Method for cognitive impairment detection for persons of young and middle age

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: testing is conducted by the "Concepts Exception" method for different age categories, recording the number of correct answers, time spent on the answers, and determining the thinking level integral index by the formula where Ind is the thinking level integral index; N is the number of correct answers in the test; t" is the time in seconds required for testing.

EFFECT: method allows to identify human cognitive dysfunction by evaluating the integral index of the thinking level.

4 tbl, 3 ex

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: speech stimulation in a child is three-staged. At the first stage, pronouncing involuntary consonants is induced and reinforced in a game situation with the use of an association of an object movement and a gesture to allow the child reproducing them voluntarily. The sound reproduced during the game is accompanied with a gesture associated with the object movement until a strong relationship of the specific sound and the object is formed; the gesture and object motion are supposed to mean the same sound. Thereafter, the child is trained to pronounce the consonants missing in his/her speech by blowing out an air flow, which is blocked by obstructions formed by articulation organs; the consonants are reinforced in the game situation with using the object movement and gesture accompanying the sound pronunciation; the gesture and object motion are supposed to mean the same sound. The second stage involves practicing how to complete the word pronunciation with the use of an effect of an unstressed syllable fixation to a stressed one, and/or unstable music fixation to a stable one, and/or how to complete a rhythmically specified word structure. That is followed by practicing words consisting of two or three open syllables and one closed syllable. The third stage provides practicing pronouncing an expression with the use of a combination of its rhythmic-melodic structure, gestures, pictures and/or objects symbolising the whole word.

EFFECT: method enables accelerating sound induction, voluntary sound pronunciation, increasing the efficiency of training the word pronunciation by the child by applying logopedic approaches.

2 cl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to restorative medicine and can be used for the drug-free correction, prevention and rehabilitation of the functional state and the enhancement of adaptability in patients of various age groups suffering various psychoneurological symptoms. There are performed three successive stages: setting (SS), adaptation (AS) and tactile contact (TCS). The SS involves introducing the patient into dolphins' organisation and behaviour characteristics, instructing to perform commands required for communication with a dolphin, and tactile contact with a dolphin. The adaptation stage involves meeting the living dolphin and contacting it directly on a swimming pool platform out of water. The TCS involves doing the exercises to develop patient's communicative abilities, fine motor skills, motor coordination, motor activity control, emotional state and attention with the use of art therapy elements, musical exercises together with the dolphin, action games with the dolphin using various objects. The TCS is performed in the swimming pool filled with mineral water NaCl 1.8-2.0 ppm at temperature from 25 to 28 degrees; the whole correction course involves from 10 to 14 sessions, from 30 to 40 min each. The SS length is at least 3 sessions of 30 min each; the AS is from 1 to 3 sessions of 30-35 min each; the TCS includes from 7 to 9 sessions of 35-40 min each.

EFFECT: method provides the higher stress stability and adaptation potential of the patient of any degree of functional preparation, the integral enhancement of communicative ability and orientation to active targeted activity, the optimised length of the rehabilitation course depending on the patient's psychoemotional state and abilities.

4 cl, 6 dwg, 3 ex, 4 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: anaesthetising patients with chronic pain syndrome undergoing a cyclophotocoagulation surgery involves the intravenous administration of the hormonal preparation dexamethasone in a dose of no more than 8 mg followed by the anxiolytic droperidol in a dose of no more than 2.5 mg 5 minutes prior to the operation before the peribulbar anaesthesia. A peripheral block in the form of the peribulbar anaesthesia involving administration of no more than 6 ml of a local anaesthetic follows. At the moment the surgical procedure starts, benzodiazepin, e.g. diazepam, is administered in a dose of no more than 5 mg.

EFFECT: achieving adequate anaesthesia in the given category of patients by blocking all the links of a pathological pain chain.

1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine and can be used in case if it is necessary to reduce excessive weight in patients. For this purpose, passive fixation of upper and lower jaws to each other, completely excluding possibility of chewing food, is performed by means of intraoral devices. Passive fixation of jaws is provided due to levelling and connection of intra-oral devices with respect to each other without taking into account direction of growth and shape of teeth. For the period from 1 to 3 weeks feeding is performed only with liquid food. After 1-3 weeks fixation of jaws is removed and feeding with individually selected diet in combination with individually selected physical exercise is realised. Procedure of fixation is repeated until result is obtained. Method ensures effective and comfortable reduction f body weight in patients with obesity due to reduction of nutrition caloric intake by application of jaws fixation, completely preventing possibility of chewing solid food, without producing any effect on teeth, eliminating necessity of "correct" orthodontic fixation of applied devices, as well as due to application of additional complex of procedures.

