Method for development of non-homogeneous oil deposit

FIELD: oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil industry and can be used in development of inhomogeneous oil deposit. Method for development of inhomogeneous oil deposit comprises selecting zones of high and average permeability. Injection wells are arranged on one side, and production wells at other side of medium permeability zone. Well pattern is sealed by drilling an additional production well in middle of medium permeability zone. Additional production well is operated until formation pressure in zone of medium permeability falls by 30 % below saturation pressure. Additional production well is stopped upon achieving formation pressure 10 % below saturation pressure. Production wells are stopped in zone of high permeability and recovery of formation pressure in zone of medium permeability to level of high-permeability zone is expected. All production wells are started and operated until formation pressure in zone of medium permeability is 30 % below saturation pressure. After that, production wells are stopped followed by waiting for recovery of formation pressure in zone of medium permeability to level of high-permeability zone. Producing wells in zone of high permeability are then started for a time of reduction of formation pressure in zone of medium permeability below value of formation pressure up to 50 %. Additional production well is converted to injection well. Well in zone of medium permeability is operated as injection well, and wells in zone of high permeability are operated as production wells.

EFFECT: technical result – increase of the deposit oil recovery factor.

1 cl, 2 ex, 1 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: according to the method a pool zone is selected with hydrodynamically related wells. Product is withdrawn from producers with production rate analysis. Displacement agent is injected to injectors, at that contour lines of wells mutual influence are defined and production rates of producers are corrected. Analysis of production rate for producers and displacement agent injection to injectors is based on detected interconnections of injectors with the respective producers against their total production rate. Real operation data is considered for the selected zones using historic data within the period from 1 up to 20 years with increment size of 1-3 months and current data for the time of optimization operations performance. By production rate control in the producers the volume of injection to the injectors is changed and redistributed considering impact of the respective producers and injectors. Total volume of injection is changed not more than per 10%. Cycles of withdrawal and pressure recovery at producers are regulated including time of cyclic forced product withdrawal during 2-3 months from producers with maintained or slightly increased water cut with further pressure recovery for these wells. At that remaining reserves are depleted using current stock of wells with increase in total production rate and decrease in total water production. Flows of fluid motion are redistributed till remaining oil reserves are depleted.

EFFECT: increasing oil recovery factor due to optimized operation modes for injectors and product withdrawal from producers.

4 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: in the method for development of dome oil formation at last operational stage extraction of the product is made through producers and working fluid is injected through injectors. Local area of the deposit is selected according to difference of hypsometric depths between the producer and injector per 3 m and more. In the producer standard downhole pumping equipment is replaced by downhole pumping equipment operable on round-the-clock basis. When change in water cut per 10-15% is detected volume of extracted product is limited due to change in operation time of round-the-clock downhole pumping equipment. At that at the injector area injection is limited or the well is shut in completely. Periodic measurements are made for water cut changes in operation mode of the producer. When water cut is reduced operation is continued in elastic drive without start-up of the influencing injector. Periodic measurements of water cut and bottomhole pressure are repeated for the producer. When bottomhole pressure is reduced per 5% and more in regard to the initial measured value the injector operation is started and change in the main parameters of water cut and bottomhole pressure is controlled in the producers.

EFFECT: higher oil recovery of the deposit.

1 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: during development of multilayer oil deposit working fluid is injected through injectors with common well screen. Extraction of the reservoir product through producers is also performed with common well screen. The upper layer is developed in the mode of injection to withdrawal ratio by injection of working fluid at discharge pressure according to injectivity of the stratum. A pit is arranged close to the injector and working fluid is pumped through this pit to the injector with increased injection pressure sufficient for entry of working fluid both to the upper and lower strata. Producers are operated in the mode of permanent bottomhole pressure. Upon reaction of the producers to increased pressure of working fluid injection the development is continued in the mode of injection to withdrawal ratio by injection of working fluid. Injection to withdrawal ration is redistributed for two strata simultaneously from producers with high water cut and high bottomhole pressure to producers with low water cut and low bottomhole pressure. For this purpose at producers with increasing water cut operation time of pumping equipment is reduced at permanent bottomhole pressure. At producers with low water cut operation time of pumping equipment is increased at permanent bottomhole pressure.

EFFECT: improving oil recovery of the deposit.

