Rotary ameliorative ripper
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, namely to rotary tillage tools for soil loosening with simultaneous introduction of ameliorants and fertilizers into soil. Rotary ameliorative ripper comprises units of disks with blades installed by means of leads. Cutting blade of knife is made along parabolic curve. Knives are placed on hubs, mounted on axis via plain bearings. Holes are drilled in hubs, conjugated with grooves, made in knives on side opposite blade. Axis has central hole for leads of fertilizers. In zone of knives annular grooves are located on axis. In lower part of axis grooves are connected with radial holes with annular grooves. External part of blade has soil-gripping tip made along radius of circle. In cross section blades are made in form of interfaced hyperbolas, axial lines of which are asymptotes. Fertilizer chutes are tightly connected to central hole on axis, which are connected to discharge cavity of fan connected to fertilizer dosing device.
EFFECT: this design solution provides simplified design of ripper and improved fertility of soil and crop capacity.
1 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method comprises ploughing, application into soil of water or liquid fertilizer, after harvesting the crop the field is prepared - decontaminated, neutralized and dehydrated sludge residue is scattered across the field, obtained during biological purification on the complex of livestock wastes, then before ploughing on the irrigated field soil disking is carried out to the depth of 5 cm, the passage is made in two directions, longitudinal and transverse, and ploughing is carried out not on the slope of the field, but perpendicular to the horizontals in direction of the slope, followed by application into the soil of liquid effluent across the width of the arable field with the sprinkler unit with the sprinklers equipped with the closed pipelines to transport the said effluent from the storage pond, after application of the liquid effluent and drying the sludge remaining after application of liquid effluent in the ploughed field, soil disking or cultivating is carried out, its smoothing and compacting is carried out with smooth water-filled rollers. The effluent through the ploughing and depth of the soil enters the drainage pipes, which communicate with the open collector.
EFFECT: increase in soil fertility.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to crop production. In the method tomato seedlings are grown with water irrigation. To obtain increase in early harvest the tomato seedlings are watered additionally with 0.23% aqueous solution of potassium nitrate KNO3.
EFFECT: method enables to obtain an increase in early harvest by storing the first inflorescences of tomato seedlings.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of foliar feeding of grain crops comprises treatment of vegetative plants with a solution of organo-mineral fertiliser which is a mixture of potassium humate with boric acid in a ratio of 1:1, and the feeding is held together with chemical weeding with herbicides.
EFFECT: invention enables to provide bio-stimulating action of the agent with the effect of mobilising the potential of plants to adverse weather conditions, to reduce the stress state of the plants from the herbicides used, to increase the plant immunity, to promote and develop the plant growth, to ensure the improvement of productive tillering and to provide the optimal formation of the reproductive organs of plants.
SUBSTANCE: method includes perforating half of strips of a synthetic film; folding in two and using said strips to cover strips of the surface of an irrigated area; feeding irrigation water under the film; spreading ammonium nitrate on the perforated parts of the strips of the of the synthetic film; depositing binder on the layer of ammonium nitrate; folding the strips of the synthetic film in two; using said strips to cover the surface of the irrigated area and feeding irrigation water under the film.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities of the method by feeding ammonium nitrate into the soil during irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises placement of fertilisers in piles in rows across the field and distribution of fertilisers immediately before tillage. Before the distribution the fertilisers are loaded from the piles by the loader of continuous action, which unloads the fertilisers on the right along the direction of motion to the body spreader equipped with distributing working bodies of rotary type. The first row of piles from the edge of the field is placed at a distance Lp, chosen from the condition:
EFFECT: reduction of unevenness in distribution of fertilisers, the energy consumption of process of application and increase in productivity of the production line for fertilisation.
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of clay deposits and consequent mechanical treatment. At mowing of grass stand in the period of its maturing across the slope, and forming from it of mulching wings with the intervals between them 5-6 m the site is covered with fine zeolite-containing clay - irlit. In inter-rows of wings a capsulated seed material consisting of mix of perennial cereal-fabaceous grasses and irlit in the ratio 1:2 is seeded.
EFFECT: method allows to recover efficiently the degraded slope grounds and minimize erosive processes.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of fertilizing - complex compost, comprising half-fire-fang BC manure, phosphogypsum and vegetative residue - straw wheat, wastes of animal feeding, vegetative residue of corn, sunflower and sugar beet taken in identical proportions. An interrelation of components in the compost is as follows (by mass %): phosphogypsum - 8-9, vegetative residue - 15-16, half-fire-fang BC manure - the rest. The components are previously stacked by layers and held 1.0-1.5 months. Then in the summer period within 2.0-3.5 months they are periodically mixed and humidified up to 35-40 % of humidity. Then in the autumn ammoniac saltpeter is brought at a rate of 190 kg/ha, and complex compost is brought in a dose 65-70 t/ha with consequent disking and spring sowing of sugar beet.
