Method for manufacturing elastomer floor covering and floor covering
SUBSTANCE: first rubber mixture (2) and a decorative substrate material (6) are used, including making the decorative substrate material (6) with the decorative layer (7) areas, profiling the first rubber mixture (2) by means of conversion to a rubber web (5), depositing the decorative substrate material (6) with the decorative layer (7) onto the rubber web (5), ensuring the contact of the decorative layer (7) with the rubber web (5), vulcanizing the rubber web (5) together with the decorative layer (7), and removing the decorative substrate material (6). The decorative layer (7) comprises the second rubber mixture and is made fastened to the rubber web (5).
EFFECT: invention allows to improve the quality, durability of the floor covering and to simplify the method of its manufacturing.
14 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to pliable support for the flexible support of synthetic floor tiles above the ground surface. The pliable insert comprises one or more elongated body, having the longitudinal axis oriented in parallel to the upper surface of floor tiles, the upper side having the connecting surface of the contact for connection with the tile support structure, extending downwardly from the rear side of floor tiles, and lower side, having, at least, one contact surface for interaction with the ground surface, and, at least, one vertically directed recess in order to make fluids flow under the insert. Each elongated body has also the sufficient thickness and rigidity in the nonloaded condition to raise the support structure to a distance above the ground surface.
EFFECT: reducing the labour costs while laying the tiles.
21 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to floor material. The floor material is made of synthetic wood and comprises grooves, formed on its upper surface in the longitudinal direction, and raised patterns, which resemble natural wood patterns and are formed between the grooves.
EFFECT: increase of anti-slip properties of the material.
12 cl, 14 dwg
SUBSTANCE: modular synthetic tile for floor comprises an upper contact surface; multiple holes made in the upper contact surface, besides each specified hole has a geometric shape formed by structural elements made with the possibility of crossing with each other in various points of crossing to make at least two opposite sharp angles measured between imaginary axes passing through the specified points of crossing. The structural elements have smooth flat upper surface, forming the specified contact surface, and a facet aligned across the specified upper surface; a transition surface passing between the upper surface and the facet of the specified structural element formed to make a rounded edge between the specified upper surface and the specified facet, and to reduce abrasiveness of the specified floor tile; and a facility to engage a floor tile with at least another floor tile.
EFFECT: higher forces of tile adhesion, reduced abrasiveness.
27 cl, 26 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to floor covering of rubber-polyolefine composition and method of obtaining thereof. Covering for surface includes 5 to 50 wt/wt % of thermoplastic material chosen from the group including polyethylene of extra-high molar weight, ion metre or copolymer of ethylene with methylmethacrylate, copolymer of ethylene with acrylamide, polystyrene, copolymers of ethylene with butyl acrylate, ethylene with methyl acrylate, ethylene with vinyl acetate, ethylene with octane, polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, polypropylene, polybutene, and their mixture, from 5 to 50 wt/wt % of elastomeric material chosen from the group including styrene-butadiene rubber, nitrile-butadiene rubber, natural rubber, isoprene rubber, ethylene-propylene rubber and their mixture, from 5 to 20 wt/wt % of resin with high content of styrene, from 25 to 70 wt/wt % of filler and from 1 to 10 wt/wt % of vulcanising system. Method is implemented by mixing thermoplastic material, elastomeric material, resin with high content of styrene, filler, vulcanising system, calendering of mixture thus obtaining at least two calendered sheets, granulation of these sheets thus obtaining granules, mixing of the above granules and obtaining marble-like coating for surface by means of these granules and vulcanisation of elastomeric material.
EFFECT: obtaining the coating with increased resistance to tear and resistance to formation of spots.
9 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: laminated floor comprises cellulose sheets on its surface, which are impregnated with polymerised resins, on which natural item pattern characteristics are arranged. After pressing and cutting, finished floor plates have lowered areas along their peripheral edge, and due to optical and tactile texture of surface, characteristics are produced, which correspond to pattern characteristics.
EFFECT: improved wear resistance of floor.
14 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns construction, particularly floor plates. Floor plate utilises compensation element, particularly counter-stretch impregnate where soaked paper is connected to bottom insulation layer. Bottom insulation layer in floor plate serves as sound-damping layer. Glue coating is applied between paper and bottom layer.
EFFECT: simplified and cost-saving production of floor plates, enhanced sound damping.
41 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: embossing equipment, particularly for construction material production.
SUBSTANCE: method involves producing paper web having decorative pattern; rolling the paper web only once after paper web production; supplying paper web; delivering melamine polymeric material having predetermined solid substance content; impregnating paper web with melamine polymeric material by paper unrolling and unrolled paper web part impregnation; cutting basic board edges; laying impregnated paper web on the board; inserting board and paper web laid thereon into press having pressing three-dimensional panel; using basic edges for decorative pattern insertion in press so that decorative pattern is arranged in predetermined position relatively three-dimensional panel structure; thermally fixing paper web impregnated with melamine polymeric material and board in direct pressing operation to obtain laminated structure. To produce article having embossed surface embossing operation is carried out along with three-dimensional pressing panel structure aligning with decorative pattern.
