Method for producing films from non-woven fabrics

FIELD: textile and paper.

SUBSTANCE: method for producing film from non-woven fabric by conversion of non-woven fabric into film and film and single-dose articles obtained therefrom. Method for producing water-soluble film from a nonwoven fabric contains the following stages: producing nonwoven fabric containing multiple filaments containing filament-forming material soluble in a polar solvent, and an active agent and converting the nonwoven fabric into film. Film is produced as described above. Single-dose article comprising a bag made from film produced in accordance with the proposed method. Method for processing an item from fabric in need of treatment, at one or more stages of which a water-soluble film produced in accordance with the proposed method is used.

EFFECT: technical result of the group of inventions consists in improvement of casting speed of films obtained from the solution.

46 cl, 3 dwg



Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polyolefin compositions, suitable for the manufacture of various articles. A polyolefin composition, comprising in percent by weight: 1) and 2): 1) 75-85 wt % propylene homopolymer, having the melting point of 150°C or more, 2) 15-25 wt % ethylene copolymer with one or more C4-C10 α-olefins (α-olefin), containing from 20 to 30% of the said C4-C10 α-olefins (α-olefin); the composition is characterised as follows: - MFR value from 5 to 10 g/10 min. at 230°C, 2.16 kg, - total content of ethylene from 10.5 to 20%, - total content of C4-C10 α-olefins (α-olefin) within the range of 3 to 7.5%, - the ratio (XStot/XSm) of the total fraction soluble in xylene at room temperature to the fraction soluble in xylene at room temperature of the matrix component (1) from 5 to 15 and - the value of the intrinsic viscosity of the total fraction soluble in xylene at room temperature (XSIVtot) of 1.5 dl/g or less. Also claimed are: method for the preparation of polyolefin compositions, films, cast films, injection moulded articles.

EFFECT: polyolefin composition based films exhibit heat sealability, retortability, low haze.

6 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the technology of producing polymer film materials with special mechanical properties, which can be used in food and processing industries. The disclosed method is carried out as follows. Granular polyolefin in the form of 70 wt % low-pressure polyethylene and 30 wt % high-pressure linear polyethylene is thoroughly mixed with a granular copolymer which includes propylene (75%) and diene (25%), combined with a superconcentrate PO AK 12 in amount of 1.0% of the total weight of polyolefins and modifier, sliding additive PO AS 12 in amount of 1.0% of the total weight of polyolefins and modifier for 30 minutes and the mixture is molten (version 1a), followed by extrusion of the melt, cooling, orientation and heat setting the film. The diene is dicyclopentadiene or butadiene or 1,4-hexadiene or a diene monomer based on norbonene dethylidene. In versions of the method, the modifier used is also a copolymer (version 1b) of propylene (50%), diene (2%) and ethylene (48%). The amount of the modifier in the material in different experiments is 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 65% of the weight of the polymer composition: polyolefin and modifier. Versions of the method further include addition of a biodegradable additive (version 1c) in amount of 1-5% of the total weight of the polymer composition: polyolfeins, modifier, superconcentrate PO AK 12, sliding additive PO AS 12. The rate of decomposition of the film in natural conditions is determined by an indirect method according to GOST 12020-12. In formulations, the rate of decomposition is in the range of 30-60 days.

EFFECT: providing uniformity of supply and monitoring the shape of articles, obtaining films with a small thickness - 10-15 mcm, capable of retaining up to 80% of bending and twisting deformation, high lustre and quality of the surface (eliminating the "sharkskin" effect), reduced load on the shaft, which improves efficiency and reduces power consumption, low processing temperature; eliminating burning (sticking) on shaping edges, shorter time for holding the materials in the extruder, which allows fast change of operating conditions; low cost of the running meter of the product; self-decomposition of the film material in ambient conditions.

2 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to stiff viscoelastic materials to be used for damping and noise killing in machine building, construction, etc. Proposed material is made of hardened damping graphite-bearing putty. Invention relates also to the method for reduction of structure vibration and noise with application of above described material.

EFFECT: better insulating properties, unlimited shelf life.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an ethylene copolymer. Described is an ethylene copolymer for producing an injection moulding product. The ethylene copolymer is obtained by polymerising ethylene and a C3-C18 α-olefin comonomer. The ethylene copolymer is characterised by activation energy of 40 kJ/mol or higher and molecular weight distribution of 2.4 or higher. The ethylene copolymer satisfies the relationships between oscillating torque and phase angle in the section P≤168.8-97.4×t+32.2×t2-4.0×t3 and P≤204.3-157.7×t+58.0×t2-7.5×t3, where t is oscillating torque (mcN·m) and is in the range of 60 to 6000 mcN·m, P is phase angle (°). An injection moulding product is also described.

