Linen for bellows seal of transition between two hinged vehicles and fabric for canopy of passenger stairs or air bridges

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: subject of the invention is a fabric of bellows seal in the transition point of two hinged vehicles or a canopy fabric of a passenger stairs or air bridges, wherein the fabric has at least one carcass layer which has an elastomeric interlayer on both sides with at least one carcass layer being formed from a nonwoven material. An intermediate adhesion layer is provided between the nonwoven material and the elastomeric interlayer.

EFFECT: increased reliability.

14 cl, 4 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the technology of production of polymer fibres, in particular, polypropylene fibres, which can be applied as a reinforcing for cement, gypsum, concrete, etc. The fibre is obtained by moulding from a melt and further processing by ionising radiation. The fibre is 0.1-40 mm long, has a diameter of 5-170 mcm and the melt flow index higher than 500 g/10 min, measured in accordance with DIN EN ISO 1133.

EFFECT: application of the obtained fibres provides an increase of fire resistance of the concrete products.

5 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of polymers and deals with a method of obtaining hardly flammable polymer products based on polyethyleneterephthalate with biocidal properties, which can be applied in the textile industry, medicine, in products of a special purpose as well as in other fields of industry. The method of obtaining hardly flammable polymer products based on polyethyleneterephthalate with biocidal properties includes stretch forming of polyethyleneterephthalate-based polymer product in an adsorption-active liquid medium, containing modifying additives, and the product drying, with, at least, one modifying additive being a biocidal preparation and, at least, one modifying additive being a fire retardant, and one of the modifying additives is pentaerythritol.

EFFECT: reduction of the polymer material dropping with preservation of lower combustibility and biocidal activity.

8 cl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains low-molecular siloxane caoutchouc, ethylsilicate-40, octaphenyltetraasaporphyrinatocobalt(II) or octaphenyltetrapyrazinoporphyrazinatocobalt(II).

EFFECT: increase of covering stability to abrasion and its water-resistance.

1 tbl

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises treatment of cloth at room temperature with a composition comprising, g/l: polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride 15-25, copper acetate or zinc acetate 4-7, acetic acid 4-7, and water up to 1 liter and then the cloth is heat-treated at a temperature of 130-180°C for 1-10 minutes, while half-woollen cloth is made by interlacing of warp and weft yarns of wool and polyester fibers with filling ratio of cloth in the warp and weft equal to 0.9-1.3.

EFFECT: giving the fabric antiallergenic and bacteriostatic properties, while maintaining the antimicrobial activity after wet treatments.

1 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains the agent which represents diethylene-glycol ester 1,3-dimethyl-4,5-dihydroxyethyleneurea - 15-30 g/l, magnesium chloride - 1-3 g/l, the agent representing styrene-vinyl-acetate-acrylic copolymer - 30-75 g/l and water - up to 1 litre.

EFFECT: reduced loss of strength and domestic shrinkage of processed material, maintaining soft handle, simultaneous infusion of properties of low crease retention and resistance to shrinkage, increase in reliability of the equipment operation due to the absence of adhesion, reduction of energy consumption during treatment of the material.

1 tbl

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method of metallisation woven materials lies in melting of metal wires with electric influence, as well as in spraying of microparticles of molten metal to the plane of the material moving orthogonally to the direction of the spraying with the given speed of feeding and protected with the medium of spray distribution from the damaging effect of high temperatures. The explosive melting of the wire substance is carried out through high-voltage electric influence between the ends of the non-open wire delivered discretely to the metalliser in aqueous medium, and a cloud of ionised particles of evaporated metal is formed, and metallisation is performed by energy cumulation of thermal explosion W and electromagnetic focusing of motion trajectories of the ionised particles to the target rate of metallisation, and the rate of feeding Fn of the process material is regulated in time with a spacing frequency nsp of electric influence, and the volume Vw of the exploded wire is changed, as well as the spraying propagation medium, the voltage Uco and the spacing frequency nsp of electric influence formed by a bit relaxation circuit Lc-Ct, and the metallisation indices are set and controlled during metallisation according to the value of the scattering coefficient Ks of electromagnetic radiation, characterised by the formula: where: Uco is a voltage of electric influence exploding the wire; εm"ш" is dielectric capacitance of the fabric material and metal particles, respectively; α is lateral dimensions of the particles; W is energy released under electric explosion of the wire, of the given volume Vw; Zac is acoustic impedance of the discharge circuit forming the spacing frequency nsp of electric influence; ρmwf,λvap is density, specific electrical conductivity, heat of fusion and heat of vaporisation of the wire material in a given environment; Lc is the circuit inductance; Ct is capacity of tank of capacitors; T=tspTs⇔VwKl emf is the number of explosions of the wire in processing of area of fabric with volume Vfab necessary to ensure the given index of metallisation with guaranteed by experimentally proved dependence of metal amount introduced into the fabric on the volume of the exploded wire Vw taking into accountfor adjustment for the loss coefficient Kl emf at electromagnetic focusing of motion trajectories of the ionized particles; Ts is the sampling period of time of feeding the section of plane of metallised surface; d is thickness of the fabric; λ is wavelength of the electromagnetic radiation in a vacuum; and the value of the metallisation index Kp is set and controlled using a physical phenomenon of scattering of electromagnetic waves in the infrared range, and the voltage of electric influence Uco exploding wire with length of 40 mm and a diameter of 0.6 to 1 mm is adjusted from 2 to 4 kV with values of capacity of tank of capacitors Ct of 150 to 200 microfarad and values of the discharge circuit inductance Lc of 30 to 40 mcH, ensuring minimum loss of metal from 30% to 40% with an electromagnetic focusing of motion trajectories of the ionised particles.

