Method for regulating intake capacity profile of pressure well (versions)

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method for regulating intake capacity profile of a pressure well, including the preparation and injection of gel-forming composition into formation, comprising xanthan, chromium acetate, surfactant - SAS and water, and a process exposure for formation of gel, the intake capacity of the pressure well is predetermined. According to the first one version, with intake capacity of 150-300 m3/day before injecting the gel-forming agent, perform injection of aqueous solution rim of alkaline reagent with a concentration of 0.05-5.0 wt % of 5-10 m3 in volume, then the gel-forming composition is added, additionally comprising a bactericide-formalin or glutaraldehyde, with a content of components, wt %: xanthan - 0.2-0.4, chromium acetate - 0.02-0.04, surfactant - 0.1-0.2, bactericide - 0.05-2.0, the rest is fresh water. After that inject aqueous solution rim of alkaline reagent and a surfactant containing, wt %: alkaline reagent - 0.1-2.0, surfactant - 0.005-3.0, the rest is water with mineralization 0.15-300 g/l, at volume ratio of gel-forming composition to aqueous solution rim of alkaline reagent and surfactant, chosen depending on the intake capaity of the pressure well and equal to 1: (0.53), force said rim into the formation with water with mineralization of 0.15-300 g/l in a volume of 10-15 m3 and stop the well for a technological exposure for 2 to 5 days. According to the second version, with intake capacity of 300-500 m3/day before injecting the gel-forming agent, an aqueous solution rim of an alkaline reagent with a concentration of 0.05-5.0 wt % of 10-20 m3 in volume, inject a gel-forming composition, additionally comprising a bactericide-formalin or glutaraldehyde, with a content of components, wt %: xanthan - 0.3-1.0, chromate acetate - 0.03-0.1, surfactant - 0.15-2.0, bactericide - 0.05-2.0, the rest is fresh water. After that inject aqueous solution rim of alkaline reagent and surfactant at their content, wt %: alkaline reagent - 0.1-2.0, surfactant - 0.005-3.0, the rest is water with mineralization 0.15-300 g/l, at the volume ratio of gel-forming composition to said rim, chosen depending on the intake capacity of the pressure well and equal to 1:(24), force said rim into the formation with water with mineralization of 0.15-300 g/l in a volume of 10-15 m3 and stop the well for a technological exposure for 2 to 5 days. According to the third version, with intake capacity of 500-600 m3/day preliminary inject 50-100m of a dispersion composition rim into the formation, then an aqueous solution rim of alkaline reagent with concentration of 0.05-5.0 wt % of 20-30 m3 in volume, after that inject gel-forming composition, additionally comprising a bactericide-formalin or glutaraldehyde and a polymer, with a content of components, wt %: xanthan - 0.5-2.0, chromate acetate - 0.05-0.2, surfactant - 0.5-4.0, bactericide - 0.05-2.0, polymer - 0.1-1.0, the rest is fresh water. After injecting the gel-forming agent, perform injection of aqueous solution rim of alkaline reagent and surfactant at their content, wt %: alkaline reagent - 0.1-2.0, surfactant - 0.005-3.0, the rest is water with mineralization of 0.15-300 g/l, at the volume ratio of gel-forming composition to said rim, chosen depending on the on the intake capacity of the pressure well and equal to 1:3, force said rim into the formation with water with mineralization of 0.15-300 g/l in volume of 10-15 m3 and stop the well for a technological exposure for 4 to 12 days. Use sodium hydroxide or trisodium phosphate, or sodium liquid glass as alkaline reagent, a dispersed composition rim as aqueous dispersion of the filler with a concentration of 0.01-10.0 wt % or an aqueous dispersion of the filler and polymer with a component ratio, wt %: filler - 0.01-10, polymer - 0.005-1.0, the rest is water with mineralization 0.15-300 g/l, dolomite or wood flour, or bentonite clay powder used as a filler, as polymer - polyacrylamide or sodium carboxymethylcellulose, or hydroxyethylcellulose, said oxyethylated alkylphenols used as surfactant.

EFFECT: increased formation recovery, increased efficiency of formation coverage with impact and expansion of technological capabilities of the method.

