Method of obtaining a decorative relief glass and decorative glass products (versions)

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: bottom of the mould is covered with a layer of powdered gypsum and covered with a layer of refractory paper. Then, the vertical laying of sheets and/or fragments of sheet glass is preferably carried out on the refractory paper, followed by heating to the bending temperature. Alternatively, the sheets and/or fragments of the sheet glass are laid in groups with the abutment of the flat side surfaces of the sheets and/or sheet glass fragments of the group to each other. The flat side surfaces of sheets and/or fragments of sheet glass in the group during laying are oriented along the direction specified for each group.

EFFECT: obtaining a product with a light scattering effect and simplifying the method of obtaining it.

15 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: physics, optics.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to optical industry, specifically to the technology of making gradient optical elements used in making optical systems. The method of making a glassceramic lens with refraction index gradient involves synthesis of the initial ceramising glass in a boiling crucible, casting the glass after boiling to obtain a block workpiece, annealing it, inertial cooling and postbaking. Postbaking is carried out in a temperature gradient from 600 to 870C for 3-100 hours. The specific conditions for postbaking are selected depending on the specified composition of the glass in order to obtain a transparent glassceramic material with the required refraction index gradient ranging from 0.015 to 0.4. Refraction indices of specified types of glass range 1.535 to 1.885.

EFFECT: possibility of obtaining a refraction index gradient in a transparent glassceramic at lengths of several centimetres for use in large optical devices.

4 cl, 3 ex, 6 dwg

FIELD: glass industry; methods of manufacture of the decorative glasses.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of the silicates processing, in particular, to manufacture of the glasses intended for manufacture of the flower vases, the ash trays, candlesticks and other articles. The technical result of the invention is the improved decorative effect of the glass and the diversification of the range of the colors. The method of manufacture of the decorative glass provides for preparation of the charge, the glass melt with its swirling and clarification, chilling, framing of the article, its annealing. Introduction of the decorating substance is conducted before the swirling. As the decorating substance use the mineral fibrous material, which fusion point exceeds the temperature of the glass melt. The fibrous material is subjected to separation of the fibers up to the single fibers. The fibrous material constitutes 1-10 % from the mass of the glass.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the improved decorative effect of the glass and the diversification of the range of the colors.

1 ex

The invention relates to the production of decorative facing slabs on the basis of powdered household and industrial waste glass used for interior and exterior finish of buildings and structures, floors, to create artistic and decorative panels

The invention relates to the production of decorative facing material on the basis of stekloprokata, in particular to a method of manufacturing a flat and profiled plates

The invention relates to a decorative construction materials for internal and external decoration of buildings, industrial and residential areas, health facilities and so on

The invention relates to the production of decorative facing materials on the basis of color stekloprokata and the refractory filler

The invention relates to the production of material type stellacreasy on the basis of cullet used for internal, external furnish of buildings and structures, floors, etc

The invention relates to the production of decorative facing slabs, which are intended for civil and industrial construction products, furniture industry and art products

FIELD: lighting.

SUBSTANCE: device for selected lighting of a surface is designed to identify images or their part in interiors of premises, in advertising, in exterior of buildings. The device for selected lighting of a surface comprises a source/sources of light, directed at an end/ends of a light conducting layer, and from three layers arranged in the following sequence: the first layer - the base, the second layer - the light conducting one, the third - the light scattering layer with an image. On the upper surface of the light conducting layer there are grooves that focus and refract rays from the source/sources of light. The base is made as non-transparent, with a light-diffusing, preferably white, coating of the upper side. On the upper surface of the light-conducting layer, grooves may be applied by laser, where the light is focused from the source of light and is directed to the dedicated section.

