Techniques and device for 3d biocompatible batteries production
SUBSTANCE: 3D biocompatible batteries production techniques and devise, which is made in line with the indicated method, are offered. The offered equipment functional area may involve different medical devices, for which batteries are obligatory elements, for example, in implantable devices. The conductor lines are shaped on the 3D surfaces in the 3D biocompatible batteries production technique. These surfaces comprise two or more unparalleled planes with the batteries active materials application on the conductor lines, and with the application of the battery acid on top of at a minimum anode and cathode part, succeeded by the anode, cathode and battery acid insaccation with the use of the biocompatible material.
EFFECT: biocompatible battery safety, reliability, compactability, power capacity improving.
20 cl, 5 dwg, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method lies in the delivery of signals from a microcontroller (MC) to address inputs of the switch, sequential connection of the switch to two adjacent outputs of an accumulator cell (AC) with their voltage control wherein upon connection of the switch an additional floating common bus with a voltage of an adjacent output of the controlled AC and measuring buses are formed, AC voltage difference at the buses is shifted in a sequence in a positive direction, then in a negative one, in regard to the floating common bus using a current generator controlled by voltage. In AB control process a measuring path is calibrated and stabilised by the installation of a reference voltage source (RVS) to a thermostat, and at AB control voltage of even AC is inverted. The device for automatic control comprises a switch, RVS, MC, a decoder with a galvanic isolation unit, additional common and measuring buses connected to two devices for signal level shifting on the basis of RVS and a voltage-controlled current source using a high-voltage transistor. At that keys for the through calibration of the path are introduced to the device and RVS is installed in the thermostat.
EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of control.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: active material of positive electrode for electric device comprises the first active material and the second active material. The first active material contains transition metal oxide represented by the formula (1): Li1.5[NiaCobMnc[Li]d]O3 …(1), where in the formula (1) a, b, c and d meet the following ratios: 0<d<0.5; a+b+c+d=1.5; and 1.0<a+b+c<1.5. The second active material consists of transition metal oxide of spinel type represented by the formula (2) and having crystalline structure referred to space group Fd-3m: LiMa'Mn2-a'O4 …(2), where in the formula (2) M is metal element with valency 2-4, and a' meets the following ratio: 0≤a'<2.0. Relative content of the first active material and the second active material meets by weight ratio the ratio represented by the following formula (3): 100:0<MA:MB<0:100…(3) (where in the formula (3) MA is mass of the first active material and MB is mass of the second active material).
EFFECT: improving charge-discharge efficiency of the accumulator battery made of the above material.
13 cl, 4 dwg, 6 tbl
SUBSTANCE: claimed invention is referred to a device and a method for accumulator battery manufacturing, and namely to an electrode stacker and an electrode stacking method. The suggested device (110) stacks a positive electrode (20) and a negative electrode (30) in a sequence in order to form an energy-generating element. The device is equipped with a detector (200) for detecting the positive electrode position (24) as the first electrode in regard to the electrode pack, which has a spacer (40) as a shell with the positive electrode in it and a stacking unit (112), and (122) for stacking the positive electrode (24) as the first electrode on top of the negative electrode (30) as the second electrode. A positive electrode feed table (120) is designed to correct the position of the electrode (20) in plane.
EFFECT: improved positioning accuracy of the positive and negative electrodes in regard to the spacer (40) is the technical result of the invention.
19 cl, 25 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a composite solid electrode based on phases that are crystallisable in a Bi2O3-BaO-Fe2O3 system. The electrolyte contains, mol %: Bi2O3 - 67-79, BaO - 17-22, Fe2O3 - 2-16. The invention also relates to versions of a method of producing the electrolyte.
EFFECT: said materials have higher conductivity in the medium temperature range.
3 cl, 1 tbl, 9 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of obtaining electric energy and can be used for creation of sea power plant for conversion of potential energy of sea water ions to the electric current energy, and also for creation of converters of energy of plasma ions into electric energy. In the electric energy obtaining method consisting in placement of two electrodes in ionised electrically neutral medium, in separation of free charged particles of the ionised electrically neutral medium depending on the charge sign, transfer of charges of charged particles to electrodes and transmission of electric current between electrodes along the external circuit of energy consumer load, separation of charged particles is performed by electric field of the contact potential difference between surfaces of electrodes, and transfer of electric charge from charged particles to electrodes is performed by neutralisation of charged particles on surfaces of electrodes achieved by selection of material of the negative electrode with the electron work function eφ- greater than the affinity energy S of negative particles (eφ->S), and a positive electrode with the work function of electron from the surface eφ+ less than the energy of ionisation eVi of positive ions (eφ+<eVi). The offered method by the operating principle does not restrict the service life of the charge capacitance. When using sea water as electrolyte the energy source is unlimited.
