Drill fluid processing method

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention falls into the area of the oil and gas producing industry, namely the drilling of horizontal holes of a long-mileage, associated with the development of the cluster drilling, including the construction of wells in the conditions of the Extreme North and the continental shelf. The method is intended for the drilling of horizontal holes of long-distance wells under conditions of the absorption of drill fluid. According to the method, a temporary mechanical filling compound is inserted, bypassing the purification system. This filler is made in the form of a rubber crumb with a hydrophilic surface and an effective diameter of the particles, more than 1/3 of a cross sectional dimension of cracks and pores. The filler - rubber crumb, prepared in this way, is handled by absorbent oil. On top of the oil the rubber crump is processed by the soap with the possibility of formation of an anti-friction coating, provided by the chemical bonds with this crump.

EFFECT: method allows to reduce the coefficient of friction of the drill column on the hole walls, the absorption of the drilling liquid and the hydraulic pressure of the drill column to the hole walls by injection of a universal physic and chemical component to the drill fluid.

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method for interval acidising of a horizontal well using a carbonate reservoir, which includes lowering a pipe string into a well; pumping acid compositions into the formation through the pipe string; conducting geophysical investigations in the horizontal well before treatment; selecting and separating intervals of the horizontal well into two groups; the first group includes intervals with permeability of 40-70 mD and water cut of the extracted product of 70-80%; the second group includes intervals with permeability of 5-39 mD and water cut of the extracted product of 50-69%; lowering into the horizontal well a pipe string plugged at the bottom and fitted with two packers with a perforated connecting pipe in between; performing consecutive treatment of the intervals of the horizontal well relating to the first group by sealed cut-off of each interval with subsequent alternating pumping into each interval in three cycles a temporary blocking composition at a rate of 6-12 m3/h, the temporary blocking composition used being a water-in-oil emulsion with dynamic viscosity of 120 mPas at 20C, and an acid composition at a rate of 54-66 m3/h; after treatment of the intervals of the horizontal well relating to the first group, retrieving the pipe string from the horizontal well; at the mouth of the horizontal well, the pipe string is fitted with a liquid pulsator above the perforated connecting pipe and the pipe string which is plugged at the bottom and fitted with two packers with a perforated connecting pipe in between is once more lowered into the horizontal well; treating the intervals of the horizontal well of the second group by sealed cut-off of each interval with subsequent pulsed pumping into each interval a self-deviating acid composition based on a gelling agent at a rate of 24-36 m3/h.

EFFECT: intensifying oil extraction from a horizontal well, increasing oil yield and reducing the water cut of the extracted product.

3 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: gas-cement grouting mortar contains, wt. pt.: grouting cement 100, aluminium powder 0.1-0.6, mix of a phosphanol and nitrilothrymetil phosphonic acid 0.02-0.05 at their ratio wt. pt. 1:1.5, water 50-53.

EFFECT: improvement of quality of cementation of wells and efficiency of works on cementing of loose weakly cemented rocks of bottomhole zone of formation during repair of wells due to use of gas-cement grouting mortar with improved process properties due to the lowered dynamic shear stress, increase of time of the beginning of gas emission and increased strength of cement stone formed at curing.

1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of current underground well workover. Method includes injection of silicon dioxide suspension that in itself does not have cementing properties, to cavities in the damaged cement enclosure or near it. At that silicon dioxide particles react with solidificated cement creating seals.

EFFECT: improved method.

8 cl, 12 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: into the lower part of the impervious man-made screen containing dolerite rocks, the cement grouting is pumped, based on sulphate resistant or calcium aluminate cement with hardener (2% CaCl2) under pressure greater than hydrostatic, through the wells drilled from underground excavations. In the cement grouting the filler is used as mill tailings with a fraction of 0.1-0.25 mm, corresponding to fine sand. It is kept till hardening. After hardening the resulting rock-cement layer of the impervious screen is tamped with local injections of synthetic resins under pressure, less than the pressure of fracture of rock mass of mining protective pillar left under the screen. And the cement grouting is pumped under pressure of 0.7-0.8 MPa, and local injections of synthetic resin is carried out at a pressure of 0.5-0.6 MPa. The synthetic resin is used as hydro-active compositions based on LT-70 with the addition of a solvent - dimethylformamide in an amount of 20-25%.

