Device for rescue of people in case of fire
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rescue service and is intended for evacuation of people from high-rise buildings in case of fire or other emergency situations. Device for rescue of people in case of fire comprises a frame, fixed on the building wall in interfloor space under the window aperture, working platform, front board, two side boards and locking mechanism, side boards are folding, and the device contains a sliding mechanism, which is a combination of three rods on each lateral side. First rod is fixed by a movable joint with its one end on the frame, second rod is fixed by a movable joint with its one end on the working platform, second ends of the first and second rods are fixed by a movable joint with each other, third rod is fixed by a movable joint with its one end on the front board, and with its other end - on the second rod.
EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability of design due to distribution of load on attachment of working platform to the frame and on the rod of sliding mechanism.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: rescue facilities.
SUBSTANCE: rescue appliance (1) is proposed, at that the said appliance comprises one or more fasteners (7), attached to the window frame by detachable or nondetachable connection, the fencing or other suitable structure, and one or more parts of the ladder (18) attached to the fastener with the locking element (17), at that the part of the ladder comprises at least two carrying cables (19), between the said carrying cables at least one ladder rung (4) is attached. The ladder rungs are attached to the stop elements (3) retaining them and preventing their fluctuations, and the said fastener is attached to at least one lowering and lifting device (2), for example a rope brake, the cable brake or a chain brake that slows lowering the rescued person to the desired speed and prevents it from falling, at that the said lowering device is attached by means of a connecting element (5), for example a rope, cable or chain, to at least one rescue harness (6), which is worn by the rescued person, at that the rescue bag for a child or pet is connected to the rescue harness.
EFFECT: improved design.
10 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: rotary-driven platform for the boom and the base of the rest for it in the transport position are mounted on slides with a drive of their longitudinal movement along the axis of the vehicle, and both drives are connected to one control means for passing the complicated turns. On each side of the base on the vertical axes the telescopic manipulators are mounted to perform of function of remote support by each of them. The descending means is made in the form of an elevator cab with a cable retention mechanism on the roof, provided with guides and actuators to move the cable attachment point on the horizontal coordinates and a unit of their control, connected with load cells mounted in the corners of the cab roof. On the rear wall of the cab the guide elements are mounted to contact with the transport sections. At the site besides placement of the autonomous flame retardant means, with folding seats are equipped with elastic sleeves for descending, and also the horizontal telescopic sections are mounted, for the aggrieved persons can go to the place of descent by themselves or with the help of the rope drive and the wheel chairs stacked in the store. At that the side and the sections of the transition are equipped with folding fences with mesh.
EFFECT: this scheme of the device enables to accelerate the arrival and evacuation of the aggrieved persons from the fire seat remote from the roadway to the site and their descending to the ground using flexible hoses.
4 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: rescue device with a suspension comprises a walling made of a solid material in the form of a bottom (1), and a side wall (2) made with the ability to be folded in a vertical direction under the action of gravity when its support from the bottom and unfolding in the same direction during its suspension with the upper part, the straps (3) designed for connecting the upper part of the side wall with the outer suspension (4) of the davit, and a frame (5) with a protective cover (6) mounted on the bottom. The frame racks (7) are made in the form of pressure-tight closed tubes filled with compressed air, the bottom is made in the form of an inflatable raft (9), also filled with compressed air, at that the side wall is made in the form of the bellows (10) covering the bottom, the outer diameter of which is chosen with larger dimensions than the inflatable raft. The tubes, the inflatable raft and the bellows are made of organosilicone rubber.
EFFECT: providing the possibility to rescue of people from the water surface, their safety while raising them to the shipboard, increase in reliability of the side wall.
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises an enclosing structure made of a solid material, in the form of a bottom (1) and a side wall (2), made with the ability to be folded in a vertical direction under the action of gravity with its support in the bottom and folding it in the same direction when being suspended by its upper part, cords (3) designed for connecting the upper part of the side wall to the outer suspension (4) of a davit, a frame (5) with a protective cover (6) fixed to the bottom. Racks (7) of the frame are made in the form of sealed tubes (8) filled with compressed air. The bottom is made in the form of an inflatable raft (9), the inflatable raft and the bellows are made of silicone rubber, at that the inflatable raft protrudes beyond the dimensions of the bellows and the protective cover.
