Prevention of formation of bezoar by limitation of content of mineral substances in ration
FIELD: domestic animals.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to fodder production. Method for preventing and/or prophylaxis of hair balls formation in animals involves feeding animals with composition, containing certain amount of calcium, phosphorus and sodium. Wherein composition is added in amount and during time sufficient for preventing and/or prophylaxis of hair balls formation in animals. Fodder composition for preventing and/or prophylaxis of hair balls formation in animals contains in % of dry weight of composition: from 5 % to 75 % of proteins; from 5 % to 50 % of fats; from 5 % to 75 % of carbohydrates; 0.74 % or less of calcium; from 0.50 % to 0.69 % of phosphorus; 0.28 % or less of sodium. Animal can be companion animal. Method for production of fodder product, intended for consumption by companion-animals, involves mixing suitable sources of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral substances and vitamins to produce fodder composition, mentioned above.
EFFECT: implementation of group of inventions provides prevention of and/or prophylaxis of hair balls formation in companion-animals and helps removal and/or release of hair balls in companion-animals due to limitation of content of mineral substances in ration.
19 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: feed product is balanced on amino acid composition, and comprises wheat, corn, soybean meal, sunflower cake, maize gluten, limestone, defluorinated phosphate, salt, vegetable oil, lysine, methionine, threonine, vitamin and mineral mixture, and protein concentrate from feather (PCF) obtained by the method of short-term high-temperature treatment in a thin layer with digestibility of not less than 85%, while the components are taken in a specific ratio.
EFFECT: use of the invention enables to increase the weight gain of poultry and to reduce the cost of feed.
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a method of reducing methanogenesis in ruminants. Method involves oral administration of feed additive containing flavanone glycoside selected from a group comprising neogesperidin, izonaringin, poncirin, hesperidin and mixtures thereof.
EFFECT: invention usage allows to reduce formation of methane in ruminants.
13 cl, 10 tbl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method comprises mixing 1 part by weight of biomass larvae Hermetia illucens, grown on wheat grain and pre-washed with tap water, with a protein content in the biomass at least 36 wt.%, with 1 part by mass of probiotic crude product of solid phase fermentation strain Bacillus subtilis VKPM B-8130 on a sterile medium. Latter is a beet pulp, impregnated with nutrient medium containing molasses, potassium phosphate dibasic, magnesium sulfate, yeast autolysate and water to a moisture content of not more than 35%. Resulting mixture was homogenized to a particle size of 1-2 mm and a combination process is performed by solid phase fermentation-drying at a temperature of the heating agent is not higher than 55°C to achieve a final moisture content of not more than 10 wt.%, number of viable cells of Bacillus subtilis VKPM B-8130 of at least 107 CFU/g.
EFFECT: realization of invention provides increased productivity and safety of livestock and birds, animals zootechnical performance by increasing the digestibility of forage, stimulation of metabolic and immune processes.
1 cl, 7 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fodder production, in particular, to processing of secondary products of brewing for production of fodder. Method provides for mechanical dehydration of brewing waste with separation of it into dehydrated waste and suspension received after dehydration of the waste, use of dehydrated grains suspension and residual beer yeast. Mechanical dehydration of brewing waste is performed till moisture content of not more than 60% by way of filtration with formation of sediment and by mechanical pressing of the sediment in the thin layer formed in the gap between two moving endless belts made of filtering material. During dehydration of waste by filtering, a finely dispersed suspension is obtained, which is mixed with residual beer yeast preliminarily subjected to conditioning for inactivation. Obtained mixed suspension undergoes centrifugation and centrate and paste-like fluid sediment are extricated from the mixed suspension. Before drying, the sediment is mixed with dehydrated waste and grain alloy, ensuring achievement of the mixture humidity of not more than 70 %. This mixture is used to create a vibrofluidized bed; drying is carried out at a temperature of not more than 80 °C using the convective technique with blowing of the heat carrier through the vibrofluidized bed. Obtained mixture of dry fodder products is additionally mixed with malt sprouts, aspiration, polishing and grain wastes and is granulated to produce a feed material.
EFFECT: invention usage allows to produce highly nutritious protein fodder product.