EFFECT: increase of method efficiency.

7 cl, 24 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: device for correction of sleep characteristics contains sensor for registration of electrodermal activity EDA, connected with unit of analysis and extraction of signals of skin-galvanic responses SGR, generator of stimulating electric pulses, on-skin electrodes and control unit. Device is made in form of monoblock with possibility of fastening on user's palm. Monoblocks case has front and back side, and fastening elements. Three electrodes, placed with possibility of galvanic connection with skin of user's hand palm, are located on back part. Measuring electrode is connected to input of sensor for EDA registration, with stimulating electrode being connected to output of generator of electric pulses, with the third one being common neutral electrode of galvanic circuits of said sensor and generator. Units of analysis and extraction of SGR signals and control unit are made on base of microprocessor with possibility of periodical control of current condition of galvanic contact of electrodes with skin, cyclic measuring of SGR intensity and supply of stimulating electric pulses in pauses between SGR measuring, and provide three modes of functionality: sleeping mode - in absence of galvanic contact of electrodes with skin; mode of EDA registration - in presence of galvanic contact of electrodes with skin, including extraction of SGR pulses and counting their quantity N for given time interval and comparison with threshold value; mode of stimulation - if quantity N of SGR pulses exceeds threshold value, including periodical supply of electric pulses to stimulating electrodes during specified time interval.

EFFECT: invention application makes it possible to extend arsenal of technical means for correction of patient's physical condition during sleep and further wakefulness, increase index of slow-wave sleep stage, power of delta-waves and therefore deepen sleep sensation, phases of fast eye motions, and increase sleep quality in general.

9 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, particularly to psychology, and can be used for individual and mass screening in sociology and management. A person being tested is presented with a number of pictures to be selected. The pictures are composed so that each picture contains an image that combines two archetypes with adequate shape and background. The person being tested is suggested to select among the presented number of pictures the most relevant of his/her personality evaluation and to sample. The person being tested is suggested to assign a score to the selected picture. The numerical treatment of the results involves summing up the assigned scores of the same archetypes. The number of pictures can make 20 with each picture containing two combined images with the total number of archetypes equal to 10. The total score is distributed among 1 to 8, whereas the maximum diagnostic number is equal to 10, which is when exceeded enables stating an archetypic identity.

EFFECT: method enables assessing the archetypic identity, the presence of neurotic pattern and intrapersonal conflicts by analysing the archetype-based psychological personality profile.

5 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method includes carrying out general hydrodynamic massage (GHDM) and hydrodynamic massage of the area to be influenced, gut lavage, and psychotherapy. Procedures of massage are carried out by means of a nozzle, which ensures the supply of water by a water funnel principle. GHDM procedures are carried out 3 days running, with the following one-day break. During massage the entire body surface is processed, including the head. Procedures of hydrodynamic massage of the area to be influenced are carried out along massage lines and before GHDM and gut lavage procedure. Procedures of gut lavage are carried out on the days, when GHMD is not carried out. Psychotherapy is carried out in the form of music therapy, realised at the background of GHDM, hydrodynamic massage of the area to be influenced and gut lavage. Carrying out GHDM is accompanied by the music therapy of a relaxing nature, and carrying out gut lavage and hydrodynamic massage of the area to be influenced by the music therapy of a tonic nature. The method is carried out for 5-7 days before the influence. The procedures are carried out daily. The course starts from carrying out hydrodynamic massage.

EFFECT: achievement of fast healing after carrying out dermatocosmetological procedures due to an improvement of tropism of the area subjected to the impact, acceleration of a reparative process, increase of the immune system activity, improvement of the organism's functional condition, reduced risk of development of side effects and complications of the following cosmetological treatment.

7 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method includes taking radon bath with radon concentration 1.5 kBq (40 nCu/l), temperature 36-37°C, 10-15 minute duration. Source includes 10 procedures. Patient is given a session of listening to relaxing music 40 minutes after taking radon bath. After that, 5 symmetrical scalp zones are exposed to laser radiation for 30-40 seconds. Impact is realised by wavelength 0.82 mcm, power 12 mW, in pulse mode, with frequency 50 Hz. Sessions are carried out daily. Course includes 10 procedures.