1 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: according to the method geophysical survey of exploratory wells is performed by crossed dipole shear sonic imager. Oriented core is selected with further determination of directions of natural fracturing. Regional directions in maximum stress of oil-saturated rock are defined. According to findings injectors are placed along the regional directions in maximum stress. Producers are placed in between injectors thus forming developing method. Part of injectors occurred in fault zones and closer than 200m is introduced into operation as producers with their further transfer to injectors. When watering is higher than break even point and when it is required to maintain reservoir pressure at the deposit producers are transferred to injectors. Transfer of wells is made so that they form rows of injectors step by step along regional directions in maximum stress of oil-saturated rock and provide even oil displacement.

EFFECT: increased reservoir recovery due to more efficient and sound placement of well pattern within the area of oil deposit considering tectonic and geomechanic conditions of pay rocks occurring.

3 cl, 3 tbl, 8 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of oil industry and can be used for enhanced oil recovery of the reservoir in the development of water-flooded reservoirs with viscous oil and bitumen at a late stage of development. The method comprises opening the reservoir with the ability to transfer the production well into the injection one, the reservoir processing, keeping the hole without any influence, intake of oil from the reservoir. At that a system of microwave electromagnetic generators with radiation frequency of 2.5 GHz is lowered into the injection well, connected to the slot antenna using the feeder. The length of the slot antenna is selected equal to the thickness of the aquifer of the reservoir. In the mode of injection, the water injection into the reservoir is carried out with simultaneous influence on the reservoir with microwave electromagnetic field, the radiation power is determined by the time of heating of the water injected in the downhole to the desired temperature. When filling 5-10% of the volume of the pore space of the formation, the well is maintained, the well is transferred into the production well, and the liquid intake from the production well is carried out.

EFFECT: increase of the effectiveness and economical efficiency of development of water-flooded reservoirs of high-viscosity oil, intensification of oil production in water-flooded reservoirs of high-viscosity oil by increasing the coverage with influence to the reservoir with heating in the bottomhole area of the reservoir of the production wells.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: under this method the field is drilled according to row system with triangle grid of wells. Work agent is injected in the injection wells. Oil production is performed from production wells. At initial stage of the field development the production reservoir is presented by two horizons, if divided by central separating row of injecting wells with spacing between wells at least 300 m. Central separating row is arranged along line of maximum pay structure, the injection wells in it are made with opening by common filter of the both horizons. The closest first row of the production wells is drilled at distanced from the central row at least 500 m. Other areas of the reservoir are drilled with spacing between wells 300-400 m. After injection of the central row of the injection wells to 0.4-0.7 unit fractions of the pore volume to nearest rows of the production wells at least 90% wells of the central row are shutdown. After oil withdrawal at the entire field to 90% of initial oil productive capacity between the central separating row of the injection wells and nearest row of the production wells the sealing row of the production wells is drilled. Wells of the central row are switched to production at top horizon. During watering of the production wells of the first row to 98% they are switched to water injection.

EFFECT: increased oil recovery factor of the field.

2 ex, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: under method the first device is installed in the horizontal well. Firth fluid is injected in the first horizontal well via the first device. HCs production is ensured from the second horizontal well under the first well. Second fluid is injected to the third well shifted to side from the first and second wells to displace fluids in the reservoir to the second well. At that HC production from the second well is continued. Hydraulic connection is ensured between the first, the second and the third wells. Pressure in the first well is increased using the second fluid injected to the third well. First well is closed when its pressure is increased by the second fluid to pressure sufficient to displace HCs from the second well during HCs production.

EFFECT: increased method efficiency.

29 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves construction of horizontal producers covering the field, and horizontal injectors. Displacement agent is injected through injectors, and products are swept by producers. Horizontal production wells are arranged parallel to each other. Horizontal injector is positioned between horizontal sections parallel to them. Injection starts from bottomhole. When intake capacity of reservoirs is decreased at the bottomhole of horizontal injector to minimum profitable level, non-operating section of horizontal shaft is isolated in series in direction from the bottomhole to the beginning of horizontal injector wellbore. Horizontal producers are drilled in permeable interlayer at 3-6 m distance below the reservoir bottom and at least at 10 m distance above oil-water interface. Horizontal injector is equally spaced from horizontal sections of producers by a design pattern distance. Displacement agent is injected with reservoir pressure rise by 10-20% compared to recovery zone. After time period sufficient to recover and stabilise frontal zone of liquid injected to the reservoir, operation may return to previous intervals. Horizontal sections of producers are broached in two intervals at a distance preventing hydrodynamic connection of the wells. Products are recovered in turns. Production intervals are switched when products reach minimum profitable water cut level.

EFFECT: increased oil recovery due to stabilisation of frontal zone of liquid injected to reservoir, extended application scope of horizontal wells in various field development conditions.