EFFECT: technology is feasible in any media, including, liquids, the cloths have shielding properties, and antibacterial, antiviral, catalytic activity.

1 cl, 6 tbl, 6 dwg

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: bicomponent fibers contain aliphatic polyester or a mixture of aliphatic polyesters, which form the first component, and polyolefin or a mixture of polyolefins, which form the second component. Polyolefin contains auxiliary material improving its biodegradation. Textile sheets include these bicomponent fibers and are comparable by mechanical properties to textile sheets based on polyolefin, while they are decomposed more efficiently under the action of microorganisms than the textile sheets based on polyolefin.

EFFECT: enhanced biodegradability, to textile sheets such as nonwoven materials comprising these fibers, which can be used in personal care products.

16 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: bicomponent fibers contain aliphatic polyester or a mixture of aliphatic polyesters, which form the first component, and polyolefin or a mixture of polyolefins, which form the second component. Polyolefin contains auxiliary material improving its biodegradation. Textile sheets include these bicomponent fibers and are comparable by mechanical properties to textile sheets based on polyolefin, while they are decomposed more efficiently under the action of microorganisms than the textile sheets based on polyolefin.

EFFECT: enhanced biodegradability, to textile sheets such as nonwoven materials comprising these fibers, which can be used in personal care products.

16 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: liquid low-molecular siloxane rubber-based composition for fire-resistant material also contains ethyl silicate-40 or tetraethoxy silane as a curing agent and a titanium-containing compound in form of alkoxytitanium borate, where the alkoxy groups are ethoxy, propoxy or butoxy groups.

EFFECT: composition having high stability and adhesion to synthetic fabrics, which increases fire-resistance and reduces hardness of material with a coating made from said composition.

1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the technology of producing anti-contamination composite materials. The material contains a polymer fibre substrate on whose surface there is a layer of fine inorganic particles and a binding component formed via chemical bonding. Each of said fine inorganic particles is coated with a silane monomer with unsaturated bonds. Content of said binding component ranges from 0.1 wt % to 40 wt % of the amount of fine inorganic particles. The material can be in form of a fabric, filter, mosquito net, construction material and material for inside rooms.

EFFECT: material is dustproof and highly durable.

13 cl, 10 dwg, 7 tbl, 15 ex

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of manufacturing flame retarded textile materials, which may be used as filler when manufacturing flame retarded composites and decorative and finishing textile materials. Method of invention comprises applying burning retardant, namely Antipyrene T-2 (methylphosphonamide ammonium salt) onto polycaproamide or polyethylene terephthalate fiber, retardant being used in the form of 5-7% aqueous solution. Fiber is the additionally exposed for 25-30 sec to 350 W CO2-laser emission. Treated fiber contains 22-25% Antipyrene T-2 and is characterized by oxygen index: 35% (polycaproamide) and 42.5% (polyester fiber). Strength of fibers is slightly increased.

EFFECT: substantially increased fire resistance of textiles.

1 tbl, 32 ex

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of manufacturing flame retarded textile materials, which may be used as filler when manufacturing flame retarded composites and decorative and finishing textile materials. Method of invention comprises applying burning retardant, namely Antipyrene T-2 (methylphosphonamide ammonium salt) onto polycaproamide or polyethylene terephthalate fiber, retardant being used in the form of 5-7% aqueous solution. Fiber is the additionally exposed for 25-30 sec to 350 W CO2-laser emission. Treated fiber contains 22-25% Antipyrene T-2 and is characterized by oxygen index: 35% (polycaproamide) and 42.5% (polyester fiber). Strength of fibers is slightly increased.

EFFECT: substantially increased fire resistance of textiles.

1 tbl, 32 ex

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of manufacturing flame retarded textile materials, which may be used as filler when manufacturing flame retarded composites and decorative and finishing textile materials. Method of invention comprises applying burning retardant, namely Antipyrene T-2 (methylphosphonamide ammonium salt) onto polycaproamide or polyethylene terephthalate fiber, retardant being used in the form of 5-7% aqueous solution. Fiber is the additionally exposed for 25-30 sec to 350 W CO2-laser emission. Treated fiber contains 22-25% Antipyrene T-2 and is characterized by oxygen index: 35% (polycaproamide) and 42.5% (polyester fiber). Strength of fibers is slightly increased.

EFFECT: substantially increased fire resistance of textiles.

