Multifunctional tiller

FIELD: agriculture; machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, in particular to tillage machines. Multifunctional tiller comprises frame with hitch attachment and side walls, milling drum with permanent and arranged there between detachable blades or teeth sections, rear spring-loaded shield with detachable ridging housings, center and side on its lower surface, and with detachable blades, detachable support wheels. Milling drum contains permanently fixed and detachable sections and has drive mechanisms in form of driveline, central reduction gear, intermediate and side gear transmissions. Tiller is equipped with removable rippers arranged below milling drum in front of its detachable sections, detachable furrow shapers made in form of spherical discs with adjustable angle of attack and installation height, arranged in front of side walls and facing by sphere concave to tiller longitudinal axis. Side walls are equipped with support wheels posts installation devices, made with possibility of installation in front of milling drum or along furrow shapers trace behind side walls. Ridging housings are made removable, and side housings are installed with controlled mid-path.

EFFECT: such design solution is aimed at tiller functional capabilities expansion.

1 cl, 8 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

Plough // 2551100

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: plough contains main beam of the frame, angle-bars, plough casings with tusks, blades and landside plates. The plough casings are secured on poles. The plough-points are secured prior to plough casings on poles. Between the plough casings and plough-points the boards are installed oriented along the movement direction and without clearances. The plough casings are equipped with the side shavers installed on their poles from the side of leading edge, their width of cut is equal to width of cut of the plough casing. The plough-points are made with bend ends having cut-offs and bits installed on them. The plough-points ate installed below the tusks of the plough casings with distance from the plough-point bit to the tusk of the plough casing equal to maximum 30 cm. The plough-point poles are made out of pipes with diameter up to 10 cm, and installed with possibility of height adjustment on brackets with securing via the inserts. The side shavers are installed at angle 15-45 towards movement direction of the ploug with possibility of height adjustment.

EFFECT: reduced power consumption, increased operation reliability and quality of soil treatment, widening of functional abilities.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery, particularly, to in-soil rotary milling and cutting of water absorbing slots in soils. This device comprises two vertical milling chisel ploughs (2). The latter are engaged with common drive. Milling chisel plough (2) is equipped with circular milling chisel plough (5). Circular milling chisel plough (5) has external cutting edges (11). The latter are made along its outer part on side surfaces, in turns at the right and left sides. Soil intake container (12) is arranged ahead of cutting edges (11). Said soil intake container (12) doubles as the recess of engagement of the driving gear of drive (15) on outer side of circular milling chisel plough (5). Said soil intake container (12) is provided with hole (13). The latter is directed perpendicular to the surface of circular milling chisel plough 5 and through its depth.

EFFECT: better cleaning of said soil intake container, lower traction resistance and higher reliability.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: rotary thatcheriser-chisel cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, a rotor counter-rotating to the movement of the tool with the shaft and the combing teeth on it, and the driving mechanisms of the rotor. The teeth of the rotor are arranged in one plane of rotation and secured to the flange movable in the plane of rotation. The teeth are placed along a helical line with an angular displacement on the adjacent flanges of not less than 45. The flange holder is connected to the rotor shaft by means of elastic elements. The elastic elements are mounted in the annular cavity between the connected surfaces of the holder and the shaft. The holder and the shaft contain the longitudinal ribs respectively on the inner and outer connected surfaces. The longitudinal ribs are arranged with the same angular displacement. The length of the part of the annular cavity of the unloaded rotor is filled with the elastic elements in front of the edge of the shaft, and at least two times greater than in front of the rib of the holder. In front of the rotor in the middle part of the bands extending between its teeth the circular knives with leashes are mounted. The leashes of the circular knives are mounted on the bearing beam with the ability of adjustment in height of the unit. At the rear part of the rotor between the teeth the grooved and tapered down shields are located. The shields contain rounded longitudinal ribs of different heights. The leashes of the shields are pivotally connected to the bearing beam with restriction of their descent. The lower ends of the shields are located behind the body of rotation of the rotor.

