Transverse shaft modular connecting link

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles differential gears with four gears in integral housing. Differential comprises transverse shaft, satellite first axis, satellite second axis and connecting link. Transverse shaft comprises lengthwise axis and channel passing through transverse shaft perpendicular to longitudinal axis. Channel comprises first opening and second opening. First satellite axis is parallel to first opening central axis. Second satellite axis is parallel to second opening central axis. Connecting link passes through transverse shaft sections, first satellite axis and second satellite axis, mates with first satellite axis and second satellite axis to retain transverse shaft, first satellite axis and second satellite axis inside housing. Assembly method comprises transverse shaft inserting, connection link inserting, second satellite axis inserting, second satellite axis displacement, first satellite axis inserting, connection link passing through transverse shaft openings, connection link fastening with second satellite axis.

EFFECT: reduced structure dimensions and weight.

20 cl, 3 dwg



Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport engineering and can be used in cross-country vehicles. Self-locking differential with magnetic liquid includes two cups of differential compensating case, two differential axles, two differential gears, four pinion gears. The differential gears consist of gear with friction pads and gears with magnetic liquid, where gear with friction pads is made with external and internal toothing, the external toothing has the same profile and teeth number as gear with magnetic liquid, herewith, gear with magnetic liquid has axial offset from axis of differential axles in unlocked state.

EFFECT: perfected design.

4 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: planetary coordinating gear box contains casing, planetary machinery with movable in axial direction pinion carrier, on which satellite gear is secured with possibility of rotation, two coaxial input shafts (internal and external) entering the planetary coordinating gear box from face side, with small central tooth-wheels fit seated on each of these shafts, output shaft leaving the planetary coordinating gear box from rear side, and drive of pinion carrier axial movement. Large central wheel of the planetary gear is permanently engaged with satellite gears, and is linked in axial direction with the pinion carrier by means of the axial load carrying bearing, the pinion carrier has two splined crowns, large central wheel has splined crown, output shaft has splined crown, and casing has two splined crowns. The geometrical dimensions and location of the specified tooth-wheels and splined crowns are made such that during axial movement of the pinion carrier the crowns engage, ensuring in series the following modes: reverse movement range, transmission brake, first range, fixed gear between first and second ranges, second range, fixed gear between the second and third ranges, third range, fixed gear between the third and forth ranges, forth range.

EFFECT: increased efficiency.

8 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: forcibly locking differential includes body (1), cylindrical locking ring (2), axles (3) with two main satellites (4), as well as interacting with them two differential side gears (5, 6) differential axles (7). The body also contains two locking satellites (8) on common axle (9) which is made cranked and consisting of two parallel differential axles, herewith, the diameter of locking satellites (8) is less than diameter of main satellites (4). The differential is able to function in two modes - "free rotation" and "locked". The differential is provided with two-position detent. Facility to change mode from "free rotation" to "locked" is made as external brake for locking ring, which brake is actuated on control command from driver. The external brake can be electromagnetic drum brake (16) fixed on static body of reducing gear.

EFFECT: higher reliability of device operation.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the differential with face gear. The differential (10) contains side gear (14), helical pinion (16) engaged with side gear, crankcase (18) of pinion, first supporting element (20) that supports the helical pinion. The side gear rotates on axle (22) of the differential. The helical pinion has the first end (24), and the second end (26) located opposite to the first end. The first supporting element is located radially inside and relatively to the internal radial surface of the pinion crankcase. The second option of the differential additionally contains the second supporting element (46) that supports the helical pinion. The second supporting element is located radially outside and relatively to the outside radial surface of the pinion crankcase.

EFFECT: invention improves differential to increase accuracy of manufacturing of the helical pinions and the pinion casing.

21 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a differential fitted by a housing for pinion installation. The differential (10) includes a casing (50), a side gear (32) with helicoid end, a helicoid pinion (24) interacting with the side gear (32) and a housing (12) for the installation of the pinion. The housing (12) has the first face surface (16), the second face surface (18) set opposite the first face surface (16), the first projection (20) set on the first face surface (16), the second projection set on the second face surface (18). Versions of the invention implementation imply that the differential (10) additionally comprises an actuating mechanism (36) to be engaged with the housing (12), and a variety of friction plates (48) set between the actuating mechanism (36) and the casing (50) of the differential. The housing (12) also includes a hole (26) passing inside radially from the outer radial surface of the ring rim, and a channel (30) passing from the first face surface (16) to the second face surface (18) coaxial with the hole (26) in radial direction.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at increasing the strength and expanding the range of torque changes.