3 cl, 4 tbl

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: in a method for the displacement of high-viscosity oil from an oil deposit in a permafrost zone including injection of a heated polymer solution through injectors, flushing of the polymer solution up to the bottomhole of the producer by brine water with the displacement of high-viscosity oil from the stratum with its further extraction and transportation through the producer hole to the surface, the hydrophobic polymer solution (HPS) is used and this HPS is obtained by gauging of water-methanol injection (WMI) with the ratio of water:methanol equal to 60:40 at the ratio of the water-soluble polymer:WMI equal to 1:1, HPS is heated up to the reservoir temperature and the ratio of its viscosity to the viscosity of lock oil is not less than 1:10 at the pressure of flushing that does not exceed the pressure of bottom water and gas cap, at that water-soluble cellulose derivatives or polyacrylamide or hydrolysed polyacrylonitrile are used as the water-soluble polymer.

EFFECT: ensuring the displacement of high-viscosity oil without the contamination of the production stratum and without thawing of permafrost rock surrounding the wells.

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: in a development method for a deposit of high-viscosity oil or bitumen including construction of the upper injector and the lower producer with horizontal sections placed one over the other the above sections are equipped with filters, at that a pipe string of a pipe-in-pipe type with inner spaces isolated from each other by packers is run down to the injector while output openings of the pipe strings are placed in the filter and spread along the length of the horizontal section dividing it into heating zones, injection of a heat carrier through the horizontal injector with the stratum heating, creation of a steam chamber and extraction of the product through the horizontal producer, at that thermograms of the steam chambers are recorded, the heating state is analyzed regarding the evenness of heating and availability of temperature peaks, considering the obtained thermograms even heating of the steam chamber is made by changing the heating zones and delivery of a required quantity of the heat carrier to the respective pipe string in order to exclude the breakthrough of the heat carrier to the producer through the most heated zone, at construction of the injector with a horizontal section for evener heating of the stratum the filters and pipe strings are made with an increased total cross-section area of the openings from the beginning of the horizontal section in the stratum towards the bottomhole. During operation upon a 3-5 time increase in viscosity of the extracted product injection of the heat carrier to the injector is stopped and a gaseous hydrocarbon solvent is injected through the respective pipe string to the heating zone with the least temperature until the temperature of the extracted product is reduced per 10-25%. Thereafter injection cycles of vapour and gaseous hydrocarbon solution to the respective heating zones and product extraction are repeated.

EFFECT: enabling continuous control over the change in viscosity of the extracted product, potential regulation of the injection process, even heating of the stratum, increased output of high-viscosity oil and bitumen with the simultaneous reduction of material costs and energy consumption.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method of filter cake removal of bottom hole area of low-permeable low-temperature terrigenous reservoir located near the permafrost rocks comprises sequential injection through the column of oil-well tubing to the bottom hole area of mudded low-permeable low-temperature terrigenous reservoir of methanol in a volume of 1-2 m3 per 1 m of perforated thickness, phosphoric acid of 5-6% concentration with technological thermal equilibrium time of not more than 0.5 hours. Then aerated dispersed aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide of low concentration of not more than 10-15 wt % is injected in the volume of 2-3 m3 per 1 m of the perforated thickness with forcing the orthophosphoric acid in a distal part of the reservoir. Then aerated dispersed aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide is injected and forced again in the reservoir using the gas condensate with short-term technological thermal equilibrium time of not more than 0.5-1.0 h. Then removal and taking away of the remaining part of the aerated dispersed aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide from the reservoir and the well to the surface is carried out. Then the well is developed by feeding to the well of inert gas, such as nitrogen, worked out, and the well is brought into production. At that injection of aerated dispersed aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide is carried out by pulsed-cyclical method with alternate pumping the aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide and inert gas, such as nitrogen.

EFFECT: increased permeability of dried bottom hole area of the reservoir, increase in the degree of filter cake removal of the bottom hole area and increase in productivity of the wells.

3 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: dry mixture comprises a copolymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid - 71.4-83.3 wt %, paraformaldehyde - 10.0-17.8 wt % and resorcinol - 6.3-11.4 wt % or copolymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid - 69.5-82.5 wt %, paraformaldehyde - 9.5-17.7 wt %, resorcinol - 6.1-10.6 wt %, and aerosil - 0.9-3.0 wt %. The gelling composition is prepared by dissolving any of the said compounds in water. At that the gelling composition without aerosil can also be obtained by the introduction of paraformaldehyde in water immediately after the copolymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid, and resorcinol - after complete dissolution of the copolymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid. The resulting gelling composition comprises a copolymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid - 0.17-0.80 wt %, paraformaldehyde - 0.03-0.20 wt %, resorcinol - 0.02-0.12 wt %, water - the rest, or a copolymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid - 0.17-0.80 wt %, paraformaldehyde - 0.03-0.20 wt %, resorcinol - 0.02-0.12 wt %, aerosil - 0.01-0.03 wt %, water - the rest.