EFFECT: rescuing people from the water surface, safety of the rescued when lifting them aboard the ship, increase in the reliability of the enclosing structure due to the presence of an accordion-type compliance structure.
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises displacing the liquid up by the body immersed in it under the influence of its gravity and returned to the initial upper position by gravity of liquid displaced by it, acting on the lever that raises the drowned body upwards, and also displacement of liquid between the well tanks in the siphon tubes. According to the invention the liquid is pushed from the housing both under the action of gravity of the immersed body and the gravity of the storage container mounted on it with the displaced liquid stored in it, the displaced liquid is first used for additional loading of the body immersed in the liquid, and after reaching the limit depth of immersion of the drowned body the load of the displaced water is removed from it and the long lever is loaded with it, that lifts the drowned body at a distance from the bearing point of the lever, corresponding to compliance to the energy conservation principle on the lever, which is expressed in equation of moments of forces acting on the lever of the opposite direction relating to the bearing point of the lever.
EFFECT: device consisting of a housing, an immersed body, and the means for its reciprocating motion enables to remove water from flooded sites due to gravity of the immersed body and the lifted water and thus provides resource saving.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: device for rescue people on water comprises an enclosing structure made of a solid material, in the form of a bottom (1) and a side wall (2), made with the ability to be folded in a vertical direction under the action of gravity with its support in the bottom and folding it in the same direction when being suspended by its upper part, cords (3) designed for connecting the upper part of the side wall to the outer suspension (4) of a davit, a support frame (5) with a protective cover (6) fixed to the bottom. The side wall is made of heat-resistant silicone rubber in the form of bellows (7) covering the bottom. The device is provided with an inflatable raft (8), the external dimensions of which are greater than the external dimensions of the bellows and protective cover.
EFFECT: opportunity to rescue people from the water surface, safety of the rescued when lifting them aboard the ship, in addition, the increase in the reliability of the side wall due to the presence of an accordion-type compliance structure.
FIELD: fire safety.
SUBSTANCE: invention is based on the use of special fold-out wall sections of the building to form evacuation descents from the building. The sections are folded-out by individual drives of the automatic control system on preliminary prepared stationary earthen cushions comparable in height to the level of the surrounding earth surface, and the command to their folding-out is issued automatically when exceeding the level of smoke above the determined.
EFFECT: development of a method of rapid evacuation of categories of citizens with limited mobility from low-level buildings without waiting for arrival of rescue workers, and with simplified access of fire-fighters to the burning building.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a belay device for controlling and blocking the rope moving inside it. The belay device for blocking the rope comprises a main housing made of two flat plates arranged opposite each other in parallel planes and connected to each other by means of several fastening elements, a rope intended for insertion inside the housing between two plates, a snaphook, at that the device has an opening for attachment to the device housing of the snaphook by passing it through the opening, characterised in that the snaphook is attachable to the user and is made with the ability to move along the opening between the positions non-blocking and blocking the rope and vice versa, at that the movement of the snaphook in the blocking position occurs due to the tension of the rope.
EFFECT: present invention is directed to improvement of reliability and safety.
11 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the means which enable people to escape or draw attention to themselves when in contact with the snow avalanche. The device for self-escaping of people in the snow avalanche comprises an avalanche cord, a signal cartridge and a parachute. At that the signal cartridge, the parachute and the avalanche cord are connected in series with each other.
