/or construction panels are proposed, which have systems of mechanical connections, a core with curvilinear edge sections, as a result of which the surface layer on top of the core will be located below the panel surface. Edges of the board are slanted. As two boards are connected and pressed to each other, the surface layer and the core of the upper edge section at the second edge of the connection cover the surface layer, which is parallel to the horizontal plane of the first edge of connection of the other board. It is proposed to manufacture floor boards and/or construction panels by means of mechanical processing of the surface structure with production of multiple slots of the core and application of the surface layer on the upper side of the core to ensure at least partial cover of the floor element. Pressure is applied, and the surface layer is formed around the slots.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability of floor boards.
29 cl, 16 dwg
SUBSTANCE: adjustable structure comprises a vertical bar, at the end of which there are horizontal supports, where slots and holes are made. The bar is made of pipe-shaped couplings of a different height, the middle ones of which are separated by height into equal pipe sections of different inner diameters, a support flange rigidly fixed to them and protruding outside, along the entire outer circumference of which there is an accessory to create rotation of a coupling around a vertical axis. Pipe sections under a support flange have outer thread, and pipe sections above a support flange have stiffening ribs and an inner thread. The lower horizontal support has a flat round base with a sleeve-shaped flanging on top and an inner thread. Along the ring of the flat round base there are radial stiffening ribs arranged, forming segments, in the form of right-angled triangles, each of which is rigidly fixed by one cathetus on the flat base along the entire width of the ring, and by the other cathetus - on the outer side along the entire height of flanging, under the wall of which in each sector with the central angle 120° there is an arched slot, which partially changes into the appropriate segment between stiffening ribs.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability of a floor.
9 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to floor covering. A system for floor covering is developed with floor deck on polyvinyl chloride base and a lighting system made as capable of light generation. The PVC based floor deck has a side facing a user and an opposite rear side. The lighting system is arranged at the rear side of the PVC based floor deck. The PVC based floor deck is capable of light transmission in respect to light (210), created by a lighting system (200), in the range from 0.5% to 30%, especially in the range from 1% to 20%.
EFFECT: increased strength of covering with lighting functions.
15 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly floor structures in rooms adapted for electronic and electrical equipment installation.
SUBSTANCE: floor comprises height-adjustable stands with support plates to which beams with panels are connected. Each support plate has slots located in crosswise manner and opened from peripheral part thereof. Support plate is provided with covering plate having central orifice, cuts arranged in crosswise manner along its perimeter and radial extensions dividing covering plate into four equal segments. Panel plate corners rest upon segment surfaces. Covering plate has metal strips crossing at the 90o angle and disposed from lower side thereof. Two pair of slots are formed between covering plate cuts and extend in annular direction. Metal strip ends passing through above slots are bent on outer side of covering plate.
EFFECT: increased operational performance.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly adjustable floor supports.
SUBSTANCE: support comprises combined post including rod with outer thread connected to circular ring support plate and hollow tubular member connected to lower plate secured to floor underlay. Support plate has pair of slots arranged along plate perimeter in crosslike manner and provided with covering plate having central orifice. Covering plate comprises radial extensions for floor panels installation and cuts arranged in crosslike manner to provide free beam installation in mating slots of support plate. Hollow tubular member of post has inner thread engaging mating rod thread. Hollow tubular member diameter is equal to 0.2 - 0.3 of support plate diameter. Covering plate is provided with two metal strips crossing each other in central orifice area thereof. Two opposite pair of slots are made between covering plate cuts. Ends of metal strip pass through above slots and are bent on outer surface of covering plate.
EFFECT: improved service performance.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly adjustable supports for raised floor or double-floor structures.
SUBSTANCE: set comprises threaded rod with nut screwed on rod, short cylindrical member connected to plate by one end thereof and replaceable cylindrical head having inner conical surface. Difference between head end diameters is 0.4 - 0.6 mm. Method of support assembling involves placing cylindrical member on floor; putting replaceable head on cylindrical member and inserting threaded rod in head.
EFFECT: extended range of technical capabilities along with maintaining high connection reliability.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly composite raised floors made of panels and defining space for laying electric cables and/or providing ventilation.
SUBSTANCE: support comprises rod fixedly secured to support panel and body formed as sleeve and having support flange on the first end and cylindrical flange on another one. Cylindrical flange may be axially displaced and fixed on rod. Sleeve side has part with curvilinear surface extending over at least half of sleeve length defined by flanges. Curvilinear surface is formed by rotation of second-order line segment around support axis.
