Method of long-term individual control of arterial pressure and pulse

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, biorhythmology. Method of long-term self-control of arterial pressure and pulse involves measuring of AP and pulse every hour in 5 replications every 2 minutes for 10 minutes: 1st measurement is carried out immediately after tonometer switching on, 2nd – at 2 minute, 3d – at 4 minute, 4th – at 6 minute, 5th – at 8 minute during 16 hours: from 7.45 to 23. During measuring it is necessary to take into account biological rhythms – measurement is performed, when the Moon at passes the same constellation annually in same months twice – in winter and summer, in same or neighboring lunar day. Measurement is made accurately 15 minutes before end of every hour. From obtained data average daily values of AP and pulse are calculated, plot dependence of SISav – age (year) and PULav – age (year) are drawn.

EFFECT: method allows any adult during whole life to perform long-term individual control of arterial pressure and pulse and timely respond to their change.

1 cl, 6 ex, 6 tbl, 6 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to veterinary science and can be used for the prediction of the clinical course of bronchitis in calves. That is ensured by measuring body temperature, heart rate and respiration rate per a minute. That is ensured by calculating a respiratory disturbance index (RDI) as a relation of the respiration rate per a minute following a 30-second expiratory induced breath holding to the rest respiration rate per a minute. A Hildebrandt index is calculated as a relation of the heart rate to respiration rate per a minute. The derived data are analysed. If the body temperature is 37.5÷39.6°C, the heart rate is less than 100 per a minute, the respiration rate is less than 40 per a minute, the RDI is more than 1.4, whereas the Hildebrandt index is more than 1.8, the animal's absolute recovery or the benign clinical course of the disease is predicted (a favourable prognosis, prognosis bona). If the body temperature is more than 39.5°C, the heart rate is 90÷120 per a minute, the respiration rate is 40÷60 per a minute, the RDI is 1.2÷2.5, whereas the Hildebrandt index ranges within 1.7÷3.1, a probability of the unfavourable clinical course of the disease is predicted (a doubtful prognosis, prognosis dubia). If the body temperature is 39.5°C, the heart rate is more than 100 per a minute, the respiration rate is more than 60 per a minutes, the RDI is less than 1.2, whereas the Hildebrandt index is more than 1.8, the animal's partial recovery or the malignant clinical course of the disease is predicted (an unfavourable prognosis, prognosis bona).

EFFECT: method offers the prospect of the objective prediction of the clinical course of bronchitis in calves, including of the potential development of the complications, namely bronchial pneumonia, that in turn enables specifying a therapeutic approach and controlling the clinical effectiveness.

2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to veterinary science and can be used for the prediction of the clinical course of bronchitis in calves. That is ensured by measuring body temperature, heart rate and respiration rate per a minute. That is ensured by calculating a respiratory disturbance index (RDI) as a relation of the respiration rate per a minute following a 30-second expiratory induced breath holding to the rest respiration rate per a minute. A Hildebrandt index is calculated as a relation of the heart rate to respiration rate per a minute. The derived data are analysed. If the body temperature is 37.5÷39.6°C, the heart rate is less than 100 per a minute, the respiration rate is less than 40 per a minute, the RDI is more than 1.4, whereas the Hildebrandt index is more than 1.8, the animal's absolute recovery or the benign clinical course of the disease is predicted (a favourable prognosis, prognosis bona). If the body temperature is more than 39.5°C, the heart rate is 90÷120 per a minute, the respiration rate is 40÷60 per a minute, the RDI is 1.2÷2.5, whereas the Hildebrandt index ranges within 1.7÷3.1, a probability of the unfavourable clinical course of the disease is predicted (a doubtful prognosis, prognosis dubia). If the body temperature is 39.5°C, the heart rate is more than 100 per a minute, the respiration rate is more than 60 per a minutes, the RDI is less than 1.2, whereas the Hildebrandt index is more than 1.8, the animal's partial recovery or the malignant clinical course of the disease is predicted (an unfavourable prognosis, prognosis bona).