EFFECT: improvement of efficiency of the method of obtaining of electric energy from the natural ionised medium - sea water - which is used as electrolyte.
SUBSTANCE: essence of the claimed invention consists in new design of electrodes ensuring improved specific capacity by weight. The central parts of electrodes (bearing and current-carrying cores) are made of another light electroconductive and strong metal, not lead but aluminium for example. The above cores may be thin and made of aluminium foil. Active substances are applied to surface of the bearing cores as thin layers. With the same volume of accumulator, when thickness of the cores and layers of active substances reduces square area of electrode surfaces increases essentially thus ensuring better conditions for electrochemical reactions. In order to exclude contact of electrolyte with metal of the cores the latter are coated by additional protective and electroconductive layer, for example, of graphite. Lead-acid battery with electrodes of the suggested design looks like a thin multiply band, which may be turned into a spiral in order to optimize dimensions of the whole device.
EFFECT: increased specific capacitance.
3 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lithium-carrying iron phosphate in the form of micrometric mixed aggregates of nanometric particles, to an electrode and element, formed from them, to a method of their production, characterised by the stage of nano-milling, at which the micrometric mixed aggregates of the nanometric particles are formed by means of micro-forging. The invention also relates to electrodes and a Li-ionic electrochemical element.
EFFECT: application of claimed invention makes it possible to produce electrode materials making it possible to achieve practical energy density, which is higher than 140 W h/kg, in the lithium-ionic element which can be used to form thick electrodes at the industrial scale.
26 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the electric engineering industry and may be used for the development and further operation of accumulators and accumulator batteries of different types in independent power supply systems of space vehicles, in particular of artificial Earth satellites (AES). The technical result consists in the reduced mismatch of capacity for separate accumulators. The set task is solved by the design of the AES accumulator battery consisting of n in-series accumulators and heat-transfer devices of a heat pipe type and incorporation of an evaporating section of heat-transfer devices into central areas of accumulator electrode units and heat contact of capacitors of the heat-transfer devices with cases of the accumulators. The claimed design of the accumulator battery for AES allows the reduction of temperature difference inside the accumulator (so called temperature gradient) thus leading to the reduced mismatch in capacity of individual accumulators.
EFFECT: increased permitted safe cycling depth, which is equal to the decreased degradation of the battery specific energy.
SUBSTANCE: positive electrode has an active material of positive electrode which operates at the potential 4.5 V or higher with reference to lithium; and liquid electrolyte contains the fluorinated simple ether represented by the following formula (1), and the cyclic sulphonate represented by the following formula (2): (1). And in the formula (1) R1 and R2, both independently, designate alkylene group or the fluorinated alkylene group, and, at least, either R1 or R2 is the fluorinated alkylene group; and (2) where in the formula (2) A and B, both independently, designate alkylene group or the fluorinated alkylene group, and X designates unary bond or the group - OSO2-.
EFFECT: battery includes a positive electrode which can absorb and emit lithium, and liquid electrolyte.
10 cl, 1 dwg, 5 tbl, 35 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hybrid transport facility storage battery controller. Proposed method comprises the steps that follow. Making of the first ICE temperature control circuit. Making of traction battery temperature control circuit. Heating of said traction battery by heater arranged in said second circuit in line with the pump, radiator and traction battery. Besides, it comprises the step of electric power transfer to heater via converter in first temperature control circuit from the motor when storage battery temperature drops below preset level. Proposed system comprises two temperature control circuits. First circuit heater makes the part of second circuit. Said heater is supplied via converter from aforesaid motor.
EFFECT: simplified design.
9 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: urgent surgery on vessels of a lower extremity involves placing an electrode for transoesophageal atrial temporal pacing (TOTP). That is followed by administering a beta adrenergic blocking agent intravenously in a load dose to achieve a decreased heart rate of ≤ 60 beats per minute. The dose of the beta adrenergic blocking agent is reduced to a maintaining one with preserving a sinus decreased heart rate from 72 to 74 beats per minute for the whole surgery and for 2-3 days thereafter as it may be necessary. The surgical repair of coronary arteries is performed at least 3-4 weeks after the surgery on the vessels of the lower extremities.