EFFECT: increasing the efficiency and manufacturability of the gelling composition by ensuring the solubility in water used for its preparation of the dry mixture, simplifying of preparation of the composition at high mechanical and thermal resistance.

3 cl, 3 tbl, 5 dwg, 8 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves installation of oil-well tubing string with well sucker-rod pump in a well. Additionally, the string features a liner with filter, heating cable along external surface from wellhead to the well sucker-rod pump, capillary well pipeline from wellhead to a depth below the well sucker-rod pump, entering inner space of the liner. Well operation involves simultaneous product extraction through oil-well tubing string by the well sucker-rod pump. Electric current runs over the heating cable. Mix of Intat asphaltene, resin and paraffin sediment solvent and Rekod demulsifier is injected via capillary well pipeline. Demulsifier to solvent ratio is (1:18)-(1:22). Cable with maximum heating temperature up to 105C and maximum power up to 60 kWh is used as the heating cable.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of viscous oil emulsion production.

1 ex, 1 dwg

FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to development and accumulation of biogenic gas in anaerobic geological formation containing carbon-bearing material. According to the method of increase of biogenic gas blowdown in anaerobic geological formation with carbon-bearing material the access to this anaerobic formation is provided. The rate of blow down of biogenic gases in this anaerobic formation is increased, for example, by holding of accumulated biogenic gases and their keeping in the anaerobic formation. The flowing of reservoir water into the anaerobic formation is provided after increase of biogenic gas blow down. Flowing of reservoir water comprises the circulation of reservoir water between the anaerobic formation reservoir and carbon-bearing material and back into the reservoir.

EFFECT: improvement of efficiency of biogenic gas production.

23 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method of high-viscosity oil well development and operation involves landing of tubing string with well pump with power cable to the well, and landing of capillary tube parallel to the power cable and attached to external surface of the tubing string by clamps. Oil or oil-containing reservoir fluid is produced. Chemical reagent is injected to the well from a tank by a metering pump through the capillary tube. Power cable is inserted to the well through cable gland. Power cable and capillary tube are protected against direct contact with internal well surface by protectors. Electric heater with extension unit, well pump with power cable and sleeve with radial hole to which the capillary tube is connected are inserted into the tubing upwards from the bottom at the wellhead. Electric heater extension unit is connected to the power cable of well pump. The tubing is landed to the well so that its shoe is located at least 2 m lower than bottom of high-viscosity oil reservoir, and electric heater is facing perforation interval of the high-viscosity oil reservoir. At the wellhead, power cable is connected to well pump and electric heater control stations and inserted to the well through cable gland. Capillary tube is inserted to the well through sealed side tap of the well X-mas tree. Electric heater is actuated, and a process break is made for 8 hours to heat bottomhole zone of reservoir in the perforation interval and high-viscosity oil heating at the inlet of well pump. After the process break, well pump is launched simultaneously with the metering pump supplying high-viscosity oil flux via the capillary tube through the radial hole in the sleeve to inner space of the tubing above the well pump.

EFFECT: enhanced well yield, reduced load in the well pump.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method of high-viscosity oil or bitumen field development involves construction of two horizontal wells, one above the other, steam injection to the reservoir, reservoir heating by steam pocket formation, steam and hydrocarbon solvent injection to horizontal injector, and product sweeping from horizontal producer. Associated gas is used as hydrocarbon solvent. Steam and associated gas are injected in sequence in cycles. Steam is injected to the reservoir until extracted product viscosity is 3-5 times higher than initial viscosity at the cycle start, associated gas injection is started along with product extraction until extracted product temperature is reduced by 10-25%, then steam and associated gas injection cycles are repeated.

EFFECT: expanded reservoir coverage, higher level of high-viscosity oil and bitumen production along with material and power cost reduction.