EFFECT: providing stability and quality of the process of extraction from the soil of root residues of perennial plants and reduction of energy consumption for deep loosening of the soil.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed machine comprises articulated three frame sections with working tools. Front and second sections (1) and (7) are coupled by hydraulic cylinder (16) for upward turn of second section (7) on pins (9) of articulation with front section (1). Front and third sections (1) and (13) are coupled by con-rod (17) with pins (18) and (19) of these sections. Con-rod (17) pin axle (18) is located ahead of and above pin (10) of articulation between first and second sections (1) and (7). Pin (19) of articulation between con-rod (17) with frame third section (13) is fitted on its top end ahead of pin of articulation between second and third sections (7) and (13). Pin (19) has crosswise bore to receive con-rod and can turn about its axis. In run-in position, distance between remote points of pins (18) and (19) for con-rod (17) is smaller than its working length (S), In working position, said distance equals the con-rod (17) working length while angle between second and third sections (7) and (13) is not smaller than 90 degrees.

EFFECT: reliable conversion from in-run to working position.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural engineering, in particular to the combination tillage tools with replaceable working bodies. The combined tillage tool consists of a frame (1) of hinged colter-mouldboard plough, a support wheel (2) with the mechanism (3) of tillage depth control, replaceable working bodies: blade cultivator hoes (4) or the plough housings. The operating width of the blade cultivator hoe (4) is equal to twice the operating width of the plough housing. The tool has a disc section (6). The disc section (6) has an operating width equal to the overall width of the plough housings. When the tool is equipped with the blade cultivator hoes (4) the additional disc section (7) is mounted behind them, as well as the extender (11) of the frame with the additional odd-numbered bracket for mounting the last blade cultivator hoe (4). The disc sections are mounted on the offset beams (8) and rigidly fixed relative to the frame (1). The disc sections (6 and 7) have the tillage depth control mechanism (9) and the mechanism (10) of changing the angle of attack.

EFFECT: design implementation of tool provides high quality of primary soil tillage and enables to improve the energy efficiency of the basic treatment due to the more efficient use of power of traction vehicle.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises milling the soil as strips. The soil of milled strip is subjected to separation. Unseparated part of the soil is subjected to impact action, followed by separation, accompanied by crushing of undisrupted clumps of soil on the rods and pushing them into the gaps between the rods of the separating grid. The device comprises a milling drum, a rear rotor the separating grid located behind it. The working bodies of the rear rotor are made in the form of rubber blades. The blades strike the clumps falling on a wide plate fastening the rods of the separating grid.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of agronomically valuable aggregates over the entire thickness of the treated land.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: rotary subsoil cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, the driveless ripper working bodies installed in series, forcibly rotating rotor with teeth on the horizontal shaft, the rotor drive mechanisms, and a compactor. The ripper working bodies are made in the form of spherical discs. The discs are mounted with an angle of attack in front of the rotor teeth and are facing with the convex to the longitudinal axis of the subsoil cultivator. The diameter of the rotor is at least one and a half times greater than the diameter of the discs. The discs are arranged above the lower line of the rotor body of revolution by an amount exceeding not less than half the radius of the disc. The devices for connection of the discs with the frame are made with elastic elements. The compactor is made with adjustable limitation of lifting height. The rotor teeth are provided with replaceable cutting devices. The discs are made adjustable in height and fixed on the spring-loaded or spring racks.

EFFECT: reduction of energy consumption of loosening the soil by rotary subsoil cultivator and cost of power to the rotor drive, providing sustainable performance of processing the agricultural backgrounds with weed vegetation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to vegetable farming. The method is implemented by means of laying of milled soil for the formed furrows to the surface of unprocessed soil. For long-term provision of cultivated crop with accessible (capillary) water entering the soil mass with capillary porosity, formed within a long period after qualitative autumn treatment the dried surface layer of this mass id destructed and removed. Meanwhile newly formed surface layer additionally compacted, that prevents to excessive loss of capillary water. The soil with non-capillary porosity hard-worked on the usual mass making side slopes and sowing layer, forming the hole soil mass as a furrow slice. The device includes the power shaft, fixed on the frame, with interspaces between milling drums with covers, shaping furrow slices. Meanwhile it is equipped with chains fixed on the driving shaft in interspaces between the milling drums.

