Disk soil-forming section

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: disk soil-forming section contains a bearing assembly with a rack and the shaft. On the shaft on one side of the bearing assembly, two needle disc set, the plane of which is perpendicular to the axis of the shaft. On the other side of the shaft, the spherical disc is fixed with cutout. The spherical disc is facing the convex sphere and a bearing assembly mounted within the plane of the blade to the shaft axis, and the maximum tilted disk portion opposite the notch located tangentially. The rear edge of the cutout has been rejected by an angle of up to 30° from radius to the point of its edges on the blade in the rotational direction. The angle of deviation of the radius of the rear edge does not exceed 20°. Between the bearing assembly and the spherical disc, the needle disk is installed. The vertical shaft section and the rotation axis of disc axis lie in one plane.

EFFECT: increase the capacity of water-detention of cut furrows, preventing the clogging of the cut disc crop residues, increased section width.

2 cl, 2 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

Disc plough body // 2524548

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: disc plough body comprises a rack with the axis on which on the bearing the spherical disc is mounted, braked by the locking mechanism located in the hub of the plough body, and a mouldboard is rigidly fixed, consisting of a breast and a wing. The spherical disc is braked by the leaf spring rigidly fixed on the rack, and the mouldboard mounted on the cantilever racks in the guide rigidly fixed on the spherical disc, has the ability of adjustment in height.

EFFECT: improving quality of soil treatment at different technological modes of operation of the disk plough body and reduction of energy intensity of the process of soil treatment.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural engineering, in particular to the disc tillage working elements. The annular tillage part of the disc is located outside the specified central diameter (D). The central dish-shaped part of the disc is located within the specified diameter (d) and has an inner side for receiving the hub. The annular connecting part of the disc has holes for mounting bolts. The connecting part has a shape of a truncated cone. The line passing along the plane of each hole for the mounting bolt on the inner side forms an angle α equal to 5°-10°, with a plane perpendicular to the centre line of the disc. The transitional areas between the tillage part and the annular connecting part and between the annular connecting part and the central dish-shaped part form obtuse outer angles.

EFFECT: constructive solution enables to improve the strength of the disc.

9 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: metal disc comprises a plastic central part (10) and an outer peripheral part (12). The central part (10) is designed in particular for mounting the disc on the chassis or analogous element. The outer peripheral part (12) is designed in particular for treatment of soil, and has a higher hardness than the central part (10). The disc additionally comprises a transition zone (14) between the central part (10) and the peripheral part (12). The transition zone (14) has a hardness gradient in the radial direction. At least in its central part the disc has a hardness gradient in thickness. The method of manufacturing the disc described above comprises the following steps. Making the workpiece by cutting from steel sheet. Making fixation zone in the center of the workpiece by sewing. If necessary, extraction of the workpiece is carried out. Implementation of heat treatment of the obtained detail by the operation of quenching in water or in a polymer. Implementation of tempering at variable temperature, for example, with use of means of induction heating.

EFFECT: claimed manufacturing technique and the disc produced using it enable to increase the wear resistance of the disc and increase its life of service.

10 cl, 2 dwg

Tillage tool // 2433582

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a rotary knife with a working surface in the form of a truncated cone and plate knives of triangular shape. Plate knives are installed on the inner side of the rotary knife. The tool comprises a hydraulic motor made as a tool hub with a rotor inside, which are located along the axis of the rotary knife rotation. The body of the hydraulic motor is combined with the tool stand, and the rotor is connected to the spikes of the rotary knife.

EFFECT: structural design will make it possible to increase quality of surface mulching soil treatment, to reduce clogging of the tool with soil and vegetable remains.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, and namely to cultivating machines. Working element includes disc with bearing assembly fixed on rigid support. Attachment device of support by means of hinge to horizontal axis and spring mechanism is conjugated to bracket. Bracket includes attachment part for bracket installation on load-carrying beam of machine frame. Attachment part of bracket is made in the form of cheeks with coaxially located holes for installation of axis of vertical hinge attaching the bracket to load-carrying beam of machine frame. Bracket is made so that it can be turned about axis on which centres of holes in cheeks are located. Distance from axis on which centres of holes are located to the flange between bracket cheeks is more than distance from the above axis to vertical flange of load-carrying frame beam, which is enclosed with attachment part. One of cheeks is elongated and hinged to adjusting rod arranged along load-carrying frame beam of machine and providing and fixing the specified turn angle of bracket and attack angle of the disc.