EFFECT: increased strength and increased of impervious properties of the screen when filling the open pit.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method of isolation of the water influxes to well comprises water isolation composition injection in the isolation zone, composition contains modified soluble glass, 3.6-10 or 1-3.5 parts by volume of ethyl acetate, and surface-active substance. At that in the water isolating composition 100 parts by volume of high-modulus soluble silicate with silica module 3.5-6 and density 1025-1200 kg/m3 is used as modified soluble silicate at temperatures exceeding 10C. 0.2 parts by volume of detergent preparation with weight ratio of surface-active substances 30-38% and freezing temperature minus 30C minimum are used as surface-active substance.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of water influx isolation and expansion of temperature range for the methods use.

2 cl, 2 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: in method for elimination of behind-casing flows and inter-casing pressures, which involves preparation of aerated grouting mortars of light weight and normal density, their series delivery to a production string and squeezing to behind-casing and inter-casing spaces with squeezing liquid, as aerated grouting mortars of light weight and normal density there used are sedimentation stable fine-aerated solutions with densities of not higher than 1650 kg/m3 and not lower than 1800 kg/m3, which contain no extra Portland cement and heat-resistant plasticising and expanding additive including kaolin clay thermally activated at the temperature of 9001000C with specific surface of 300400 m2/kg, aluminium sulphate, boric acid and an Aeroplast air-entraining additive excluding formation of stable foam, and mixing liquid at the following ratio of components, wt %: non-extra Portland cement 85-75, kaolin clay 10-18, aluminium sulphate 4.7-6.1, boric acid 0.2-0.5, Aeroplast air-entraining additive 0.1-0.4, mixing liquid over 100% till water-mixed ratios of 0.630.65 m3/t and 0.400.50 m3/t are obtained, with that, first, sedimentation stable aerated light-weight grouting mortar is delivered with controlled density of not more than 1650 kg/m3, then, aerated grouting mortar of normal density of not more than 1950 kg/m3 is delivered; with that, required densities of grouting mortars are provided by variation of a water-mixed ratio, intensity and duration of mixing, and squeezing is performed till partial displacement of aerated light-weight grouting mortar from behind-casing (inter-casing) space with squeezing liquid heated up to 5060C during winter season and at cementing of low-temperature wells.

EFFECT: improving cementing quality.

2 tbl

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the technology intended for well productivity improvement. Large-volume selective acid treatment (LVSAT) for producers in carbonate reservoirs includes the injection to the well of an acid composite band with the specific volume of 1.5-3m3 per 1 m of an oil-saturated interval and non-linear viscous deflecting fluid before and/or upon the injection of the acid composite band, at that the injection of the acid composite is carried out with an optimal flow rate and an optimal ratio of a deflecting fluid volume to the acid composite volume, which are defined by mathematic modelling of the process considering changes in the wellhead and bottomhole pressure, type of the acid composite, type of the deflecting fluid, porosity and permeability of rock; at that for the purpose of the optimal flow rate optimisation for the acid composite injection dependencies of the optimal flow rate of injection on the specific volume of reagents injection are obtained with different constants of the reaction.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of large-volume selective acid treatment (LVSAT) for carbonate reservoirs.

2 cl, 5 tbl, 1 ex, 11 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil and gas extraction industry and can be used in modifying filtration properties of formations, during hydraulic fracturing, fluid flow separation in a well, borehole cleaning and other repair works. The multipurpose gel-forming composition includes 3-4 wt % carboxymethyl cellulose or polyanionic cellulose, 5-14 wt % potassium alum, 0.2-06 wt % sulphanole, 0.2-0.6 wt % propylene glycol, 0.02-0.06 sodium tetraborate and water.

EFFECT: obtaining a non-toxic, low-density gel-forming composition.

