Shell-and-tube heat exchanger
SUBSTANCE: shell-and-tube heat exchanger contains a housing with the built-in heat exchange surface in the form of straight-tube bundle with a movable bottom tune grid with the collector, pipes for input and output of gas-liquid coolants, disposed on the housing. Straight-tube bundle contains a central tube, having an outer ring cavity, closed at the bottom. The upper part of the straight-tube bundle pipes on the condensing side is limited by the partition-apron with a pipe for discharging the non-condensed gas outside the device housing.
EFFECT: increase of the heat exchanger operation reliability.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to heat engineering and can be used for pipe installation in heat exchangers. Air heater with flue gas and method of air pipe installation for air heater with flue gas includes air pipe kit connected to the air heater, and the method involves cutting of air pipe connected to the heater and removal of the air pipe part to be replaced from the air heater; further the method involves installation of a separate new air pipe replacing the removed part of air duct, and tight connection of the new air duct to the remaining part as an extension. Connection is implemented by mounting coupling with one end connected to the end of new air pipe and the other end inserted in the remaining part of heater air pipe.
EFFECT: simplified repair and replacement of air pipes in heater.
15 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to heating engineering and can be applied in devices for interaction of two heat carriers without direct carrier contact, particularly in steam generators. Direct-flow heat exchange device includes case and concentric tube channels formed by a cylinder made out of straight heat exchange elements of pipe-in-pipe type, where a gap between outer surface and case of obtained cylinder forms heating medium channel connected in sequence with inner cavity of the cylinder and with inner channel of pipe-in-pipe elements comprising the cylinder. Work medium flows in the annular channel of pipe-in-pipe element.
EFFECT: enhanced spatial power density of heat exchanger, simplified design.
SUBSTANCE: in single-pass shell and tube heat exchanger, comprising a cylindrical housing, fittings for input and output of the coolant, the heat transfer tubes, tubular grids, elliptical flanged lids, fittings for input and output of the coolant, respectively - into the elliptical lid and out of the elliptical lid, the elliptical lid with a fitting for input of the coolant is provided with a perforated circular plate with an free cross-section of from 40 to 60% located in the flanging area of the elliptical lid with the fitting of input of the coolant, and the openings in the perforated circular plate are not more than 1.5 times the diameter of the heat transfer tubes.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of the coolant through the heating tubes, increase in heat transfer coefficient with decreasing the heat transfer surface, reducing overall dimensions, material consumption and cost of the heat exchanger.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat-and-power engineering, chemical and petrochemical industry and is designed for use large-tonnage industrial plants. In the shell-and-tube heat exchanger comprising a body with bottoms, a tube bundle closed at both sides by tube sheets, arranged in the form of a disc with continuous ledges and indents arranged concentrically, in which holes are made to fix the tubes of the tube bundle, any ledge or indent in the cross section have the shape of the right-angled triangle, one side of which is perpendicular to the plane of the tube sheet, and the other one is inclined to it, at the same time holes for fixation of tubes are arranged in the middle of the inclined side, and in the centre of the tube sheet there is a cylindrical ledge with a hole for fixation of the central tube.
EFFECT: expansion of arsenal of technical facilities, increased reliability and resource of operation, reduced material intensity.
5 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to heat power engineering and can be used at manufacture of tubular heat exchangers. A tubular heat exchanger for heat exchange between two fluid media includes housing (2), inside which one or more tubes (8) for the first fluid medium pass between inlet and outlet chambers (5, 6). The above tubes pass through openings (13) in baffle walls (11) fixed at some distance from each other by means of one or more fasteners. The fastener represents channel (14) fixed by being latched in one or more grooves (19) formed on the corresponding baffle walls (11). According to the invention, the above channel has a V-shape, and groove (19) has a V-shape with projections (23) on two of its opposite edges (22) so that V-channel (14) can be latched by being entering behind those projections.
EFFECT: simpler and lower cost of manufacture and installation of heat exchangers.
8 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: in a shell-and-tube heat exchanger containing identical sections connected to each other, each of which includes a bank of tubes, which is arranged in the shell, at that, the tubes are fixed on opposite ends in tube sheets, and header chambers of tube and inter-tube media with partition walls forming spatial connections between sections and specifying medium flow directions in them, header chambers of the tube and inter-tube media includes the sections, in which partition walls are installed after two or more inlets of media to the sections, thus forming series connected groups of two and more sections with parallel medium flow in each group; at that, in the header chamber of the tube medium there can be installed an additional partition wall before medium inlets to the sections of one of the groups with parallel medium flow.
EFFECT: improving use efficiency of heat energy of a primary source owing to reducing hydraulic losses.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall is made according to the shape of the door frame. Outer elements of heat transfer are made in the form of supports, holders with cast-in cavities, fixators, door leaf and door handle. Supports are fixed to the outer surface. Holders and the door handle are fixed to another door leaf. Fixators are fixed to supports and partially arranged in cast-in cavities of holders. The door leaf is installed as capable of rotation.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to expand arsenal of technical facilities.