EFFECT: design will allow reducing blockage of working elements and enlarging the usable range of machine at various soil conditions.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes arrangement of two types of plants with a different root system row by row. Clover is sown in a solid manner along a precursor of winter grain crops, and at the second year of life, after the first hay crop, a wide-row seed grass stand is formed with subsequent sowing of lucerne after seeds harvesting into spaces between rows with a reduced sowing rate. Besides, the seed material prior to sowing is mixed with a zeolite-containing clay, alanite and ammonium molybdate in amount of 30-40 g/ha.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase efficiency of legume grasses in joint plantations.

1 ex

Disk tool // 2425475

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool is a round flat disk with teeth. Teeth are formed by triangular radial cuts arranged evenly along the disk knife periphery. Knives with smaller triangular teeth are rigidly fixed to disk teeth. Disk teeth and knives teeth are in turns bent to the right and to the left one by one.

EFFECT: improved quality of tool operation and prolonged service life.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: spherical disk of tollage tool has cutting blade, slots and holes in central part for installation and fixation of bearing body on axis. Slots are arranged in the form of curvilinear quadrangle with radial sides. Radial sides are arranged along curve of, for instance parabolic shape. Curvilinear radial sides are oriented with their convex side towards direction of disk rotation.

EFFECT: such version of design provides for lower traction resistance, improves soil grinding and crushing of stubble remains.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes treatment of soil with spherical disks installed at attack angle, peripheral part of surface of which is arranged as wavy for provision of smoothly repeating variations of angle of attack of disks to the left and to the right from initial value of angle of attack of disks. Device comprises spherical disks arranged at the angle of attack and having cutting edge. Peripheral part of each spherical disk surface is arranged as wavy. Wave of disk, starting from cutting edge, is made as decreasing to disk centre with transition into sphere.

EFFECT: such technology and structural design make it possible to improve quality of cultivation with reduction of process energy intensity and improve efficiency of tiller disks operation.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device contains disk and shellboard. The shellboard is mounted from concave side of disk by means of rack with possibility of change of its height of mounting and inclination to working surface of a disk. The shellboard is supplied by roller with possibility of touchdown with working surface of disk in the bottom part of the back surface. The roller is connected to the rack by means of the cylindrical hinge and a resilient member. Rotation axis of a roller is excentric.

EFFECT: possibility of evasion of falling of soil and plant residues between the disk and the shellboard and improvement quality of tillage.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for tillage machines.

SUBSTANCE: tillage tool has flat disks with central mounting opening and annular circumferential cutting edge, and teeth provided on side surface. Teeth are made in the form of acutely sharpened small flat disks loosely put on shafts, which are rigidly and symmetrically attached to side surface of main disk at both sides thereof so that cutting edges of each small disk are arranged at the same level with cutting edge of main disk. Small disks have different diameters: half the disks have diameter twice the diameter of other half of the disks, said disks being arranged in alternation and at equal pitch with respect to one another. Small disks are spaced from main disk by distance half the distance of larger disks. All the disks are put on their respective shafts for rotation on roller bearings.

EFFECT: wider processing zone and provision for active tillage of soil by means of working tool.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device contains disk and shellboard. The shellboard is mounted from concave side of disk by means of rack with possibility of change of its height of mounting and inclination to working surface of a disk. The shellboard is supplied by roller with possibility of touchdown with working surface of disk in the bottom part of the back surface. The roller is connected to the rack by means of the cylindrical hinge and a resilient member. Rotation axis of a roller is excentric.

EFFECT: possibility of evasion of falling of soil and plant residues between the disk and the shellboard and improvement quality of tillage.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes treatment of soil with spherical disks installed at attack angle, peripheral part of surface of which is arranged as wavy for provision of smoothly repeating variations of angle of attack of disks to the left and to the right from initial value of angle of attack of disks. Device comprises spherical disks arranged at the angle of attack and having cutting edge. Peripheral part of each spherical disk surface is arranged as wavy. Wave of disk, starting from cutting edge, is made as decreasing to disk centre with transition into sphere.