6 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: in a preparation method of compositions for the isolation of behind-the-casing flows in a well that includes mixing of microcement and additives, oil well portland cement with the specific surface of 800 or 900 m2/kg is used as the microcement and a water-soluble acrylamide polymer, copolymer of vinyl amide and n-vinyl lactam, olefin sulphonate and polyethylene glycol at the water-cement ratio of 0.75-1.2 are used as the additives for the preparation of the composition; a microcement grouting fluid is prepared preliminarily with a solution of the above listed additives in water at simultaneous stirring, then the microcement is added to the produced fluid with the following ratio of ingredients, in weight parts: oil well portland cement with the specific surface of 800 or 900 m2/kg - 100, water-soluble acrylamide polymer - 0.01-0.02, copolymer of vinyl amide and n-vinyl lactam - 1.0-2.5, olefin sulphonate - 0.01-1.0, polyethylene glycol - 0.05-0.15, and water 75-120.

EFFECT: improved workability and efficiency in the isolation of behind-the-casing flows in the well due to the increased strength and expanded time range for hardening of the microcement-based composition.

1 tbl

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: isolation method of water influx to well includes injection of organosilicone product to the isolated interval. At mixing to Devonian oil is added to organosilicone product; product 119-296I of B trademark is used as organosilicone product. The water is added with density of 1000-1190 kg/m3, the composite is mixed and injected to the isolated interval with the following ratio of ingredients, parts by volume: product 119-296I of B 100 trademark, water with density of 1000-1190 kg/m3 50-100, Devonian oil 10-20. The composite is reinforced by injection of liquid glass. At that buffer of fresh water is injected between the composite and liquid glass.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of water influx isolation due to regulation of time for gel formation of the injected composite and prevention of its early gel formation.

1 tbl

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes the rotation and axial delivery of an assembly with a bit and supply of a flushing fluid through an inner cavity of the assembly to the bottomhole, in the flushing fluid loss zone the transfer of the fluid supply to an annular space over the downhole motor through the cross-over shoe by its activating. At the transfer of the fluid supply in the flushing fluid loss zone the isolating compound is supplied at a pressure of 2-6 MPa, flow rate of 8-12 l/s in a volume of 10-30 m3, upstream the injection volume drilling mud is placed, the assembly is put up to the drilling mud zone, pressure up to 3 MPa is generated in the annular space, the isolating compound is flushed to the loss zone in the full volume, the process is withhold until the isolating compound is set and hardened, the cross-over shoe is deactivated, circulation is restored and injection capacity is defined. If the injection capacity is less than 2 m3/h the drilling process is renewed.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of isolation for the flushing fluid loss zones at well drilling.

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the device and method of drilling with continuous bit rotation and continuous drill mud supply. The device for drilling rig that contains the first drilling machine with top drive, installed with possibility of vertical movement along guide, and second drilling machine installed between the first drilling machine and well with possibility of the vertical movement along the guide regardless of the first drilling machine with top drive and provided with rotary table, able to withstand weight of the drilling string, rotation drive ensuring continuous rotation of the drilling string, and mud chamber ensuring liquid connection between end of the drilling string and unit for mud supply, at that the mud chamber is equipped with holes for the drilling string containing devices that can close holes for the drilling string ensuring liquid tightness. The second drilling machine is also equipped with the driven casing tongs that ensure connection and disconnection of the element and drilling string, at that the specified driven casing tongs are installed in the mud chamber and are made with possibility of vertical movement to connect/disconnect element and drilling string.

EFFECT: connection/disconnection of pipe elements with drilling string is ensured with continuous bit rotation and with continuous mud supply.

10 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and processing (deactivation) of drilling wastes together with secondary wastes of thermal utilisation of oil slurries with ash and slag mixtures so that road-building composite materials are obtained. The task at which this invention is aimed is to create a processing method of drilling wastes on the territory of a cluster site. The processing method of drilling sludge on the territory of the cluster site involves arrangement at the site of components of the mixture and a processing capacity, placement of drilling sludge into the capacity, addition to the sludge of components and mixing of the mixture with an excavator so that road-building composite material is obtained; with that, the processing capacity is installed into soil so that its upper edge is elevated above relief to the height of not more than 0.5 m.