EFFECT: improved building and finishing material appearance due to combination of decorative pattern and surface embossing.
11 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: floor covering material.
SUBSTANCE: laminated floor covering has on its surface cellulose sheets impregnated with polymerizable resins. Patterns of natural article are formed on sheets. Upon pressing and cutting processes, ready floor plates have lowered regions extending along their peripheral edge. Floor plates obtain characteristics complying with those of pattern owing to optical and tactile texture of surface.
EFFECT: increased wear-resistance of floor covering.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: floors composed of a number of similar elements having decorative and core layers.
SUBSTANCE: method involves producing core layer having necessary dimensions; connecting upper and lower layers thereto. Decorative coating is applied on upper surface of core layer, for instance by printing thereof and decorative coating is placed behind predetermined fixing point made in core layer. Upper core layer surface is coated with semi-transparent wear-resistance coating, for instance applied by spraying, rolling, dipping or flowing or several sheets of alfa-cellulose impregnated with thermosetting tar or vanish is applied to the surface.
EFFECT: reduced waste, possibility to mate patterns of two different members.
28 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coatings used in collective passenger transportation vehicles, in particular - planes, and deals with low weight carpet and carpet tile. The carpet tile contains threads embedded into the tufting carpet main layer, an antipyrene layer and an auxiliary lining layer containing an antipyrene and a filler, the weight being preferably 82 oz/sq. Yd. (3,050.5 g/m2).
EFFECT: invention ensures creation of lightweight carpet and lightweight carpet tiles suitable for usage in collective passenger transportation vehicles, in particular - in a passenger plane, that meet the requirements of transportation industry standards dealing with combustion, smoke release and toxicity and allows to size tiles in the process of manufacture as required, enabling the possibility of tiles laying in the form of configurations minimising the required quantity of tiles size types as well as the necessity to cut tiles in the process of laying.
35 cl, 7 dwg, 5 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: product comprises at least one textile material made of fibers/filaments, in particular in the form of filaments having partially inner pouncing of the impregnating material. The pattern penetrates at least partially the cross-section of the said first textile material, forming the impregnated areas and unimpregnated areas in accordance with the pouncing. The unimpregnated areas are air-permeable and can comprise a functional coating.
EFFECT: product is air-permeable and permeable to water vapor and has a reduced water absorption, upon its production the time of redrying is reduced, in one version the product exhibits additional improved fire-resistance.
22 cl, 15 dwg, 2 tbl, 8 ex
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method to manufacture a textile cover (2) from a linen (3) of fibre containing: a rear surface (8B), the first area (5), the second area (7) and a front surface (8A), besides, the first area is the area of adhesion, in which fibres (4) of the linen (3) are integrated into a dense woven structure (5), retaining these fibres (4), and which is arranged only in part of the linen (3) thickness (6), and the second area (7) is arranged in the other part of the linen (3) thickness (6) up to the specified front surface (8A). The method is characterised by the fact that according to the method a) the AC electric field is applied to the linen (3), at least front or rear (8A, 8B) sides of which carries a thermomelting powdery binder (12), besides, this powdery binder (12) is introduced into the linen (3) from the fibre (4) so that the specified binder (12) is concentrated in the first area (5). Then c) the binder (12) is exposed to melting by heat supply; then d) the binder (12) is left until hardening or exposed to hardening.
EFFECT: simplified manufacturing of a textile cover without deterioration of cover mechanical properties.
18 cl, 4 ex, 4 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a structure of a material, in particular, for manufacturing a material cloth for clothes containing a fire-resistant material, which may be used to manufacture clothes with reflecting or protective properties. The invention also relates to clothes with such structure of a material. The structure of the material comprises the main structure, which at least partially contains a fire-resistant material, has the first and second sides. At least on the first side of the main structure there is an ornament printed, which has open zones, through which the surface of the main structure is visible. The ornament has a material containing a fluorescent dye. The visible surface of the first side of the main structure in combination with the ornament sets colour of the material structure, which meets the requirements of the European Standard EN 471.
EFFECT: invention provides a material suitable for making preventive clothes with a simultaneous protective function.
36 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: manufacturing process.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the textile industry, in particular to a method for manufacturing tufted material, used as flooring, as well as for interior decoration. The method consists in applying a binder - fine hot melt polyethylene powder, on the secondary synthetic non-woven substrate. The binder while heated turns into a plastic condition. Then under pressure it connects the secondary substrate with a primary polypropylene woven substrate, stitched with pile of synthetic yarn. The application of the binder is carried out on the secondary substrate, while its progress and effect of temperature on top. The connection of the primary substrate and the secondary substrate with a binder in a plastic condition is carried out under a pressure of 0.3-0.7 MPa, while the impact of the temperature of the lower calender of 130°-150° C and the temperature of the upper calender of 50°-80° C. The primary substrate is fed directly into the joint area of layers, at a rate of admission of the secondary substrate with the binder. In the result manufacturability of the carpet is improved due to separation of stages of the binder melting and the layers connecting.