EFFECT: method reduces treatment terms due to normalisation of brain blood supply, improvement of state of suprasegmental formations of vegetative nervous system.

5 ex, 6 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to endocrinology, cardiology, psychotherapy and can be used for the treatment of patients with metabolic syndrome. Diet therapy of a reduced caloric content with the restriction of carbohydrate-containing products and fats, with the determination of a glycemic index with the inclusion into the diet of carbohydrate-containing products with the glycemic index lower than 40. When the initial body weight decreases by 5% and stabilisation of the weight takes place for 3 months, the caloric content of food is increased to a calculated value, determined for the patient by formula for the calculation of the daily caloric content. Carbohydrate-containing products with the glycemic index of 40-69 are introduced into the diet until the weight decreases to a specified level. Screening survey is performed, disorders of an affective spectrum are diagnosed and in case of their presence testing the patients of the identified group by Zung scale is carried out. A session from Assagioli psychosynthesis - "Temple of Silence", Coue self-hypnosis are carried out, with the multiple repetition of the same formula "I feel silence and quiet around me, I am enveloped by sunlight, I easily follow the doctors' recommendations, I am in a good mood and have good working capacity" before falling asleep and on waking up.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to achieve the stable and long-term reduction of insulin-resistance, abdominal obesity, correction of metabolic disorders, increase compliancy, improvement of the mood, increase of a self-assessment level, as well as increase the self-confidence, change the "internal picture of the disease" towards the positive side, improve psychic and somatic condition due to the complex application of diagnostics and psychotherapeutic methods.

3 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method includes carrying out complex treatment at the background of diet therapy. Intake of antihelmintic of vegetable origin and immunomodulator is carried out daily with washing down each of them with 200 ml of radon water. Intestinal lavage is performed every second day. On days of performing intestinal lavage, patient takes bath with radon water in the morning before lavage, with performing underwater hydrodynamic massage (UHM) on other days. On days, when intestinal lavage is not performed, sessions of sound therapy are carried out after UHM.

EFFECT: method provides correction of biological age of organism as prevention of premature ageing.

3 cl, 4 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: patient's peripheral venous blood is recovered to analyse genetic polymorphisms of coagulation factors VII 10976G/A FVII. A birth weight of a newborn of a woman delivering not for the first time in the stage of 37 and more weeks of pregnancy is determined by equation: y=6123.431-25.579x1+0.267x2+205.739x3, wherein y is an anticipated newborn's weight, x1 is a female's height in centimetres; x2 is an infant's weight at the previous delivery in grams, x3 is a genetic version of 10976G/A FVII locus with x3=1 for 10976 GG FVII genetic type, x3=2 for 10976 GA and 10976 AA FVII genetic types. A birth weight of a newborn of a woman delivering for the first time in the stage of 37 and more weeks of pregnancy is determined by equation: y=6278.037-21.739x1+232.170x2, wherein x1 is a female's height in centimetres; x2 is a genetic version of 10976G/A FVII locus with x2=1 for 10976 GG FVII locus, x2=2 for 10976 GA and 10976 AA FVII genetic types.

EFFECT: invention enables improving the prevention and treatment of the pregnancy complications.

2 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medical psychology, extreme medicine and aims at determining a risk of psychic deadaptation in internal affairs officers. The psychic deadaptation factors are estimated by the psychologic testing according to the multi-level personality questionnaire (MPQ) "Adaptability" and "Anxiety Study" technique by Ch.D.Spielberg and Yu.L Khanin, as well as officer's interview. The following parameters are specified in points: employment in the investigation division, communicative potential according to MPQ "Adaptability" technique, personal anxiety according to Spielberg-Khanin techniques, psychotic reactions and conditions according to MPQ "Adaptability" technique, smoking. The derived values are applied to an equation; and the produced value is used to determine the risk of psychic deadaptation: the high risk of psychic deadaptation or the low risk.

EFFECT: method enables determining the risk of psychic deadaptation in internal affairs officers by assessing the significant psychic deadaptation factors and interview.

3 ex

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to ergatic systems and can be used to correct the functional status of a human operator. The method includes evaluating the status of a human operator. The status indicator used is the heart rate. Limiting values of the range of a good status ChSSmin and ChSSmax are set for each human operator. When the heart rate exceeds the limiting values, the energy stimuli used are light pulses and binaural action, the frequency f of which is set in accordance with a given expression. An apparatus for correcting the functional status of a human operator is used. The apparatus comprises a central control unit connected to a storage unit, a stimulus generating unit and an analysis unit. The stimulus generating unit is connected to a stimulation unit. The output of the analysis unit is connected to the central control unit. The apparatus additionally includes a unit for measuring and processing an electrical cardio signal and a heart rate determining unit. The output of the unit for measuring and processing an electrical cardio signal is connected to the input of the heart rate determining unit, the output of which is connected to the analysis unit.