1 ex, 1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the heavy oil extraction from underground field. Method of the heavy oil extraction from underground field includes: nanoemulsion (oil-in-water) injection to one or more injection wells, extraction of the specified heavy oil from one or more operation wells, where the specified nanoemulsion is produced using the method including: production of the uniform mixture (1) water/oil product with interfacial tension 1 mN/m maximum, containing water in quantity from 65% to 99.9% by weight, with a view to total mixture weight (1), and at least two surface-active substance (SAS) having different hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB), selected from not-ionic, anionic, polymer SAS, preferably not0ionic; these SAS are in such quantity that to make the mixture (1) uniform mixture (1) dilution by the dispersion medium containing water with added at least one SAS selected from the specified SASs; this dispersion medium and SAS quantities are such that nanoemulsion is produced (oil-in-water) having HLB exceeding HLB of the mixture (1). Invention is developed in subclaims.

EFFECT: increased extraction efficiency.

34 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is related to production of heavy hydrocarbons. In the in situ multistage solvent extraction method of heavy oil from oil pools at first liquids and gases are extracted from zones of contact with heavy oil in order to increase interfacial area of unextracted heavy oil subject to contact with solvent. Then solvent is injected in the form of steam to the above zones in order to increase pressure in the pool up to accumulation of sufficient quantity of solvent in the form of liquid to ensure contact with enlarged interfacial surface of heavy oil. Then the pool is isolated for the period sufficient to ensure diffusion of solvent to unextracted oil through the interfacial surface at ageing stage so that the mixture of solvent and oil with low viscosity is obtained. One or more parameters of the pool are measured to determine the degree of unextracted oil liquefaction in the pool by solvent. Oil extraction from the pool is commenced by gravity drainage when viscosity of oil becomes rather low to flow through the pool to the production well.

EFFECT: maximising liquefaction of heavy oil and maximising its extraction as a result.

19 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: dry mixture for makeup of well-killing fluid containing industrial powdered lignin sulphonate, biopolymer of xanthane gum and bone glue with the following ratio of ingredients, wt %: the above lignin sulphonate 86.7-90.0, biopolymer of xanthane gum 9.5-12.5, bone glue 0.5-0.8.

EFFECT: improving impermeable properties of the well-killing fluid made of dry mixture having high stability during storage due to excluded caking and lumping, ensuring potential regulation of density of the well-killing fluid, reducing time and simplifying technology of well-killing fluid makeup of non-critical reagents, reducing time for well development, potential usage of the well-killing fluid at low climatic temperatures, expanding range of reagents, saving transportation costs.

2 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises deep loosening of soil, application of fertilizers and ferrous sulphate solution, and watering with increased irrigation rate. At that as the fertilizer the urea formaldehyde fertilizer is applied in the topsoil, which is saturated with ferrous sulphate solution and encrusted with phosphogypsum. After completion of washing the fertilizer is moved to the lower part of the ploughed horizon.

EFFECT: efficient desalination of irrigated saline soils with improvement of soil structure, increase in soil fertility and erosion resistance without damaging the surrounding area and plants.

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: cement slurry contains 46.0-75.0 wt % of binding material and as such portlandcement of packing class G or cement mix Micro TSS BTRUO or a mix of aluminous cement GTS-40 and microcement Micro TSS BTRUO in mass ratio of 3:7, or a mix of aluminous cement GTS-40 and portlandcement PTST 50 in mass ratio of 1:4 is used; 1.0-4.0 wt % of surfactant and as such a mix of emulsifying agent MR-150 is used with calcium alkyl benzosulphonate and emulsifying agent OP-4 in mass ratio of 1:4:9; or a mix of emulsifying agent MR-150 is used with calcium alkyl benzosulphonate, water-repellent agent ABR and Neftenol VKS-N in mass ratio of 4:4:3:3; 9.0-27.0 wt % of diesel fuel; 0.0-0.5 wt % of calcium chloride; 0.0-2.0 wt % of condensed microsilica MK-85 and fresh water - the remaining share.

EFFECT: improved fluidity, reduced water loss, improved strength and durability of cement stone.

2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions and methods of wellbore processing. A composition for wellbore cleaning contains, wt %: solvent 10-45; cosolvent 10-40; hydrophilisating surface-active substance 5-10; purifying surface-active substance 5-20; non-ionogenic surface-active substance 1-10; non-ionogenic auxiliary surface-active substance 1-5; emulsifying surface-active substance 1-5; water liquid 1-5.

EFFECT: improvement of cement binding in the annulus space between the case pipe and the rock surface.