EFFECT: group of inventions allows to prevent an excessive loss of capillary water and for a long time to provide the cultivated crops with accessible water.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises cutting, crumbling of the treated soil layer, the layer turnover, the destruction of "plough pan" and formation of slits with the inter-slit distance of 70-90 cm. When crumbling the upper part of the treated layer its turnover is carried out in both directions with respect to the rack of the working body and movement to the field surface with the formation of cavities in the passage ways of the working bodies to form a ridge on the untreated part of the field surface. Then with the working bodies of the second row the process of formation of cavities is repeated. Then with the working bodies of the following rows cutting, crumbling of the untreated surface of the field to greater depth is carried out, moving it into the formed cavities and forming slits. Then the surface of the field is levelled. The tool comprises a frame consisting of longitudinal and transverse beams. The frame is provided with replaceable working bodies located to form parallel rows, enabling treatment of soil over the entire working width of the tool. The working bodies are made in the form of removable A-blades mounted on the rack, consisting of right and left ploughshares in the direction of motion. The ploughshares are made of triangular or quadrangular form, located with displacement of the cutting edges and have mouldboards. The working bodies are fixed to the longitudinal beams of the frame using the racks. The left and right ploughshares are mounted with displacement of 0.5-1.5 width of the ploughshare relative to each other horizontally and are located at an angle of 20-35 to the horizontal and 30-55 to the vertical planes. The cutting edges of the ploughshares are formed with displacement of 0-30 mm relative to each other vertically. On the rack of the working body over the ploughshares the right and left mouldboards are mounted at an angle of 25-50 relative to the side part of the rack in the horizontal plane and at an angle of 25-40 relative to the front part of the rack in the vertical plane. The lower edges of the mouldboards are made with the cutting at an angle of 20-40 relative to the horizontal plane. In the front part of the rack at the junction place of the left and right mouldboards the fairing is mounted made of a rod with the cross-section of a circle or part of a circle, corresponding to the length of conjugation of the mouldboards from the upper part of one of the ploughshares to the upper part of conjugation of the mouldboards. Two last rows of the working bodies consist of a rack, a fairing and a chisel, fixed through the side slot on the front part of the rack of the working body, which is attached to the equalizer by means of brackets. The working bodies of each of the next row are located with displacement with respect to the working bodies of the previous row.

EFFECT: technology and constructive implementation enable to improve the quality of soil treatment and to reduce the tractive resistance.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a first row and a second row, located behind it, of earthmoving working bodies and at least one row of discs for forming soil. The adjacent working bodies of the first row are located at a first distance from each other, and the adjacent working bodies of the second row are located at a second distance from each other. The row of discs for forming soil is located behind the second row of earthmoving working bodies. The adjacent discs are located not at equal distance. The distance between the adjacent discs is greater or smaller depending on the fact whether the distance is located between the adjacent discs behind the working body of the first row or behind the working body of the second row. According to a second embodiment the tools of the earthmoving working bodies of the first and second rows are located at a predetermined distance from each other. The third embodiment of the tool provides location of the earthmoving working bodies of the first and second rows at equal distance, designed to form the first and second groups of recessions and groups of berms in the soil, at equal distance from each other. Each of the recesses in the second group of recesses is located approximately centrally of the corresponding berm from the group of berms and between the adjacent recesses of the first group of recesses. The second group of recesses is deeper than the first group of recesses. The discs for forming soil are designed for forming the first and second groups of recesses and berms to ensure the equal release of soil.

EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to ensure uniformity of location of recesses on the surface of the treated area, which enables to retain moisture in the soil and to facilitate sowing of seeds.

20 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: rotary thatcheriser-chisel cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, a rotor counter-rotating to the movement of the tool with the shaft and the combing teeth on it, and the driving mechanisms of the rotor. The teeth of the rotor are arranged in one plane of rotation and secured to the flange movable in the plane of rotation. The teeth are placed along a helical line with an angular displacement on the adjacent flanges of not less than 45. The flange holder is connected to the rotor shaft by means of elastic elements. The elastic elements are mounted in the annular cavity between the connected surfaces of the holder and the shaft. The holder and the shaft contain the longitudinal ribs respectively on the inner and outer connected surfaces. The longitudinal ribs are arranged with the same angular displacement. The length of the part of the annular cavity of the unloaded rotor is filled with the elastic elements in front of the edge of the shaft, and at least two times greater than in front of the rib of the holder. In front of the rotor in the middle part of the bands extending between its teeth the circular knives with leashes are mounted. The leashes of the circular knives are mounted on the bearing beam with the ability of adjustment in height of the unit. At the rear part of the rotor between the teeth the grooved and tapered down shields are located. The shields contain rounded longitudinal ribs of different heights. The leashes of the shields are pivotally connected to the bearing beam with restriction of their descent. The lower ends of the shields are located behind the body of rotation of the rotor.