EFFECT: group of inventions improves the efficiency of correcting the status of a human operator, prevents excessive fatigue of the human operator quickly and in advance, reduces emotional and psychological stress, raises the level of activity of the body owing to a method of determining the status of the human operator, using the heart rate ChSS as an indicator of the status, the effect of light stimuli and binaural action.

2 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: treatment is three-staged: preparation, restoration and confirmation. At the stage of preparation, pseudostuttering is differentiated from true stuttering, and pseudostuttering is relieved; protein delivery is ensured to body muscles by nutrition correction taking into account the patient's blood type. Desynchronosis is eliminated by synchronising the patient's biological rhythms by matching pulse beats per minute and vocal exhalation rhythmicity accompanied by executing fist motions by clenching and opening it as a multiple of a given rhythm frequency, and a walking rhythm. Speech exercises aiming at developing speech fluidity, thinking and motor coordination exercises are performed. The stage of restoration involves eliminating the causes of true stuttering by activating respiratory, laryngeal and articulation muscles: stuttering is eliminated by localising respiratory spasms by the abdominals. Stuttering is eliminated where laryngeal spasms are localised, by adding laryngeal exercises to the above combined exercises, including internal laryngeal muscular contractions: sialophagia, singing, speaking, reading aloud; stuttering is further eliminated where articulation spasms are localised by adding speech apparatus muscle exercises to the above combined exercises and giving face massage, executing mimic exercises aiming at oro- and nasopharyngeal muscles exercises. At the stage of confirmation, the developed speech skills are confirmed until natural speech skill is developed, by keeping on doing restoration practices. The method enables the recurrence-free elimination of the causes of stuttering at any age and any intensity of stuttering with tonic or clonic convulsions of the vocal apparatus muscles, notwithstanding both neurotic, and neurosis-like types by applying correction and compensation non-drug therapy.

EFFECT: treating stuttering both under the guidance of a specialist, and independently.

4 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: analgesics timing and amount are determined according to peak points of pain syndrome manifestations, which are detected by assessing pain syndrome intensity within 24 hours according to the scale with 12 time intervals. The patient is supposed to fill in the time interval form: 1-3; 3-5; 5-7; 7-9; 9-11; 11-13; 13-15; 15-17; 17-19; 19-21; 21-23; 23-1 and records pain intensity every two hours. Each time interval matches with a modified visual analogue scale, which combines elements of verbal expression of pain and is divided into four sub-scales to assess pain as follows: mild, moderate, pronounced and severe; the origin of the scale corresponds to the pain-free state, whereas the end of the scale stands for unsufferable pain.

EFFECT: method enables correcting the analgesics and anti-pain electric stimulation timing that is expected to provide the higher efficacy of the antalgic therapy by having the pain syndrome intensity determined within 24 hours in accordance with the 12-interval scale.

7 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method applies a visual system of depth-effect 2D image perception; ocular movements are recorded by a binocular eye-tracker; right and left eye lines are sensed. At the first stage: Io image is selected, wherein the person being tested perceives image relief and depth effects. The Io is displayed on a monitor screen of the binocular eye-tracker, spaced from the eyes at 0H; a right (Ra) and left (Le) eye line X-coordinate array is recorded during the period ΔT of measurement. A coordinate difference is calculated by formula ΔX=LeX-RaX; a coordinate difference histogram is contoured; a difference histogram contour peak is localised as a peak density of eye focusing planes, a contour line range, and focusing planes. A distance maxH to the difference histogram contour peak is calculated on the left lH and right rH contour lines; provided maxH≠0H, then the differences ΔH=lH-rH are derived, and objective physiological makers of the relief effect that are the parameters independent of an estimation offered by the person being tested and recorded by the binocular eye-tracker are detected. They are compared to a relief analogue that is a 3D-pixel image perception depth 3DIo. A coordinate difference 3DΔX is calculated; a difference histogram is contoured; a difference histogram contour peak is localised as a peak density of eye focusing planes, a contour line; a distance 3DmaxH to the contour peak and the eye focusing plane, and the contour line is measured. Provided the distances 3DmaxH, 3DΔH fall within the distance range ΔH=lH-rH≠0, with maxH≠0H, general physiological principles of the relief effect perception and the depth perception of the pixel images between 3DIo and Io are stated. They are referred to reference plane images IR, which describe positions of the right and left eye focusing planes within the distance range ΔH=lH-rH≠0, with maxH≠0H. The second stage involves drawing independent samples of the people being tested who are presented with the reference plane images IR formed at the first stage. Relief build-up values are derived on the images IR, statistical relief tracking diagrams on the analysed images are constructed. The relief perception for independent samples of the people being tested is matched, and the general principles of the plane image relief perception are laid down.