EFFECT: increased strength characteristics, particularly directional stability of support body subjected to axial alternating loads when temporary compression force is applied to support body.
19 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly raised floor panels installed on adjustable supports and used for assembling floors in rooms equipped with computer or other electronic devices.
SUBSTANCE: panel includes inner load-bearing layer of resin-bonded chipboard material, upper and lower layers of sheet metal. At least two opposite sides of inner load-bearing layer are impregnated with primer and aqueous glue is applied to the sides. Above sides are then covered with polyvinylchloride coating. Primer and aqueous glue are acrylic-based and include dag. Inner layer comprises at least two layers with increased density cooperating with upper and lower panel layers. Electric resistance between outer surfaces of opposite panel ends covered with polyvinylchloride coating is not more than 0.1 Ohm.
EFFECT: improved service properties and increased panel rigidity.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly raised floors in offices adapted for heavy equipment installation.
SUBSTANCE: panel includes tray-like metal member forming panel base and side walls having folded inwards edges extending in parallel to panel base. Arranged inside tray is load-bearing layer covered with metal sheet. Load-bearing layer has non-uniform density along height thereof and includes groove extending along layer perimeter. Metal sheet has peripheral extension formed in lower side thereof and cooperating with groove. Folded edges are connected with metal sheet in area of contact between extensions and grooves, outer surfaces thereof are in plane with outer surface of metal sheet connected to inner load-bearing layer by depressions and/or glue.
EFFECT: increased load bearing capacity and rigidity.
8 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly raised floors for offices equipped with computers.
SUBSTANCE: panel includes bearing plate of timber-based material enclosed with metal shell from all plate sides. Shell is formed as two boxes, namely upper and lower ones. Each box has rectangular part defining upper and lower panel sides, and side edges folded along rectangular part perimeter. Folded side edges extend over half of end panel side height. Area of rectangular part of upper box exceeds that of lover part by (4-5)δ value, where δ is thickness of upper box. Folded side edges of upper and lower boxes are equal in height. End parts of adjacent side edges of each end plate side are pressed together in overlapped manner.
EFFECT: improved antistatic properties of raised floor, increased reliability of panel connection.
7 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly false floors elevated above base and supported by adjustable supports.
SUBSTANCE: false floor defining a chamber for communication lines consists of panels. Floor panel comprises inner load-bearing layer of flakeboard, upper decorative layer of vinyl plastics and lower layer of sheet material. At least two opposite side surfaces of inner layer are impregnated with priming agent and aqueous adhesive is applied on above surfaces to which polyvinylchloride coating is further connected. Priming agent and aqueous adhesive are formed on acrylic base and dag is added to above substances. Inner layer includes at least two high-density sub-layers contacting with upper and lower panel layers. Electrical resistance between outer surfaces of opposite panel ends covered with polyvinylchloride coating is not more than 0.1 ohm.
EFFECT: increased strength of floor panel.
10 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly floor members for underfloor heating/cooling systems.
SUBSTANCE: floor member comprises sheet with at least one groove, heat-conducting layer extending over one main sheet surface and along each groove side to form depression for heat-conducting wire receiving opened from top side thereof. Depression tightly encloses wire and passes over half of cross-sectional perimeter thereof. Upper wire side is flush with upper sheet surface or located below thereof. Sheet has thin foldable foil with thickness of less than 200 μm.
EFFECT: reduced floor member thickness, increased simplicity of floor member dimension selection by cutting foil inside the groove.
6 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly floor, ceiling and wall covering.
SUBSTANCE: support includes square lower bearing plate made of flexible metal sheet material and upper bearing plate. The plates have central orifices. Central orifice of lower plate comprises rod receiving recess and is surrounded with annular depression having depth not exceeding sheet thickness. Central orifice of upper plate comprises flange. The plates are provided with radial grooves located so that convex surfaces thereof face each other. Depression and grooves have oval cross-section and oval or wavy cross-sections in connection areas in-between. Upper plate is made of the same material as the lower one. Orifices for fastening members receiving formed in lower plate and holes for gasket fixing made in upper plate are coaxial and created along stiffening ribs extending along square diagonals.
EFFECT: increased support resistance and strength thereof along with reduced material consumption, decreased mass and simplified manufacture.
14 cl, 6 dwg