Method for preparation of cast hardening backfill mixtures based on fine aggregate

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and can be used in underground development of deposits with stowing of mined space with hardening mixtures based on fine aggregate, for example dressing tailings. Method for preparation of cast hardening backfill mixtures based on fine aggregate includes dosed supply of binder, water and their mixing, mixing binder in form of cement with water and preliminarily dehydrated in hydrocyclones fine aggregates – ore dressing tailings with size of 0.15 mm, after which obtained solution is subjected to homogenisation and activation in a pulse of hydropercussion-cavitation device with pulse frequency 5,000–6,000 im/s with following ratio of said components: ore dressing tailings – 1,039–1,246 kg/m3, cement – 170–400 kg/m3 of mixture, water 500 l.

EFFECT: technical result is faster hardening and increased strength of filling mass due to higher degree of hydration and activation of components of backfill mixtures.

1 cl, 4 tbl

 



 

Same patents:

Cement-free binder // 2542074

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: slag includes acid electrolyte with solution density ρ=1.310 g/cm3, and slag of steel-smelting production is electric steel-smelting slag. The cement-free binder including slag of steel-smelting production, burnt rocks of mine dump and slag produced as a result of neutralisation of spent electrolytes of acid accumulators by lime, contains electric steel-smelting slag as slag of steel-smelting production, and slag contains electrolyte with solution density ρ=1.310 g/cm3 at the following ratio, wt %: burnt rocks 14, steel-smelting slag - electric steel-smelting 78, slag 8.

EFFECT: increased strength.

3 tbl

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: filling mixture compound including a binding agent, an inert filler and water, where the binding agent and the inert filler are made from ore benefication wastes, with a fraction size of not more than 20 mm, one part of which is subject to dry activation by preliminary agitation leaching, separation of a liquid phase, drying and activation in a disintegrator, and the other part is mixed with a leaching solution; the obtained pulp is activated in the disintegrator; the liquid phase is separated; a deposit is dried and a dry mixture of the compound is prepared, wt %: a binding agent - the specified product of dry activation 42, inert filler - the specified deposit 58; after that, water is added in terms of 280-290 l per 1 m3 of dry mixture; rotation speed of a working element of the disintegrator is at least 200 Hz.

EFFECT: achievement of sufficient strength at reduction of content of metals and cost.

1 ex

Stowing composition // 2531408

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: stowing composition comprising portland cement, plastifying agent, fine-grained filler - sand and water, additionally comprises as a binder the milled tailings of wet magnetic separation of ferrous quartzites with an average particle size of 2.071 microns, as a plastifying agent - superplasticiser SP-1, and the sand with an average particle size of 62.26 microns with the following ratio of components, wt %; the said cement - 13.48; the said sand - 56.43; the said wastes - 2.70; superplasticiser SP-1 - 0.138; water - the rest.

EFFECT: decrease in cement consumption, and increase in the strength of the stowing composition, use of sand with a lower fineness modulus.

1 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and may be used in development of thick edge ore bodies with unstable ores, for instance, kimberlite pipes, by the underground method. The method includes division of a deposit into panels and layers with their extraction in stopes in descending order and subsequent filling with hardening mixtures, parameters of layer stoping are increased along height and width to chamber dimensions, and along the length they are divided into sections, besides, chamber stopes and sections in the vertical-longitudinal section are given the shape of the isosceles trapezoid. Then their mining is carried out in stages so that during mining of each subsequent section the level of the haulage horizon is reduced by the height of the sectional haulage mine, for this purpose, initially, in the chamber-stop roof for all of its sections they arrange a common drilling-filling mine, and the sectional haulage mine, for each subsequent section, is mined under the filling massif of the earlier mined section, besides, after complete mining of the previous section its haulage mine in the reverse order is expanded to the width of the previously filled section, at the same time the direction of mining of chambers-stopes on each subsequent underlying layer is changed for the opposite one.

EFFECT: increased intensity of deposit mining in case of unstable ores, due to provision of stability of ore walls of stope entries during the whole period of performance of stoping works and exclusion of breaks in a filling massif, and also improved conditions for ventilation of mines.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and may be used in development of thick steeply-dipping valuable ore bodies by the open-underground method. The method includes development of a pit to design depth with arrangement of the board to the limit position, mining of bottom and near-edge-zone reserves of ore with application of underground mines, transportation of broken ore in underground mines. Development of near-edge-zone reserves of the ore is carried out after extraction of bottom ones with a chamber system of development under protection of a combined rock-filling massif at the side of the pit space, besides, the rock-filling massif is formed as bottom up in layers, alternating filling of the waste rock and filling of the hardening filling mixture of the formed space between the dump and the board of the pit on each layer.

