Method of real-time control of reservoir flooding

FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to petroleum industry, namely to control of oil reservoir flooding. Method involves oil sampling through producer wells and working agent injection through injection wells, evaluation of impact of production and injection wells. In order to determine the optimum values of injectivity of injection wells a mathematical model of the field is used, and the initial data for each production well and injection wells potentially affecting it the parameters in the form of the date of measurement, injectability, flow rate of fluid and oil fraction are taken. The mathematical model is comprised by functions, reflecting the change in fluid flow rate and the share of oil production wells at change of injectivity of injection wells, also, the mathematical model is adapted by obtaining the minimum difference of actual and estimated data of fluid flow rate and the share of work of each oil production well. The optimum values of regulated parameters of fluid flow rate of functions of fluid flow rate and the share of oil are determined, and the mixed function of daily oil production of producing well is made depending on the injectability of injection wells around. Then the maximization of total oil production of the field as a whole is perfoemd through the redeployment of injectivity of injection wells, with imposition of restrictions on the volume of injection for efficient organizing of system of displacement of oil with water and maintaining the reservoir pressure.

EFFECT: invention provides efficient organizing of the system of displacement of oil with water and maintenance of reservoir pressure.

4 dwg, 11 tbl

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil and gas industry and can be used for measurement of flow rate of production of oil and gas wells. An unit for measurement of flow rate of oil and gas wells includes at least one system for measurement of flow rates of oil, water and gas, which is hydraulically connected by means of pipelines to an inlet line of the unit, which is connected to oil wells, and to the outlet of the header, which is made in the form of a piece of a pipeline with ascending and descending segments. On the descending segment there installed is a multiphase Coriolis flow meter and at least one parametric sensor. A flow homogenisation device is installed in the pipeline in front of the descending segment. A pipeline connecting the measurement system of flow rates of oil, water and gas to the inlet line of the unit, at the inlet of this system, can be also provided with at least one ascending segment and one descending segment, which are located in series. With that, the system inlet is connected to the outlet of the descending segment of the pipeline.

EFFECT: improvement of measurement accuracy of a phase flow rate in a real time mode due to homogeneity of the measured flow of a gas-liquid mixture.

13 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is referred to versions of a control unit and a produced fluid flow meter for a multipay well. According to the first version the unit comprises a body limited from bellow by a docking device with channels for formation fluid flows and from above by a docking device with adjustable valves installed on it in the quantity equal to that of operated formations. In the body there are interconnected cups, which are coupled hermetically by their hollow butt end to the upper docking device, and cylinders installed by the opposite end in the respective channels of the lower docking device thus forming a tubular annulus and to detached longitudinal channels intended for fluid flows from the respective formations at the wellhead. In the cups there is a crossover seat with radial channels in the cup wall along both sides of the seat. Below the crossover seat from the side of the cup end there are radial channels. Above the crossover seat there is a needle valve made as a slide; at the latter there is a gasket, which facilitates the sealed movement of the needle valve in the cup from an electric drive placed in the sealed part of the cup and fixed in the docking device transferring reciprocal motion to the needle valve in regard to the crossover seat. Electric drives of the needle valves are equipped with devices measuring linear movements of the needle valve with Hall sensors. In the longitudinal channels of the cylinders there are instruments coupled functionally by a cable to a telemetry unit and/or well power supply and/or control point placed in the cup wall so that it may transmit control commands to adjustment valves and data on process parameters of the fluid in the well formations through a cable connector. In the second version of the unit in the cup below the crossover seat there is a channel axial to the crossover seat connecting the longitudinal channel to the tubular annulus and the instruments are placed in the wall of each cylinder and interconnected by a cable in the tubular annulus.

EFFECT: improved reliability for the dual operation of the multipay wells.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: portable metering station of the extracted well liquid includes a vertically installed cylindrical housing that is stepped and composite - upper and lower, which are fixed with a flange connection. In the upper part of the housing there installed is a separating element - hydraulic cyclone provided with a mist eliminator. A gas control valve is installed above the mist eliminator and interconnected with a gas outlet branch pipe. The latter is interconnected with a gas line with connected measuring instruments - a pressure sensor, a pressure gauge and a weight gauge. An inlet liquid branch pipe is interconnected tangentially with the hydraulic cyclone. An outlet liquid line is provided with a mass meter, a moisture meter and a sampling unit, one of which has manual control. A temperature sensor, an information collection and storage unit, which is electrically connected to the measuring instruments, as well as a drain branch pipe with shutoff valves. The gas control valve operates for closing with a pusher of a float stem, which is installed in a sleeve, with a cone-shaped cover plate mounted concentrically and with a gap inside the lower housing. In the sleeve walls on the level of the cover plate base there are side openings connecting the cavity of the hydraulic cyclone to the cavity of the lower housing. Each of the gas and liquid outlet lines in the zone of interaction with a common manifold is provided with check valves.