EFFECT: providing stability and quality of the process of extraction from the soil of root residues of perennial plants and reduction of energy consumption for deep loosening of the soil.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: remote section of the rotary cultivator comprises a movable frame of the rotary cultivator section with working elements, and a hydraulic cylinder of section lifting. The movable frame is made rotary and is provided with a roller and a sidewall fixed to it, mounted at the side of the processed plants, a parallelogram linkage mechanism, an apron fastened to the lower part of the frame, a drum of the working elements with a hydraulic motor, a hydraulic distribution valve, at least two hydraulic cylinders of deflection and inclination of the section and the probe.

EFFECT: grinding of plants in inter-trunk space of fruit trees together with the milling operation is provided.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: rotary subsoil cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, the driveless ripper working bodies installed in series, forcibly rotating rotor with teeth on the horizontal shaft, the rotor drive mechanisms, and a compactor. The ripper working bodies are made in the form of spherical discs. The discs are mounted with an angle of attack in front of the rotor teeth and are facing with the convex to the longitudinal axis of the subsoil cultivator. The diameter of the rotor is at least one and a half times greater than the diameter of the discs. The discs are arranged above the lower line of the rotor body of revolution by an amount exceeding not less than half the radius of the disc. The devices for connection of the discs with the frame are made with elastic elements. The compactor is made with adjustable limitation of lifting height. The rotor teeth are provided with replaceable cutting devices. The discs are made adjustable in height and fixed on the spring-loaded or spring racks.

EFFECT: reduction of energy consumption of loosening the soil by rotary subsoil cultivator and cost of power to the rotor drive, providing sustainable performance of processing the agricultural backgrounds with weed vegetation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a frame, drive rotary working bodies arranged in two rows, a bevel gear. On the output shafts of the gear the removable sprockets are mounted. The removable sprockets are connected by a chain with the removable sprockets on the shafts of the rotary working bodies. The circumferential speed of the rotary working bodies of the first row is 1.03-1.1 of the speed of the tractor, of the second row is 1.05-1.15. The rows of the working bodies are installed perpendicular to the direction of motion of the tool with location in a checkerboard pattern. The working bodies are made in the form of wheel spiders. The needles of the wheel spiders are bent along the evolvent of circle. On the convex side of the needles of the working bodies of the first row in the tangent planes the chisel elements in the form of an isosceles triangle are fixed. The base of the triangle is parallel to the axis of the wheel spider. The top of the triangle is directed towards the end of the needles. The distance from the top of the chisel elements to the ends of the needles is equal to half the depth of processing. On the needles of the second row of the working bodies the chisel elements in the form of an isosceles triangle are fixed. The top of the triangles is located at the end of the needle. The chisel elements of the second row of the working bodies are rotated relative to the needles and form an acute angle with the axis of the wheel spiders. The needles are alternately turned about the axis of the wheel spider in opposite directions.

EFFECT: solution is aimed at reducing energy consumptions and increase in quality of the surface treatment of soil.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to vegetable farming. The method is implemented by means of laying of milled soil for the formed furrows to the surface of unprocessed soil. For long-term provision of cultivated crop with accessible (capillary) water entering the soil mass with capillary porosity, formed within a long period after qualitative autumn treatment the dried surface layer of this mass id destructed and removed. Meanwhile newly formed surface layer additionally compacted, that prevents to excessive loss of capillary water. The soil with non-capillary porosity hard-worked on the usual mass making side slopes and sowing layer, forming the hole soil mass as a furrow slice. The device includes the power shaft, fixed on the frame, with interspaces between milling drums with covers, shaping furrow slices. Meanwhile it is equipped with chains fixed on the driving shaft in interspaces between the milling drums.

EFFECT: group of inventions allows to prevent an excessive loss of capillary water and for a long time to provide the cultivated crops with accessible water.

