SUBSTANCE: method of grouting involves sequential injection masses of gas and of mounting solution into the compactor. The fortifying solution is made in advance. It consists of an aqueous emulsion of a mixture of epoxy resins and a hardener; after that compressed air at a pressure of 0.1-0.3 MPa is pumped into the soil mass to extrude the groundwater from the pores. The fortifying solution is then injected into the pore spaces under pressure of 0.1-0.2 MPa and molding is produced by re-injection of compressed air, followed by re-injection of the next portion of the fortifying solution.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of grouting in sandy, macroporous and silty clay soils, including grouting at low temperature.
6 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used for construction of an earth bed and a facility of reinforced road bases on roads of categories I-V in road climatic zones II-V, as well as pavements on roads of categories IV-V as material for construction of earth bed fills and reinforcement of soil bases of construction and other sites. Road-building material containing drilling sludge with density of 1.3 to 1.8 kg/dm3 and with humidity of 30%, cement as the main binding material in the amount of 5-15% of the weight of the mixture, wastes of thermal utilisation of oil sludges (ash slag) with density of 1.2 to 1.6 kg/dm3 in the amount of 30-40% of the mixture weight, mineral filler and a sorbent - complexing agent, where organic fibrous (peat) sorbent is used as the sorbent - complexing agent in the amount of 2-4% of the mixture weight; Portland cement is used as cement; additionally, it contains liquid glass or organohydride-siloxanes, and sand is used as filler, with that, content of sand as a part of material is 5, or 10, or 30 wt %. The invention is developed in subclaims of formula of invention.
EFFECT: reduction of cement consumption; improvement of environmental situation due to utilisation of wastes of drilling and an ash and slag mixture.
4 cl, 4 ex, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device to seal areas of metal-concrete adjacency comprises a plate steel part of protective sealed doors, hatches or flanges of tubular inputs of engineering utilities with holes for injectors. Holes are evenly arranged along the steel part. The device comprises a source of DC current with a rheostat or an autotransformer and an electromagnet. The electromagnet is installed on the steel part, with a coil in the form of a winding from current-conducting wire with insulation and ends of this wire, closed to poles of the source of DC current. The coil of the electromagnet is arranged on a crossbeam of the U-shaped magnetic conductor. The lower part of each stand of the magnetic conductor fully complies with the shape, volume and geometric dimensions of the inner space of the hole for the injector. The height of the lower part of magnetic conductor stands is equal to thickness of the steel part. The distance between centres of cross sections of the electromagnet magnetic conductor stands is equal to double distance between centres of holes for injectors.
EFFECT: device makes it possible to increase quality of sealing, to reduce power inputs and consumption of materials.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of ecology and environmental management, in particular to methods of waterproofing heap leach pads and waste deposits, in particular to the creation of screens of tailing dumps, sludge tanks, solid domestic waste landfills and bulk arrays preventing environmental pollution by toxic components and dusting as a result of infiltration and erosion processes. In the method of the preservation and isolation of anthropogenic deposits, which consists in preparing a waterproofing mixture containing polyethylene wastes, laying it on the surface of the storage area, application to the chilled surface of a drainage layer of a coarse material, preliminarily in screening the bulks on the surface of the array body the slope is created of 2-5° from the centre to the edges, after the creation of the said slope 0.2-0.4 m pugged clay and sealing are applied on the surface of the layer, laying of the waterproofing mixture to the prepared surface is carried out extrusively at a temperature of 180-200°C in bands with the width of 2-2.5 m with mutual 0.15-0.2 m overlapping, the said drainage layer is applied with the thickness of 0.1-0.15 m, and the waterproofing mixture as polyethylene wastes contains the polyethylene wastes of high and low pressure, and additionally - polyisobutylene and carbon black, with the following ratio of components, wt %: polyethylene wastes of high pressure 74-76, polyethylene wastes of low pressure 14-16, polyisobutylene 6-7, carbon black 3-4.
EFFECT: formation of the coating that prevents the infiltration of atmospheric waters and productive solutions from the bodies of piles, dumps, sludge tanks and solid domestic waste landfills, increase in the strength of the said coating.
SUBSTANCE: method includes formation of a well, placement of a stretching tight shell in it and supply of sealing substance. The well is formed by driving a pipe with a plug at the end and a stretching tight shell on the outer surface into soil. The sealing substance is supplied into the specified shell via longitudinal slots made in the pipe. The device comprises a working organ and a facility of impact load application to it, comprising a pipe, where a rod is inserted as capable of longitudinal displacement in it and contact with the working element. The stretching tight shell is placed onto the pipe and fixed, and longitudinal slots are made underneath in the pipe. The working element is made in the form of a rod, forming a plug, with a cone-shaped tip at the end and inserted into the guide pipe as capable of limited longitudinal displacement in it. The rod comprises an accessory to prevent fallout from the pipe, and its cone-shaped tip protrudes from the pipe.