1 cl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used when feeding laying hens. Complex feed additive for laying hens includes carbohydrate-protein fodder additive consisting of sugar and yeast suspension, vitamins A, E, C, B12, sunflower phosphatides and fodder fat. All the components are taken in specified weight ratio, thoroughly mixed and added to the basic diet with subsequent stirring. Fodder additive is prepared before feeding.
EFFECT: use of the proposed invention will allow to increase laying hens egg-laying capacity, physical weight and edible quality of eggs.
1 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture; forage production.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to forage production, namely food additives for young stock hens and laying hens. Vitamin and mineral adsorption feed additives for poultry includes ekobentokorm, synthetic preparations of fat-soluble vitamins A, D3, E, sunflower oil, and antioxidant "Bioks". All components are taken in a certain proportion. Vitamin and mineral adsorption food supplement is administered in the diet of young stock hens in an amount of 1.5 % in the diet of laying hens - in the amount of 3 % by weight of the mineral feed. In the diet of poultry feed supplement is administered during the entire production period of the poultry egg productivity direction or in some periods of its cultivation.
EFFECT: feeding the feed additive can improve livestock and biological indicators of life young stock hens and productivity of laying hens, namely, live weight, safety, egg production, egg quality.
3 cl, 5 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to feedstuff industry, namely, to fodders for calves, and is intended for use in agriculture. Starter feedstuff for calves includes extruded barley, peas, lupine, corn, glauconite (50 % concentrate from the Bondarsky deposit), taken in specified ratio.
EFFECT: invention ensures production of a starter feedstuff for calves, having a high quality, balanced in terms of composition, having a beneficial effect on the digestive tract, which provides high productivity and preservation of animals' health using cheap high protein vegetable raw material.
1 cl, 3 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used during feeding of laying hens during the period of egg-laying. Feed-stuff for laying hens includes wheat, barley, soya extraction cake, fish flour, vegetable oil, corn and premix. It additionally contains crushed unhushed red millet, fodder concentrate of "Sarepta" vegetable raw material, feed yeast, dried feed shells. Corn is represented by crushed yellow, barley - by crushed unhushed barley, wheat - by crushed autumn wheat, vegetable oil - by sunflower oil. All components are taken in a defined ratio. Feedstuff is fed in peak egg-laying in an amount of 118 g per head per day.
EFFECT: invention usage allows to produce a balanced fodder for laying hens, which enables to increase egg laying chickens.
1 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to animal feed industry and can be used for producing high-performance feed. Method of producing feed additive involves dissolving vegetable phospholipids, diacetophenonylselenide, beta-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin C in vegetable oil in two steps and application of obtained solution on carrier. At first stage in vegetable oil is introduced beta-carotene at temperature 90-95 °C, stirred for 30-35 minutes and cooled to temperature of 45-50 °C. At second stage is introduced vegetable phospholipids, diacetophenonylselenide, vitamin E and vitamin C, stirred for 20-25 minutes, cooled to temperature of 20-25 °C. Further, obtained solution is applied on carrier, which is a mixture of chalk and wheat bran preliminarily treated at temperature 100-105 °C during 30-40 minutes and cooled to temperature of 20- 25 °C. Feed additive for laying hens, obtained using said method, consists of diacetophenonylselenide, beta-carotene, vitamin E, vitamin C, vegetable phospholipids, vegetable oil and carrier. Carrier for feed additive used is a mixture of chalk and wheat bran. All components of feed additive are used in a certain ratio.
EFFECT: feeding with obtained feed additive ensures higher productivity of laying hens and higher category of quality of eggs.
2 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: fodder additive is represented by a powder produced from the residue formed during successive treatment of diffusion juice activated by carbon dioxide to pH 7.0-7.5 suspension residue of II saturation in an amount of 5-10% to weight of diffusion juice for 3-5 minutes at temperature 60-65°C and treated with aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide with density 1.18-1.19 g/cm3 in amount of 1.2-1.4% to weight of diffusion juice for 10-15 minutes at temperature 60-65°C. The formed precipitate is separated , dried at temperature of 85-90°C till humidity no more than 8%, cooled to temperature of 20-25°C and ground to particle size of not more than 100 mcm to produce the end product.
EFFECT: fodder additive has improved digestibility of protein, as well as for feeding provides organism with food fibres, mineral substances and proteins.
1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex