Erection method of structural elements of the building/construction of monolithic reinforced concrete (versions)

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to construction and can be used at erection of multi-storey monolithic buildings/structures. Substance of the inventions consists in the fact that opened cavities are formed in the upper end of the underlying tier of vertical structures by means of shuttering elements mainly in the form of a truncated cone and/or a pyramid, the larger base of which is directed upwards. Erection of said structural elements is performed by filling formed cavities with concrete.

EFFECT: technical result is upgraded buildings/structures resistance to horizontal loads and shear forces.

6 cl, 4 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction and may be used in erection of light cast in place and precast slabs of low-rise buildings and structures. The slab comprises perforated support beams made of C-shaped or Σ-shaped profile, and a solid concrete filling between them. Perforation is made in the form of extended holes, the large axis of which is located on one line stretching along the wall of the support beam. According to the first version, on upper bends of the profile there are slots for concrete filling, and according to the second version of the upper part between the wall, the shelf and the bend there is a wooden bar. There are methods proposed to erect slabs and a forming element.

EFFECT: technical result consists in reduced material intensity of a structure and reduced time for assembly and disassembly of forms.

25 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the technical field of designing buildings, structures and construction equipment. An element (10, 10'), having a shape of a half shell, is designed to manufacture a hollow structural element (110) jointly with an identical additional element (10, 10'), having a shape of a half shell, is made with at least one guide (20…20'''). The guide (20…20''') is designed for an additional element (10, 10') and is formed in the zone of the first half (11) of the periphery of its covering edge (12), so that the additional element (10, 10') is put on the element (10, 10') from the second half (11') of the edge periphery (12), located opposite to this first half (11) of the periphery, with the possibility of direction at the edge (12) and retention in the end position. Besides, the element (10, 10') additionally comprises a fixing hooked element (30) and a fixing surface (31), designed for contact interaction with a complementary fixing surface (31) and a complementary fixing hooked element (30) of the additional element (10, 10'), which are located accordingly opposite to each other approximately in the middle of the first and second halves (11, 11') of the periphery of the covering edge (12). At the same time fixing grooves (40, 40'), designed to grip the edge zone of the additional element (10, 10'), having the shape of a half shell, are formed at both sides of the fixing surface (31) on the covering edge (12). Besides, an accessory is proposed to make the elements (10, 10'), as well as the method of manufacturing, the method of connection and application of the element (10, 10').

EFFECT: improved reliability and simplified manufacturing o an element (10, 10').

22 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: design of a building slab has a concrete base with cavities and with metal reinforcement distributed along the bearing area of the board. Cavities are made at the side of the slab surface that is exposed to tensile stress. Cavities are distributed in longitudinal and transverse rows along the slab surface. Cavities are arranged in the form of quadrangular truncated pyramids with bases arranged in the outer plane of the slab. Pyramids are arranged with a pitch equal to A+(0.5-1.5)B, where A and B are dimensions of the lower and upper sides of the pyramid accordingly. Mutually perpendicularly crossed reinforcement is made in two levels - upper and lower ones. The upper level is made with crossings of reinforcement rods that lie above the tops of pyramidal cavities. The lower level is made with crossings of reinforcement rods that lie on crossings of planes that pass through pyramid ribs. Reinforcement of upper and lower level has a power bracing with S-shaped brackets in area of their mutual crossing. Also a method is disclosed to manufacture a building slab.

EFFECT: increased loading capacity and simplified technology of slab manufacturing.

3 cl, 2 dwg

Round floor slab // 2412312

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: round floor slab comprises grid of ribs and upper layer. Grid of ribs rests against perimetre columns and stiffening core of building round in plan. Slab is arranged as monolithic with reinforcement frame from longitudinal and transverse reinforcement. Grid is formed with crossing curvilinear ribs. Ribs adjoin stiffening core along tangent and tie diametrically arranged columns. In columns the ribs are joined and arranged in plan as having lenticular contour, to form a compacted area near stiffening core. Upper monolithic layer of slab is equipped with reinforcement grid. Ribs are equipped with longitudinal upper and lower reinforcement rods. Upper reinforcement rods of ribs are connected to reinforcement grid. In units of ribs crossing there are transverse frames that connect upper and lower longitudinal reinforcement.