EFFECT: reduction of costs for transportation of wastes to the nearest sludge pit, a possibility of processing of drilling wastes immediately after their formation, a possibility of using secondary materials obtained as a result of processing at the site.

6 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to drilling. Proposed system comprises the components that follow. Downhole device for decreasing of drill string vibration and injection and superhigh-pressure drill bit for downhole injector. Said downhole device for decreasing of drill string vibration and injection includes high-pressure channel. Said superhigh-pressure drill bit comprises channel to transfer superhigh-pressure mud fluid. Said channel to transfer superhigh-pressure mud fluid comprises superhigh-pressure mud fluid channel, high-pressure hose and high-pressure stiff pipe. Said high-pressure channel communicates with superhigh-pressure mud fluid transfer channel. One end of said high-pressure hose is connected with said superhigh-pressure mud fluid channel while opposite end of said hose is connected with high-pressure stiff pipe. Opposite end of said high-pressure stiff pipe is connected with superhigh-pressure mud fluid nozzle. Method for decreasing of drill string vibration uses the source of power generated by pressure oscillation at drill bit body. Besides, it exploits mud fluid forced into downhole device for decreasing of drill string vibration and injection after shunting by shunting mechanism. Note here that major part of mud fluid is forced through common pressure nozzle. Mud fluid remainder is forced to power converter via intake one-way valve in said downhole device for decreasing of drill string vibration and injection. Power source and power produced thereby are used to release mud fluid minor portion via discharge one-way valve connecting the high-pressure channel. Besides, superhigh-pressure mud fluid nozzle generates superhigh-pressure jet to facilitate rock destruction directly or indirectly. Power converter is composed of seal assembly, injection cylinder and cylinder guide bush.

EFFECT: higher rate of drilling, stability, reliability and safety.

13 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes drilling of a well borehole by an assembly with the lower power drive and usage of a circulation fluid as a drilling mud. A loss zone is entered and drilling is transferred to the drilling mud, at entry to the loss zone rotary assembly or the upper power drive is switched, a drill string is rotated with a rate of 60-90 rev/min, consumption rate of the drilling mud is set equal to 18-20 l/s at the wellhead pressure of 1-2.5 MPa, the drilling mud is used with a viscosity of 60-90 CP, at the entry to the loss zone cuttings are introduced in a quantity up to 30% of the drilling mud volume and in the progress of the loss zone the passage quantity of cuttings in the drilling mud is reduced up to 8-12% at the loss zone end, the well is washed by the drilling mud without cuttings with a viscosity of 40-60 CP, with the consumption rate of 30-35 l/s and the wellhead pressure of 1-2.5 MPa and drilling is continued till the design reference mark.

EFFECT: improved reliability of the loss zone isolation, sticking of drilling tools is excluded.

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: while implementing the method a tubing string is run in to a well up to a bottomhole with a tube having a diameter more than the diameter of the tubing string with triangular windows and inner sharp tabs faced upwards under an angle of 25-30 to the vertical, circulation of the borehole fluid with a consumption rate within limits from 3.5 up to 8 l/s through the annular space, tube and tubing string through a holding tank in the volume not less than the well volume and lifting of the tubing string with the tube from the well.

EFFECT: raised efficiency of the well cleaning.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes drilling of a well, running in of a production string to a horizontal part of the well with a mud-inflatable packer, a stop ring and a stage cementing collar at the end, injection of the cement grout to the annular space, the process withhold for the time of the cement hardening, drilling of the stop ring and collar and the well development. At running in the production string is stopped at a distance from the bottomhole, drilling of the stop ring and collar is made with the usage of a drilling fluid with a density from 1.20 up to 1.25 g/cm3, it is injected with a rate of 18-21 l/s at a pressure of 8-10 MPa at the wellhead. The interval from the production string end till the bottomhole is worked out by a bit, the well is washed by the drilling fluid at a wellhead pressure of 8-10 MPa, a filtering string of a low diameter is run in through the production string and an interval from the bottomhole until the production string is covered with partial covering of the production string end; the filtering string remains in the interval of the productive formation. At running in the production string is stopped at a distance from the bottomhole equal to 50-150 m. Partial covering of the production string end by the filtering string is made per 5-10 m.