EFFECT: improved elasticity and processability without degradation of impact resistance and inflexibility of the ethylene copolymer.

10 cl, 3 dwg, 4 tbl, 14 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a film consisting of a mixture of a polyvinyl chloride polymer, a polyester and additives, thermoformed articles and a method of producing the film. The film from a mixture of vinyl chloride polymers includes 70-97 wt % of one or more vinyl chloride polymers with a coefficient K of 50-90, 2-25 wt % of additives selected from a group consisting of modifiers, high-molecular weight polymers, stabilisers, waxes, polymer anticaking agents, dye substances, plasticisers, auxiliary agents for improving processability and 0.1 wt % to less than 5 wt % polycrystalline or amorphous polyester with a crystallisation half-period in molten state of less than 5 min with respect to the total weight of the mixture of vinyl chloride polymers. The film is obtained by extruding or calendaring a plasticised mixture of vinyl chloride polymers, followed by optional treating in a built-in or self-contained process and optional thermoforming.

EFFECT: film has good thermoforming capacity and is suitable for packaging mass-production items.

19 cl, 2 tbl, 4 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water-soluble films. Water-soluble film has suitable thickness and contains, at least, 50 wt % of water-soluble resin, based on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), resin, having average viscosity in the range from approximately 13.5 sP to approximately 20 sP and degree of hydrolysis in the range from approximately 84% to approximately 92%, film in addition has not more than 30 wt % of PVA-polymer, which has average viscosity lower than approximately 11 sP, in addition, film is characterised by solubility index in the range from approximately 620 to approximately 92, when film is approximately 76 micron thick, and stress index in the range from approximately 145 to approximately 626, when film is approximately 76 micron thick, and where film is thermally mouldable. Sack, containing water-soluble film, is also claimed.

EFFECT: water-soluble films and sacks, containing water-soluble films, have good cold water solubility, moisture resistance in treatment with wet hands and good mechanical properties.

9 cl, 15 tbl, 3 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a packing material formed of a multi-layer body comprising at least a bottom layer and a thermoadhesive layer, which covers as an outer layer on one side of the packing material, and small hydrophobic oxide particles having an average diameter of primary particles of 3 to 100 nm attached to an outer surface so that the thermoadhesive layer does not adjoin the other layer; the small hydrophobic oxide particles form a porous layer having a three-dimensional mesh structure, and the small hydrophobic oxide particles in the thermoadhesion area are integrated into the thermoadhesive layer during the process of thermoadhesion. What is also disclosed is a container, wherein the hydrophobic oxide particles are attached to a portion or to the whole surface of the container, which comes in contact with the content.

EFFECT: packing material prepared according to the invention, can preserve the excellent water-proofing properties and non-adhesive properties.

22 cl, 10 dwg, 6 tbl, 32 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to polyethylene compositions for films or cast products. Composition has melt fluidity index at 5 kg/190°C (MI5 kg) from 0.25 to 3 g/10 min, Mz higher than 2000000 g/mol and lower than 370000 g/mol and Hostalen index (HI) value from 0.18 to 18. When melt fluidity index at 5 kg/190°C (MI5 kg) is higher than 1.9 g/10 min, Hostalen index (HI) value is higher than 1.

EFFECT: polyethylene composition in accordance with invention, possessing specified molecular-weight distribution and long-chained branched structure, possesses improved technological properties, and obtained films have higher mechanical impact strength with film thickness being 10 mcm than at 20 mcm, in accordance with measurement of dart drop impact (DDI).

9 cl, 4 tbl, 8 ex, 1 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to production of water-soluble film from nonwoven web, to film thus made, single-portion article including the bag formed from this film and to process of web article processing with step exploiting said water-soluble film. Production of water-soluble film consists in provision of nonwoven web including multiple filaments with filament-forming material soluble in polar solvent and conversion of nonwoven web into film. Note here that water-soluble film comprises one or more active agents for care of fabrics. Processing of fabric consists in pretreatment of spots on fabric article prior to its washing. Then, flushing solution is made by bringing water-soluble film in contact with water and fabric article in contact with water. Thereafter, fabric article is brought in contact with water-soluble film in drier to dry said article in the presence with water-soluble film in drier.

EFFECT: production of water-soluble film at high forming rates.