14 cl, 4 ex, 4 tbl, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for wells treatment for use in oil industry. Composition for well treatment containing chemical for well treatment adsorbed using water-insoluble adsorbent, where composition is produced by the well treatment chemical deposition from liquid, at that the well treatment chemical is adsorbed on the water-insoluble adsorbent, and where the well treatment chemical is deposited upon metal salt presence. Well treatment liquid containing the above mentioned composition and carrying liquid. Method of the underground reservoir or wellbore treatment including the above mentioned well treatment liquid injection in the reservoir or wellbore. Method to monitor the well treatment chemical release in the wellbore including the above composition injection in the wellbore. Invention is developed in subclaims.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of treatment in environments with high pH.

38 cl, 3 dwg, 4 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: lightweight plugging material contains cement PTsT-I-100, lightweight - expanded vermiculite, technical salt, chemical agent Crep, at the following ratio in wt %: cement PTsT-I-100 - 84.75; vermiculite - 9.42; Crep - 1.13; NaCl - 4.7. During the cement slurry preparation - expanded vermiculite, technical salt.

EFFECT: exclusion of the hydraulic fracture during wells cementation due to improved parameters of the packing cement, increased strength of cement stone at low and moderate temperatures at early stage of solidification upon simultaneous density reduction of the cement slurry.

1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: reagent for treating drilling mud contains 94-96 wt % ferrochrome lignosulphonate and 4-6 wt % ammonium polyphosphate.

EFFECT: improved dilution properties of the reagent in salt mud, high thermal stability and environmental safety of the reagent.

3 tbl

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention mainly relates to methods of hydrocarbons production from hydrocarbons containing reservoirs. Method of treatment of the reservoir containing crude oil including stages when: (a) composition is supplied to extract the hydrocarbons to at least part of the reservoir, at that the composition contains at least two internal olefin sulphonates selected from group comprising internal C15-18-olefin sulphonates, internal C19-23-olefin sulphonates, internal C20-24-olefin sulphonates and internal C24-28-olefin sulphonates, and at least one viscosity decreasing compound, that is isobutyl alcohol, ethoxylated C2-C12-alhohol, 2-butoxyethyl, butyl ether of diethylene glycol or their mixture, and (b) composition is provided with possibility to react with the reservoir hydrocarbons. Invention also relates to method of viscosity decreasing of composition of highly active surface-active substance and composition for hydrocarbons extraction.

EFFECT: result is creation of more effective method of hydrocarbons extraction from crude oil containing reservoir.

14 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method of acid treatment of bottom-hole zone of carbonate reservoir includes injection of the acid composition containing in wt %: inorganic or organic acid, or their mixture 9.0-24.0; zwitterion surface-active substance - oleinamidopropylbetaine 1.0-10.0; hydrophobically-modified polyurethane polymer 0.05-3.0; water - rest, at that the acid composition is injected by single stage or by portions with holding between injections. The acid composition can additionally contain anionic surface-active substance in amount of 0.1-3.0 wt %. The above specified acid composition is injected alternating with injection of hydrochloric acid at 12-24% concentration.

EFFECT: alignment of profile of inflow of the production wells in carbonate reservoirs with non-uniform permeability, creation of new fluid conducting channels through entire perforated thickness of the reservoir, restoration of reservoir characteristics of bottom-hole zone due to its cleaning of mud solid particles.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 16 ex, 4 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method of water production zone isolation in a well involves sequential injection of coagulation agent (25% solution of calcium chloride), buffer layer of fresh water, and Givpan acrylic reagent. Additionally, polyethylene terephthalate production waste product, PET with low polymerisation degree, is added to Givpan as a filler in amount of 18-24 wt %.

EFFECT: reduced core permeability.

1 dwg, 7 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: production and exploratory well drilling, particularly foaming drilling fluids used during penetration through incompetent rock intervals and during primary productive oil and gas deposit opening in the case of abnormally low formation pressure.

SUBSTANCE: foam composition comprises surfactant, foam stabilizer, water, water hardness control additive and lubricant. The water hardness control additive is sodium silicate. The lubricant is VNIINP-117 emulsion. The foam stabilizer is polyacrylamide, the surfactant is sulphonole. All above components are taken in the following amounts (% by weight): sulphonole - 0.8-1.5, sodium silicate - 0.2-0.5, polyacrylamide - 0.1-0.5, VNIINP-117 - 0.5-2, remainder is water.

EFFECT: reduced power inputs for well drilling, as well as reduced coefficient of friction between drilling tool and well wall.

1 tbl

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