EFFECT: improvement of operating characteristics.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: measurement of capacity of oil wells connected to a group meter station is carried out by a well switch simultaneously in all connected wells without one in turns and serially, further they determine results of calculation of each well capacity using the formula:

Qi=QΣ-QΣ-1,

Qi - debit of "i" well, connected to the group meter station; Q - total capacity of all wells connected to the group meter station; Q∑-i - readings of flow meter of the total capacity without one (i) well; 1nQi - measured total capacity of wells in turns without one "i" well; n - number of wells connected to the group meter station.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and quality of measurement of capacity in oil wells connected to a group meter station due to efficiency of summary and alternate measurement of each well capacity, provision of sufficient time for true measurement of each well capacity.

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of oil production and to instrumentation and can be used for measurements of oil and gas well flow rate. The device contains an input pipeline, a separator with a float, a gas pipeline with a gas meter and on-off air operated valve fitted with position locks of and the bellow chamber. The liquid pipeline is fitted with a liquid meter and the same valve. Above-bellow (minus) cavities of chambers of both valves are pneumatically connected a gas spool. To the top cavity of the separator the input channel of the switching device with three output channels is connected pneumatically. One output channel of this device is pneumatically connected to the above-bellow cavity of the valve chamber on the gas pipeline. The second output channel is connected pneumatically to the above-bellow cavity of the valve chamber on the liquid pipeline. The third output channel is connected pneumatically to the gas spool on the output pipeline.

EFFECT: design simplification, possibility of measurement of extremely small flow rates of not only liquid, but also gas.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method for determining volume of consumed liquid at pumping from a grouting tank to a delivery line of a pump involves measurement of the number of revolutions of a drive shaft of the pump. From the moment of liquid pumping to the delivery line there additionally measured in the grouting tank is drop in its level in the range sufficient for calculation of a conversion coefficient of the number of revolutions of the drive shaft of the pump to volume of consumed liquid. The current value of volume of consumed liquid is determined depending on surface area of liquid in the tank, drop in level of liquid in the tank, conversion coefficient of the number of revolutions of the drive shaft of the pump to volume of consumed liquid, the number of revolutions of the drive shaft of the pump, which is measured from the moment of completion of measurement of liquid level drop.

EFFECT: improvement of accuracy, simplification and automation of a process for determination of volumes of drilling and grouting liquids pumped to a well.

1 dwg

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of a well fluid, in particular, to the method of measurement of a multi-phase flow of a fluid using a flow meter. The method includes detection of a multi-phase flow in a flow meter by measurement of fluid pressure in a flow meter and usage of the measured pressure to calculate flow density. The total flow through the flow meter is determined on the basis of the calculated density and PVT of the fluid analysis. The corrected total mass flow is calculated using the correction methodology for sliding of liquid/gas. Flow values are also corrected with account of the flow coefficient in leakage that varies together with variations of the Reynolds number for the fluid. Gas and oil fractions may be determined by the corrected total mass flow rate and value of the gas fraction.

EFFECT: increased accuracy of measurement of a multi-phase flow of a fluid.

16 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method consists in measurements of amplitude values of a geophysical parameter along the axis of a cased string of the well and depth H, on which there detected are maximum amplitude values of the measured parameter, as per which depth of the gas-saturated formation is determined. In the well, under action of difference between formation and wellhead pressures, a gas flow of known velocity V is arranged and time distribution of amplitude values of gas humidity in the same flow is measured, and depth of the gas-saturated formation in the well is determined by the following formula: H=V·t, where t - time of occurrence of maximum at time distribution of humidity amplitude values.

