Method of thrower angle aiming for projectile throwing

FIELD: aviation.

SUBSTANCE: series of projectile throwing is previously carried out and their impact points with the target are determined. Impact grouping center is determined according to the combination of the impact points. Subsequent sight position adjustment is carried out by the fact that the sight light beam is directed to the center of the grouping of impacts with the target through the removable barrel screens inserts holes and the sight beam axis is combined with the center of impacts grouping. Then, the position of the sight, barrel and target are fixed and prepared for projectiles shooting in the specified area of the aircraft surface. The system includes a laser pointer, coupled with a thrower, which is designed as a hollow barrel with the breech and muzzle ends, a target with a shock sensor, equipped with LED, mounted in the center of the target, a body catcher, high-speed camera and simulators of impact in the form of projectiles. Projectile throwing device is made in the form of a hollow barrel with the breech and muzzle ends, is equipped with detachable screens placed on the muzzle and breech ends and equipped with translucent inserts with holes in the middle. Targeting sight is designed as a laser emitter mounted on the carrier in front of the screen on the side of the breach end with the possibility of adjusting and fixing its position.

EFFECT: improved accuracy of aiming in a given area of the test object's surface at one dash.

3 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

Thermal test-object // 2549072

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device to control parameters of thermal imaging systems relates to equipment for control of parameters of surface thermal imaging devices (TID) for observation and sighting for military purposes under field conditions and may be used in testing and assessment of TID quality. The device to control parameters of thermal imaging systems comprises a thermal radiator made in the form of a matrix of heat releasing elements (2), installed onto a panel from material with low heat conductivity (1), digital temperature sensors (7), installed on heat releasing elements, a control device on the basis of a microprocessor (6), feedback of which with a thermal radiator is carried out by means of signals from digital temperature sensors, and also a source of power supply (4). The panel has dimensions of a real observed object.

EFFECT: provision of assessment of TID parameters under real conditions of their operation, increased objectivity of produced results, reduced requirements to an operator.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: method includes setting a target with signs applied on it at the finite distance in front of the indicator, installation of a diaphragm in the form of a plate as fixed on the optical axis at the observer's side, display of marks with the help of the indicator on the background of the target signs, detection of errors with the help of the diaphragm in matching of the indicator marks image with the target signs, on the basis of which they decide on the necessity to perform the indicator alignment. Detection of matching errors is done with the help of two or more openings made in the diaphragm, the quantity of which is chosen as equal to the number of marks displayed by the indicator. Holes in the diaphragm are arranged so that the following conditions are met: yi=a×tgαi; xi=a×tgβi, where xi and yi - linear coordinates of the centre of i hole relative to the point of crossing of the optical axis of the indicator with the diaphragm plane; a - distance from the diaphragm to the rated point of a pilot's eyes location; αi and βi - specified values of accordingly vertical and horizontal angles of the i mark relative to the point of location of the pilot's eyes; i - number of the mark displayed by the indicator.

EFFECT: increased accuracy of the indicator image assessment along the entire diameter of an output lens of the indicator.

15 cl, 12 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: stand has first and second laser terminals with a device in between them, which sets perturbation of laser beams to imitate oscillatory motion of the carrier, and a computer-based unit of control and recording equipment. The first laser terminal has a laser, a guidance error logger which includes a quantum-optical coordinate sensor and an electronic information processing unit, and a beam splitter. The second laser terminal has laser, a direction finder which includes a quantum-optical coordinate sensor and an electronic information processing unit, a deflector and a beam splitter. The device which sets perturbation of laser beams has at least one deflector with an arbitrary waveform generator connected to its input.

EFFECT: high reliability and accuracy of guiding optical axes of quantum-optical systems, eg, in inter-satellite laser communication systems.

1 dwg

FIELD: weapons and ammunition.

SUBSTANCE: device to measure bend of an artillery barrel includes an angled three-edged reflector 9, a reflector lens 1, designed for location on the barrel end 2, and a metering unit 3 optically coupled with them, comprising a lens 7 and a photodetector 8, forming a receiving channel, and also an optical mark 5, installed between a radiator 4 and a beam splitter 6. The radiator 4 and the optical mark 5 form a light beam shaper. The beam splitter 6 couples optical axes of the light beam shaper and the receiving channel. A system 10 to generate images of an optical mark may be introduced into the composition of the metering unit 3. The reflector lens and the angled three-edged reflector may be arranged in the form of a single monoblock part from transparent material, on the output face of which there is a spherical surface.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of measurement under complicated operational conditions.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: weapons and ammunition.

SUBSTANCE: device is proposed to monitor zero aiming line verification in a fighting machine of a multiple rocket launch system, which comprises a bushing, with an extended opening base, placed in a muzzle part of a basic tube of a multiple rocket launch system fighting machine guide pack. A verification tube is installed in a hole, and its optical system includes a crosshair standing for its axis. A side ocular of the tube with the help of thread is connected to an optic fibre cable, the ocular of which is placed when monitoring verification in a place convenient for a gunlayer.

EFFECT: invention provides for quick and reliable monitoring of a zero aiming line verification when preparing a fighting machine of a multiple rocket launch system for field use without discharge of a projectile, which increases fighting capacity of a multiple rocket launch system.