EFFECT: reduced losses and dilution in mining of near-edge-zone reserves of ore from overlying rocks.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and may be used in development of mineral fields with filling of the mined space. The composition of the filling mass includes portland cement, a filler and water, besides, it additionally comprises a surfactant of a superplasticiser SP-1, and the filler is represented by stale wastes of dressing of wet magnetic separation of ferruginous quartzites and converter sludge at the following ratio of components, wt %: portland cement - 8.0; specified sludge - 12.70; specified wastes - 56.64; superplasticiser SP-1 - 0.08; water - balance.

EFFECT: exclusion of natural fillers, increased mobility of filling mass and increased volumes of recycled anthropogenic wastes for considerable improvement of environment in the region.

2 tbl

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry, namely, to undermining of ore bodies with filling of the mined space with hardening mixes. The method to determine extent of undermining of hardening fill under mechanical damage of ore massif includes formation of a hole in the ore massif and fixation of a stiff rod in it for fixed depth, supply of hardening filling mix into the mined space, damage of the ore massif with a part of the contact layer of the hardening fill massif. When mining the ore massif, they damage the rod in the ore massif and in the contact layer of the hardening fill massif, and the extent of undermining of hardening fill is determined according to the difference in the following formula: Δ=L-L1-L2, where Δ - extent of undermining of the hardening fill massif; L - total length of blind cavity, arranged inside the rod; L1 - length of rod deepening in the hole of the ore massif; L2 - length of blind cavity that is left after damage of the ore massif.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to determine extent of undermining of hardening fill massif.

3 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention proposes a preparation method of a porous hardening mixture for stowing of the mined-out underground space, which involves joint crushing and grinding of a mineral filler and a binding agent in a cone-type inertia crusher, mechanical activation of the obtained mixture, addition of water to the mixture and its supply to the stowed space. Besides, mechanical activation of the mixture is performed till water is added to it at the value of crushing force of (4÷8)·105 N. And before the mixture is supplied to the stowed space, foam is added to the stowing mixture.

EFFECT: reduction of a binding agent consumption at sufficient strength of a stowing mixture.

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: method includes tunnelling of a complex of stripping, preparatory and cutting underground mines, ore breaking and delivery, mine pressure maintenance, transportation, lifting of ore to a horizon of a ore-collecting hopper. Stopes are mined with the help of chamber systems with subsequent filling of the mined space. Tunnelling of a row of mines and process chambers is carried out outside the ore massif in foot wall rocks. Two separate mobile grinding modules are installed in process chambers, which are connected to each other by systems of transportation of a solid stowing mix components, including broken rock. The first module of coarse grinding is placed in preparatory or cut mines, and the second one - fine grinding directly above the filled space and combined with a module for mixing of the solid stowing mix, at the same time unloading from the module of fine grinding is carried out via a receiving tray and a well into the filled space. Grinding of rocks in the fine grinding module is provided to the content of - 0.074 class not below 32%.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve efficiency of mining.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: composition of a mixture for filling of mined space includes wastes of enrichment processes, lime, sodium lignosulfonate and water. The specified wastes are current tails of floatation dressing of polymetal ores with moisture of less than 30% at the following content of components, kg/m3: current tails of floatation enrichment of polymetal ores with moisture of less than 30% 1800 - 2010, lime 80 - 120, sodium lignosulfonate 1.2 - 1.5 and water - balance to 1 m3. The method to manufacture the composition of the mixture for filling of the mined space includes drying of current tails of floatation enrichment of polymetal ores to moisture content of less than 30%. Sodium lignosulfonate is previously dissolved in water, and then mixed with dried tails and lime.

EFFECT: simplified and cheaper filling mixture with preserved operating properties.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of heat-insulating material consists in manufacture of products from composite material based on cement, mortar sand and CHP ash and slag wastes at the ratio of cement:sand:ash and slag wastes components equal to 33:22:44, their saturation in a modified sulphur melt; titanium chloride, or iron chloride, or zinc chloride is used in the amount of 0.8-1.2 % of sulphur weight as a modifying agent of the sulphur melt.

EFFECT: improving strength, reducing coefficient of heat conductivity and water saturation of a heat-insulating material.