EFFECT: increased density of soil by introduction of a stretching tight shell into it, expansion of device capabilities for creation of a pile with a support in a base.
8 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to produce cracks in clayey waterlogged soils includes drilling of wells, formation of cracks by injection of cracking material into a well, and tamping of wellheads. At the same time burnt lime of grade 1 and 2 is used for cracking. Wells are filled with lime in layers with subsequent ramming and compaction of each layer.
EFFECT: increased effectiveness of formation of stable and resistant cracks in waterlogged clayey soils around a well in radial direction.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises well drilling, cracking by injection into the well of crack-forming material, plugging of hole mouth. Meanwhile the well cross-section is transformed from cylindrical into square, and then layer by layer the well is filled with quicklime with compaction and sealing of each layer. Into the formed cracks in a radial direction from angles of square cross-section well and by means of injector the strengthening solution is injected. The method allows to obtain stable cracks in a radial direction from angles of well square, that results in increase of strengthening volume. Due to wedging action of lime slaking and the stress concentrations the cleavage cracks are formed, the length of which amounts 2-3 lengths of the side of square well, and the width 5-15 mm. At the expense of increase of parameters of cracks in a radial direction from angles of square section well with the subsequent injection of strengthening solution the physico-mechanical properties of the ground are improved, as far as the infilling of all formed cracks results in ground strengthening, that improves bearing capacity of clay saturated soils. Besides the given method allows to work with small-sized and minimum quantity of machinery in any conditions of building.
EFFECT: increase of bearing capacity of clay water-saturated soils.
SUBSTANCE: when creating an anti-filtration screen of a hydraulic structure for storage of industrial wastes, for instance, a sludge reservoir, layers of the screen on the base of the sludge reservoir are formed using a suspension of industrial wastes, containing finely dispersed particles, with compaction of layers. The base of the sludge reservoir is made from clay or loam, compacted, the compacted layer is poured with a water suspension of finely dispersed dust of gas treatment from electrothermal production of silicon and/or siliceous ferroalloys with the solid to liquid ratio within 3÷10:1. The suspension is maintained until absorption into the layer of the sludge reservoir base. The clay or loam layer is laid on top and compacted. The water suspension is poured in the amount of 50-100 l/m2.
EFFECT: invention will make it possible to prevent contamination of soil layer adjacent to storages due to reduction of coefficient of filtration of insulating material, to recycle anthropogenic wastes in the form of a finely dispersed dust of gas treatment of electrically thermal production of silicon or siliceous ferroalloys.
2 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention increases tensile and compression strength of priming coats, as well as water-resistance thereof while reducing binder consumption to 0.003-0.012 wt %. The effect is achieved by using cation-active imidazoline and polyacrylic acid in the composition, which form an insoluble polyelectrolyte interpolymer complex during chemical reaction.
EFFECT: invention relates to a method of producing a stable structural composition based on a priming mixture of clay and sand as natural filler and can be used for industrial purposes for producing moulding agents, accelerated hardening of priming coats and endowing priming coats with hydrophobic properties.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely, to strengthening of soils. In the method of soil strengthening in the area to be strengthened, a compacting agent is supplied from a loading reservoir into soil with a mixing facility located in a device for supply of the compacting agent. The device for supply of the compacting agent is located in connection with a transfer facility, and a facility for mixing for a compacting agent located on the device for supply of the compacting agent, is moved by the transfer facility at choice to any point in the zone, which must be strengthened, in vertical direction (y), horizontal direction (x) and/or in perpendicular to substantially perpendicular direction to the plane stretching via the specified vertical direction and horizontal direction. A support bridge included into the transfer facility is located for passage via the area, which must be strengthened, and in connection with the support bridge the first transfer elements are located for movement of the facility for mixing of the compacting agent in vertical direction (y) and/or horizontal direction (x), and the transfer facility comprises the second transfer elements and the support bridge, and the device for supply of the compacting agent with the facility for mixing is moved by the second transfer elements in perpendicular to substantially perpendicular direction to the plane passing via the specified vertical direction (y) and horizontal direction (x), and providing both ends of the support bridge by the second transfer facilities to maintain the support bridge on the material of the support and/or the soil of the base, as a result of which the distance (A) between the second transfer facilities is adjusted for compliance with the width of the area to be strengthened, in longitudinal direction of the support bridge.
EFFECT: increased stabilisation of soil strengthening, reduced labour intensiveness and material intensity in production of works for soil strengthening.
9 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: mining operation.
SUBSTANCE: method of protection of karst occurrence comprises drilling wells in the area of karst formation and injection of reinforcing material. While injecting the reinforcing material in the form of a polymer-mineral composition in the rock mass of the area of karst formation two layers are created: the lower insulating-stabilising layer which prevents access of water to the karst at the depth of occurrence of karst rocks and stabilising the situation at the stage of karst formation, located within the boundaries of the sliding wedge, and the upper bearing layer serving as a bearing local layer and corresponding to the width of the lower layer. Drilling wells is carried out sequentially - first inclined well is drilled to the upper transition zone of the geological horizon exposed to karst formation, the polymer-mineral composition with the capacity from 2 to 10 meters is pumped, which forms a lower insulating-stabilising layer, then the inclined well is drilled to contact with the upper boundary of groundwater, and the polymer-mineral composition with the capacity from 2 to 5 meters is pumped, which forms the upper bearing layer. Then the control vertical well is drilled to contact with the upper bearing and the lower insulating-stabilising layer. The core-sample is raised from each layer to check the presence of the polymer-mineral composition. Between the bearing and the insulating-stabilising layers in the rock mass the channel of flow of groundwater from the water collection area to the discharge area is formed, preserving the natural hydrogeological mode in the rock water-bearing mass of the karst formation area.
EFFECT: increase in protective properties of rocks with karst occurrence, improvement of physical and chemical and bearing properties of the soil, increase in the strength properties of the soil, reduction of the possibility of landslides occurrence.
FIELD: road construction.
SUBSTANCE: device has towed device with platform, connected to moving gear, tank for reinforcing liquid, force pipes with bars with apertures in lower portion. Bars are made of conical shape with screw blades, mounted on a platform made in form of slides, and radiuses of bars effect overlap. In back portion of platform a screw is mounted. Tank for reinforcing liquid is placed in front portion of platform and by gear pump is connected to distributing comb, each force pipe, which through locking armature is connected to appropriate bar. Bars in amount no less than three are kinematically connected to each other, and to shaft for drawing power from moving gear, to screw and to gear pump for feeding reinforcing liquid.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
FIELD: heat engineering constructions.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used as supports of different construction on permafrost. Proposed heated pile has reinforced concrete or metal shaft with inner or outer heated pipe in form of ribbed evaporator and condensers provided with metal strip ribbing arranged over ground surface with inclination to vertical part of shaft. Novelty is that heated pile is made T-shaped, and heated pipe in form of ribbed evaporator is made symmetrically double relative to axis of shaft with connection of some ends or its evaporators, other ends being connected with condensers. Evaporator ribbing is made in form of upward convex ring surfaces with central passes secured on inner surfaces of walls of heated pipe evaporators and uniformly distributed in height, and metal strip ribbing of condensers is element of horizontal part of T-shaped heated pile.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of heated pile, facilitated replacement of pile in case of failure.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: protection of ground and underground water pollution with toxic chemical substances, particularly forming antifiltering screens around waste disposal areas, dumps, for producing water reservoirs, building vessel coatings, mud reservoirs and store facilities for oil products and building materials.
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming water-proofing mixture including polyethylene waste; laying thereof on store facility base and heat treating the mixture under temperature of mixture or upper store facility layer melting. The mixture includes waste polyethylene in amount of 70-99% and polypropylene in amount of 1-30%.
EFFECT: improved ecological safety and manufacturability, reduced cost for antifiltering screen forming, increased strength, reliability and extended trouble-free service life.
FIELD: building, particularly for reinforcing foundations and cast-in-place piles forming.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises percussion assembly including pneumatic drift and case surrounding thereof, as well as pipeline with pump. Case is rigidly secured to percussion assembly. Case comprises orifice made in front part thereof and adapted for receiving plug. Defined between the plug and the front part is cavity having cross-sectional area equal or more than that of pipeline located between percussion assembly and the case. Case has members for forming holes in ground located along longitudinal case axis and extending in radial direction thereof. The members have low rigidity and may be bent in radial direction. The members are provided with grooves formed in bending line thereof and rest brought into contact with case in extreme position.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
7 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for reinforcing soft and sagging ground at deep locations during building foundation construction and reconstruction, for protection of sliding natural slopes, as well as artificial dam, pit and trench slopes.
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming cylindrical cavity from ground surface; reinforcing cylindrical cavity walls by means of soil pipe and injecting hardening mix by pumping thereof into ground through injector. In the case of consolidating ground having high thickness cylindrical cavity is formed and reinforced with the use of soil pipe by vibratory driving thereof in ground. Soil pipe has auxiliary tube arranged coaxial to soil pipe and having outer diameter determined from a given relation. When soil pipe reaches upper boundary of soft ground layer to be consolidated the auxiliary tube is removed from soil pipe. Injector is deepened for the full soft ground layer thickness through the soil pipe and hardening mix is intermittently fed through the injector. After each hardening mix feeding operation injector is lifted for height corresponding to next gap to be filled with the mix. All injection operations in one consolidation point are performed during relaxation of ground compacted by soil pipe and injector driven in ground.
EFFECT: increased capacity, reduced time and labor inputs, improved technological effectiveness.
3 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: building, particularly to consolidate building or building structure foundation base.
SUBSTANCE: method involves driving injectors in ground; supplying high-pressure grout through ejectors; recording and measuring mortar pressure and forming grout body. Grout is injected simultaneously through at least three injectors installed along straight line and spaced equal distances one from another. The distances are equal to 5-10 injector diameters. Vertical grout body orientation is provided by driving injectors up to given mark reaching with following partial lifting thereof for height equal to 10-20 injector diameters and with their fixation at predetermined level before start of grout ejection process.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of ground base consolidation for ground of all types due to performing ground compaction along with forming vertical grout body of predetermined shape.
4 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: building, particularly to consolidate building or building structure foundation base.
SUBSTANCE: method involves driving injectors in ground; supplying high-pressure grout through ejectors; recording and measuring mortar pressure and forming grout body. Grout is injected simultaneously through three injectors installed in apexes of imaginary equilateral triangle with side dimensions equal to 5-10 injector diameters. Grout body forming is performed by driving and following lifting injectors for height equal to 1-3 injector diameters before start of grout supply to ejectors.
EFFECT: reduced labor inputs and increased efficiency of ground base consolidation due to providing of predetermined grout body shape in horizontal grout breaking plane.
3 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: building, particularly technology and equipment for structurally unstable ground, for instance for industrial and civil building.
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling well; forming longitudinal stress concentrator on wall thereof, locking upper well part along with injection zone separation; introducing binder under pressure in ground and forming plane of fracture in ground. Longitudinal concentrator is created by advancing, impressing and subsequent rolling of sliding punch-type rotary lentil-shaped disk within injection zone. The disc is connected with retainer through stop member. Upper well part is closed by filling gap between well wall and binder introduction means with quick-hardening material. Binder introduction means is made as perforated tube formed of elastic material and having diameter lesser than well diameter. Stress concentrator forming means has tube, head and cutter arranged in groove of the head. The cutter is made as sliding punch-type rotary lentil-shaped disk and connected to retainer by stop member including clamp and fork.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
2 cl, 6 dwg, 1 ex, 1 tbl
FIELD: building, particularly to reconstruct underground structures and reinforce foundations and engineering services in confined space.
SUBSTANCE: method involves reinforcing foundation in vicinity of existent structures; building vertical tube with the use of well rings; excavating ground with the use of grab; breaking tunnel liner and driving tunnel. Method of foundation reinforcement near existent structures involves injecting quick-setting cement mix through perforated pipes installed in wells drilled through support foundation part and ground; drilling guiding wells beyond vertical tube below upper tunnel level and ground water level; providing guiding wells with casing pipes; injecting grouting mortar in ground through casing pipes up to grouting mortar appearance at well head; installing well rings having perforation orifices along ring perimeters and installing injectors in above orifices; additionally reinforcing contour part of vertical tube by supplying grouting mortar through orifices in well rings; breaking tunnel link section after well ring laying onto upper liner plate of deep tunnel by cutting orifices having necessary dimensions; removing tunnel link section and seating well ring on rock base; concreting well ring; forming two orifices in well ring before tunnel driving arranged in direction of tunnel reconstruction; driving the tunnel and installing support members.
EFFECT: extended field of usage, reliability and safety of operations.
FIELD: building, particularly to form base member in ground.
SUBSTANCE: method involves introducing excavation device in ground zone to loose the ground; mixing the loosened ground with liquid to obtain suspension, which hardens in the ground zone; before suspension hardening the suspension is drawn-off from the first ground zone area located above the second ground zone area; supplying at least part of suspension drawn-off from the first area back into the second ground zone area. Device for base member production comprises excavation rig adapted to loosen ground in ground area; supplying means to supply liquid to loosened ground and mixing means to mix loosened ground with liquid to obtain hardening suspension. The device is provided with outlet device to draw-off the suspension from the first ground zone area and supply device to repeatedly supply at least part of suspension drawn-off from the first area to the second ground zone area.
EFFECT: increased quality of base and foundation member production.
9 cl, 1 dwg