1 dwg

FIELD: weapons and ammunition.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises mirror mounted on end of rod with spherical surface. Rod axis is inclined as well as its spherical surface center with respect to case lengthwise axis. Case is secured onto gun barrel muzzle by means of front and rear clips and wedges. Adjusting screws are fitted perpendicular to each other. Front clip represents a holder with slots to receive wedges. Said wedges are bolted to rear clip.

EFFECT: reliable operation in guns that feature high muzzle overloads, smooth adjustment of mirror.

5 dwg

FIELD: defense technology.

SUBSTANCE: set includes control-adjustment target and device for adjustment of zero line of aiming arranged in the form of light source that forms light figure on control-adjustment target in the form of two lines, which cross with their middles under right angle and having length of 20 mm and width of 10 mm.

EFFECT: reduced number of crew members involved in adjustment from two to one, less time required for preparatory works and reduced error value in process of adjustment of zero aiming line to axis of tank gun shaft channel.

1 dwg

FIELD: physics, optics.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises lens, mesh with transparent diaphragm and check marks on its working surface, which is installed with the possibility of displacement in direction that is perpendicular to lens axis, system for illumination of mesh check marks, the first photodetector device, which is optically connected to mesh, and electronic device for control, processing and generation of measurement information. The following components are introduced and installed on optical axis of lens: spectrum divider, attenuator of laser radiation, the second photodetector device, and also electric drive for mesh displacement, detector of mesh position and video observation device. The first and second inlets of electronic device are connected to the outlets of the first and second photodetector devices, the third inlet - to detector of mesh position, the fourth inlet has possibility of connection to outlet, and the first outlet - to the inlet of laser control channel of controlled device, the second outlet - to electric drive of mesh displacement, and the third outlet - to video observation device.

EFFECT: expansion of functional resources by provision of control over time cyclogram of laser control channel operation and power of laser radiation, improved efficiency and accuracy of control by automation of performed operations and processing of measurement results.

2 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: radar signal simulator contains signal receiver and, at least, one signal originator reciprocally movable so that to keep and change the distance. Herewith the distance between signal receiver and signal originator is determined with observing a certain condition. Method of application of radar signal simulator containing signal receiver and signal originator implies that the distance between signal receiver and signal originator while signal parameter simulation is changed with observing a certain condition.

EFFECT: optimised overall dimensions of radar signal simulator with maintaining parameters of simulation.

20 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to methods of checking of aiming and sighting devices installed on aeroplanes and may be used for adjustment of sights installed on interceptors in process of debugging after manufacturing. The problem is solved by forming of point images by point generator in each intersection point of radar scale grid; the angular position of radar scale is changed after that aiming area is conventionally separated into zones: central zone - zone of highest shooting probability and peripheral zone. Each zone is allocated its value of admissible scale deviation of radar scale; radar scale is corrected until measured value of deviations in X and Y coordinates becomes lesser than or equal to established admissible values of deviation for each zone.

EFFECT: increase of sight accuracy.

FIELD: means of monitoring of sights-guidance instruments (sights) of controlled armament, designed for production of an optical beam of flight vehicle control and using lasers as a source of radiation, in particular, sights of the teleorientation system with radiating channels on injection lasers.

SUBSTANCE: the method includes the registration of the signal, separation of coordinates and estimation of the signal parameters. Formed in addition is a pilot beam by picking from the full section of the laser beam formed by the sight of the teleorientation system of a normalized portion of power with a preset value K of this portion. The pilot beam signal is registered, the information parameters of the pilot beam signal are estimated as identical to the parameters of the pilot beam signal, and the control beam power is estimated as a ratio of the measured value of the pilot beam signal power to the K value. The method is realized in the device including light filters, a photodetector and an electronic unit for measuring the signal parameters connected to its output. In addition the device uses an optical adapter containing a base member with an inlet hole, first and second outlet holes, plane-parallel plate made of optical material possessing properties of passage and reflection of laser radiation and overlapping the first outlet hole, and a holder for installation of light filters, positioned between the plano-parallel plate and the second outlet hole. The base member in the area of the inlet and second holes is equipped by mounting places for installation of the optical adapter on the sight and attachment of the photodetector to it, providing for intersection of the optical axes of the objectives of the sight information channel and photodetector on the surface of the plano-parallel plate located perpendicularly to the plane formed by these axes, and forming equal in value angles with each of them.

EFFECT: provided monitoring of the control beam signal parameters in the process of control by the flight vehicle.

3 cl, 1 dwg

Bore-sighting tube // 2262650

FIELD: adjustment of artillery armament.

SUBSTANCE: proposed bore-sighting tube has cylindrical body with tail-piece at end for mounting in gun mount bore and objective optically connected with eye-piece through prism. Eye-piece is rigidly connected with transmitting TV camera connected in its turn with TV monitor by means of cable communication line for remote observation of guidance of gun mount bore at check reference point.

EFFECT: facilitated procedure of alignment of gun mount bore with optical axis of sight.

1 dwg

FIELD: military equipment, in particular, ship artillery complexes.

SUBSTANCE: the barrel of the artillery mount is preliminary inserted in a television transmitting camera connected by means of cable communication line to a television monitor with a angle-measuring graticule. A small-sized target is locked-on for automatic tracking by the control system, the control system of the artillery mount is changed over to "direct laying", at which the barrel axis is automatically directed to the target tracked by the control system. The image of the tracked target is observed on the screen of the television monitor coupled to the television transmitting camera, and the presence of a shift of the target image relative to the center of the graticule is revealed, with the aid of it the mean values of deflections of the target image in horizon and vertical are determined. After that the television transmitting camera is removed from the barrel of the gun mount, and the control system and the artillery mount are returned to standard functioning, the measured mean values of deflections are introduced into the ballistic computer for producing the compensating corrections into the laying angles of the artillery mount.

EFFECT: provided revealing and compensation of the arising systematic errors without fire of the artillery mount.

2 dwg

FIELD: military equipment, applicable for laying of tank guns and adjustment of the bore axis with the sight.

SUBSTANCE: the device has a rod with the front and rear flanges fastened on it, having three-point knife-edge supports with one spring-loaded point. The rod is installed for a radial shift relative to the front flange made with a flanging relative to the bore and having a mark on the outer end face surface. The points of the flange supports at positioning in the bore form an isosceles triangle.

EFFECT: enhanced accuracy of adjustment with the tank gun sight.

3 dwg

FIELD: armored materiel, applicable in tanks, infantry fighting vehicles and armored carriers with an artillery armament.

SUBSTANCE: the gun bore direction monitor has a mirror installed on the muzzle end of the gun barrel and directed towards the gun sight, indicating mark and a gun sight with an orienting mark. The mirror is installed on the end of a rod supported as a cantilever in a body positioned on the muzzle end of the gun barrel for adjustment relative to the gun bore by means of bending of the free end of the rod.

EFFECT: enhanced accuracy of fun fire.

2 dwg

FIELD: device for checking and adjusting the zero sight line of sights.

SUBSTANCE: the adjusting board has a tripod with a fastener and cross-hairs. The cross-hairs are provided with optical collimators and installed at a distance of 8 to 10 cm in the perpendicular direction from the board plane. Each cross-hairs is designed for adjusting the sight of a definite type.

EFFECT: reduced time of adjustment without reduction of its accuracy.

4 dwg

FIELD: weapons and ammunition.

SUBSTANCE: device for controlling the bore axis direction comprises a mirror mounted at the end of a bar being cantilever mounted therein and capable of adjusting the position of its axis by means of screws provided in the case. Said bar has a spherical surface coming in contact with said screws. The case is disposed on the chase and additionally provided with a baffle. One of the inventive variants has a case fixed to the barrel by means of a yoke having the form of a semi-ring mounted on bars. The bars tighten front and rear clamps being pressed respectively down to the chase and the conical surface of the muzzle bell. The clamps are split and have the form of semi-rings being spring loaded in a tangential direction and fixed by means of wedges to prevent their rotation with respect to the barrel. According to another inventive variant the case is fixed by means of a front ring coming into contact with flats of the barrel and fastened by means of pins to a rear ring mounted on a split collar having a conical surface. The split collar is pressed down to the mating face of the barrel, and the front ring has a screw mounted therein that abuts a slider interacting with the lateral face of the barrel.

EFFECT: reliable operation of the device; smooth regulation of the mirror in the course of the device adjustment and enhancement of the weapon performance.

2 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: weapon and ammunition.

SUBSTANCE: table stimulator contains signal generator (target simulator), target seeker, analogue computer (AC). Target seeker (TS), containing "БЦВМ" is mounted on fixed base. Signal generator is mounted on fixed base so that its longitudinal axis is aligned with TS longitudinal axis. AC contains assembled aircraft (A) dynamic and motion models, target motion models, TS gyrostabilised platform motion model, TS gyrostabilised platform control models, aircraft-target unit vector calculation model. The table allows for real-time semi-scale simulation of aircraft homing system within the whole range of angular velocity of aircraft-target aiming line without system contour dynamic distortion.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of simulation.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to methods of checking of aiming and sighting devices installed on aeroplanes and may be used for adjustment of sights installed on interceptors in process of debugging after manufacturing. The problem is solved by forming of point images by point generator in each intersection point of radar scale grid; the angular position of radar scale is changed after that aiming area is conventionally separated into zones: central zone - zone of highest shooting probability and peripheral zone. Each zone is allocated its value of admissible scale deviation of radar scale; radar scale is corrected until measured value of deviations in X and Y coordinates becomes lesser than or equal to established admissible values of deviation for each zone.

EFFECT: increase of sight accuracy.

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: radar signal simulator contains signal receiver and, at least, one signal originator reciprocally movable so that to keep and change the distance. Herewith the distance between signal receiver and signal originator is determined with observing a certain condition. Method of application of radar signal simulator containing signal receiver and signal originator implies that the distance between signal receiver and signal originator while signal parameter simulation is changed with observing a certain condition.

EFFECT: optimised overall dimensions of radar signal simulator with maintaining parameters of simulation.

20 cl, 8 dwg

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