EFFECT: therapeutic approach provides preventing minor cardiac output syndrome and other cardiovascular adverse effects accompanying the repair surgeries on the arteries of the lower extremities that enables a coronary artery bypass surgery 3-4 weeks later.
2 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: electrical stimulator comprises a stimulation pulse generator integrated into a sealed dielectric enclosure configured to be handled, and electrodes insulated from each other and connected to the stimulation pulse generator. According to the first version, the electrical stimulator is configured as a shower comprising at least two water pipes connected at an input end and comprising active and passive electrodes at output ends. According to the second version, the electrical stimulator is configured as a shower comprising at least two water pipes comprising active and passive electrodes at the output ends; one pipe is laid coaxially inside the other one and gapped for water passage, whereas the output end between the inner and outer pipe bears the active and passive electrodes.
EFFECT: inventions enable developing the light-weight, easy to use electrical stimulator having a universal and high-performance effect on the patient's body.
8 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: generator comprises an external power supply with a connected microcontroller to two legs of which two n-channel field transistors are connected through L-shaped limiting ground resistors. Two or three light diodes and limiting resistors are connected to the above. Transistor drain circuits are grounded, whereas the generator is directly connected to a personal computer. Through it, pulse-width modulation legs of the microcontroller being integrated into the generator are programmed to vary the voltage by switching in and out the diodes at a required average brightness from 0.1 to 100 cd/m2 for producing a fractal "sweep" pattern or a dichotomous pattern of doubled flicker packs. A flash length makes from 0.1 to 1 ms; a flash interval makes 0.1-1 ms; a flash number in one enclosure is from 3 to 7, and an enclosure number is from 2 to 6.
EFFECT: enables studying of the exposure on the living body parameters, including its visual functions, of a non-uniform light medium characterised by scaling time invariance.
1 tbl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to endocrinology and surgery and concerns treating the diseases complicated by organ hypotonia and atonia accompanying diabetes mellitus. That is ensured by administering the preparations of α-lipoic acid 600mg intravenously drop-by-drop once a day for 10 days after a lithotripsy in the patients suffering diabetes mellitus complicated by polyneuropathy and urolithiasis. That is combined with a sound stimulation on a projection of the organ by sound waves at frequency 2.4-3.3 kHz, amplitude-modulated low frequency vibrations at 7-60Hz for 6-20 minutes.
EFFECT: combined exposure provides preventing and treating postoperative atonia and hypotonia of urinary bladder, uterine, intestine in the given group of patients by the effective stimulation of smooth-muscle tissues of this organs.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medical equipment and is applicable in treating nervous system diseases. A clip attached to a patient's earlap comprises external and internal longitudinal components, a clasp pin, the first and second metal contacts, the first and second non-metallic electrodes, the first and second metal plates. The external component comprises the first gripping section and a contact section of the first electrode. The internal component comprises the second gripping section and a contact section of the second electrode. The clasp pin connects the external component and the internal component. The first and second metal contacts are provided in the contact sections of the first and second electrodes respectively. The first and second non-metallic electrodes are tangent to the first and second metal contacts respectively by a double-sided adhesive tape. The first metal plate with flat back and front ends is inserted into the internal component extending from the first gripping section to the section of the first electrode. The second metal plate is inserted into the internal component extending from the second gripping section to the contact section of the second electrode and consists of flat front and back ends. The bearing surface of each electrode is mounted on one of the metal contacts and represents a small piece of a ring-shaped cotton pad with an adhesive tape attached from both sides from below. The electrodes contact the patient's earlap.
EFFECT: invention enables stimulating the brain with low-intensity current through the patient's earlap in treating the nervous system diseases.
5 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: there are presented a method and a system for sensing the presence of a personal medical device inside a patient. The method involves analysing the patient's image data with the use of a medical device unit and sensing the presence of the personal device inside the patient. The detected medical device is classified. That is followed by receiving the first set of the patient's data with the use of the medical device unit on the basis of the classified personal medical device by inquiring the first data base with the use of the medical device unit. The first set of data involves the type of the personal medical device. On the basis of the first set of data, the second patient's data base is inquired to receive the second set of the patient's data. The second set involves the properties of abatement of the personal medical device. The medical device unit is used to vary the medical procedure in response to the first and second sets of the patient's data. The system involves the medical device unit comprising a machine-readable carrier comprising a logic configured to implement the method.