17 cl, 8 dwg

Starting mechanism // 2539715

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the machine building and can be used in designs of mechanisms, the reduction ratio of which is to be varied in a wide range. The starting mechanism consists of differential transmission and slipping power coupling (2). The differential transmission has one input and two outputs. One output is coupled with the driven shaft and rotates in the same direction with the drive. The second output is coupled with the input of the differential and the drive shaft through the slipping power coupling (2), which partially blocks the differential, that results in decrease of the total ratio from the maximum value, when the motion is transmitted only through elements of the differential transmission, down to a minimum value after acceleration. With increase of loading on the driven shaft, when it is braked, the slipping in the power coupling is increased, the differential elements increase the relative motion with reference to each other, and the rotation of the whole mechanism around the shaft is decelerated, the reduction ratio of the mechanism and torque on the driven shaft are increased, the speed of the driven shaft is decreased.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at simplification of process of acceleration, simplification of the mechanism and energy saving.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: differential mechanism comprises crankcase (1), main gear, simple differential gear, planetary gearbox and friction control clutch. Main gear consists of drive gear (2) and driven gear (3). Driven gear (3) is composed by planet carrier (4) wherein fitted is said simple differential including planet gears (6, 7). Every planet gear (6, 7) is engaged via shaft (15) with planet gear (9) engaged with epicycle (16) and sun gear (8). Every friction control clutch (10, 11) is composed by the set of clutches. Inner drive drum (13) of friction clutch (10) is rigidly engaged with epicycle (16). Inner drive drum (12) of friction clutch (11) is engaged via hollow shaft (17) with sun gear (8). Every outer drum (14) is composed of a unit shared by gears of every planetary gearbox and fitted on fight or left output shaft of differential mechanism.

EFFECT: redistribution of torques at output shafts ratio defined by vehicle running conditions.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device for torque redirection in wheeled vehicle. The device contains differential installed on axle containing the first driving shaft and the second driving shaft, electric power source connected with electric motor made capable to be connected with the said axle to redirect torque between the first driving shaft and the second driving shaft. Control devices are connected with electric power source and made capable to obtain variables reflecting current condition of vehicle and to determine control currents depending on the said variables and supplied to electric motor from electric power source to increase torque of either of the two (the first or the second) driving shafts.

EFFECT: weight saving and cheapening the device.

13 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: differential gearing with one input and two outputs are used as a gear ratio converter in proposed motor. Gearing input is engaged with motor rotor. One of said outputs is engaged with driven shaft to receive higher torque while second output is engaged with second rotor inductively coupled with motor rotor. Driven shaft rpm is varied by changing the second rotor circuit electric load.

EFFECT: optimum acceleration of the motor, higher efficiency, simplified control.

1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: differential casing includes a protective housing of a differential, which is provided on its outer surface with an annular flange that is continued around the rotation axis of the protective housing. One of the two areas of the protective housing has an opening interconnected with a placing space formed in the protective housing. The protective housing area provided with the opening is equipped with an attachment section used for attachment of the differential casing. The attachment section includes two flat surfaces that are parallel to the flat surface containing the rotation axis of the protective housing and are located around the rotation axis so that space is left between them. The attachment section is provided integrally by means of an external end section of the side of the end section forming an opening, which faces the flange. The attachment section is provided with a top end surface that comprises a total surface with the end section.

EFFECT: simpler manufacture of a differential casing.

3 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; passenger cars.

SUBSTANCE: proposed driving axle of passenger car has sleeve, brake drum, brake shoes, cam shaft of brake shoe expander, actuating mechanism of brake shoe expander secured on sleeve and angle gear drive consisting of driving and driven gears and located in sleeve between brake drum and expander actuating mechanism. Wall of sleeve pointed to cam shaft is made with convex section of surface for arrangement of driven gear, and cam shaft of brake shoes has U-shaped bend enclosing convex section of sleeve wall surface.

EFFECT: increased service life of angle gear drive without increasing overall dimensions of brake drum.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; crawler vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed controlled differential contains power differential, control mechanism and two self- braking drives. Driven links of self-braking drives are rigidly coupled with driven links of power differential. Control mechanism is made in form of regulating differential and regulators. Driven links of regulating differential are connected with driving links of self-braking drives and regulators. Self-braking drives operate in of self-braking drives and regulators. Self-braking drives operate in release mode.

EFFECT: simplified design, enlarged operating capabilities, facilitated control.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport mechanical engineering; miscellaneous mechanisms using electric motor with regulated output shaft.

SUBSTANCE: proposed motor provided with electromechanical gear-ratio regulator has fixed stator 1; revolving rotor 2; planetary differential whose drive carrier functions as motor frame and mounts pair of satellites 3, 4; two central wheels 5, 10; and additional rotor 15. One central wheel 5 transfers energy through shaft 9 to moving member, for instance to vehicle wheel; other central wheel 10 imparts rotary motion to additional rotor 15 inductively coupled with stator 1. Additional rotor 15 generates electric current while returning energy to motor. Force produced in the process brakes additional rotor through differential arm and re-distributes speed of central gears among differential arms.