EFFECT: invention is directed at the salvation of a person when in contact with an avalanche by preventing its covering with the avalanche material - snow, ice, and removal of a person out of the avalanche flow to the surface of the snowdrift.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for chuting people and cargo under action of gravity, in particular to life saving equipment for self-evacuation during fires and for descending mountain-rescue men and spidermen. Device for gravitational chuting people and cargoes includes body, flexible load carrier made as resilient steel band placed on drum, movable and immovable pins between which the load carrier is moved. According to the invention the device contains speed limiter located between two immovable pins and consisting of plank set on axis, right and left pins located on the plank at different sides from axis, rod with piston which rod is shifted down by left pin, spring squeezed by piston and bolt serving to adjust spring flexibility. To stabilise speed the device additionally contains a gear set transmitting rotation from drum to gear wheel interacting via balancer axis with pendulum and pendulum weight, herewith the balancer can also be of spring type.
EFFECT: improved safety of device for gravitational chuting people and cargoes at constant speed in automatic braking mode.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment, in particular, apparatus for urgent descending of people in extreme situations.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has carrier casing with member for connecting to individual to be descended, power-type descending speed regulator comprising power block embraced with cable, rotary lever and sliding friction member. Carrier casing is made in the form of semi-circle adapted for arrangement in vertical plane and is equipped with slots for passage of cable through cavities thereof, and handle. Power block embraced with cable is rigidly fixed on rotary lever positioned for angular displacement relative to axis, arrangement along generatrix of cylindrical surface of carrier casing, and is equipped with self-braking screw-type descending mechanism. Descending mechanism has power screw with flywheel positioned at one end and semi-spherical member arranged at other end of power screw for contacting with semi-spherical receptacle at end of rotary lever, and threaded opening made in carrier casing wall and extending perpendicular to descending direction.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased safety of descending of individual.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: life-saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from ablaze multi-story buildings.
SUBSTANCE: device includes pulley having body and lid. Embedded into body and lid is reel with flexible member connected thereto by one end and wound round the reel. Reel is secured to body and lid by means of fixed pins and hinges. Device also has rotary reel actuator and braking means adapted to perform operative control of reel torque. Connected to another flexible means end is safety hook. When rope unwinds from reel braking means actuates braking drum built in reel, two semi-rings located inside braking drum and cooperating with it, an joint pin and adjusting screw. Device is also provided with bandage secured to pulley body or to safety hook by shock. Shock has orifice formed as groove and is made of antifriction material. Device also includes automatic brake. The latter includes wedges, rotary disc installed in pulley body and cooperating with wedges by orifice edge, and pressing disc. Braking drum includes splines. Outer wedge surface is rounded and has radius equal to that or rotary disc orifice. Sides defining wedge have different lengths. Rotary reel actuator may rotate only in one direction.
EFFECT: increased reliability.
2 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: life saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from water surface.
SUBSTANCE: complex comprises air-borne vehicle with rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable, upper ends thereof are secured to elongated sleeves movably connected to rescuing cable. Rescuing cable is wound on reel secured to frame inside air-borne vehicle. Reel is driven with winch through gearing. Complex also has transparent inflatable rubber balloons secured to necks provided with safety hooks engaging loops of elongated sleeves connected to rescuing cable. Balloon necks are made as two containers connected one to another by threaded connection through transition member having threads on both ends thereof. One container is air-tight, filled with compressed air and has thin diaphragm. The second container has dry electric power source and light bulb with socket having longitudinal groove. Transition member comprises needle with inner channel for diaphragm piercing.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of people rescuing.
3 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: rescuing equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device has rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable through couplings, upper ones are connected to the cable through couplings movably connected to rescuing cable. Lower ends are attached to the cable through short couplings, upper ends are connected to the cable through long ones. Pieces of cable having lesser diameter are provided with protective jackets made of reinforced heat-resistance threads with sleeving made of twisted basalt fiber. Short couplings are made of metal, long ones are formed of elastic material. Air-tight container with means emitting intermittent sound and light signals is connected to lower end of rescuing cable. Loop for suspending device by hook of air-borne vehicle winch is connected to upper end of rescuing cable.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
3 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: rescuing equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device has netted bracket suspended to air-borne vehicle and having two hollow rimming rings. Upper ring has annular handrail, lower one comprises cross-piece and bottom made of metal net. Upper ring is formed of duralumin and has inner volume providing device floatability. Lower ring is made of stainless steel. Two ears are secured to cross-piece center and have orifices for blasting pin. Upper and lower rings are pivotally connected to posts formed of plates made of spring steel. Posts are connected one to another by rope bridges. Lower ring is attached to transition connection member by ropes for suspending sealed container with means emitting intermittent sound and light signals and to connect rope with loop for suspending device by hook of air-borne vehicle winch. Connection member provides plate suspension and has orifice for blasting pin.