6 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the oil-producing industry, in particular to oil field development with flooding. According to the method the displacement agent is injected and oil is withdrawn through the system of injection and production wells. The flooding mode is changed during the development. The displacement agent is injected into the injection well in intensive mode. Using the surface measuring instruments that are a part of an automated process control system the change of extracted oil volume growth depending on the displacement agent injection volume growth until the moment of fast drop of the extracted oil volume is monitored in real time. Then the displacement agent injection volume after which the named drop occurred is recorded. Further injection into the injection well is performed in the volume below this pre-set value.

EFFECT: decrease of labour input of control of oil field flooding process during injection of the displacement agent into injection wells.

1 ex, 6 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method provides for use of the production wells. One or several wells are equipped with pump unit with possibility of discharge change. For each production well the deposit or deposits used for production are known. At wellhead of each production well the produced crude oil and oil gas are measured, as well as crude oil watercut is determined. The product wells product is delivered to the gathering header of the wells cluster. The cluster contains one or more injection wells. For each injection well the deposit or deposits used for injection are known. Injectability of the injected water and required injection pressure are determined. Compatibility of the injected water and produced water is studied. Injection is performed upon compatibility of the injected and produced waters. Coordinates of all production and injection wells of the cluster using the same deposits are determined. For each production well time of the produced product lifting is determined from suction of the pump unit to wellhead at maximum discharge. Volume of produced crude oil and oil gas is measured with interval not exceeding half of measured time of fluid lifting for the given well. At wellhead of each well the injected water pressure and its volume are measured. Injected water volume and wellhead pressure are measured with interval not exceeding half of measured time of water supply to the wellhead of each injection well before parker. For each injection well the curve of injected water pressure and volume vs. time is plotted. For each production well using the plotted volume of produced crude oil and oil gas vs. time the relationship with the injected water volume and wellhead pressure is determined, as well as distances to each injection well ensuring injection to the same deposit. For the production wells equipped with pump units with possibility of discharge change such relationships are determined at different discharge. The wells cluster is controlled based on the obtained relationships for all production wells. At that the treated water supply system for injection is made with possibility to change water volume and wellhead pressure for one or more injection wells.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of clusters well control.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas production.

SUBSTANCE: groups of high intake- and low intake-capacity injecting wells are chosen in a single hydrodynamic system and, for each well, oil reservoir properties and permissible degree of pollution of fluid received by high intake-capacity wells are determined. When fluid from low-permeable oil reservoir flows off through high intake-capacity wells, this fluid is cleaned to permissible degree of pollution.

EFFECT: reduced losses in intake capacity of formations and increased time between treatments of wells.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes construction of wells and oil and gas collection system, forcing water from water-bearing level into oil deposits, flow of oil from oil deposits into secondary deposit and following extraction of oil from secondary deposit for useful implementation. Resources of deposit are separated on basis of natural energy characteristic on screened and having rigid water-forcing mode. Deposit is operated by three well types. Of the latter flow wells connect oil deposits to secondary deposit for flowing and collection of oil in upper bed under effect from gravitation. Balancing wells connect screened deposits and secondary deposit to water-forcing level for balancing of bed pressures and preventing loss of rocks stability. Extraction wells connect secondary deposit to oil and gas collection system. Selection of bed for secondary deposit is performed from number of highly penetrable beds, having maximally allowed excess over oil deposits.

EFFECT: higher oil yield, higher effectiveness.

5 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: oil extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes drilling of deposit according to row-wise non-even grid of wells with distance from force to extractive rows, greater than distance between extractive rows, pumping of displacing gent into force wells, extraction of product from product wells and transferring of displacing agent pumping front to extraction area. According to invention, transferring of displacing agent pumping front to extraction area is performed by drilling side horizontal shafts in all wells of force row and directed towards extractive row by beds ad zones with most remainder oil saturation level. Then among these wells are singled out, horizontal shafts of which pass along beds and areas with lesser oil saturation level. Pumping of displacing agent is restarted, and other wells are transferred to product category. These wells are operated with face pressures lower than saturation pressure until reaching 98% water saturation level. After that pumping of displacing agent is restarted along all other wells of force row. During that, rows of extractive wells are operated in normal mode.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 ex

FIELD: oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: according to first variant of method, force and product wells are drilled, working agent is fed through force wells, oil is extracted through product wells, dome-like raised portions are marked out, which surpass absolute marks of bed, additional wells are positioned in these portions. Wells placement is planned at tops of dome-like raised portions even with breach of evenness of planned well mesh. After full drilling of wells mesh and in case of more accurate definition according to data of drilled wells of deposit of dome-like portions side shafts are drilled from adjacent wells towards more precisely defined tops of dome-like portions, controlling the deposit. In adjacent wells and side shafts, positioned on tops of dome-like raised portions , range of productive bed is opened between absolute mark of ceiling in this well and absolute mark, appropriate for ceiling in closest well. According to second variant of method practically analogical operations are realized as in first variant, except when absolute mark of ceiling of productive bed according to adjacent wells is lower than mark of sole of productive bed, whole bed is opened in side shafts.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil reservoir development, particularly for developing water-flooded ones.