EFFECT: method offers the prospect of the objective prediction of the clinical course of bronchitis in calves, including of the potential development of the complications, namely bronchial pneumonia, that in turn enables specifying a therapeutic approach and controlling the clinical effectiveness.

2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, particularly to vascular and endovascular surgery, and can be used to assess the state of an isolated aneurismal sac after a stent graft implantation by measuring a pressure inside the sac, as well as for introducing drugs into the blood vessel aneurism as it may be required. The device for pressure measurement in the isolated cavity of the aneurismal sac and for drug introduction into the blood vessel aneurism is configured as a hollow tube. The tube has side holes and is configured to reshape when inserted into the aneurism, to fill its inner space circumferentially, to attach by a two-piece hollow tube to a pressure sensor to measure a pressure between the vascular wall and the wall of the stent graft implanted into the blood vessel, as well as to introduce drugs by means of the above two-piece hollow tube. The tube is made of a viscoelastic absorbable material and spiral-shaped.

EFFECT: invention enables solving a set of challenges: saving the manufacturing expenses, simplifying the course of the surgical intervention, measuring the pressure, introducing the drugs, improving the immediate and remote results by ensured thrombosing of the aneurismal sac.

5 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely surgery, and can be used for treating aseptic pancreonecrosis. Intra-organic pulseless pancreatic segments are localised and removed. To cover the pancreas, a greater omentum is incised into two portions - 1/3 from the left and 2/3 from the right up to a base of the greater omentum. Segments with pulse oscillation amplitude not less than 3.0 mm in the left 1/3 of the greater omentum and not less than 2.0 mm in the right 2/3 of the greater omentum are localised. The left portion in the distal segment is anchored with U-sutures to peripancreatic subcutaneous fat, whereas the right portion in the distal segment is anchored to a right hepatic lobe.

EFFECT: method enables arresting the disease progression and preventing infected pancreatic necrosis, improving pancreatic tissue blood supply by detecting the intra-organic pulse, removing all necrotic portions of the pancreas and using the greater omentum to cover the pancreas.

3 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to ergatic systems and can be used to correct the functional status of a human operator. The method includes evaluating the status of a human operator. The status indicator used is the heart rate. Limiting values of the range of a good status ChSSmin and ChSSmax are set for each human operator. When the heart rate exceeds the limiting values, the energy stimuli used are light pulses and binaural action, the frequency f of which is set in accordance with a given expression. An apparatus for correcting the functional status of a human operator is used. The apparatus comprises a central control unit connected to a storage unit, a stimulus generating unit and an analysis unit. The stimulus generating unit is connected to a stimulation unit. The output of the analysis unit is connected to the central control unit. The apparatus additionally includes a unit for measuring and processing an electrical cardio signal and a heart rate determining unit. The output of the unit for measuring and processing an electrical cardio signal is connected to the input of the heart rate determining unit, the output of which is connected to the analysis unit.

EFFECT: group of inventions improves the efficiency of correcting the status of a human operator, prevents excessive fatigue of the human operator quickly and in advance, reduces emotional and psychological stress, raises the level of activity of the body owing to a method of determining the status of the human operator, using the heart rate ChSS as an indicator of the status, the effect of light stimuli and binaural action.

2 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: clinical, X-ray and echocardiographic examinations are performed in a premature infant on the third day of life. Gestation age, Apgar score, infant's reflexes, states of the muscular system, skin, oedemas, moist rale, increased pulmonary vascularity on the X-ray pattern, as well as echocardiographic values of final diastolic size, left atrium and right ventricle per one kilogram of infant's body weight are assessed, and a prognostic coefficient is determined by mathematical formula. If the prognostic coefficient is 10 points and more, the high risk of long persistence of a haemodynamically significant form of the open arterial duct in the premature infants is predicted; the prognostic coefficient falling within the range of 0 to 9 points shows the low risk of long persistence of the haemodynamically significant form of the open arterial duct.

