Method of washing loose textile articles in automatic washing machine
FIELD: home appliances.
SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a method of washing loose textile articles in washing machine, having compartment (2) for washing with rotating drum (3) installed therein, comprising following steps: loading articles (4) to be washed into rotary drum (3); pouring washing liquid (5) into drum (3); starting rotation of drum (3); introduction into drum (3) of an amount of washing fluid such that articles (4) to be washed are lifted by Archimedes buoyancy force, which enables articles to separate from drum (3) and float inside it.
EFFECT: washing fabric articles.
9 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine and the method of controlling it are disclosed. The disclosed method, which controls the washing machine to perform the refreshing mode by supplying steam comprises an operation of the mode selection for selecting one of a plurality of washing modes, an operation of supplying water for generating steam for supplying water for washing into the tank to the water level for generating steam while preventing the water for washing passing through the drum when selection of the refreshing mode, an operation of treatment with steam for heating the water for washing by actuating the heater for washing, thereby generating steam, and an operation of refreshing to refresh the laundry by alternating carrying out after the operation of treatment with steam of the operation of actuation for upturning to upturn the laundry in the drum by rotating the drum and the operation of actuation for fast rotation for rotating the laundry in the drum in close contact with the inner surface of the drum in accordance with the high-speed rotation of the drum.
EFFECT: improvement of the design.
20 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention covers the washing machine motor comprising drive shaft to feed electric power to drum electric device and washing machine with such motor. Sais washing machine cam comprises jacket, tank arranged therein to spin in the tank and to house the linen. At least one drum electrical device can be driven by electric power. Said motor comprises ring-like stator arranged at tank rear wall and rotor to surround said stator to be spun by electromagnetic interaction between rotor and stator. Motor is drive by external power source. Electric power generator assy comprises device to generate electric power to be transmitted to electrical device to drive the motor.
EFFECT: higher operating performances.
15 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: control method involves fulfilment of a washing cycle for washing laundry to be washed by way of supplying washing water, detergent dissolution in such washing water and laundry washing, fulfilment of a rinsing cycle for rinsing laundry by way of washing water draining, centrifugal laundry drying and laundry rinsing and fulfilment of a centrifugal drying cycle for laundry centrifugal drying by way of washing water draining and centrifugal laundry drying; the method specificity consists in detergent dissolution performed while the level of water is below the preset reference water level.
EFFECT: described is a method to control a washing machine that minimises damage to laundry being washed.
9 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for flavouring laundry (20) placed into the drum (11) of a laundry (20) treatment machine (10, 10') where the said machine contains a tank (12) where the drum (11) is positioned (11) and where laundry (20) is exposed to a flavouring agent by means of steam. The invention additionally relates to a flavouring agent dosaging device (1) placed into the placed into the drum (11) of a laundry (20) treatment machine (10, 10'), in particular, a drying or a drying-and-washing machine with the dosaging device containing a housing that determines the cavity where at least one absorbing element (4), impregnated with a liquid flavouring agent and contains one or more hole(s) (5) through which the flavouring agent is brought in contact with the space surrounding the dosaging device (1) so that to deliver the flavouring agent; the housing is made of polypropylene with introduction of calcium carbonate in an amount of 30-50 wt %, preferably - 40 wt %; the absorbing element (4) is made of foamed polyurethane or sponge so that the dosaging device (1) may be used in the drum of a washing or washing-and-drying machine (10, 10') at the stage of laundry (20) treatment with steam (20). The invention additionally relates to a set and combination containing the dosaging device and a washing or washing-and-drying machine.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of the method.
14 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: personal usage articles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed is a washing machine and a method for control thereof wherein washing capacity can be improved alongside with efficiency improvement and noise/oscillation reduction. The washing machine applies multiple motions of the drum, changing the drum rotation rate, the drum rotation direction and the drum start and stop moments to ensure different movement of laundry articles inside the drum.
EFFECT: washing capacity can be improved alongside with efficiency improvement and noise/oscillation reduction.