SUBSTANCE: method involves withdrawing oil through production wells and ejecting working substance through ejection wells. To prevent water ingress from well bore into oil-saturated formation area formation is perforated in water-oil interface zone so that lower part of oil-saturation formation interval and upper part of water-flooded formation interval are penetrated. This provides oil relative permeability retention in oil-saturated formation area. To prevent formation mudding during initial perforation thereof drilling is performed in depression, balance and repression modes with pressure of not more than 3 MPa. As far as oil is depleted perforation interval is extended towards oil-saturated formation area.

EFFECT: possibility to retain oil relative permeability of oil-saturated formation area.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil field development, particularly for ones with nonuniform reservoirs.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling injection and production wells; flooding oil reservoir and extracting oil out of well; defining more exactly geologic aspects on the base of drilling results; designing and drilling additional wells with horizontal bores or drilling horizontal bores from existent wells; determining location of reservoir drive zone boundaries; calculating volume of dead oil located near drive zones; drilling horizontal bores from existent wells located near drive zones and/or new wells with horizontal bores located in above zone, wherein horizontal bores are drilled in direction perpendicular to drive zone boundaries.

EFFECT: improved oil recovery.

2 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes drilling vertical product and force wells, extracting oil from product wells, forcing working agent through force wells, making side horizontal shafts in force wells, forcing working agent through side horizontal shafts of force wells. Additionally, side horizontal shafts are made in extraction wells. Oil is taken through side horizontal shafts of extractive wells. With pressure in the well, decreased for 5-10% from hydrostatic pressure, all side horizontal shafts are made by washing away rock under pressure of fluid of around 15-20 mPa. Direction of all side horizontal shafts is set to be parallel to rows of wells.

EFFECT: higher oil yield.

1 ex, 1 dwg

FIELD: oil production industry, particularly enhanced recovery methods for obtaining hydrocarbons.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling production and injection wells and maintaining formation pressure; performing seismic works to determine volumetric routing of natural macrocrack system with lateral and depth routing; forming production and injection macrocracks of above system; drilling wells to corresponding macrocracks and forming producing well-macrocrack systems for oil production and injection well-macrocrack for formation flooding or production well-macrocrack for oil production and system including vertical and/or horizontal multibranch wells for formation flooding or injection well-macrocrack system for formation flooding and system including vertical and/or horizontal multibranch production wells for oil production or production well-macrocrack system, injection well-macrocrack system and system including vertical and/or horizontal multibranch production and injection wells.

EFFECT: increased efficiency, oil recovery and production well injectivity, as well as increased sweep efficiency and oil recovery ratio.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil production industry, particularly oil deposit development.

SUBSTANCE: method involves pumping working agent, namely water, in two stages. The first stage is performed with the use of power pumps. The second one is carried out by means of hydraulic measuring pumps, which are used to convert injection pressure created by power pumps. If it is necessary to increase pressure in water lines used to deliver water to separate injection wells pressure is regulated in accordance with necessary water volume to be injected in wells on the base of collecting properties of oil formations in bottomhole formation zones. This is performed by providing change in pump piston diameter and stroke ratios in the first and the second sections of hydraulic measuring pumps, which are selected on the base of hydraulic resistance variation depending on water flow velocity. Parameters characterizing injection system operation are simultaneously measured and efficiency of the method and equipment operation is detected from above characteristics.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of oil bed development due to energy-saving equipment and technique usage for formation pressure maintaining.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: enhanced recovery methods for obtaining hydrocarbons.

SUBSTANCE: method involves flooding production bed through injection wells with the use of pump units. In the case of terrigenous porous productive bed flooding acoustical sound resonators with resonance frequency setting are installed in injection line. This eliminates amplitude of alternating low-frequency liquid pulsation sound generated by pump units. Method also involves providing constant compression mode in productive beds and frontal oil drive from productive bed.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability.

1 ex, 3 dwg

Up!