EFFECT: simplifying technical implementation of the method due to eliminating the need for geophysical investigations of logging measurements.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: out of oil well products in the form of oil-water mixture clean water is extracted by the system of siphons due to creation of hydraulic gate for oil and emulsion flow. Oil and emulsion passing through the hydraulic gate are accumulated by switching and creating hydraulic gate for clean water flow for the purpose of further identification by density gage and measurement by volumetric displacement meter. When liquid is accumulated up to certain level hydraulic gate is created for gas flow. Under action of increasing gas pressure liquid is squeezed from settlers when combined flow-rate controller is open. When liquids level drops in settlers the hydraulic gate is removed and gas flow is started through combined flow gage, combined flow-rate controller. Pressure and temperature is measured during discharge to common header. Volume-flow rate is measured for components of oil, emulsion, water and gas. Pressure of the medium is maintained within the specified interval of its values. Parameters are calculated for measurement process and flow rate of oil wells, at that ratios of liquid or gas flow rates to ascending speed of oil and emulsion bubbles in water or gas bubbles in liquid are ensured by selecting cross-section of hydraulic gate tubing. Arrangement where gas line comprises gas flow meter and gas flow regulator. Gas separator in the lower part is coupled to the common head by combined flow gage, combined flow-rate controller and density gage through a buffer tank, which is connected to a separating tank by gas pipeline and liquid pipeline. Separating tank and buffer tank interconnected by gas pipeline form direct and opposite siphon while separating tank and buffer tank interconnected by liquid pipeline form opposite siphon. The buffer tank is coupled to the common head by measuring line. The separating tank is coupled to the main gas line by gas pipeline and to gas separator through a vertical settler and pipeline forming two direct siphons and two opposite siphons. Bafflers are installed in gas separator between the zone of vertical settler and vertical pipeline. The microprocessor is coupled to gas flow meter, gas flow regulator, combined flow gage, combined flow-rate controller and density gage.

EFFECT: improved quality and efficiency of flow rate measurement for oil well products.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method lies in simultaneous measurement of temperature and pressure at several depths. At that measurements are performed directly upon start-up of the well till stabilisation of temperature occurs in the well borehole within the period of time t defined as per the following formula t<VQ=πR2LQ, day, where V is volume of the borehole horizontal section within the range of pay thickness, m3; L is length of the borehole horizontal section within the range of pay thickness, m; R radius of the borehole, m; Q is well flow rate, m3/day.

EFFECT: improved accuracy in determination of flowing intervals in horizontal wells.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: according to the method a pool zone is selected with hydrodynamically related wells. Product is withdrawn from producers with production rate analysis. Displacement agent is injected to injectors, at that contour lines of wells mutual influence are defined and production rates of producers are corrected. Analysis of production rate for producers and displacement agent injection to injectors is based on detected interconnections of injectors with the respective producers against their total production rate. Real operation data is considered for the selected zones using historic data within the period from 1 up to 20 years with increment size of 1-3 months and current data for the time of optimization operations performance. By production rate control in the producers the volume of injection to the injectors is changed and redistributed considering impact of the respective producers and injectors. Total volume of injection is changed not more than per 10%. Cycles of withdrawal and pressure recovery at producers are regulated including time of cyclic forced product withdrawal during 2-3 months from producers with maintained or slightly increased water cut with further pressure recovery for these wells. At that remaining reserves are depleted using current stock of wells with increase in total production rate and decrease in total water production. Flows of fluid motion are redistributed till remaining oil reserves are depleted.

EFFECT: increasing oil recovery factor due to optimized operation modes for injectors and product withdrawal from producers.

4 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: in the method for development of dome oil formation at last operational stage extraction of the product is made through producers and working fluid is injected through injectors. Local area of the deposit is selected according to difference of hypsometric depths between the producer and injector per 3 m and more. In the producer standard downhole pumping equipment is replaced by downhole pumping equipment operable on round-the-clock basis. When change in water cut per 10-15% is detected volume of extracted product is limited due to change in operation time of round-the-clock downhole pumping equipment. At that at the injector area injection is limited or the well is shut in completely. Periodic measurements are made for water cut changes in operation mode of the producer. When water cut is reduced operation is continued in elastic drive without start-up of the influencing injector. Periodic measurements of water cut and bottomhole pressure are repeated for the producer. When bottomhole pressure is reduced per 5% and more in regard to the initial measured value the injector operation is started and change in the main parameters of water cut and bottomhole pressure is controlled in the producers.