EFFECT: such technology and structural design make it possible to improve quality of cultivation with reduction of process energy intensity and improve efficiency of tiller disks operation.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: spherical disk of tollage tool has cutting blade, slots and holes in central part for installation and fixation of bearing body on axis. Slots are arranged in the form of curvilinear quadrangle with radial sides. Radial sides are arranged along curve of, for instance parabolic shape. Curvilinear radial sides are oriented with their convex side towards direction of disk rotation.

EFFECT: such version of design provides for lower traction resistance, improves soil grinding and crushing of stubble remains.

1 dwg

Disk tool // 2425475

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool is a round flat disk with teeth. Teeth are formed by triangular radial cuts arranged evenly along the disk knife periphery. Knives with smaller triangular teeth are rigidly fixed to disk teeth. Disk teeth and knives teeth are in turns bent to the right and to the left one by one.

EFFECT: improved quality of tool operation and prolonged service life.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes arrangement of two types of plants with a different root system row by row. Clover is sown in a solid manner along a precursor of winter grain crops, and at the second year of life, after the first hay crop, a wide-row seed grass stand is formed with subsequent sowing of lucerne after seeds harvesting into spaces between rows with a reduced sowing rate. Besides, the seed material prior to sowing is mixed with a zeolite-containing clay, alanite and ammonium molybdate in amount of 30-40 g/ha.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase efficiency of legume grasses in joint plantations.

1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, and namely to cultivating machines. Working element includes disc with bearing assembly fixed on rigid support. Attachment device of support by means of hinge to horizontal axis and spring mechanism is conjugated to bracket. Bracket includes attachment part for bracket installation on load-carrying beam of machine frame. Attachment part of bracket is made in the form of cheeks with coaxially located holes for installation of axis of vertical hinge attaching the bracket to load-carrying beam of machine frame. Bracket is made so that it can be turned about axis on which centres of holes in cheeks are located. Distance from axis on which centres of holes are located to the flange between bracket cheeks is more than distance from the above axis to vertical flange of load-carrying frame beam, which is enclosed with attachment part. One of cheeks is elongated and hinged to adjusting rod arranged along load-carrying frame beam of machine and providing and fixing the specified turn angle of bracket and attack angle of the disc.

EFFECT: design will allow reducing blockage of working elements and enlarging the usable range of machine at various soil conditions.

2 cl, 2 dwg

Tillage tool // 2433582

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a rotary knife with a working surface in the form of a truncated cone and plate knives of triangular shape. Plate knives are installed on the inner side of the rotary knife. The tool comprises a hydraulic motor made as a tool hub with a rotor inside, which are located along the axis of the rotary knife rotation. The body of the hydraulic motor is combined with the tool stand, and the rotor is connected to the spikes of the rotary knife.

EFFECT: structural design will make it possible to increase quality of surface mulching soil treatment, to reduce clogging of the tool with soil and vegetable remains.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: metal disc comprises a plastic central part (10) and an outer peripheral part (12). The central part (10) is designed in particular for mounting the disc on the chassis or analogous element. The outer peripheral part (12) is designed in particular for treatment of soil, and has a higher hardness than the central part (10). The disc additionally comprises a transition zone (14) between the central part (10) and the peripheral part (12). The transition zone (14) has a hardness gradient in the radial direction. At least in its central part the disc has a hardness gradient in thickness. The method of manufacturing the disc described above comprises the following steps. Making the workpiece by cutting from steel sheet. Making fixation zone in the center of the workpiece by sewing. If necessary, extraction of the workpiece is carried out. Implementation of heat treatment of the obtained detail by the operation of quenching in water or in a polymer. Implementation of tempering at variable temperature, for example, with use of means of induction heating.

EFFECT: claimed manufacturing technique and the disc produced using it enable to increase the wear resistance of the disc and increase its life of service.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural engineering, in particular to the disc tillage working elements. The annular tillage part of the disc is located outside the specified central diameter (D). The central dish-shaped part of the disc is located within the specified diameter (d) and has an inner side for receiving the hub. The annular connecting part of the disc has holes for mounting bolts. The connecting part has a shape of a truncated cone. The line passing along the plane of each hole for the mounting bolt on the inner side forms an angle α equal to 5°-10°, with a plane perpendicular to the centre line of the disc. The transitional areas between the tillage part and the annular connecting part and between the annular connecting part and the central dish-shaped part form obtuse outer angles.

EFFECT: constructive solution enables to improve the strength of the disc.

9 cl, 8 dwg

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