Mine-resistant seat

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mine-resistant device for vehicle seat. Device comprises seat bearing structure for seat installation, which can be made with possibility of attachment to vehicle roof. At that, device also comprises guide tube, in which seat bearing structure is installed with possibility of axial movement and which is connected with roof, as well as retaining belt with rupturable joint, which is made with possibility to break in case of explosion at reaching of preset load. At that, retaining belt consists of several belts different by length. Short belt with rupturable joint is intended for rupturing at mines explosions, and longer on is for seat and passengers pickup after preset travel.

EFFECT: enabling higher reliability, reduced energy acting on passengers.

6 cl, 3 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to seta of combat vehicles or aircraft. In compliance with first version, this seat is secured at one or more (two is optimum) vertical C-like channels or rectangular cross-section channels with lengthwise cut-out. Two wedge-like elements directed downward are fitted in said channels. Overloaded wedge deforms the channel to generate constant resistance to overloads. In compliance with second version, this seat is secured at one or more vertical pipes that have one or several sections with, for example, thread. Note here that said seat is secured to pipes with the help of one or more sleeves, their diameter smaller than thread diameter and equals the pipe diameter.

EFFECT: damping of vertical accelerations caused by combat vehicle blasting at mine or aircraft thump.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle equipment, particularly to perfected seat designed to protect personnel under extreme shock effects. Proposed device comprises seat, seat guide, energy absorber with one part coupled with said seat, belt system including at least one shoulder belt and device for automatic tensioning of belt system. Said automatic tensioning of belt system comprises spring-loaded roller to get in contact with shoulder belt, adapter and thrust crossbars fitted in elements fixed at said crossbars. Shoulder belt one end is secured to adapter crossbar. Thrust crossbar contacts with shoulder belt between its end secured to adapter crossbar and spring-loaded roller. One part of energy absorber is connected with the seat while its another part is connected with adapter crossbar.

EFFECT: higher safety.

2 cl, 5 dwg

Damping seat // 2509284

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed seat comprises suspension system, backrest, footrest, seat cushion and side thrusts to fix head and body at lateral acceleration. Suspension system comprises top and bottom suspensions, damping elements and lever. Top bracket is composed of flexed metal plate to be welded to vehicle body frames and including guide slots for seat carcass. Bottom bracket is composed of a set of plates to allow articulation of suspension lever to vehicle body. Damping elements are composed by extension-compression plates or rods. Damping elements top point is secured to suspension system top bracket. Damping elements bottom point is secured to lever composed by two metal plates and interconnection side. Lever is articulated with seat carcass and vehicle body.

EFFECT: higher safety.

3 cl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering. Safety seat comprises carcass composed of posts, seat pan, suspension assemblies and power absorber. Posts are equipped with guides for box-like power absorber to be fitted thereat and furnished with post guide slots, ears for attachment to carcass posts and plate recesses. Plate other end is secured at suspension assy composed of a slide moving in post guides. Seat is furnished with safety harness and lengthwise adjustment mechanism arranged at seat pan.

EFFECT: simplified design, decreased weight.

2 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed seat comprises carcass, energy absorber and seat drive. Carcass comprises seat, backrest, safety belts, footrest and headrest with side thrusts. Carcass can revolve downward to act at energy absorber. Headrest top point can displace downward. Backrest bottom point can displace horizontally to allow seat and seater rest on backrest.

EFFECT: higher safety.

8 cl

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: damper comprises reservoir to accommodate viscous fluid. Web divides reservoir inner into two chambers. Opening made in web allows communication between said chambers via variable-cross-section adjustable duct. Said opening is provided with viscous fluid restrictor. The latter comprises adjustable duct shaping element with through hole arranged to displace linearly. Annular elastic element is arranged between shaping element face and web side surface. Seat comprises backrest, headrest, actuator and retainer. Unlocking appliance incorporates mechanism for converting load in rotation and mechanism incorporating said damper.

EFFECT: damper stiffness adjusted in response to impact force, adjustable headrest.

25 cl, 23 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: damper 10 comprises vessel 20 with cylindrical chamber 21 containing viscous fluid. Slide 40 is arranged inside said cylindrical chamber 21 to displace therein. Rotary element 69 may be turned by external force and convert rotary force in moving effort of slide 40. Separator 80 is connected with slide 40 and has one communicating passage for flow of viscous fluid between two compartments of cylindrical chamber 21. Spiral spring 12 spring-loads slide 40 toward rotary element 60. Cover 100 is secured to vessel 20 to interact with slide 40 and shut off opening on one end of vessel 20. transport facility seat comprises power transmission mechanism, locking mechanism, said damper, gasket to take up external force and unlocking mechanism.

EFFECT: adjustment of damping force depending upon applied load.

7 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive seat air cushion and clamp. Proposed device comprises frame that makes car seat base component and pack secured on said frame and made up of, at least, one folded gas-inflated passenger air cushion. In compliance with proposed invention, there is, at least, one clamp S to press air cushion pack to frame 1.

EFFECT: smaller sizes of as-packed air cushion pack.

38 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; brake system of vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: engagement of device increasing safety of wheeled vehicle in case of emergency is provided by applying pressure to brake pedal exceeding by 10% maximum pressure on brake pedal applied by driver.

EFFECT: provision of safety of vehicle and driver.

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed to provide safety of driver and passengers in case of road accident. Car body has skeleton in form of tubular load-bearing spatial structure, reinforced lining made of elastic material and connected with skeleton, survivability capsule with memorized shape effect, reinforced glasses rigidly secured on skeleton. Skeleton is provided with roll-under protection, namely, with rigid projections before survivability capsule coated under lining with foamed aluminum. Survivability capsule is made in form of tubular load-bearing structure made of alloy with memorized shape effect accommodating chemical type arranged inside spaces of tubular load-bearing structure of survivability capsule. Upper surfaces of engine and gearbox have gradually narrowing shape. Bases of seats are provided with shock absorbers with memorized shape effect furnished with chemical-type heaters.

EFFECT: possibility of restoration of shape of body after deformation, reduced dangerous overloads acting on people and loads owing to restoration of initial shape due to use of thermal energy of exothermic reaction for heating alloy with memorized shape effect.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: passenger seat with energy-absorbing backrest consists of base, cushion and backrest with armrest. The cushion has carcass rigidly fixed on base by means of screw-holt joint and connected with central part of torsion by means of metal braces. Ends of torsion are connected with hubs installed in side pieces of seat backrest. In the upper part, side pieces have ratchet gear crown connected with fixture gimbal-mounted with seat base.

EFFECT: higher passenger safety due to lower kinetic energy of impact on passenger who does not use restraints or uses two-point safety belt.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to seta of combat vehicles or aircraft. In compliance with first version, this seat is secured at one or more (two is optimum) vertical C-like channels or rectangular cross-section channels with lengthwise cut-out. Two wedge-like elements directed downward are fitted in said channels. Overloaded wedge deforms the channel to generate constant resistance to overloads. In compliance with second version, this seat is secured at one or more vertical pipes that have one or several sections with, for example, thread. Note here that said seat is secured to pipes with the help of one or more sleeves, their diameter smaller than thread diameter and equals the pipe diameter.

EFFECT: damping of vertical accelerations caused by combat vehicle blasting at mine or aircraft thump.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed cab has secured seat with backrest for driver and video observation system. Video observation system comprises video camera, monitor with electronic device for display of pictured from video camera mounted ahead of driver seat and software. Driver seat has face side of backrest is arranged oriented opposite the carrier motion.

EFFECT: higher drive safety at abrupt braking or collision.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle equipment, particularly to perfected seat designed to protect personnel under extreme shock effects. Proposed device comprises seat, seat guide, energy absorber with one part coupled with said seat, belt system including at least one shoulder belt and device for automatic tensioning of belt system. Said automatic tensioning of belt system comprises spring-loaded roller to get in contact with shoulder belt, adapter and thrust crossbars fitted in elements fixed at said crossbars. Shoulder belt one end is secured to adapter crossbar. Thrust crossbar contacts with shoulder belt between its end secured to adapter crossbar and spring-loaded roller. One part of energy absorber is connected with the seat while its another part is connected with adapter crossbar.

EFFECT: higher safety.

2 cl, 5 dwg

Damping seat // 2509284

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed seat comprises suspension system, backrest, footrest, seat cushion and side thrusts to fix head and body at lateral acceleration. Suspension system comprises top and bottom suspensions, damping elements and lever. Top bracket is composed of flexed metal plate to be welded to vehicle body frames and including guide slots for seat carcass. Bottom bracket is composed of a set of plates to allow articulation of suspension lever to vehicle body. Damping elements are composed by extension-compression plates or rods. Damping elements top point is secured to suspension system top bracket. Damping elements bottom point is secured to lever composed by two metal plates and interconnection side. Lever is articulated with seat carcass and vehicle body.

EFFECT: higher safety.

3 cl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to helicopter pilot seat. Proposed device comprises air-operated damper 1, shutoff valve, solenoid valve, pressure regulator, pump or compressor, mount to fit vibration damper at pilot seat bottom section between two guide rails 602 and four safeties with anchor supports secured at the floor. Said air-operated damper is composed of seat vibration killing system to up the seat above helicopter floor. Aforesaid mount comprises four ring cylinders coupled with guide rails 602 stabilised by configured structure. Cylinders 601 are connected with four rods 606 arranged to make a cross and coupled with central platform 607. Said platform comprises two mount holes to secure damper 1. Aforesaid safeties 7 prevent touch helicopter cabin floor in case air pressure in damper 1 abruptly drops. Said safeties 7 are secured to the floor and connected with mount ends.

EFFECT: sufficient suppression of pilot seat vibration.

12 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to carrier seat backrest frame. Said frame comprises two sidebars arranged at both seat sides, support plate, backrest plate, top and bottom joints. Support plate both end sections are connected with bottom section of every said sidebar. Backrest plate is mounted behind support plate to interconnect rear sections of said sidebars. Top joint connects support plate top section with backrest plate top section. Bottom joint connects support plate bottom section with backrest plate bottom section. Support plate is arranged in height over section between first height corresponding to passenger lumbar spine upper section and second height corresponding to lumbar spine lower section and is curved so that it has bulged section in vertical direction cross-section extending forward at interval between first and second heights.

EFFECT: cushioned rear shock force in collision.

8 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering. Safety seat comprises carcass composed of posts, seat pan, suspension assemblies and power absorber. Posts are equipped with guides for box-like power absorber to be fitted thereat and furnished with post guide slots, ears for attachment to carcass posts and plate recesses. Plate other end is secured at suspension assy composed of a slide moving in post guides. Seat is furnished with safety harness and lengthwise adjustment mechanism arranged at seat pan.

EFFECT: simplified design, decreased weight.

2 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed seat comprises carcass, energy absorber and seat drive. Carcass comprises seat, backrest, safety belts, footrest and headrest with side thrusts. Carcass can revolve downward to act at energy absorber. Headrest top point can displace downward. Backrest bottom point can displace horizontally to allow seat and seater rest on backrest.

EFFECT: higher safety.

8 cl

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: damper comprises reservoir to accommodate viscous fluid. Web divides reservoir inner into two chambers. Opening made in web allows communication between said chambers via variable-cross-section adjustable duct. Said opening is provided with viscous fluid restrictor. The latter comprises adjustable duct shaping element with through hole arranged to displace linearly. Annular elastic element is arranged between shaping element face and web side surface. Seat comprises backrest, headrest, actuator and retainer. Unlocking appliance incorporates mechanism for converting load in rotation and mechanism incorporating said damper.

EFFECT: damper stiffness adjusted in response to impact force, adjustable headrest.

25 cl, 23 dwg

Bracket // 2530725

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of mounting computer equipment at mobile military or other special-purpose facilities. The bracket comprises an upright support, a swinging bracket with a platform, and swivel block. The upright support is in the form of a bracket consisting of a roll-formed angle and two plates rigidly joined to the corner, lying in parallel to each other and joined by stiffeners; the swinging bracket with a platform is in the form of a flat plate on one side of which are rigidly mounted two adjustment roll-formed channels, and on the other side - two plates having curved grooves; the upright support and the swinging bracket are located at an angle relative to each other and are connected by two axles with stop collars, which are fitted with bushings with screw stoppers and stoppers in the form of circular nuts with a grooved outer surface.

EFFECT: simple and easy to use bracket, which allows to control the angular position of a panel computer or a monitor while further providing reliable fixation during operation and transportation.

3 dwg

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