EFFECT: higher oil recovery of the deposit.

1 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: during development of multilayer oil deposit working fluid is injected through injectors with common well screen. Extraction of the reservoir product through producers is also performed with common well screen. The upper layer is developed in the mode of injection to withdrawal ratio by injection of working fluid at discharge pressure according to injectivity of the stratum. A pit is arranged close to the injector and working fluid is pumped through this pit to the injector with increased injection pressure sufficient for entry of working fluid both to the upper and lower strata. Producers are operated in the mode of permanent bottomhole pressure. Upon reaction of the producers to increased pressure of working fluid injection the development is continued in the mode of injection to withdrawal ratio by injection of working fluid. Injection to withdrawal ration is redistributed for two strata simultaneously from producers with high water cut and high bottomhole pressure to producers with low water cut and low bottomhole pressure. For this purpose at producers with increasing water cut operation time of pumping equipment is reduced at permanent bottomhole pressure. At producers with low water cut operation time of pumping equipment is increased at permanent bottomhole pressure.

EFFECT: improving oil recovery of the deposit.

1 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: according to the method geophysical survey of exploratory wells is performed by crossed dipole shear sonic imager. Oriented core is selected with further determination of directions of natural fracturing. Regional directions in maximum stress of oil-saturated rock are defined. According to findings injectors are placed along the regional directions in maximum stress. Producers are placed in between injectors thus forming developing method. Part of injectors occurred in fault zones and closer than 200m is introduced into operation as producers with their further transfer to injectors. When watering is higher than break even point and when it is required to maintain reservoir pressure at the deposit producers are transferred to injectors. Transfer of wells is made so that they form rows of injectors step by step along regional directions in maximum stress of oil-saturated rock and provide even oil displacement.

EFFECT: increased reservoir recovery due to more efficient and sound placement of well pattern within the area of oil deposit considering tectonic and geomechanic conditions of pay rocks occurring.

3 cl, 3 tbl, 8 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of oil industry and can be used for enhanced oil recovery of the reservoir in the development of water-flooded reservoirs with viscous oil and bitumen at a late stage of development. The method comprises opening the reservoir with the ability to transfer the production well into the injection one, the reservoir processing, keeping the hole without any influence, intake of oil from the reservoir. At that a system of microwave electromagnetic generators with radiation frequency of 2.5 GHz is lowered into the injection well, connected to the slot antenna using the feeder. The length of the slot antenna is selected equal to the thickness of the aquifer of the reservoir. In the mode of injection, the water injection into the reservoir is carried out with simultaneous influence on the reservoir with microwave electromagnetic field, the radiation power is determined by the time of heating of the water injected in the downhole to the desired temperature. When filling 5-10% of the volume of the pore space of the formation, the well is maintained, the well is transferred into the production well, and the liquid intake from the production well is carried out.

EFFECT: increase of the effectiveness and economical efficiency of development of water-flooded reservoirs of high-viscosity oil, intensification of oil production in water-flooded reservoirs of high-viscosity oil by increasing the coverage with influence to the reservoir with heating in the bottomhole area of the reservoir of the production wells.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: under this method the field is drilled according to row system with triangle grid of wells. Work agent is injected in the injection wells. Oil production is performed from production wells. At initial stage of the field development the production reservoir is presented by two horizons, if divided by central separating row of injecting wells with spacing between wells at least 300 m. Central separating row is arranged along line of maximum pay structure, the injection wells in it are made with opening by common filter of the both horizons. The closest first row of the production wells is drilled at distanced from the central row at least 500 m. Other areas of the reservoir are drilled with spacing between wells 300-400 m. After injection of the central row of the injection wells to 0.4-0.7 unit fractions of the pore volume to nearest rows of the production wells at least 90% wells of the central row are shutdown. After oil withdrawal at the entire field to 90% of initial oil productive capacity between the central separating row of the injection wells and nearest row of the production wells the sealing row of the production wells is drilled. Wells of the central row are switched to production at top horizon. During watering of the production wells of the first row to 98% they are switched to water injection.

EFFECT: increased oil recovery factor of the field.