EFFECT: invention provides for even diffusion of light.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to arts and crafts, namely, to painting by colorless luminescent paint including organic luminophores. Proposed method consists in applying coat in UV illumination using colorless luminescent paint including luminophore and binder. Note here that used is organic with abnormally high Stokes shift exceeding 100 nm. Said colorless in daylight material but luminesces in visible section of spectrum in irradiating it by UV radiation. Note also that used binder is translucent organic substance not absorbing long-wave UV radiation in the range of 365-420 nm. In multilayer coats decoration may be represented by two decorative layers combined on one substrate.

EFFECT: possibility to produce one- and multilayer coats.

25 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: optical converter is made, having mirror plates on which light flux from a light source is directed. Spaces between the mirror plates at the base of the optical converter are coloured or sealed with multi-coloured materials. The incident light flux is directed onto the mirror plates, onto single-layer or multilayer coloured linings, transparent, semitransparent or light-absorbing in form of flat or volumetric objects with projections on the outer surface. The incident light flux is formed by polychromatic, monochromatic or laser radiation. Radiation intensity or wavelength is selected depending on artistic design from the colour combination of elements of the reflected image through computer programming. Additional monochromatic illuminators are used and intensity of incident and reflected light flux is varied by putting one-dimensional and three-dimensional inserts into the illuminators.

EFFECT: broader functional capabilities due to a wider range of variation of lighting and optical characteristics of reflected light through combination of colour formation parametres of the initial image.

6 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: method includes installation of glass pattern elements onto substrate, their attachment to substrate and filling of space between glass elements by alloy soldered to substrate. Substrate used is represented by multilayer glass, alloy used is alloy produced from ceramic powders and plastic metals and/or their alloys, where at least 10-12% is aluminium oxide (Al2O3), applied by gas-dynamic method between glass elements of pattern.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify process of stained-glass window and to produce resistant items with anti-shock properties.

4 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: devices for forming images in products made of transparent material or material with low transparency for visible radiation.

SUBSTANCE: in accordance to invention, as radiation, wave components of copper-vapor laser impulse are used, divided in time. Device contains copper-vapor impulse laser, radiation transportation system with delay line and two telescopic systems, and a focusing system. Image generation process is controlled by a computer.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to produce high quality concealed and visible images in products, with high productiveness.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: fine arts, in particular, displaying of various graphic patterns for producing various color dynamic effects.

SUBSTANCE: artistic pattern is applied onto light-permeable plate behind which light-transmitting plate is positioned, said light-transmitting plate having at least one region with light-reflecting coating. Said at least one region is aligned with artistic pattern of certain plot, provided on light-permeable plate. Opaque background plate is positioned behind light-transmitting plate. All the plates are arranged in contoured pattern within opaque carrier frame. Illumination source is made in the form of group of localized sources of light radiation having different glow wavelength, said illumination sources being arranged within frame cavity and oriented toward end of light-transmitting plate. Localized sources of optical radiation are connected to power source through unit for controlling commutation, time modes, period of switching, and also unit for regulating of glowing brightness.

EFFECT: wider range, provision for dynamic changing of multicolor illumination of artistic pattern plot regions within desired limits and increased entertaining effect.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: producing decorative effects.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises setting amber pieces in a box placed on the horizontal surface, filling the box with an adhesive composition, cutting the outer layer of the panel after complete solidification, turning the panel over, repeating the operations, and finishing the panel to provide a specified thickness.

EFFECT: improved decorative effect.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: production of volumetric images.

SUBSTANCE: method involves determining distribution of relative luminance value over surface of object to be depicted; applying polyethylene coating onto substrate.

EFFECT: improved quality and increased volumetric effect.

4 cl, 8 dwg

The invention relates to devices and methods for demonstrating dynamic image
The invention relates to the field of storage, transport and use of liquid and bulk materials, small items and can be used to implement these operations with the production of food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and light industry and processing of agricultural products and wild foods

FIELD: production of volumetric images.

SUBSTANCE: method involves determining distribution of relative luminance value over surface of object to be depicted; applying polyethylene coating onto substrate.

EFFECT: improved quality and increased volumetric effect.

4 cl, 8 dwg

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