18 cl, 26 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method of washing linen provides six types of linen motion on the basis of six different movements of the washing machine drum. To ensure different movements of the linen items in the drum the washing machine implements a lot of movements of the drum due to changing the speed of rotation of the drum, the direction of rotation of the drum and the point of actuation and stop.
EFFECT: improved efficiency and reduced noise and vibration.
14 cl, 22 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: control method of washing machine is proposed, according to which the target data about linen are obtained, the operating mode is determined based on the target data about linen, and washing the linen is controlled in accordance with the particular operating mode. The operating mode is determined based on the predicted linen material, the type and degree of the linen soiling. At that the target data about linen additionally include if the linen is garments, the data about the owner of the garments, and/or data on the nature of wearing and/or data on the purpose of wearing.
EFFECT: improvement of the method.
12 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method to measure linen weight, according to which an operation is carried out to start an engine for actuation of a pulsator, which is in the initial stopped condition, to the maximum speed of rotation. The operation is carried out to switch off the engine, at the same time the engine continues rotating mechanically. The next start-up of the engine is carried out before the engine rotation speed makes 0. The engine is again switched off, before the speed of engine rotation reaches the maximum speed of rotation, in order to rotate the engine by inertia until it stops. The operation of engine start-up and disconnection is carried out many times. Linen weight is measured by counting the number of pulses, which indicate reverse electromotive force, which is generated, when the engine is repeatedly disconnected.
EFFECT: method increases efficiency of linen weight measurement.
9 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: linen is exposed to jet of steam generated in the machine with the vapourisation device, and to inform the user of the machine that folds in the linen are smoothed out enough, an alarm signal is given. After actuating of an alarm signal the vapourisation device operates during at least a nonzero time interval, so that the steam generation and the influence of its jet on linen continues after the alarm signal.
EFFECT: prevention of folds on the linen and its getting wet due to condensation of steam after the procedure of refreshment.
25 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of determining of at least one parameter of textile products and/or at least one parameter of a programme execution in the device of textile products treatment, in particular, in a drying device, a refreshing device or in a washing machine with a drying function. At that the device of textile products treatment contains a compartment intended for keeping the treated textile products, and at least one device for feeding additive, in particular, a steam. The method includes the steps, at which: the additive is supplied from at least one device for feeding additive, the response (S, A, C) of textile products in the compartment is determined as reaction to feeding supply, and by processing a specific response at least one parameter of textile goods is determined. The parameter of textile products is a type of textile products and/or the number of textile products. Also a textile products processing device is disclosed, having a control module and made with the ability to determine at least one parameter of textile products.
EFFECT: convenience of use and efficiency are provided.
32 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: domestic, laundry washing machines, possibly machines used for cleaning industrial parts, vegetables, fruits by removing non-chemical contamination.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine includes fluid-tight vessel having washing zone and vacuum zone. Said vessel is provided with unit for supplying washing liquid or air and unit for removing washing liquid, both arranged in washing zone of machine. Vacuum pump is connected through branch pipe with vacuum zone and by means of control locking device it is connected with housing of machine outside washing liquid. Washing machine is also provided with centrifuge mounted in housing. There are openings in lateral wall of fluid-tight vessel; said openings are arranged along circle under interface of washing zone and vacuum zone. Chute embraces such part of lateral surface of vessel and it has branch pipe for draining washing liquid. Between lid and chute there are openings communicated with vacuum pump.
EFFECT: enhanced quality of removing non-chemical contamination from surface by means of vacuum and removing remaining liquid by means of vacuum and centrifuge.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: manufacture of washing machines.
SUBSTANCE: proposed washing machine consists of radical generating system 300 combining bubble and ozone generating units 302,304 and 308 and radical replacement units in housing 310. Bubble generating unit 302 includes air pump 312 and working compartment. Air contained in working compartment is compressed and expanded under action of diaphragm 312a of air pump 312 made from elastic material forming mixture of air and air bubbles which is admitted to gas mixing chamber 306. First check valve 311 excludes return flow of mixture from gas mixing chamber 306 to bubble generating unit 302. High voltage is formed in ozone generating unit 304 for forming ozone from mixture contained in chamber 306. Second check valve 313 located between gas mixing chamber 306 and radical replacement unit 308 lets mixture pass selectively preventing it from return flow. Radical replacement unit 308 contains catalyst 308a in form of main, auxiliary and carrier catalysts. Main catalyst is TiO2, MnO2 or CuO2, auxiliary is catalyst Pt or Pd and carrier catalyst is Al2O3, SiO2 or MgO. Under action of catalyst 308a, ozone is decomposed into active oxygen radicals of first raw which react with water forming active oxygen radical of second raw containing OH group. Left-hand side wall 308c of unit 308 has ozone inlet hole 308d. Right-hand wall 308e has hole 308f for outlet of active oxygen radical of second row.