2 ex, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: under method the first device is installed in the horizontal well. Firth fluid is injected in the first horizontal well via the first device. HCs production is ensured from the second horizontal well under the first well. Second fluid is injected to the third well shifted to side from the first and second wells to displace fluids in the reservoir to the second well. At that HC production from the second well is continued. Hydraulic connection is ensured between the first, the second and the third wells. Pressure in the first well is increased using the second fluid injected to the third well. First well is closed when its pressure is increased by the second fluid to pressure sufficient to displace HCs from the second well during HCs production.

EFFECT: increased method efficiency.

29 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves construction of horizontal producers covering the field, and horizontal injectors. Displacement agent is injected through injectors, and products are swept by producers. Horizontal production wells are arranged parallel to each other. Horizontal injector is positioned between horizontal sections parallel to them. Injection starts from bottomhole. When intake capacity of reservoirs is decreased at the bottomhole of horizontal injector to minimum profitable level, non-operating section of horizontal shaft is isolated in series in direction from the bottomhole to the beginning of horizontal injector wellbore. Horizontal producers are drilled in permeable interlayer at 3-6 m distance below the reservoir bottom and at least at 10 m distance above oil-water interface. Horizontal injector is equally spaced from horizontal sections of producers by a design pattern distance. Displacement agent is injected with reservoir pressure rise by 10-20% compared to recovery zone. After time period sufficient to recover and stabilise frontal zone of liquid injected to the reservoir, operation may return to previous intervals. Horizontal sections of producers are broached in two intervals at a distance preventing hydrodynamic connection of the wells. Products are recovered in turns. Production intervals are switched when products reach minimum profitable water cut level.

EFFECT: increased oil recovery due to stabilisation of frontal zone of liquid injected to reservoir, extended application scope of horizontal wells in various field development conditions.

6 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the oil-producing industry, in particular to oil field development with flooding. According to the method the displacement agent is injected and oil is withdrawn through the system of injection and production wells. The flooding mode is changed during the development. The displacement agent is injected into the injection well in intensive mode. Using the surface measuring instruments that are a part of an automated process control system the change of extracted oil volume growth depending on the displacement agent injection volume growth until the moment of fast drop of the extracted oil volume is monitored in real time. Then the displacement agent injection volume after which the named drop occurred is recorded. Further injection into the injection well is performed in the volume below this pre-set value.

EFFECT: decrease of labour input of control of oil field flooding process during injection of the displacement agent into injection wells.

1 ex, 6 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method provides for use of the production wells. One or several wells are equipped with pump unit with possibility of discharge change. For each production well the deposit or deposits used for production are known. At wellhead of each production well the produced crude oil and oil gas are measured, as well as crude oil watercut is determined. The product wells product is delivered to the gathering header of the wells cluster. The cluster contains one or more injection wells. For each injection well the deposit or deposits used for injection are known. Injectability of the injected water and required injection pressure are determined. Compatibility of the injected water and produced water is studied. Injection is performed upon compatibility of the injected and produced waters. Coordinates of all production and injection wells of the cluster using the same deposits are determined. For each production well time of the produced product lifting is determined from suction of the pump unit to wellhead at maximum discharge. Volume of produced crude oil and oil gas is measured with interval not exceeding half of measured time of fluid lifting for the given well. At wellhead of each well the injected water pressure and its volume are measured. Injected water volume and wellhead pressure are measured with interval not exceeding half of measured time of water supply to the wellhead of each injection well before parker. For each injection well the curve of injected water pressure and volume vs. time is plotted. For each production well using the plotted volume of produced crude oil and oil gas vs. time the relationship with the injected water volume and wellhead pressure is determined, as well as distances to each injection well ensuring injection to the same deposit. For the production wells equipped with pump units with possibility of discharge change such relationships are determined at different discharge. The wells cluster is controlled based on the obtained relationships for all production wells. At that the treated water supply system for injection is made with possibility to change water volume and wellhead pressure for one or more injection wells.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of clusters well control.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas production.

SUBSTANCE: groups of high intake- and low intake-capacity injecting wells are chosen in a single hydrodynamic system and, for each well, oil reservoir properties and permissible degree of pollution of fluid received by high intake-capacity wells are determined. When fluid from low-permeable oil reservoir flows off through high intake-capacity wells, this fluid is cleaned to permissible degree of pollution.

EFFECT: reduced losses in intake capacity of formations and increased time between treatments of wells.

1 dwg

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