EFFECT: method enables identifying the principles of unconscious perception of the image relief perception by recording the eye motions by the binocular eye-tracker.

5 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, particularly to psychology, and can be used for individual and mass screening in sociology and management. A person being tested is presented with a number of pictures to be selected. The pictures are composed so that each picture contains an image that combines two archetypes with adequate shape and background. The person being tested is suggested to select among the presented number of pictures the most relevant of his/her personality evaluation and to sample. The person being tested is suggested to assign a score to the selected picture. The numerical treatment of the results involves summing up the assigned scores of the same archetypes. The number of pictures can make 20 with each picture containing two combined images with the total number of archetypes equal to 10. The total score is distributed among 1 to 8, whereas the maximum diagnostic number is equal to 10, which is when exceeded enables stating an archetypic identity.

EFFECT: method enables assessing the archetypic identity, the presence of neurotic pattern and intrapersonal conflicts by analysing the archetype-based psychological personality profile.

5 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves finding anamnestic data, clinical signs, work experience in allergically harmful production factors, elimination symptom, symptoms of the disease immediately during employment and deterioration after return to the harmful conditions, total blood serum IgE concentration. Each parameter is appraised by points. The points are summed up, and the derived total score is used to predict a low risk of occupational allergodermatosis, a moderate risk or a high risk.

EFFECT: method enables more accurate prediction ensured by determining significant parameters.

3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to animal's behavioural physiology. The orientational-exploratory and locomotor behaviour in rats is rated with an underlying developing acquisition of a food-producing skill by differentiating an animal's motion path in a batwing-shaped labyrinth. The rating procedure is based on the following forms of motor actions: movement to the labyrinth loci without a food reward; purposive movement to the locus with the food reward; exploratory travelling through all the labyrinth landings; movements to the locus contra lateral with the food reward; multiple movements between the two labyrinth loci; freezing behaviour in the start position.

EFFECT: method enables increasing the investigation reliability that is ensured by a multiple assessment of the central nervous system functions.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex, 6 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: psychoemotional state in children and adolescents is assessed by a projective test of fairy-tale characters by presenting pictures of the fairy-tale characters to the persons being tested. The presented pictures contain a number of images of the fairy-tale characters grouped according to their archetypes. The person being tested is suggested to choose the first mini set of the characters having the most subjectively positive characteristics, as well as to choose the second mini set of the characters with the most subjectively negative characteristics from the rest. The number of the characters of the both mini sets is less than the total number of the characters. The characters chosen from both sets first are assigned with the highest point; the characters chosen next are assigned with descending points according to the degree of priority. A procedure of mathematical processing represents summing the points assigned to the characters of the same archetype, and the derived total point of the characters of the same archetype is used to conclude the personality.

EFFECT: method enables increasing the effectiveness and objectivity of the integral assessment of the personal psychological profile in the adolescents and children by using the projective method.

5 cl, 4 dwg, 10 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves forming signals as tests requiring solution. The tests are shown with frequency changed proportionally to the frequency they are solved. The number of tests is set to be the same in the cases of recovered and tired state. General amount of time spent for finding solution for given number of tests and the number of tests having right solutions are determined in each state. Mental fatigue degree is evaluated from relative change of mean time needed for finding the right test solution using a relationship like (Tm.r- Tm.t)100%/Tm.t, where Tm.t = Tsum.t/Kr.t, Tm.r = Tsum.r/Kr.r, Tm.t is the time spent for finding the right answer in tired state, Tm.r is the time spent for finding the right answer in recovery state, Tsum.t is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in tired state, Tsum.r is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in recovered state, Kr.t is the number of right answers to the tests in tired state, Kr.r is the number of right answers to the tests in recovered state.

EFFECT: reliable estimation of fatigue degree.

Up!