EFFECT: method enables predicting the non-invasive prediction of the high risk of long persistence of the haemodynamically significant form of the open arterial duct in the premature infants on the third day of life, and specifying the further therapeutic approach to the infant and the absolute indications for persistent foetal communication correction.

2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to cardiosurgery. The bypass blood flow is assessed with assisting artificial circulation and clamped aorta. After a distal anastomosis is created, the bypass is connected to a heart and lung apparatus by means of an intravenous infusion system. Each anastomosis is assessed successively.

EFFECT: method enables the intraoperative assessment of the blood flow in the bypasses and the inspection of the dysfunctional anastomosis before unclamping the aorta and applying cardioplegic solution additionally.

3 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to medical diagnostics. Method of determining degree of vessel narrowing contains stages at which obtained are: sequence of first pressure measurements P1 and sequence of respective first rate measurements U1 in first location inside vessel, sequence of second pressure measurements P2 and sequence of respective second rate measurements U2 in second location inside vessel. Wave rate c in fluid medium is determined for each location depending on square of pressure change divided by square of respective rate change. For first location change of direct pressure is determined depending on the sum of pressure change and rate change. For second location change of direct pressure is determined depending on the sum of pressure change and rate change. Reserve of separated direct flow, representing drop of pressure through target area is determined, with said drop of pressure indicating degree of local narrowing or compression of vessel between said first location and second location. Device for determining degree of vessel narrowing is described.

EFFECT: inventions provide measurement of localised flow restriction.

14 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: patient with premature atrial contraction (PAC) undergoes ECG study. A signal-averaged ECG is recorded. The method involves measuring the length of a filtered push-pull (FiP-P) wave of the signal-averaged ECG (ms), P wave dispersion determined as a difference of maximum and minimum P wave lengths while recording 12 leads of the standard ECG (Pd) (ms), a linear deviation (A), B that is the number of premature atrial contractions per hour, a risk index of developing atrial fibrillations (RIDAF) by an original formula. If the RIDAF is less than 0.5, the high risk of atrial fibrillation is predicted for 1-3 months; the RIDAF from 0.5 to 1.5 stands for the moderate risk during 3 months to 1 year, whereas the RIDAF of more than 1.5 shows the low risk for more than 1 year from the first examination of the patient suffering from premature atrial contraction.

EFFECT: method enables increasing the determination accuracy of the risk of atrial fibrillation following the first examination and correcting the therapy.

3 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves determining a period of time from the onset of symptoms to establishing a diagnosis (t); a functional class is rated at the time of establishing the diagnosis (FCinit); a cardiac output is calculated at the time of establishing the diagnosis (CO); an acute pharmacological test (APT) coefficient (X) is calculated as follows: (APT-)=0, (APT+)=1, (APT++)=2. A risk of the unfavourable clinical outcome in the patients suffering from idiopathic pulmonary hypertension (H) is calculated by an original formula. If the value H ≤0.35, a low risk is stated; H=0.36-0.55 shows a moderate risk, whereas H≥0.56 is a sign of a high risk of the unfavourable clinical outcome.

EFFECT: method enables the high-reliability detection of the unfavourable clinical outcome in the patients with idiopathic pulmonary hypertension, the determination of rates of the disease progression for the purpose of prescribing an adequate therapy.

2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves recording heart beat rate and systolic arterial blood pressure before and after two-stage exercise stress. The first stage is of 50 W within 3 min and the second one is of 75 W during 2 min. Patient rest pause is available between loading stages to recover initial heart beat rate. Prognostic estimation of cardiopulmonary complications is carried out with mathematical formula applied.

EFFECT: reduced risk of complications in performing tests.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring cardio- and hemodynamic values, calculating estimates of the values and displaying the estimates on monitor. Measuring and calculating each cardio- and hemodynamic value is carried out during basic periods of their oscillations corresponding to heart contraction cycle and respiratory cycle related to absolute time.

EFFECT: high accuracy of estimation.

4 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: animal science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with dynamic loading onto cardio-vascular system in animals. Selection should be carried out by the following parameters: , ΔT3 and Δn, where ΔT1 - the time for pulse increase at running, ΔT2 - the time for pulse stabilization after running, ΔT3 - the time for pulse increase after running, Δn - the increase of pulse frequency after running. One should select animals into milking herd at the following values; ΔT3 ≤ 10 sec, Δn ≤ 10 beats/min. The method enables to present perspective evaluation of lactation capacity in animals.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of selection.

1 dwg, 1 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves recording rheogram from feet and legs lifted and fixed at an angle of 45є. Then, rheogram is recorded on inhaling from legs directed vertically downward. Functional blood circulation reserve index is calculated as product of results of dividing and subtracting rheographic indices recorded under conditions of lifted and lowered extremities that means under conditions of functional venous system relief and venous hypertension, respectively.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in recognizing patient group suffering from severe lower extremities ischemia.

6 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves recording rheogram from feet and legs lifted and fixed at an angle of 45є. Then, rheogram is recorded on inhaling from legs directed vertically downward. Functional blood circulation reserve index is calculated as product of results of dividing and subtracting rheographic indices recorded under conditions of lifted and lowered extremities that means under conditions of functional venous system relief and venous hypertension, respectively.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in recognizing patient group suffering from severe lower extremities ischemia.

6 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying a set of reference values like body mass, arterial blood pressure, pulse rate in rest state and general physical condition values. Exercise stress is sequentially applied for evaluating vertebral column flexibility, response quickness, dynamic leg force, speed-and-force tolerance. Each value is compared to a reference value, the differences of each item between reference and actual values are summed and the total value is interpreted in terms of complex human physical condition.

EFFECT: high reliability of the method; simplified testing process requiring no complex and expensive equipment and high skill personnel.

6 cl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying a set of reference values like body mass, arterial blood pressure, pulse rate in rest state and general physical condition values. Exercise stress is sequentially applied for evaluating vertebral column flexibility, response quickness, dynamic leg force, speed-and-force tolerance. Each value is compared to a reference value, the differences of each item between reference and actual values are summed and the total value is interpreted in terms of complex human physical condition.

EFFECT: high reliability of the method; simplified testing process requiring no complex and expensive equipment and high skill personnel.

6 cl

FIELD: medicine, juvenile clinical nephrology.

SUBSTANCE: disease duration in case of obstructive pyelonephritis should be detected by two ways: either by detecting the value of NADPH-diaphorase activity, as the marker of nitroxide synthase activity in different renal department and comparing it to established norm, or by detecting clinico-laboratory values, such as: hemoglobin, leukocytes, eosinophils, urea, beta-lipoproteides, lymphocytes, neutrophils, the level of glomerular filtration, that of canalicular reabsorption, urinary specific weight, daily excretion of oxalates, arterial pressure, and estimating their deviation against average statistical values by taking into account a child's age.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of detection.

7 dwg, 1 ex, 6 tbl

FIELD: medicine, neurosurgery.

SUBSTANCE: one should measure blood pressure in afferent vessel of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM). If measured pressure is above that of functionally insignificant vessel being 25% against systemic arterial pressure for AVM at blood flow of 1000 ml/min and 50% for AVM at blood flow of 500 ml/min one should conclude the vessel to be functionally valuable. The method enables to decrease complications due to increased reliability in detecting functional value of ABM-supplying vessels.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of detection.

1 ex

FIELD: medicine, cardiology.

SUBSTANCE: in male patients of elderly and senile age one should register electrocardiogram and its first derivative in 12 leads to evaluate the rate of ventricular activation. In case of this rate being below 34.9 one should evaluate high degree of lethality risk. The method enables to detect the risk for availability of complex cardiac rhythmic disorders more rapidly and non invasively in case of exacerbation of bronchoobstructive diseases.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of diagnostics.

4 ex, 1 tbl

Up!