EFFECT: reduced material intensity and higher rigidity in case of bending and twisting loads by rational distribution of material.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to reinforced concrete slab. Reinforced concrete slab comprises shell with camber facing slab top and contour ribs solidly joined to it. Shell is arranged as ribbed on both sides, and contour ribs are arranged along the whole perimetre of slab. Shell is equipped with longitudinal and transverse ribs arranged along slab height and forming upper and lower surfaces of slab with cellular shape. Upper surface of slab is formed by grooves stretched in transverse direction and symmetrically arranged relative to axes. Grooves are formed by transverse ribs arranged on outer surface of shell. Lower surface of slab is equipped with grooves in longitudinal and transverse directions. Grooves are formed by longitudinal and transverse ribs arranged on inner surface of shell.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of concrete and reinforcement, reduced labour expenses in manufacturing of floor slab and increased bearing capacity in crossbar-free assembly.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for slab installation includes erection of support columns onto previously prepared foundations. Parallel ropes are stretched between columns along external contour below slab level. Sheet flooring is fixed on ropes. Flooring is used to mount sagging rods of lower slab plate and rods of upper slab plate with upward curve. Braces are attached between rods of upper and lower plates. Support contour is reinforced and concreted. Ropes are tensioned, and flooring is fixed to them bias between columns. Diagonal slab reinforcement is mounted. Concentric reinforcement is suspended with arrangement of solid suspended flooring. Brace grid is installed into middle strip of slab. Upper slab plate is reinforced and concreted. Lower slab plate is reinforced and concreted. Columns are concreted, and ropes with flooring are dismantled.

EFFECT: possibility to install slab in areas, where it is impossible or difficult to work on platform under slab.

5 cl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structure of precast floor includes inserts 4, armature frames 3, upper 2 and lower 1 grids. Between grids there are rows of frame 3 installed, which alternate with inserts 4. Inserts 4 are made of cellular polystyrene. Space between inserts 4 is filled with concrete 5. Lower grid 1 is installed onto rectangular angular metal grids 6 additionally installed along walls perimetre, which serve as anchors.

EFFECT: reduced prime cost and weight, simplified design and method of erection, increased bearing capacity, heat and sound insulation, increased rigidity, durability and strength.

9 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: flooring consists of girders 3, beams 4, top 5 and bottom 6 slabs and includes hollows 9 formed between the said slabs. Top 5 slabs are embedded into girders 3 and beams 4. Bottom slabs 6 are suspended to top slabs 5 and rest on side edges of girders 3 and beams 4 framing bottom slabs 6.

EFFECT: reduction of concrete and reinforcement consumption, reduction of construction period and significant increase of aisles in building frame.

4 cl, 20 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly to erect buildings and building structures having cast-in-place floor panels and coverings.

SUBSTANCE: method involves imparting convex shape to floor panel during concreting thereof by means of special form usage, wherein the form has shell-like working surface with designed rise defined by two values, namely by designed rise constituent determined from concrete shrinking deformation compensation conditions and by rise constituent, which is intended to compensate force-caused displacements in floor panel.

EFFECT: increased reliability and strength of floor structures due to shrinking deformation and displacement compensation.

3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly to erect reinforced concrete buildings and structures.

SUBSTANCE: method of reinforcement rope tightening along with prestressing floor structure in two transversal planes involves connecting floor panels with columns by compressing the panels through the columns; tightening the ropes in one operation through bendable pins, which are inserted in holes before rope tightening. The holes are made in edge girders and floor panels. Bendable pins are secured in the holes without concreting thereof and with the use of rigid clamps, which prevent pin rotation. The clamps press the bendable pins to upper hole parts with force equivalent to 50:300 kg.

EFFECT: reduced time of building erection.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the construction of walls of buildings or constructions. Construction method of the wall with two substantially parallel and vertical concrete walls between which there is at least one insulating plate, besides the walls are constructed simultaneously or substantially simultaneously by concrete casting on site between the insulating board and two parallel inner and outer formworks, located on both sides of the insulating board, at which the insulating board is held between two formworks prior to concrete casting using positioning systems, crossing the insulating board and thrusting against the inner surfaces of formworks, and the mentioned formworks are held in their position by means of the mounting devices. Besides positioning systems are installed on each insulating board prior to its positioning, each of which comprises at least one catch adjusted by the rotation angle spaced apart from the free end of the positioning system. The inner reinforcing cage is installed on side of the inner surface of inner formwork. Each insulating board is mounted with passage of positioning systems through the inner reinforcing cage, besides these systems, if necessary, are pivoted for passage of catches and their connection with the internal reinforcing cage. Tubular strut is installed for each mounting device prior to positioning the outer formwork, which intersects the insulating board and after positioning the outer formwork tightly thrusts against the inner surfaces of formworks, besides the tie passes through each tubular strut, projecting outwardly beyond the formworks for receiving the tightening unit on each end. Device for implementing this method is also described.