SUBSTANCE: metal heat exchanger of a room heating system comprises a pipeline with a wall with an outer surface, outer elements of heat transfer and their fixation to the outer surface. The wall is made according to the shape of the door frame. Outer elements of heat transfer are made in the form of supports, holders with cast-in cavities, fixators, door leaf and door handle. Supports are fixed to the outer surface. Holders and the door handle are fixed to the door leaf. Fixators are fixed to supports and partially arranged in cast-in cavities of holders. The door leaf is installed as capable of rotation.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to expand arsenal of technical facilities.
SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger comprising a bundle of tubes, placed inside a body, made with an elastic end structure put into compressed condition to form a plug, at least partially, on opposite sides of the heat exchange chamber. The specified elastic end structure comprises one or more edge segments stretching between the inner wall of the body and the outer border of the tube bundle. The edge segment includes a combination of materials, having different compression characteristics, providing for reinforced support to edge segments.
EFFECT: improved sealing properties of a heat exchanger.
12 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: shell-and-tube heat exchanger includes a tube bank of variable cross section with alternating coaxial cylindrical sections which are equal as to length and have two different diameters, and divergent and convergent conical sections with optimum opening angles of the diffuser and the confuser, which connect them, and headers with tube sheets. Tubes of the bank have opposite periodic sequence of alternation of conical-and-cylindrical sections relative to each other under conditions of their longitudinal and transverse streamlining. Tubes with straight end sections of similar diameter are located in opposite vertexes of a rectangular of breakdown at in-line arrangement or in vertexes at the triangle base of breakdown of tube sheets at in-line arrangement of the tube bank.
EFFECT: improving heat transfer efficiency of tubular surface; reducing the weight and metal consumption at reduction of overall dimensions of the heat exchanger.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger comprises pipes with spiral-ring fins. The fins are provided with longitudinal slots. The pipes in the heat exchanger are arranged vertically.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat exchange.
SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger comprises housing with front and back supporting lags of different height, lens compensator, pipe bundle with branch pipes for supplying and discharging heat-transfer agent, and front water chamber with the baffle which divides the pipe bundle into two sections. One of the sections is provided with branch pipes for supplying and discharging fluid to be heated, and the other section defines the back water chamber. The lens compensator is mounted in the vicinity of the back water chamber, and back supporting lag of the housing is provided with the additional supporting unit and mounted on the housing upstream or downstream of the lens compensator.
EFFECT: improved heat exchange and enhanced reliability.
FIELD: heat exchange apparatus.
SUBSTANCE: surface heat exchanger comprises casing provided with bearing lags, lens compensator, pipe bench with branch pipes for supplying and discharging heat-transfer agent, and front water chamber with the baffle that divides it into two sections. One of the sections is provided with the branch pipes for supplying and discharging of the fluid to be heated, and the other section defines the back water chamber. The pipe bench inside the housing is separated by the horizontal baffle provided with the by-pass port interposed between the lens compensator and back water chamber. The top and bottom sections of the pipe bench are separated with the vertical baffles arranged symmetrically to each other.
EFFECT: improved heat exchange and enhanced heat power and reliability.
FIELD: heat transfer equipment, particularly used in furnaces characterized by descending combustion product movement, namely in power installations such as exhaust gas heat utilizing devices.
SUBSTANCE: heat-exchanger comprises heat-exchanging pipe bundle provided with hexahedral connection parts formed at pipe ends and defining tube and annular spaces. The heat-exchanger has annular shape in top view and has inner window adapted to convey solid particles, namely combustion products. Connection parts of the pipes are welded with each other. Annular spaces defined around the pipes are closed with separate plates made as elongated hexahedrons tangentially adjoining paired pipes and welded with each other. One heat-exchanging pipe is removed from both heat-exchanger sides relatively vertical axis thereof. Inlet and outlet connection pipes communicated with annular space for heat transfer agent receiving are welded to free hexahedral cells formed after heat-exchanging pipes removal. Cells from opposite sides of connection pipes are closed with caps.
EFFECT: increased heat-exchanger strength and heat-transfer efficiency, elimination of complicated structural units, possibility to adapt heat-exchanger for burners characterized by descending combustion product movement.
FIELD: heat-exchangers, particularly submersible ones.
SUBSTANCE: heat-exchanger comprises body perforated with orifices located at cylindrical inlet chamber height, tube plate, tube bundle arranged so that coolant is directed transversely to the tube bundle. Heat exchanger also has displacers and spacing grid. Hexahedral collector is formed on tube bundle at inlet chamber height so that the collector is coaxial to the body. The hexahedral collector perimeter is free of tubes. Radial channels extend from collector corners to tube bindle perimeter. The radial channels are also free from tubes. Displacers are installed in spacing grid below inlet chamber.
EFFECT: possibility of uniform coolant flow over each heat-exchanging tube, provision of equal temperature characteristics at each tube outlet and reduced vibration of tubes in tube bundle.
FIELD: heat exchange equipment, namely used in oil processing, chemical, gas, oil and power production industry branches.
SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger includes shell having bundle of heat exchanging tubes, inlet and outlet branch pipes for draining fluid from space between tubes, collector chamber connected with one end of shell and having branch pipes for inlet and outlet of tube fluid, collector tube wall and lengthwise heat insulated partitions mounted along axis of collector chamber and axis of shell. Lengthwise partition of shell is provided with sealing members in the form of packs of longitudinal bands arranged between partition and inner surface of shell symmetrically relative to lengthwise partition. In places where cross ends of sealing longitudinal bands adjoin to tube wall that is in trihedral angles, sealing units in the form of packs of bands or petal- or lug-shaped plates are mounted symmetrically relative to lengthwise heat insulated partition. Said packs are closely secured to tube wall; each band or plate is arranged in such a way that it adjoins to longitudinal bands and has camber to side of sealing longitudinal bands.
EFFECT: possibility for providing labyrinth seal of trihedral angle between inner surface of shell, sealing longitudinal bands and tube wall.
4 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: multi-sectional heat exchanger comprises sections made of at least two rectilinear pipes whose ends are provided with collectors which are interconnected in series through a tube bend. Each section is made of a set of pipes with piping collectors. The sections are parallel one to the other. The area of the cross-section of the bend tube is no less than that of the collector pipes.
EFFECT: reduced hydraulic drag and enhanced efficiency of heat exchanger.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for heating liquid and gas in technological processes of oil refining, petrochemical, gas and other industries. Heat exchanger contains a casing, pipe walls and grates with heat exchange pipes. Between transverse walls damping baffles that contain rectangular disk packages mounted between rows of pipes parallel to each other in a transverse plane exchanger, and rectangular disk packages of rectangular cross section mounted between rows of pipes parallel to each other in another heat exchanger transverse plane are installed.
EFFECT: increase of endurance.
3 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: vortex apparatus comprises casing wit upper and lower covers, the lower one making a condensate collector, gas inlet/outlet and condensate outlet branch pipes, partitions, vortex pipe, initial compressed gas flow rate control device and condensate-separation units. Aforesaid vortex pipe includes a cold flow and hot flow pipes. Initial compressed gas flow rate control device incorporates a screw-type tightening device (STD) with adjusting washer furnished with a cross-piece with stem arranged in the STD membrane hole. The said stem passes via the cold flow pipe and through the gland in the upper cover out from the apparatus and is furnished with the rotation drive. The condensate-separation units comprise pipe laid between the said partitions, two pairs of crosswise slots arranged opposite to each other on the hot flow pipe at the distance of (1.25 to 1.45) d, where d is the pipe ID, from the STD edge and shifted relative to each other by 90°. Note that the said slots are arranged along the axis at the distance of (0.15 to 0.25) d. The circular chamber outlet channels, inside the hot flow pipe, are terminates at the gap between the casing wall and thin-wall cylinder. The hot flow pipe outlet is furnished with a nozzle and thin-wall cylinder is provided with confuser-diffuser element making an injector.
EFFECT: control over initial compressed gas flow rate by external effects and higher efficiency of condensation-separation processes.
1 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is of relevance for operation of apparatus for air cooling of gas and is to be utilised in power engineering industry. The proposed method of the heat exchanger apparatus fabrication envisages the following activities: fabrication of finned heat exchange tubes, a framework, at least a single apparatus section with lateral walls and beams joining them together, gas inlet and outlet chambers; packing the section with a bundle of finned one-way-flow heat exchange tubes; fabrication of a manifold for gas supply and removal, a support structure and their assembly. The section walls are represented by channel bars with shelves turned towards the tubes and are equipped with fairing displacers forming the U-bar reinforcement ribs. One of the methods of the apparatus heat exchanger section fabrication envisages positioning an optimal number of tubes within the section in accordance with the dependence specified within the framework of the invention concept. An alternative method envisages assembly of the section elements on a holding frame designed within the framework of the invention concept. A third method envisages assembly of the elements in a specific sequence combined with performance of hydraulic pressure testing. The method of fabrication of the apparatus chamber for gas inlet or outlet envisages manufacture of the chamber elements and their assembly in a sequence developed within the framework of the invention concept. The method of fabrication of the gas delivery and removal manifold envisages manufacture of the manifold body sections and their assembly with the help of the tool tab designed within the framework of the invention concept. Method of hydraulic pressure testing of the apparatus sections envisages mounting the section to be tested on the hydraulic test bench designed within the framework of the invention concept with the pressure increase and drop modes as per the dependence given. Method of the manifold hydraulic pressure testing envisages it being mounted on the hydraulic test bench or a loft with the help of support structures designed within the framework of the invention concept.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness and precision of assembly of the apparatus and elements thereof combined with reduction of labour and material consumption, reduction of hydraulic losses occurring in the apparatus as well as technological simplification of the hydraulic pressure testing of heat exchanger sections and manifolds of the apparatus for air cooling of gas, improved effectiveness and reduced labour intensity of their performance.
25 cl, 30 dwg