46 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining films based on polyvinyl alcohol with nanostructured silver includes obtaining silver nanoparticles, their combination with polyvinyl alcohol and formation of film. Silver nanoparticles of required size are obtained by mixing water solutions of silver nitrate and L-cysteine in molar ratio 1.25-2.00. Combination of silver nanoparticles with polyvinyl alcohol is carried out in 10-12 wt % water solution of polyvinyl alcohol at temperature 85-90°C and volume ratio of mixed solutions 1:1 with obtaining supramolecular polymer. Obtained films can be applied in medicine, in particular in surgery for treatment of wounds, burns, injuries as minimal traumatic, biocompatible and biosoluble, antimicrobial bandages for injured skin.

EFFECT: increased application efficiency.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 3 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: method of production of shaped article from unordered mat containing carbon fibre strands with mean length of fibre strands of 5-100 mm, and thermoplastic polymer. Said fibre strands are impregnated at heating and comprises of mat before or after placing in the mould. Production of definite unordered mat is executed by its impregnation with thermoplastic polymer, compaction of said mat in metal mould at 0.1-20 MPa and withdrawal unordered mat from metal mould. Large and complex shaped article is produced by moulding at low pressure in compliance with this invention.

EFFECT: simplified process.

13 cl, 5 dwg, 2 tbl, 7 ex

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: units consisting of a metal case and an inner non-metal insert are used in the structures of items allowing the usage in technical fields implying aggressive action of internal gas dynamic medium characterised by pulse increase of pressure and temperature. The method involves manufacturing of workpieces of the case and the insert, their assembly in an integral unit and mechanical treatment of the assembly. The case is made from high-strength aluminium alloy in the form of a heavy power unit with outer elements of fastening units. The rear case part is made with a thin-walled formed shell of complex profile which is coupled to the case by the insert. The insert is produced by moulding with screw-like bosses in the rear part from composite moulding compounds in the form of thermosetting composition based on phenol binder. The process of insert manufacturing takes place together with its assembly and connection to the case and the shell. The case and the shell are placed in semi-moulds which are set in the press mould with electric heating, positioned in it, charge of pelleted moulding compound is installed and pressing by punch on a ball bearing assembly is carried out under the temperature of 160±5°C and pressure of 20±1 MPa with curing under the above parameters for 15±1 min. Coupling and mutual fixation of the case and the shell are performed during the pressing process and filling of inner undercuts in the case by moulding compound.

EFFECT: permanent connection of elements of a structure from dissimilar materials in the course of manufacturing one of them, without glueing operation, improved manufacturability with provision for required strength and reliability of the structure.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: method involves preparation of a frame body with one or more through holes. A damping layer is applied onto the prepared frame body and is covered by a metal plate fitted by folded elements in the form of edges or an edge. The edges or the edge are placed in the holes or the hole of the frame body. Moulding of a brake lining on the frame body is carried out with simultaneous moulding of the edges or the edge of the metal plate into the brake lining.

EFFECT: simplified manufacturing of a brake pad with noise protection by forming the noise protection element immediately in the process of the pad manufacturing without the necessity to arrange for separate processes of the protection element production and its installation on the pad.

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: stereo lithographic machine comprises tank 3 for fluid with transparent bottom 3a, support plate 2 with opening to accommodate tank 3 so that transparent bottom 3a faces said opening 2a, radiation source 4 arranged under support plate 2 to feed radiation beam to transparent bottom via opening 2a, and temperature control unit 5 to support said plate 2 at preset temperature.

EFFECT: higher quality of produced articles.

11 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of sheets with 3D decorative effect. In compliance with proposed method, painted materials are loaded in the mould, heated, compacted and cooled. 3D pattern is made inside the mould using pre-extruded work pieces. Mould is closed and placed into hydraulic press for heating to 160-210°C and compaction at 1.5-2.0 MPa with intermittent pressure release and application for 20 minutes. At preset temperature of material, the mould is transferred to cooling press to be cooled at 1.5-2.0 MPa to 50-60°C at the rate of 9-14 degrees a minute, preferably, 10-12 degrees a minute.

EFFECT: higher physical and chemical properties.

2 cl, 8 dwg, 2 tbl, 6 ex

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method is intended for producing such 3D components as branches, T-joints, crossovers in 3D structures, protective bodies and cases, machines and mechanisms, submarine hulls and motor boats, etc. In compliance with proposed method, forming reinforcing material with preset properties is used to cut out contour complying with structure being developed. Water-and-gas-tight thermoplastic material is used to make sealed cylinder shaped to said structure. Forming material outer surface is impregnated with cold-curing thermosetting resin to force working medium into sealed cylinder during resin polymerisation at pressure sufficient to ensure preset shape and sizes.

EFFECT: whatever spatial shape without using molding tooling.