EFFECT: increased strength of binding of substrates across the surface while maintaining the appearance of the pile layer.
2 tbl, 6 ex, 2 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: fabric contains threads and gaps between threads, at the same time gaps between threads have average width of more than 100 mcm. At least one of threads consists of many fibres. The specified at least one thread has cavities between fibres, at the same time cavities are filled with polymer material. Gaps remain open, and size of gaps remains same as before treatment. Polymer material is located substantially in cavities of a thread and covers fibres available inside relative to the external surface of the specified thread.
EFFECT: filling of cavities between fibres with polymer material prevents water absorption by the specified gaps and results in reduced absorption of water by the fabric.
56 cl, 13 dwg, 5 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: covering includes a textile element of surface 2 and a layer 1, which on the surface and at least partially is connected to this textile element of the surface. The layer 1 contains a viscoelastic polymer foam. The textile element of the surface 2 has a module of elasticity, the value of which makes from ≥0.5 N/mm2 to ≤2.5 N/mm2. In the layer 1 the viscoelastic polymer foam has deposition hardness, the value of which at 40% of compression makes from ≥1 kPa to ≤10 kPa. In the layer 1 the viscoelastic polymer foam has hysteresis, the value of which at the deposition hardness determination of 40% makes ≥20% to ≤70%.
EFFECT: method of manufacturing includes a foaming operation of the back side of the textile element of surface with the help of a reaction mixture, forming a polymer foam of the layer.
13 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to laminate and method of its production, and to overlay coat and its application. Laminate comprises backing 5 and wear-resistant film 1. The latter has paper layer 3 whereon applied are printed layer 2, impregnation layer 3a consisting of first synthetic polymer mix containing amino resin and layer 4 produced from second synthetic polymer mix containing amino resin and inclusions of anti-fretting material, for example emery or silicon carbide. Note that said layer is applied on paper layer side opposite the printed layer 2. Layer 4 of decorative film 1 made from second polymer mix is applied by lamination onto impregnated and, if necessary, printed, decorative paper 7 arranged on top side of backing 5.
EFFECT: high wear resistance Laminate for flooring or furniture decoration.
38 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing of homogeneous patterned material of floor coating on plastic base includes formation of the first adhesive layer and further application of thermoplastic particles into adhesive layer, besides particles consist of at least two various grades of particles or mixtures of particles. Above-mentioned particles are introduced in two or more stages into predetermined formations onto adhesive layer so that the latter is fully coated with a patterned first layer of particles to form the first layer of material. Method also includes formation of one additional adhesive layer, on which particles are laid to form additional layer of particles with patterns that comply with the patterns of the first layer, to form additional layer of material, as a result of which additional layer of particles is formed with pattern that complies with the pattern of the first layer, to form the next layer of material. These two layers are synchronised so that patterns match each other as a result of pressing operation, and layers of material produce a homogeneously patterned material of floor coating. Two similar layers may be formed on two separate surfaces, which are synchronised and connected together in pressing installation. These layers may also be formed straight one over another by means of equipping of the first layer of material with adhesive layer and further application of thermoplastic particles onto adhesive layer so that additional layer of particles with according pattern is applied and connected over the first layer of particles.
EFFECT: production of homogeneous patterned floor coatings with thicknesses of up to 2 mm and more distinct pattern.
14 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: floor coating consists of anantistatic bottom layer and top layer, which consists of polyurethane (PU) dispersion, PU-solution, 2-component PU, PU-acrylate, epoxy acrylate, polyether or polyester acrylate, silicon-acrylate or mixture thereof, and contains mainly spherical particles with current-conducting coating, in amount of 0.01 to 10% (wt.) as regards to top layer weight. Average particle size is 0.1 to 50 mcm. Particles are coated with silver, aluminium, copper, nickel, gold or alloys thereof. Bottom layer is a current-conducting and antistatic polyvinylchloride (PVC)-, polyolefin- or rubber-based coating with vertical current-conducting channels.
EFFECT: highly transparent coating, easily cleaned and maintained.
10 cl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rubber composition, in particular, for obtaining tyres or half-finished products for tyres. Rubber composition consists of at least diene elastomer, enhancing filler, cross-linking system, epoxy resin - from more than 1 to less than 20 phr and amine hardening agent - from more than 1 to less than 15 phr. Amine hardening agent is selected from the group, consisting of p-xilylenediamine, 1,3-bis(aminomethyl)cyclohexane, 1,8-diaminooctane, 3,3′-diaminobenzidine and their mixtures. Enhancing filler contains soot, silica or their mixture.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to provide high rigidity with low deformation without noticeable impairment of hysteresis.
11 cl, 2 tbl