EFFECT: providing retaining in the required position of insulating plate during concrete casting, increasing the mechanical resistance of the construction.

15 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for erection of ecologically clean energy saving buildings and constructions is that the rows of remaining formworks are manufactured and sealed from the formwork building tiles with fastening of "dovetail" type, the remaining formworks are filled with concrete of high strength, concrete is coated from above with layer, having strength lower than the strength of the concrete filler, besides mini batteries of exterior tiles of the coating are manufactured, for this purpose the tiles of outer coating are melted of crushed glass produced during the mechanical sorting of household wastes, in the form of boxes with two holes for lead out of positive and negative wires of solar mini battery of the outer coating tile, elastic contact elements for implementation of lead outs of positive and negative wires of solar mini battery of outer coating tile are manufactured, photo elements to create the solar mini-battery of the coating tile are assembled on stand and connected electrically by overall dimensions of the outer tile of the coating. Prior to filling each row of the remaining formworks with concrete into the holes for installation of contact elements at the top of grooves of their fastenings of "dovetail" type, the specified contact elements are installed so that when introducing the fastening projection of "dovetail" type of solar mini battery of the outer coating tile in the mentioned groove, the elastic contacts of the last mentioned will touch the corresponding fixed contacts of the outer tiles of the remaining formwork, contact elements of all exterior tiles of the remaining formwork are connected row by row prior to pouring concrete by tensile-stressed electrical connectors with formation finally of solar battery of the entire building or construction, which is attached to the controller and to the storage battery, if it is required to supply power to electrical receivers with voltage of 220 volts, power supply system is coupled through the inverter.

EFFECT: increase of energy efficiency due to the use of solar energy.

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: mini-cells are made for coating outer tiles. Glass scrap resulted from sorting out of domestic wastes is used to mould said tiles shaped to boxes with two openings as lead-outs of solar mini-cell plus and minus conductors. Photo-cells are assembled and electrically connected to comply with outer tile contour at the bench so that mini-cell is produced. Photo-cells assembly is placed in said box with its face side directed upward. Said solar cell is sealed by hardening substances that renders translucent after hardening. Elastic connectors after assembly of every line ahead of aerocrete are interconnected to make the solar battery for the building or structure. Said battery is connected to controller or storage battery of the building or structure Power supply system to supply 220 V to electrical receivers is connected via the inverter.

EFFECT: better power supply with the help of solar cells.

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: external multi-layer solid wall of a multi-storey building comprises solid concrete layers, a heat insulation layer with air holes and separated with a flat joint, links connecting concrete layers arranged in holes. Holes for arrangement of links are made in the form of vertical air channels. Links are arranged in pairs at the distance from each other, equal to thickness of the vertical air channels, and each of links comprises at least four serially connected elements. Spatial placement of appropriate elements in each of paired links is accordingly made in the form of a narrowing and an expanding figure. On the inner surface of the heat insulation layer at the side of the air hole there are curvilinear grooves, besides, on one part of the insulation layer separated with a flat joint, the tangent of the curvilinear grooves is directed clockwise, and on the second part of the heat insulation layer the tangent of curvilinear grooves has counterclockwise direction.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely to processes of erection of vertical structures from monolithic reinforced concrete. The method includes arrangement of working joints of a pillar and walls, installation of spatial reinforcement frames, encasing, concreting and striking. In process of pillar reinforcement frame installation, brackets are fixed on its yokes, on the legs of which they place tightly fitting anti-adhesive tubes to concrete, and after striking of the concreted pillar the legs of brackets are bent into design position, released from anti-adhesion tubes and connected to reinforcement frames of walls. At the same time brackets are made with length of at least the distance between outer sides of opposite yokes and not more than the size of the pillar cross section, to which the connected wall adjoins. Brackets are made rectangular, and legs of brackets are made with length of at least twenty diameters of a bar, from which they are made.

EFFECT: increased manufacturability of connection of pillars and walls of frames from monolithic reinforced concrete with provision of strength balance of a connection along entire coupling height.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect external building walls includes installation of multi-layer construction blocks from haydite concrete onto a foundation along the perimeter. Blocks are installed horizontally or vertically onto construction masonry mortar in the form of pillars and are balanced along the vertical line, after gaining sufficient strength of construction mortar to multi-layer construction blocks with the help of self drilling screws at external and internal side they attach a detachable or non-detachable formwork in the form of shields or tile faсade elements, then they build in the formwork cavity with capsulated haydite concrete, they tie the multi-layer units with the embedded part of the wall by means of reinforcement coil meshes, installed in horizontal joints between construction blocks, at the same time construction blocks are adhered to the solid part of the wall due to available grooves on adjacent surfaces.