EFFECT: increased well productivity.

3 cl

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes drilling by an assembly with a hydraulic downhole motor, periodical reciprocating of a drilling string in the complicated zone with simultaneous rotating. Drilling is performed by a bit having a diameter of 220.7 mm, a sloughing rock horizon is drilled and the drilling fluid is used with a density of 1.3-1.4 g/cm3, viscosity of 50-90 CP, load to the bit is maintained within limits of 10-15 t, the drilling fluid is injected with a rate of 32-45 l/s, the productive formation is entered to a depth of 1.0-1.5 m with a zenith angle of 75-85 degrees. The sting below assembly is lifted above the sloughing rock horizon, the process is withheld within 1-2 hours, and the assembly is lifted from the well, logging survey is performed and the same assembly is run in. At running in the setting intervals are worked out, the assembly is lifted out of the well, the production string is run in to the bottomhole with a lower section of casing pipes, a docking device and an upper section of drill pipes, the borehole annulus of the lower section is cemented, the upper section is disconnected from the docking unit, the upper section of the drill pipes is lifted and the casing string with a diameter of 177.8 mm is run with the length from the docking device up to the wellhead, the strings are lined up and the borehole annulus is cemented. A packed-hole assembly with a bit of a diameter of 155.5 mm is run in inside the production string, the interval of the sections line-up is worked out and drilling of the productive formation is continued.

EFFECT: excluded sticking of drilling tools when passing the well through complicated zones.

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises the creation of drilling fluid circulation using the direct layout of washover by pumping through the drilling pipe string with bit, lowered into a well of main drilling fluid and drilling fluid with viscosity, ensuring the increased cutting-carrying capacity. An aerated flush fluid is used as a drilling fluid. During washover with aerated flush fluid the drilling pipes are lowered at the axial speed 20 m/h and at rotational speed 40 rpm. After passing of each 5 m the string lowering is paused and it is raised by 2 meters, the circulation with aerated flush fluid is performed at increased flow rate during 15 minutes, then the lowering is continued. Polymeric bars from acrylic copolymer, soluble paper and soluble cork soluble in aerated flush fluid are used as a drill fluid with the increased cutting-carrying capacity. Bars are thrown off into the pipe string from the wellhead at extension of each pipe of the drill column, starting from the interval of build angle of open borehole above higher 40 degrees at washover of horizontal well and until achievement of the open borehole foot.

EFFECT: washover performance, drilling fluid stability is increased, probability of differential sticking of the string is decreased.

2 dwg

FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises cylindrical case with inner cavity, thrust ring and valve. Said cylindrical case can be secured to tubing. Note here that case thrust ring has high-pressure channel for hydraulic communication of cylindrical cavity with hole annuity. Half the circumference of cylindrical case bottom end is composed by saw-like ripper while another half has skew cut. Case thrust ring on ripper side has at least two high-pressure channels, aligned with case axis. Hole is made in the case thrust ring on skew cut side, off centre of case axis. Valve arranged inside the case opposite said bore to allow the down-up flow is composed of valve box with ball fitted in thrust ring bore. Valve box is rigidly secured to thrust ring.

EFFECT: higher reliability and efficiency of flushing.

3 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: dry mixture for makeup of well-killing fluid containing industrial powdered lignin sulphonate, biopolymer of xanthane gum and bone glue with the following ratio of ingredients, wt %: the above lignin sulphonate 86.7-90.0, biopolymer of xanthane gum 9.5-12.5, bone glue 0.5-0.8.

EFFECT: improving impermeable properties of the well-killing fluid made of dry mixture having high stability during storage due to excluded caking and lumping, ensuring potential regulation of density of the well-killing fluid, reducing time and simplifying technology of well-killing fluid makeup of non-critical reagents, reducing time for well development, potential usage of the well-killing fluid at low climatic temperatures, expanding range of reagents, saving transportation costs.

2 cl, 1 tbl

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