EFFECT: method allows to improve agronomical properties of soil, save its fertility and increase productivity of sugar beet and its sugar content.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of fertilizing in the form of compost, consisting of organic and mineral components, pre-plant soil treatment and seeding. Meanwhile in the composition of the complex compost the organic components are half-fire-fang manure of the black cattle (BC), wheaten straw, wastes of animal feeding and grain treatment, sunflower peelings and raspings, and mineral components are phosphogypsum and leach, at the following interrelation of components (by mass %): phosphogypsum - 6-7, leach - 1-2, wheaten straw - 2-3, wastes of animal feeding - 2-3, wastes of grain treatment - 2-3, sunflower peelings - 2-3, raspings - 2-3, half-fire-fang manure of BC - rest, which are composted from the middle of April during 5 months, with monthly mixing by to ensure the aeration of composted heap until maturing. Then the obtained compost is brought into the soil in middle of September in a dose 70 t/ha with aftertreatment of soil to the depth 15-18 cm and sowing of winter wheat in the second decade of October.
EFFECT: method allows to improve environment performance at the expense of decrease of NO3 infiltration, N2 denitrification, improve soil properties, fertility, productivity of agricultural crop at continuation of the operation and aftereffect of the complex compost within 5 years, rational use of wastes of industry and agriculture.
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of complex compost, consisting of manure and wastes of agricultural crops, for increase of number and activation of activity of earthworm. Meanwhile the complex compost is brought into the soil to the depth of the top layer. Complex compost in addition includes a waste of chemical industry - phosphogypsum. Wastes of agricultural crops - vegetative residue of sunflower (caps), sugar beet, corn, wastes of grain cleaning, spew of vegetables and fruit, straw of barley, wastes of fodder for of animals, are taken in equal proportions, at the following interrelation of components, %: wastes of agricultural crops - 2-3, phosphogypsum - 5-6, manure of the black cattle - the rest.
EFFECT: method allows to improve the soil fertility with simultaneous improvement of physical, chemical and biological properties of soil.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of fertilizing before the main soil treatment. For the main fertilizing the complex compost is used, consisting of half-fire-fang manure of the black cattle, phosphogypsum, straw, wastes of animal feeding, wastes of grain after its final purification, post-harvest vegetative residues of sunflower and sugar beet, sediments of waste water and poultry dung at the following interrelation of components (by mass %): phosphogypsum - 7-8, straw - 2-3, wastes of animal feeding - 2-3, wastes of grain final purification - 2-3, vegetative residue of sunflower and sugar beet - 3-4, sediments of waste water - 6-7, poultry dung - 3-4, half-fire-fang manure of the black cattle - the rest, which are composted in a spring-summer-fall period within 4-5 months, mixing in middle of May a manure, straw, phosphogypsum, various types of wastes of animals feeding and grain after its final purification, sediments of waste water and poultry dung with adding of the vegetative residue of sunflower in August - September and sugar beet in the beginning of September, with its mixing each month - month and a half up to maturing. Then the obtained complex compost is brought into the soil in the second half of October in a dose 65-70 t/ha with its consequent embedding down to the depth 15-18 cm , and in spring the grain corn is seeded.
EFFECT: method allows to improve efficiency of cultivation of grain corn, to improve environment performance at the expense of recycling of domestic wastes, industrial and agricultural wastes, and also to improve for 4-5 years agronomical properties of soil.
SUBSTANCE: rotary thatcheriser-chisel cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, a rotor counter-rotating to the movement of the tool with the shaft and the combing teeth on it, and the driving mechanisms of the rotor. The teeth of the rotor are arranged in one plane of rotation and secured to the flange movable in the plane of rotation. The teeth are placed along a helical line with an angular displacement on the adjacent flanges of not less than 45°. The flange holder is connected to the rotor shaft by means of elastic elements. The elastic elements are mounted in the annular cavity between the connected surfaces of the holder and the shaft. The holder and the shaft contain the longitudinal ribs respectively on the inner and outer connected surfaces. The longitudinal ribs are arranged with the same angular displacement. The length of the part of the annular cavity of the unloaded rotor is filled with the elastic elements in front of the edge of the shaft, and at least two times greater than in front of the rib of the holder. In front of the rotor in the middle part of the bands extending between its teeth the circular knives with leashes are mounted. The leashes of the circular knives are mounted on the bearing beam with the ability of adjustment in height of the unit. At the rear part of the rotor between the teeth the grooved and tapered down shields are located. The shields contain rounded longitudinal ribs of different heights. The leashes of the shields are pivotally connected to the bearing beam with restriction of their descent. The lower ends of the shields are located behind the body of rotation of the rotor.