EFFECT: ability of stepless output shaft speed variation while varying gear ratio throughout entire speed control range depending on load; enhanced efficiency, facilitated control.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to transportation equipment. Drive axle (1) includes crankcase (2) where main bevel gearing (3) with input shaft (5), drive gear (4) and driven gear (6) are located. Driven gear may be installed on one of mounting seats (27) or on casing (7) of symmetrical planetary differential (9) connected by sun gear (17) and carrier (12) with respective shafts (18) and (19) of wheel drives. Drive axle (1) of all-wheel-drive vehicle is made with control device (20) for differential (9) connected with carrier (12) and casing (7) of differential (9). Axles (13) are fixed in carrier (12) to avoid rotation and axis shift by check plates (36) in slots (37) of axles (13) of planetary rollers (14), (15) and in grooves (38) of part (11) of carrier (12) made as a lid.

EFFECT: simplification of construction design and enhancement of device reliability.

8 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of controlling multi-drive vehicle differentials consists in locking differentials for preset time intervals, on reaching threshold values of mismatch in cinematic parametres of driving wheels, and in unlocking differentials at expiry of aforesaid time intervals, or on reaching threshold values of controllability ratio. Note here that, in locking differentials of the first drive axle and bogie, differentials of the second and next driving axles and bogie are locked at expiry of certain time intervals, not exceeding the ratio of distance from the first to second and subsequent driving axles and bogie to the speed of multi-drive wheeled vehicle.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of multi-drive wheeled vehicle running gear in adverse weather and road holding conditions.

6 dwg

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises differential mechanism, driving force regulator and differential limiter. Differential mechanism can distribute driving forces generated by vehicle drive for LH and RH wheels to allow differential torque on said LH and RH wheels. Driving force regulator regulates each distributed driving force. Differential limiter limits torque difference between LH and RH wheels by applying limiting torque to differential mechanism.

EFFECT: higher stability.

4 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: differential with automatic locking wheels of vehicle refers to transmissions of vehicles and can be implemented in differential drives of vehicles. The differential gear with automatic locking wheels consists of driven cylinder case (1), of half-axial elements (2) and (3) arranged on half-axles (4) and (5) coaxially one to another, and of closed chains (6) of balls (7). Partition (8) perpendicular to lengthwise axis of driven cylinder case (1) is installed in it between half-axial elements (2) and (3). Partition (8) is made with holes and is equipped with blocks arranged symmetrically on both end surfaces of partition (8).

EFFECT: simplification of design, upgraded reliability and efficiency of device.

4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed differential comprises drive housing 1 accommodating two harmonic drives 2 and 3 aligned there inside and provided with intermediate rolling bodies 4 (balls, rolls), separators 6 and 7 and rims 5 and 8. Said rims engage via said balls or rolls with radial half-shaft elements. Rim 5 of harmonic drive 2 and separator of harmonic drive 3 are made integral with drive housing 1. Separator 7 of harmonic drive 2 and rim 8 of harmonic drive 3 make single part.

EFFECT: simplified design, higher durability and reliability.

2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: clutch contains flywheel (1) whereto crown gear (3) is attached with bolts (2). Inside the crown gear there is installed carrier (4) connected to driven shaft (5) of power train and gear (6) with drive of hydraulic pump (7). Satellites (8) engage sun gear (9) connected to drive of hydraulic pump (10) and gear (11) with intermediate shaft of power train (12). Hydraulic pumps (13) and (14) have common suction main (15) and separate pressure mains (16) and (17), wherein there is mounted distributor (18), drain main (19) and pneumatic-hydraulic accumulator (20).

EFFECT: increased reliability and service life of operation of parts of power train.

1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: proposed differential comprises annular housing 1 accommodating two coaxial axle helical gears 2, 3 with equal and unilateral inclination of teeth, and sun gears 5, 6 meshed there between and with axle gears 2, 3. Spur pinions with conical faces are arranged in housing dead inclined cylindrical holes arranged in pairs on housing opposite sides and communicated in zone of gearing of every pair of pinions. Inclination of pinions in housing equals axle gear teeth inclination to equal locking angle β. Pinion conical faces are arranged to make obtuse cone base angle equal locking angle β on one side of pinions while, on opposite side, angle at taper face vertex equals or differs from that of dead hole conical end by ±3 degrees.

EFFECT: increased locking factor, simplified design, lower costs.

5 cl, 3 dwg