2 cl, 2 dwg

Rotary tiller // 2535745

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machine industry, in particular to rotary tillers. The tiller contains hinge, rotor, central conic and board reducers, protective cover, holding tank. The holding tank is made as a lattice bucket. In the bottom of the tank an unloading hatch and support beam with raning roller on hallow stands. Inside the hollow stands the pushers with springs are installed. On the roller axle the protuberances are provisioned. The protuberances interact with pushers and shake the holding tank at motion.

EFFECT: qualitative loosening of soil and its solid lamps, and also their final elimination from the field surface is ensured.

6 dwg

Ripper-weeding unit // 2532054

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery industry, particularly to machines for loosening soil and destroying weeds. The ripper-weeding unit is made in the form of a drum with the grasp width of 1.2-1.5 m and comprises a housing, a hexagonal shaft driven by power takeoff shaft. On the hexagonal shaft the rows of housings are mounted. On the peripheral part of the housings with the help of pins and holders the toothed blades are mounted. The toothed blades have the vertical angle of entry of the outer part of the blade into the soil, and the sharpening of the inner part at an angle of soil crumbling of 12-18. The holders are fixed to each other by the compression springs and have in front part the wedge-shaped edge with a wedge angle equal to the angle of friction of the soil sliding on the steel. The toothed blades are made expanding to the outer edge and have a wedge recess with the toothed cutting edge.

EFFECT: constructive solution is aimed at quality preparing of the field for crop growing and increase in productivity.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to forestry and can be used for preparation of forest soil to natural forest regeneration. The device comprises a frame of rectangular cross-section, a hollow cylinder, a shaft, ratchet mechanisms with hydraulic cylinders. On the lateral surface of the hollow cylinder the niches are made with plates with working elements mounted in them. The working elements are made in the form of openers and mounted between each other at a distance of 5 to 15 cm. The plates are mounted with the possibility of changing the position in the niches for providing processing the soil to a depth of 2.5 to 5 cm.

EFFECT: this constructive solution provides improved quality of forest soil surface processing and seed germination in natural forest regeneration.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool for surface tillage comprises discs curved along the helix line. The discs are located so that the cutting edges of the adjacent discs are located in the same vertical plane in the direction of movement. The discs are mounted on the hubs mounted on the hexagonal shaft. The hexagonal shaft has support bearings with anti-friction liners. The tool is made sectional. To provide the soil contour following the section coverage should be 120-150 cm. The sections are mounted in two.

EFFECT: soil loosening is provided without removal of lower moist layers.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises two rotary milling chisel ploughs located vertically symmetrically along the direction of travel of the device, mechanically connected to a common driver. The rotary milling chisel plough is provided with an annular milling chisel plough. The annular milling chisel plough is provided with outer cutting elements, provided along its outer side at the side surfaces alternately on the left and on the right. In front of the cutting element a container for receiving soil is made. The container for receiving soil is simultaneously a cavity of engagement of the gear drive on the outer side of the annular milling chisel plough. The container for receiving soil of the annular milling chisel plough is provided with a recess on its rear surface formed parallel to the plane of the annular milling chisel plough between the bottom of the container for receiving soil and the cutting element of the annular milling chisel plough. The rear surface in the direction of rotation of the pinion tooth is provided with a projection which width is 20-30% of the width of the pinion tooth, which lateral plane is made in one plane with the lateral surface of the tooth, directed towards the central plane of the pinion.

EFFECT: this constructive implementation enables to improve cleaning the container for receiving soil of the annular milling chisel plough and the cutting element of the annular milling chisel plough from the extracted soil, to reduce the tractive resistance and energy consumption, to improve reliability of the device.

2 cl, 2 dwg

Disc ridger // 2547923

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: ridger consists of spherical discs mounted symmetrically on vertical racks with the concave sides towards each other. The discs are mounted with the ability of changing the distance between them and adjustment of the angle of attack of the discs. The vertical racks are made of two parts in the form of tubes of a circular cross-section, entering one into another with the ability of rotation for the adjustment of the angle of attack of the discs and with the ability of axial displacement with fixing the parts of the rack in the predetermined positions.

EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to expand the range of adjustment in processing of row spacings at any stage of the plant growth and to reduce energy consumptions.

1 dwg

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