EFFECT: providing stability and quality of the process of extraction from the soil of root residues of perennial plants and reduction of energy consumption for deep loosening of the soil.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: remote section of the rotary cultivator comprises a movable frame of the rotary cultivator section with working elements, and a hydraulic cylinder of section lifting. The movable frame is made rotary and is provided with a roller and a sidewall fixed to it, mounted at the side of the processed plants, a parallelogram linkage mechanism, an apron fastened to the lower part of the frame, a drum of the working elements with a hydraulic motor, a hydraulic distribution valve, at least two hydraulic cylinders of deflection and inclination of the section and the probe.
EFFECT: grinding of plants in inter-trunk space of fruit trees together with the milling operation is provided.
SUBSTANCE: rotary subsoil cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, the driveless ripper working bodies installed in series, forcibly rotating rotor with teeth on the horizontal shaft, the rotor drive mechanisms, and a compactor. The ripper working bodies are made in the form of spherical discs. The discs are mounted with an angle of attack in front of the rotor teeth and are facing with the convex to the longitudinal axis of the subsoil cultivator. The diameter of the rotor is at least one and a half times greater than the diameter of the discs. The discs are arranged above the lower line of the rotor body of revolution by an amount exceeding not less than half the radius of the disc. The devices for connection of the discs with the frame are made with elastic elements. The compactor is made with adjustable limitation of lifting height. The rotor teeth are provided with replaceable cutting devices. The discs are made adjustable in height and fixed on the spring-loaded or spring racks.
EFFECT: reduction of energy consumption of loosening the soil by rotary subsoil cultivator and cost of power to the rotor drive, providing sustainable performance of processing the agricultural backgrounds with weed vegetation.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a frame, drive rotary working bodies arranged in two rows, a bevel gear. On the output shafts of the gear the removable sprockets are mounted. The removable sprockets are connected by a chain with the removable sprockets on the shafts of the rotary working bodies. The circumferential speed of the rotary working bodies of the first row is 1.03-1.1 of the speed of the tractor, of the second row is 1.05-1.15. The rows of the working bodies are installed perpendicular to the direction of motion of the tool with location in a checkerboard pattern. The working bodies are made in the form of wheel spiders. The needles of the wheel spiders are bent along the evolvent of circle. On the convex side of the needles of the working bodies of the first row in the tangent planes the chisel elements in the form of an isosceles triangle are fixed. The base of the triangle is parallel to the axis of the wheel spider. The top of the triangle is directed towards the end of the needles. The distance from the top of the chisel elements to the ends of the needles is equal to half the depth of processing. On the needles of the second row of the working bodies the chisel elements in the form of an isosceles triangle are fixed. The top of the triangles is located at the end of the needle. The chisel elements of the second row of the working bodies are rotated relative to the needles and form an acute angle with the axis of the wheel spiders. The needles are alternately turned about the axis of the wheel spider in opposite directions.
EFFECT: solution is aimed at reducing energy consumptions and increase in quality of the surface treatment of soil.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to vegetable farming. The method is implemented by means of laying of milled soil for the formed furrows to the surface of unprocessed soil. For long-term provision of cultivated crop with accessible (capillary) water entering the soil mass with capillary porosity, formed within a long period after qualitative autumn treatment the dried surface layer of this mass id destructed and removed. Meanwhile newly formed surface layer additionally compacted, that prevents to excessive loss of capillary water. The soil with non-capillary porosity hard-worked on the usual mass making side slopes and sowing layer, forming the hole soil mass as a furrow slice. The device includes the power shaft, fixed on the frame, with interspaces between milling drums with covers, shaping furrow slices. Meanwhile it is equipped with chains fixed on the driving shaft in interspaces between the milling drums.
EFFECT: group of inventions allows to prevent an excessive loss of capillary water and for a long time to provide the cultivated crops with accessible water.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machine industry, in particular to rotary tillers. The tiller contains hinge, rotor, central conic and board reducers, protective cover, holding tank. The holding tank is made as a lattice bucket. In the bottom of the tank an unloading hatch and support beam with raning roller on hallow stands. Inside the hollow stands the pushers with springs are installed. On the roller axle the protuberances are provisioned. The protuberances interact with pushers and shake the holding tank at motion.
EFFECT: qualitative loosening of soil and its solid lamps, and also their final elimination from the field surface is ensured.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery industry, particularly to machines for loosening soil and destroying weeds. The ripper-weeding unit is made in the form of a drum with the grasp width of 1.2-1.5 m and comprises a housing, a hexagonal shaft driven by power takeoff shaft. On the hexagonal shaft the rows of housings are mounted. On the peripheral part of the housings with the help of pins and holders the toothed blades are mounted. The toothed blades have the vertical angle of entry of the outer part of the blade into the soil, and the sharpening of the inner part at an angle of soil crumbling of 12-18°. The holders are fixed to each other by the compression springs and have in front part the wedge-shaped edge with a wedge angle equal to the angle of friction of the soil sliding on the steel. The toothed blades are made expanding to the outer edge and have a wedge recess with the toothed cutting edge.
EFFECT: constructive solution is aimed at quality preparing of the field for crop growing and increase in productivity.