2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the production of construction materials, namely to a composition for light concrete manufacturing, a method of preparing the composition for light concrete manufacturing and methods of manufacturing light constructive-heat-insulating concrete products. The composition for light concrete manufacturing contains, wt %: Portland cement 45-50, GRES ash microspheres 30-40, reinforcing filler 0.5-11.0, water - the remaining part, with the GRES ash microspheres and reinforcing filler being activated to a cement clinker. The method of preparing the composition for manufacturing light concrete includes the introduction of the reinforcing filler into Portland cement in the form of inorganic disoriented fibres and mixing until a homogeneous mixture is obtained, introduction of the GRES ash microspheres, the surface of which is preliminarily activated to the cement clinker, and the obtained mixture is tempered with water or water with a plasticising additive C3. The method includes the activation of the surface of the GRES ash microspheres by the application of a finishing agent or chemical processing. The method of light concrete manufacturing, obtained by mixing Portland cement, GRES ash microspheres and water consists in the following: the GRES ash microspheres, the surface of which is preliminarily activated to the Portland cement clinker, are preliminarily introduced into Portland cement, the mixture is tempered with water, with the application of the preliminarily activated to Portland cement clinker reinforcing filler in the form of oriented fibres in the formation of light cement, introduction of the oriented fibres is realised layer-by-layer in the process of moulding, which is carried out by layer-by-layer vibrocompacting with the further mixture exposure at 100% humidity. The invention is developed in independent and dependent claims of the invention formula.

EFFECT: obtaining constructive-heat-insulating and constructive-fire-resistant light concrete with an increased strength and with reduced moisture-absorption.

9 cl, 7 ex, 3 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to produce a gypsum cement pozzolan binder includes hydraulic activation of portland cement with surfactants for 1 minute with subsequent addition of gypsum and pozzolan component and repeated hydraulic activation for 2 minutes in a rotor-pulsation device with speed of shaft rotation of at least 5000 rpm, surfactants are a mixture of aqueous solution of carboxylate polyester "Glenium Ace® 430", a controller of setting and hardening times "BEST-TB" and a homogeneous mix of oligoethoxysiloxanes "Ethyl silicate -40" at the ratio of 1:0.17:0.07, he pozzolan component is metakaolin with hydraulic activity of at least 1000 mg/g at the following ratio of components, wt %: calcined gypsum 56.7-57.4, portland cement 14.6-15.4, specified surfactant 1-1.8, metakaolin 2.7-3.3, water - balance.

EFFECT: increased frost resistance, longer times of composition setting, giving it self-compacting property, increased strength, higher water resistance and reduced water absorption.

2 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to manufacture concrete and reinforced concrete products, solid structures and facilities from concrete mix consists in the fact in a mixer for 1.5-3 minutes they mix sand, cement and crushed stone with water and electrolyte. The produced mix is poured into a curb, a cassette or a form, working surfaces of which are electrodes, and the mixture is exposed to electric stabilisation by sending alternating current pulses, the current density of which is in the range of 10-49 A/m2, with duration of 3-7 min with a stop before each change of polarity of the pulse for more than 2 min. At the same time in process of mixture pouring into a curb, cassette or a form the mixture is exposed to vibration, then into the poured mix they install an emitter and a receiver of ultrasound at the fixed distance, for instance, 1 m. Ultrasound pulses, which are recorded in the ultrasound receiver, are generated in the emitter via identical equal time intervals, in the period of each pause before each change of polarity of the current pulse. Duration of the specified fixed distance travelling by each ultrasound pulse is determined, and by results of the measurements they calculate the value α according to the given mathematical expression. At that moment of time, when the value α takes the value below 1, they disconnect the pulse current and perform secondary vibration of the mix poured into the curb, cassette or form for 1-2 minutes. Afterwards the product is maintained for 5-6 hours until structural strength is achieved.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and improved characteristics of manufactured products.

1 tbl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method of concrete mix preparation consists in preliminary mixing of 50% of rated amount of cement with tempering water containing superplasticiser - Relamix PK, and mechanical and chemical activation in a rotor-pulsation device with the number of rotations of the working organ of 5000 rpm for 2 min, with subsequent mixing of the remaining part of the cement and fillers.

EFFECT: increased strength, frost resistance and water impermeability.