EFFECT: reduced time of load delivering to people subjected to an accident.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly for emergency lowering people or loads from tall objects.
SUBSTANCE: device has base with load fastening member and locking means for load lowering speed regulation secured to the base and cooperating with flexible member. The locking means is formed as rest and cam rotating around axis and having rotation lever connected thereto. Rest and cam are opposite one to another. Cam is provided with groove facing the rest. Device is also provided with limiter which prevents flexible member slipping during lowering operation and with rotary fixer having tooth installed to contact with arch-shaped groove. The groove is arranged in rotary fixer plane and bounded with rest. Angle of arch-shaped groove inclination is not less than cam stroke angle.
EFFECT: increased safety of lowering operation during device usage.
9 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: fire fighting equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention is used in fire fighting and rescuing operation for lifting firemen and fire fighting facilities and evacuation of humans from building and structures in emergency. Proposed device contains vehicle with outriggers, lifting-and-slewing device mounted on vehicle frame, set of telescopic sections installed on lifting-and-slewing device and mechanism for telescoping the sections. Working stage is mounted on front end face of end section, and cap is installed on guides of telescopic sections. Device is furnished also with cab lifting mechanism made in form of wire rope reeved sheaves installed on cab skeleton and on front end face of end section. One end of wire rope is secured on drum of cab lifting mechanism, and the other, on balancing drum which is connected with drum of section telescopic mechanism through gear train. Bottom of cab is furnished with opening hatch for securing emergency evacuation sleeve.
EFFECT: improved safety at fire fighting and rescuing.
FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly to evacuate people from multistory buildings in emergency.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises composite body with drum provided with rope and braking mechanism arranged in the body. Braking mechanism comprises gear ring having odd number of projections formed on inner drum rim, wedge-like double-armed pendulum, pendulum guides and members adapted to prevent resilient rebounding of pendulum in its extreme positions. The pendulum may reciprocate into the guides.
EFFECT: increased breaking reliability and simplified device structure.
FIELD: rescue equipment for helicopter cargo hoisting system.
SUBSTANCE: proposed rescue system includes cylindrical container, container retainers mounted on helicopter, winch and communication facilities for rescuers. Container has doorway and swivel panels with cone-shaped members at the ends. Rope of winch is secured to top of cone-shaped member of container. Container is provided with ballast weight mounted on side opposite to doorway. Helicopter is provided with instrument for measuring the mass and sensor engageable with winch rope; indicator of mass measuring device is mounted in pilot cabin. Rescue system is provided with rope cutter for release of container in an emergency.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability due to control of loading the container.
2 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly equipment for emergency people group evacuation from elevated location.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises evacuation capsule provided with parachute and guiding means arranged at an angle one to another and adapted to support the capsule. The evacuation capsule has door openings, seats, seat safety belts, air bags and windows. The capsule also has self-braking system. Part of capsule bottom is made as anchoring plate, which may be removed from the capsule and lowered by ropes. In concordance with the second embodiment the capsule is provided with winch to pull ropes, which connect the capsule with the anchoring plate. In the third embodiment the device also has winch with pulls ropes connecting the capsule with the anchoring panel. In another embodiment device comprises air sleeve secured to guiding ropes and connected with evacuation capsule from the first end and with fan from the second end thereof. During fan operation the capsule moves out by filling the sleeve with air. The evacuation capsule, air sleeve and fan are installed in land-based structure. The capsule is provided with parachute and self-braking system. Methods of emergency evacuation from elevated locations and from television tower with the use of above device are also disclosed.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of emergency large people group evacuation.
10 cl, 11 dwg