EFFECT: using the invention provides the reliable operation of the personal medical device in performing medical visualisation procedures.
11 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medical equipment, namely to gastroenterostimulators for the early postoperative recovery of the gastrointestinal motor functions. An apparatus for electrical stimulation of the gastrointestinal tract comprises a step-down transformer with an electrical isolation of primary and secondary windings; a power indicator; an attenuator having three stimulation current control steps; a stimulation current indicator; a stimulation rhythm indicator; a switching unit supplying an electrical stimulating pulse into the oral cavity during chewing. A gastrointestinal motor function stimulation unit represents a rubber brick made from toxically safe chewable rubber. The rubber brick comprises paralleled hermetic micro-switches supplied from an output of the attenuator. On the periphery of the rubber brick, there are mounted silver terminals supplying electrical stimulating pulses onto a bioobject. Every time the gums press the rubber brick when chewing the micro-switches are closed and thereby supply power onto the external terminals arranged on the periphery of the rubber brick and electrically stimulate the patient's oral cavity in time with the chewing reflex rhythm.
EFFECT: providing the early postoperative motor functional recovery of the gastrointestinal tract.
SUBSTANCE: method involves the ultrahigh-frequency exposure (UHF therapy) in treating pneumonia. The procedure is preceded by determining the blood clotting time. If the blood clotting time is less than 2 minutes, the UHF therapy length is more than 15 minutes daily with the therapeutic course of 8-10 sessions. If the blood clotting time exceeds 6 minutes, the UHF therapy length shall not be more than 3 minutes, 3-4 times a day at the time intervals of min. 30 minutes; the therapeutic course is 25-30 sessions. If the blood clotting time falls within the range of 2 to 6 minutes, the UHF therapy length is 10-12 minutes daily with the therapeutic course of 8-10 sessions.
EFFECT: method prevents the blood hypo- and hypercoagulation, microcirculation disorders in the area of an inflammation causing the delayed clinical course of the disease, the onset of pneumofibrosis and the progressing chronic bronchopulmonary pathology.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to medicine. A device contains positive and negative electrodes, a power source and control means. The electrodes are installed or printed on a petal. The power source and the control means are located in a mould depression. The power source is connected to the electrodes by a conductive track. The conductive track of the positive electrode is separated from the negative electrode by an insulating strip. Insulating tracks are located on the petal edge. The method is realised with the application of the said device. In the process of its realisation stimulating electric impacts, sufficient to cause isometric muscle contraction, are supplied.
EFFECT: group of inventions increases the efficiency of a stimulating impact due to the prevention of electric current leakage and proportional increase of the blood flow in tissues.
7 cl, 2 tbl, 26 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, prevention of various diseases, treatment and rehabilitation of humans and animals. The body is exposed to an air medium artificially changed in relation to the ambient medium with using air ions or aerosols in a combination with exposure to an electron flow by at least one negative electrode contacting the human body. Current intensity is specified within up to 50 mA, while a frequency is from 0.00 to 1.7×1015 Hz. A contact point of the negative electrode to the body is coated with a drug or a biologically active substance. The body can be additionally grounded with at least one ground electrode; the body is additionally exposed to electromagnetic waves at a frequency specified from 0.00 to 1.7×1015 Hz.
EFFECT: method provides effective body health improvement by reducing a deficiency of electrons and negative ions, a quantity of free radicals, positive charges in the body, activated blood circulation and metabolism, ATP synthesis, optimised internal environment, including its acid-base state.
4 cl, 1 dwg, 9 ex
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has body and attachment unit manufactured as glass manufactured from dielectric material. Electrostatic field exciter unit rotates on drive shaft and is mounted in the attachment unit. The exciter unit has radial members mounted on the drive shaft and end member. The radial members are engageable with internal surface of the attachment unit walls and build electrization pair with attachment material. The end member is engageable with internal surface of the attachment unit bottom and builds electrization pair with attachment material. External surface of the attachment unit walls has taper with diameter growing small towards the bottom. The attachment unit walls are of variable thickness growing small towards the bottom.
EFFECT: greater area of electric field production; concentrated charge in working zone.
5 cl, 2 dwg