EFFECT: simplified technology of erection of external walls of a building, reduction of its prime cost due to minimum material consumption.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: formwork block for manufacturing of multi-layer solid structures comprises embedded boards and links, transverse reinforcement, and also formwork shields, with edges made as capable of joining with other formwork shields, in which the specified shields are placed in the space between the specified shields and are connected with them (shields) by means of specified links as capable of non-breaking separation of specified shields from the specified links after pouring of fluid material into the specified space and its (material) hardening.

EFFECT: increased strength of a structure.

15 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of monolithic construction of industrial and civil objects erected from the proposed hollow blocks comprising a single universal reinforcement base. The hollow construction block comprises outer and inner walls connected by links, and reinforcement elements, at the same time the walls are made from construction material, and the hollow block is made as capable of formation of the construction object by means of placement of multiple hollow blocks, external peripheral surfaces of outer and inner walls of which are in contact with similar surfaces of adjacent blocks. Reinforcement elements are placed inside the outer and inner walls and form the first frame in every of them, and links are made of reinforcement elements that fix the first frames of the outer and inner walls and in combination with reinforcement elements of the first frames that form the spatial reinforcement frame of the block, having reinforcement fixators, made as capable of connection of spatial reinforcement frames of adjacent blocks to form a single reinforced structure of the construction object, having a single cavity for simultaneous filling with construction material.

EFFECT: possibility to create proposed blocks of different spatial shape, which provides for the possibility to create construction objects of different shape, having a monolithic homogeneous strong and stiff structure, with increased speed of object construction and improvement of its aseismic stability.

30 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: in the method for concreting structures with application of a non-detachable reinforced concrete and (or) reinforced cement formwork, including treatment of the active surface of the formwork with application of vertical chases and laying with vibration of a concrete mix into the formwork, prior to laying of the concrete mix into a non-detachable reinforced concrete and (or) reinforced cement formwork, the concrete mix is exposed to preliminary electric heating with alternating current to temperatures exceeding by 25-45° the formwork active surface temperature, besides, treatment of the formwork active surface is carried out with a water jet of high pressure 8-16 atm. in 4-8 hours after formwork moulding, at the same time application of additional inclined chases onto the active surface of the formwork is carried out at the angle of 45±15° relative to vertical chases, and vertical and inclined chases are applied by means of mechanical cutting.

EFFECT: higher strength characteristics of a joint between old and new concretes, increased durability of a structure and intensification of concrete works.

1 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: external multilayer cast-in-place wall of a multistory building comprises cast-in-place concrete layers, a heat insulation layer with air holes and separated with a flat slot, connecting concrete layers of connection arranged in holes, besides, holes for arrangement of connections are arranged in the form of vertical air channels, at the same time connections are arranged in pairs at the distance from each other equal to the thickness of the vertical air channel, and each connection comprises at least four serially connected elements, besides, spatial arrangement of appropriate elements in each of pairwise arranged connections is accordingly made in the form of a narrowing and expanding figure. On the inner surface of the heat insulation layer at the side of the air hole there are curvilinear grooves, besides, on one part of the insulation layer separated with the flat slot, the tangent of curvilinear grooves have direction along with the motion of an hour hand, and on the second part of the heat insulation layer the tangent of curvilinear grooves has a direction opposite to the travel of the hour hand.

EFFECT: maintenance of normalised heat insulation parameters of external multilayer cast-in-place wall under changing weather-climate conditions of operation, especially under negative temperatures of ambient air, higher efficiency of operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely to processes of erection of vertical structures from monolithic reinforced concrete. The method includes arrangement of working joints of a pillar and walls, installation of spatial reinforcement frames, encasing, concreting and striking. In process of pillar reinforcement frame installation, brackets are fixed on its yokes, on the legs of which they place tightly fitting anti-adhesive tubes to concrete, and after striking of the concreted pillar the legs of brackets are bent into design position, released from anti-adhesion tubes and connected to reinforcement frames of walls. At the same time brackets are made with length of at least the distance between outer sides of opposite yokes and not more than the size of the pillar cross section, to which the connected wall adjoins. Brackets are made rectangular, and legs of brackets are made with length of at least twenty diameters of a bar, from which they are made.

EFFECT: increased manufacturability of connection of pillars and walls of frames from monolithic reinforced concrete with provision of strength balance of a connection along entire coupling height.

4 cl, 5 dwg

Up!