2 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and processing (deactivation) of drilling wastes together with secondary wastes of thermal utilisation of oil slurries with ash and slag mixtures so that road-building composite materials are obtained. The task at which this invention is aimed is to create a processing method of drilling wastes on the territory of a cluster site. The processing method of drilling sludge on the territory of the cluster site involves arrangement at the site of components of the mixture and a processing capacity, placement of drilling sludge into the capacity, addition to the sludge of components and mixing of the mixture with an excavator so that road-building composite material is obtained; with that, the processing capacity is installed into soil so that its upper edge is elevated above relief to the height of not more than 0.5 m.

EFFECT: reduction of costs for transportation of wastes to the nearest sludge pit, a possibility of processing of drilling wastes immediately after their formation, a possibility of using secondary materials obtained as a result of processing at the site.

6 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to prepare concrete mix consists in the fact that previously 50% of the rated amount of cement is mixed with tempering water, containing superplasticiser of the condensation product on the basis of sodium salt of naphthalenesulphonic acid and formaldehyde - RELAMIX T2 and hardening accelerator - sodium sulphate, exposed to mechanical and chemical activation in a rotor-pulsation device for 2 minutes with subsequent mixing of the remaining part of cement and fillers.

EFFECT: increased strength, mobility of concrete mix, frost resistance and water impermeability.

2 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining of gypsum cement-puzzolan mix includes hydroactivation of portland cement with surfactants for 1 min. with the subsequent adding of gypsum and puzzolan component and repeated hydroactivation within 2 min., in the rotor and pulsation device with a shaft speed of rotation no less than 5000 rpm, the surfactant is a mix of polymeric polycarboxylated ether "Glenium® 115", the setting and cuing time regulator "BEST-TB" and the organic silicon compound "N-octyl sulfosuccinate" in the ratio 1:0.3:0.07, the puzzolan component is a metakaolin with the hydraulic activity no less than 1000 mg/g, at the following ratio of components, by weight %: semi-water gypsum 55.8-56.5, portland cement 14.3-15.4, the named surface-active substance 1.1-1.9, metakaolin 2.5-3.3, water - the rest.

EFFECT: increase of frost resistance, increase of time of mix curing, getting self-sealing ability, increase of flexural and compression strength, increase of water resistance and decrease of water absorption.

2 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to produce a gypsum cement pozzolan binder includes hydraulic activation of portland cement with surfactants for 1 minute with subsequent addition of gypsum and pozzolan component and repeated hydraulic activation for 2 minutes in a rotor-pulsation device with speed of shaft rotation of at least 5000 rpm, surfactants are a mixture of carboxylate polyester "Odolit-K", a controller of setting and hardening times "BEST-TB" and water emulsion of octyltriethoxysilane "Penta®-818" at the ratio of 1:0.23:0.07, the pozzolan component is metakaolin with hydraulic activity of at least 1000 mg/g at the following ratio of components, wt %: calcined gypsum 57-57.7, portland cement 14.9-15.3, specified surfactant 1.3-1.8, metakaolin 2.7-3.3, water - balance.

EFFECT: increased frost resistance, longer times of mixture setting, giving it self-compacting property, increased strength, higher water resistance and reduced water absorption.

2 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to prepare concrete mix includes double-stage mixing of a binder, fillers, a superplasticiser and tempering water, at the first stage they first mix the binder, fine filler, 70-80% of coarse filler and 75-85% of tempering water to produce a homogeneous mix, then at the second stage to the previously mixed mixtyre they add the remaining part of the coarse filler, superplasticiser with remaining part of the tempering water, and finally all components are mixed to produce a homogeneous concrete mix of required workability. The superplasticiser is additive of Cemaktiv SU-1.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of superplasticiser and provision of the possibility to reduce duration of heat and moisture treatment of concrete.

2 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wood concrete mixture contains cement, wood filler, water and suspension of cellulose fibres in the form of paper waste in water, which is treated in a vibration cavitation homogeniser with a rotating working element - rotor with a perforated surface and a fixed working element - stator; at circumferential rotation speed of the rotor of at least 20 m/s. Treatment in the vibration cavitation homogeniser is performed during 5-15 minutes till homogenous mass is obtained at the following component ratio, wt %: cement 15-45, suspension of paper waste 3-11, saw dust 1-10, and water is the rest.

EFFECT: improving flowability and laying ability of wood concrete mixture due to plasticising action of cellulose fibres used as one of the ingredients; simplifying a manufacturing method of finished products.

2 cl, 1 tbl

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