Dome

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: dome consists of a wooden frame including composite meridional arched ribs made of elements docked end-to-end at an angle to each other and fastened with their upper ends to the central supporting element, and with the lower ones to the supporting element of the base, and horizontal girders connected to the meridional ribs. The docked elements of the arched ribs are connected with overlapping by the cut ends and are fastened with nagels, on the free ends of which the ends of horizontal girders are put, the central supporting element is made in the form of a disk, and the lower tier of horizontal girders is put on the nagels installed in the openings of the lower elements of the meridional arched ribs.

EFFECT: increasing the dome strength.

4 cl, 7 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises the assembly of arches in horizontal position from the same elements by the hinged connection of their ends to the joint plates by central bolts, giving arches the desired shape, rigid fixation to the joint plates, subsequent installation of arches into the design position, installation of hammer beams on arches and laying the fence on them. Joint plates are made of segments of thin-walled rectangular or square pipe, and the ends of the same elements are placed inside the joint plates, on the upper and lower shelves of which longitudinal and transverse slots with formation of cantilever portions are made. These portions are bent up until the contact with the shelves of the ends of the same type elements with provision of the required outline of the arch and subsequent installation of self-drilling bolts between them.

EFFECT: improved strength and stiffness of joint connection of arch elements.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of a semi-round component involves the following stages: sawing of a wood workpiece of a cylindrical shape into at least one separate rectangular plank, with their further drying and gluing on a micro stud with formation of a lamella. Then, glue is applied onto lamellae and pressed to each other for bonding into a semi-round structural component; after that, side surfaces are straightened, and each of the four corners of the semi-round structural component is cut along its longitudinal axis with formation of a quadrangle in a cross section.

EFFECT: simpler manufacture of a component.

3 dwg

Vaulted structure // 2550748

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: this vaulted structure is composed of mesh with rectangular cells of interconnected lengthwise and crosswise elements made of wood rods of round cross-section. Note here that said lengthwise elements are solid while crosswise elements abutting by their ends on lengthwise elements are connected therewith at mesh nodes. Crosswise rods are coupled with lengthwise rod at line nodes with coupling over cylindrical surface in compliance with geometry of vaulted structure. Said rods are provided with butt straps arranged on inner side and having the bending strength of jointed crosswise rods and secured therewith and with lengthwise rod by coupling bolts passed through openings made in rods and strap. Butt strap has slits coupled with said rods turned to each other relative to lengthwise rod axis.

EFFECT: higher stiffness.

4 cl, 6 dwg

Dome // 2546703

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: dome includes wooden meridional arched ribs made of rods attached with their end faces at an angle to each other, lining attached to the frame and horizontal trusses attached to the meridional ribs. Rods are made of a wooden section including veneer plates and flanges from wooden bars fixed at their longitudinal edges. Rods are fixed with butt strips made of bars fixed on both sides of the veneer plate so that planes of bars, which are located on both sides of the plate and form butt surfaces of the rods, coincide with the plane of its end face. The dome is provided with a vertical load-carrying member that is attached with its upper end to a central supporting member made in the form of a ring, and in downstream sections it is attached to an intermediate floor made of radial beams, one end of which is attached to the corresponding composite meridional rib or supporting member of the dome base, and the other one to the vertical load-carrying member. Neighbouring radial beams are attached to each other by means of additional trusses comprising rings in a plan view, which are concentrically located relative to the vertical load-carrying member.

EFFECT: improvement of structural stiffness.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: three-pin arch of triangular cross section includes semi arches from rectilinear elements, made of paired thin-walled elements of open sections and fixed at the ends by walls of sheet gusset plates. Sheet gusset plates are made along the length of alternating contours, at the ends they contain flanges and ribs, and provide for development of unloading eccentricities both in support units in area of ties fixation and also in the arch comb.

EFFECT: reduced metal intensity of a structure.

2 cl, 4 dwg

Roof // 2543762

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: stiffener with planes descending from it to different sides across the tops of shells is made in the roof, comprising at least two adjacent rigid shells in the form of half-cylinders with supports in the form of columns.

EFFECT: improvement of precipitation escape from the surface of the roof, increase of the internal volume of the roof.

1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structure comprises a rectangular ceiling panel, forming a ceiling, multiple angular panels, each of which is formed by separation of a hemisphere into 8 equal packaged parts, where angular panels are connected to each other along the vertical side, while their upper ends contact with angles of the ceiling panel, and multiple side panels formed from rectangular packaged panels, with the same bending as in the side of the angular panel.

EFFECT: increased structure strength.

4 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to install an arch consists in preliminary installation of binding beams, installation of temporary supports of alternating height onto them and serial assembly of arch elements with support against temporary supports. Additional temporary supports of alternating height are mounted on the binding beam at the low level, two side half-arches are assembled on them without support areas, as well as the middle part of the arch, from arch elements Then two side half-arches are hingedly fixed to the middle part of the arch, forming a hinged branch of the arch, afterwards weight-lifting devices are mounted on temporary supports, the hinged branch of the arch is rested on them in a hinged manner, and with the help of weight-lifting devices it is raised to the design height. After installation of support areas and combination of the binding beam and the arch with the help of arch filling the temporary supports are dismantled.

EFFECT: reduced labour costs in arch installation.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely, to a spherical spatial structure. The spherical structure comprises a frame made of sections of thin-walled profiles connected to form hollow cells. The area of the profile cross section provides for meeting the condition of developing a self-bearing frame without taking into account external loads. A stiff finishing material is fixed to sections of cell profiles, in the form of sheets or boards, on which a solid insulating material is laid. The shape of materials is congruous to the shape of appropriate cells. Grooves between adjacent boards of the insulant for some of their depth are filled with heat insulation material. Free space is filled with a reinforcement frame and concrete. Reinforcement "whiskers" are taken out from concrete, which interact with a volume cellular structure laid onto entire surface of the sphere onto the insulation material, on which concrete is applied.

EFFECT: reduced weight of a spherical structure, simplification of its assembly, increased accuracy of making a spherical surface.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely, to the method of assembly of structures of spherical shape. The method of assembly of a spherical structure includes assembly of a frame from sections of thin-walled profiles with formation of hollow cells. The sphere carcass is mounted bottom-up. The internal finishing material is mounted bottom-up. The stiff finishing material is fixed to sections of the profile of the appropriate carcass cells to form a cell bottom, where insulation material is laid. The shape of filling materials is congruent to the shape of cells. Grooves between adjacent insulation boards are filled with insulation material for part of depth. The remaining free space is filled with reinforcement carcass and concrete, and starter bars are taken out. The surface of the sphere carcass is covered with volume cellular structure, which is coated by concrete.

EFFECT: accuracy of spherical surface arrangement.

5 cl, 2 dwg

Dome-like structure // 2259448

FIELD: building, particularly dome-like structures defining non-circular figure in plan.

SUBSTANCE: dome-like structure is composed of a number of panels having substantially straight edges. In each horizontal level of the structure each panel edge extends between corresponding pair of points locate on imaginary outer structure surface. The structure is designed so that in each above level not all points are situated along common circle, but for each group including three neighboring points spaced one from another in horizontal plane all points of the group have equal radii started from point located in one plane or adjacent the first and the second points of the group are located at the first equal radial distances (radius 1) from point CP-1 in above plane and the third point is spaced the distance (radius 2) equal to that of neighboring point of the group defined between point located on radius of above work point and above adjoining point or between point CP-2 located on radius extending from point CP-1 to above adjacent point.

EFFECT: increased rigidity and stability.

8 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly to erect dome with double wall.

SUBSTANCE: building structure includes inner and outer load-bearing enclosures connected one to another by cross-pieces and hollow cells arranged between outer and inner enclosures. Outer surface of outer enclosure has polymeric coating with corbels connected thereto for mutual connection of outer enclosure and polymeric coating. Method of building structure erection involves connecting elastic diaphragm to building structure foundation; inflating the diaphragm and installing thereof in design position; creating polymeric coating having corbels on inner membrane surface; connecting the first reinforcement to the corbels and fastening the first ends of cross-pieces to the corbels or/and to the first reinforcement; applying hardening mortar on inner surface of polymeric coating so that mortar covers the first reinforcement and the first ends of cross-pieces and forms outer load-bearing enclosure after mortar hardening; locating cell defining tubes on inner surface of outer load-bearing enclosure; connecting the first reinforcement to the second cross-piece ends and applying hardening mortar on the second reinforcement so that mortar covers the tubes and the second reinforcement and forms inner load-bearing enclosure after mortar hardening, wherein the inner enclosure is connected to outer one by above cross-pieces.

EFFECT: increased structure strength along with reduced mass thereof.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly structures covering a large free area, whether open-sided or not.

SUBSTANCE: structure, particularly quickly-assembling framed structures namely covered pavilions, hangars and cafes, comprises arch-shaped frame installed on movable ballast supports so that rain water drainage channels are defined between the arches. Arch assembly with two parts of awning side surfaces is substantially shaped as hyperboloid paraboloid and cylinder defined in-between and acts as wind tunnel. The wing tunnel has two flow-compression sections and flow-expanding section located in cylindrical structure part. Above sections compress/expand wind approaching front or rear arches.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of rain water removal, improved conditions inside the structure in hot sunny weather, when sun heats roof of the structure.

5 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly pre-fabricated quickly mountable framed awning structures, namely covered fields, pavilions, hangars, summer cafes, awnings and tents.

SUBSTANCE: flexible awning roof is pulled onto four side arches so that the structure defines gutters arranged between arches and extending downwards from structure center. The gutters are adapted to drain water from structure roof.

EFFECT: increased ability of rain water drainage from awning roof via gutters defined by adjacent frame arches.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly pre-fabricated quickly mountable framed awning structures, namely covered fields, pavilions, hangars, summer cafes, awnings and tents.

SUBSTANCE: awning structure is pulled onto arches so that the structure defines gutters arranged between arches and extending downwards from structure center. The gutters are adapted to drain water from structure roof.

EFFECT: increased ability of rain water drainage from awning roof via gutters defined by adjacent frame arches.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly arched structures, vaulted structures and folded structures.

SUBSTANCE: building structure comprises cold-formed profiled members produced of thin roll and connected with each other by folded lock joint forming so that the first lower layer is created. Building structure also has the second upper layer of thin profiled members connected with the first layer through perforated spans fastened to projected folds of lower layer by means of tap-bolts and to upper layer by means of sheet cleats. The first cleat ends are fastened in spans, other ones are secured in each third profile of upper sheet and are built in folded lock joint. Both layers are aligned with foundation trough sheet covering plates by means of bolts. The covering plates are installed at different levels with the use of additional thin profiled member having 500 mm length. The levels are spaced 150-200 mm one from another.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity.

5 cl, 9 dwg

Netted shell // 2292429

FIELD: construction, particularly netted shell cases for coatings of all-purpose buildings.

SUBSTANCE: netted shell comprises rods having t-shaped cross-sections, star-shaped joint units, roof panels, clamping plates, packing means, heat-tearable inserts, joint adapters, decorative caps, as well as outer and inner joint caps. The roof panels may be formed as glass panels, glass packs, sandwich panels, polycarbonate and plastic panels.

EFFECT: simplified transparent netted shell production and improved service performance.

4 cl, 6 dwg

Ribbed dome // 2298618

FIELD: construction, particularly dome covering structures.

SUBSTANCE: dome comprises meridional arch-shaped ribs of load- articulated bearing members connected with each other and rigid baulks fastened to meridional arch-shaped ribs in load-bearing member connection points so that annular load-bearing members are formed over dome surface. The annular load-bearing members divide each dome sector into trapezoid and upper triangular sections. Additional stiffening members are rigidly connected to each trapezoid section. The additional stiffening members are made as quadrilaterals constituted of rods. The quadrilaterals are arranged over dome surface in staggered order and corners of each quadrilateral are connected to centers of corresponding rigid baulks and load-bearing members defining trapeze sides.

EFFECT: increased rigidity and provision of uniform load distribution over dome surface, improved load-bearing ability.

3 cl, 3 dwg

Building structure // 2331740

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is attributed to the sphere of construction of space systems with various vault structures: cupola-shaped, cylindrical and etc. In supporting restrictive contour, thin-wall elements are mounted evenly, with carrying inserts placed therebetween. Ends of thin-walled elements are fixed in coupling elements. Additionally, auxiliary elements are placed between thin-wall elements, in gaps or parts thereof, thin-wall elements and bearing inserts being capable of longitudinal movement relative to each other. Crimping of building structure is made by binding.

EFFECT: improved reliability of space building structures assembly.

4 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is attributed to the construction sphere, namely to design of transformable coverings for permanent and temporary structures. Transformable covering includes base with bridling equipment placed thereon, transformable in space stands with tent shell fixed thereon. Each stand made in the form of chain consisting of rigid elements beaded on cable, and capable of changing its spatial position depending on cable tension. Homonymous cable ends are connected to bridling equipment drive, the other ends being connected between themselves by elastic metallic ties of arched shape and fabricated with coupling elements to be attached to fixing units positioned on base around bridling equipment. Cable length is chosen on the basis that stands, in their free state, are attached to base, and in tied-up state, take linear form.

EFFECT: improved of functional reliability of covering for permanent and temporary structures.

5 cl, 5 dwg

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