2 cl

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises selective hardening of powder material layers 3a at points corresponding to cross section of structure 3 in its every layer under effects of electromagnetic radiation 7a. Synthetic powder, preferably, polyamide powder, is used as process powder. Non-hardened powder 3a' is subjected to processing by water or steam at increased temperature and dried for further use in production of another structure. Proposed device comprises electromagnetic radiation source 7, structural chamber 10 with support 2 whereon structure 3 is fabricated and device 5 to apply coating of powder material on said support or hardened layer, device 12 to process non-hardened powder by water or steam.

EFFECT: powder savings, higher ecological safety.

28 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention 1 relates to device intended for fabrication of 3D object by layer-by-layer compaction of construction material and method of feeding construction in device above. Proposed device 1 comprises machine frame 2, 3, 4, 5 and construction chamber 10 arranged inside said frame. Said construction chamber houses layer application device 27, proportioner 28, 29 and heater 31 to heat construction material applied layers. Layer application device 27 may apply construction material layers on support appliance 26 or on pre-hardened layer by means of element 61. Proportioner 28, 29 prepares construction material for appliance 27 to apply layers. Said element 61 and/or proportioner 28, 29, and/or heater 31 may be withdrawn from said construction chamber 10 using no tools.

EFFECT: lower cleaning and servicing costs.

25 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method of producing 3D objects by laser sintering whereat object is produced by IR-radiation curing layer by layer at locations of each layer corresponding to object. In compliance with this method, image of IR radiation emitted by applied powder layer is locally detected to obtain IR radiation image. Note here that IR radiation image is detected by means of infrared chamber. Defects and/or geometrical imperfections in powder layer are revealed by means of IR radiation image.

EFFECT: higher quality of produced object thanks to better quality control in production process.

9 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed base material with reinforcing fibre has interlacing of reinforcing fibres arranged parallel in one direction, and ordered additional fibres. Length L of additional fibre in, one opposite direction crosses reinforcing fibre thread. The latter features width H and angle θ in one plane interrelated as defined by formulase L=H/cos θ and 3°≤θ≤30°. Note also that adhesive resin with vitrification temperature Tv of 0°C to 95°C is attached to the surface of unidirectional base material with reinforcing fibre on, at least, its one side. Note that amount of adhesive resin varies from 2 g/m2 to 40 g/m2 and said resin is attached at points, lines or intermittent lines. Invention covers also laminar material, moulded plastic product based on base material with reinforcing fibre and methods of their production.

EFFECT: better mechanical properties and higher process efficiency.

20 cl, 8 dwg, 5 ex

FIELD: chemical industry; methods of manufacture of the combined items out of the plastic components.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method of manufacture of the combined items out of the plastic components, such as collapsible tubes with caps, the containers heads with caps, slewing covers. The method provides for manufacture of the combined items or the components of the items containing integration out of two components movable with respect to each other at least with one degree of freedom, the corresponding surfaces of which envelop partially the molds adding each other so, that they are present in one geometrical configuration and are rigidly connected to each other on the common surface, tightly fitting to each other without a clearance. The method provides for the molding of the first component out of one or several plastic materials by pressure or compression as a result of approach of the first mold and the second mold. The cavity of the second mold contains the indicated common surface. Both cavities connected by both molds limit in the end of the approach the volume of the indicated first component. Remove the indicated second mold. At that the first component remains rigidly connected with the indicated first mold, which afterwards fulfills the role of the support tool. Produce the pills from the certain amount of one or several thermoplastic material. At that the plastic material or the plastic materials, which are not mixed with plastic material or plastic materials located on the periphery of the given pill, are not mixed with plastic material or the plastic materials located on the periphery of the other component. At that the indicated pill is heated up to the temperature exceeding the temperature of the softening point of the thermoplastic material or thermoplastic materials forming it. Place the indicated pill on the surface of the block of the first component rigidly connected with the support tool, or into the cavity of the third mold for a casting. The third mold is mounted opposite to the block of the first component rigidly connected with the support tool. At that the indicated third mold contains the cavity, which during the contact with the indicated block of the first component rigidly connected with the support tool together with the surface of the first component and, if necessary, with the part of the cavity of the support tool limits the volume of the second component. Then approach the indicated blocks of the first component rigidly connected with the support tool and the third mold up to their touch. At that the indicated approach results in the compression of the pill for putting it into the required shape of the second component. Further, conduct removal of the support tool and the third mold and the following removal of the block of both components molded this way. The invention describes one more version of realization of the method. The invention allows to fulfill both components only from the plastic material and to dilate possibilities of selection of plastic material for realization of the second component.

EFFECT: the invention allows to fulfill both components only from the plastic material and to dilate possibilities of selection of plastic material for realization of the second component.

24 cl, 8 dwg