1 tbl, 32 ex

FIELD: light industry; methods of treatment of the furry semi-finished products.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of light industry, in particular, to the method of treatment of the furry semi-finished products. The furry semi-finished product is treated with the low-temperature plasma in the vacuum chamber under pressure of 25-30 Pa in the medium of the argon gas. The treatment is conducted at the oscillator frequency of 13.56 MHz, with the current strength on the anode of the oscillation valve of 0.65-0.8 A within plasma action time of 3-5 minutes and at the rate of argon consumption of 0.03-0.05 g/s. The technical result of the invention is reduction of the fur abradability, the increased strength of bonding of the fur side with the skin tissue and strength of a hair at stretching.

EFFECT: the invention ensures reduction of the fur abradability, the increased strength of the fur side pelage with the skin tissue and strength of the fur at stretching.

1 tbl

FIELD: fire-retardant ornamental textile materials, fillers for fire retardant composites.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes burn retardant into polyester fiber. As burn retardant 5-7 % dimethyl phosphonate aqueous solution is used. Additionally material is treated with CO2-laser irradiation with power of 350 W, density of 5.3 W/cm, for 25-30 s up to dimethyl phosphonate content on fiber of 12-15 mass %. Fibers are characterized with oxygen index of 31.5-33 %, and fiber durability is narrow increased.

EFFECT: new flame-retardant materials.

1 tbl, 11 ex

FIELD: machine engineering, possibly different manufacturing operations with use ultrasonic oscillations.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes acoustic system, elastic time-lag member system, movable sleeve, union nut, detachable boss. Acoustic system includes ultrasound irradiator with working tip in its end, magnetostriction transducer, concentrator and changeable resonance wave guides at end side of concentrator. Magnetostriction transducer connected with concentrator, system of elastic time-lag members and changeable sleeve are mounted in housing. System of elastic time-lag members is made with possibility of controlling effort for pressing ultrasound irradiator to treated surface. Said system includes secured to end of magnetostriction transducer and designed for full inner reflection of energy of ultrasound irradiator, spring arranged along lengthwise axis of acoustic system and shaped cover plate with insulation springy member. Movable sleeve is adjoined with acoustic system and it is arranged at side opposite relative to elastic time-lag member system of magnetostriction transducer. Union nut is arranged on outer end side of housing at side of elastic time-lag member system. Detachable boss is arranged on outer side of housing and it is designed for securing apparatus to machine tool in stationary operation mode. Changeable resonance wave-guides are used for providing necessary oscillating shifts and stresses transmitted to treated surface depending upon manufacturing process demands. Hydraulic collars are arranged on movable sleeve. Elastic time-lag member system includes in addition piston, bolt coupled with piston and arranged along lengthwise axis of acoustic system, seals arranged between housing and lateral walls of piston for providing fluid-tightness of housing. Ultrasound irradiator is mounted on end of one of changeable resonance wave-guides, its working tip is changeable and it has different shape depending upon demands of manufacturing process. Spring of elastic time-lag member system is changeable, its geometry size and material are selected according to demands of manufacturing process.

EFFECT: enlarged manufacturing possibilities, improved operational reliability of apparatus.

1 dwg

FIELD: spinning.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises treating the fiber made of a belt by moving the fiber over the perforated electrode and under the corona needles of the second electrode. The electrodes are energized with 30-60-kV potential that changes its sign for the opposite one every 1.5 second in the zone of corona discharge. The electrodes are spaced at a distance of 10 mm from the boundaries of the fiber from both sides. The distance between the tips of the corona needles and perforated electrode is 10 mm.

EFFECT: enhanced quality of the fiber and yarn.

2 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: spinning.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises treating the fiber made of a belt by moving the fiber over the perforated electrode and under the corona needles of the second electrode. The electrodes are energized with 30-60-kV potential that changes its sign for the opposite one every 1.5 second in the zone of corona discharge. The electrodes are spaced at a distance of 10 mm from the boundaries of the fiber from both sides. The distance between the tips of the corona needles and perforated electrode is 10 mm.

EFFECT: enhanced quality of the fiber and yarn.

2 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: textile production.

SUBSTANCE: method involves passing fiber in the form of sliver between needle-type corona cathode with exciting corona needles arranged at 10-12 mm pitch, and 7-9 mm distance to anode, and perforated anode, under the influence of constant magnetic field of 500 kA/m intensity. Apparatus has two parallel electrodes, fan disposed under anode, and permanent magnet poles arranged at end sides of electrode plates, with section of permanent magnets exceeding section of fiber in the form of sliver.

EFFECT: improved physico-mechanical properties of fiber.

3 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: textile production.

SUBSTANCE: method involves passing fiber in the form of sliver between needle-type corona cathode with exciting corona needles arranged at 10-12 mm pitch, and 7-9 mm distance to anode, and perforated anode, under the influence of constant magnetic field of 500 kA/m intensity. Apparatus has two parallel electrodes, fan disposed under anode, and permanent magnet poles arranged at end sides of electrode plates, with section of permanent magnets exceeding section of fiber in the form of sliver.

EFFECT: improved physico-mechanical properties of fiber.

3 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

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