EFFECT: improved quality of washing; reduced amount of ozone.
7 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: technique and process for elimination of pleats from clothing in washing or drying machine using steam for elimination of pleats from clothing in the state it was worn by user or stored as well as in the state in which clothing washing process is completed.
SUBSTANCE: method involves determining whether pleat elimination program is selected; feeding primary hot air to clothing for removal of dust from the latter when it has been determined that pleat elimination program is selected; feeding steam to clothing from which dust has been removed; feeding secondary hot air for elimination of pleats from clothing. Apparatus has signal introducing unit for selecting pleat elimination program, steam generating and drying devices for feeding of steam and hot air into drum where clothing is placed, and control unit adapted for controlling of drying device in order to provide feeding of hot air before feeding of steam, in case steam feeding commands are generated at the stage of dust removal or elimination of contaminants from contaminated clothing.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of method and apparatus.
9 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, processes for cleaning of washing tank mounted within water tank of washing machine.
SUBSTANCE: method involves determining whether user has selected washing tank cleaning process; feeding into water tank water needed for cleaning of washing tank and rotating washing tank and simultaneously supplying heat to water tank by means of at least one heat supplying device positioned in washing machine; providing high temperature in washing tank during cleaning thereof. Washing machine has water feeding valve for regulation of water flow within water tank, said water being fed into washing tank and used as cleaning water, and microcomputer for controlling water feeding valve and heat supplying device, designed for determining whether user has selected washing tank cleaning process. Water for cleaning of washing tank is fed separately a number of times, and rotation of washing tank is enabled during supplying of heat after termination of individual water feeding process.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in removal of contaminants and disinfection.
10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: domestic appliances.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises determining volume of things to be laundered in the tank, setting the first water level for the cycle of the preliminary laundering and the second water level for the cycle of the main laundering depending on the volume, performing the preliminary laundering with the use of the first water level and steam, converting the cycle of the preliminary laundering into the cycle of the main laundering depending on the amount of water for the first water level laundering and the internal temperature of the tank.
EFFECT: reduced water consumption.
23 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, household equipment.
SUBSTANCE: drum-type washing machine has casing, tank incorporating washing drum, electric drive, and control unit. Washing machine has variable volume of washing drum, which is provided by making each of said, casing, tank and drum consisting of two parts movably connected with one another. According to one version, parts of tank are hermetically connected with one another using sealing layers, and movable and immovable parts are provided with guiding members. According to another version, both parts are connected by means of corrugated cylindrical portion.
EFFECT: reduced sizes of washing machine during transportation and in non-operating position, improved quality of washing cloths, reduced consumption of water and detergent.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: textile, washing.
SUBSTANCE: method of washing machine control includes generation of liquid detergent concentrate needed for foaming, supply of liquid detergent concentrate and water to water compartment, foaming of water with detergent. Foam is represented with mixture of liquid detergent concentrate and water. Foam is then added to linen and washing starts. Foam acts as gasket to reduce friction between linen items.
EFFECT: preservation of linen texture and effective dirt removal due to high concentration of detergent in foam.
29 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: in this method process of washing does not start directly from heating phase in the beginning of washing program as cold water is supplied, when heating device is started, but previously delay phase is executed. Specified washing process ends as soon as the next washing phase expires without addition of heat energy after specified interval of time elapses after delay phase. Water or detergent temperature is measured in the end or on completion of filling period. If measured temperature is lower than specified value for freshly filled water into washing tank in the beginning of washing process, heating device is started, and beginning of washing process shifts in compliance with specified delay time.
EFFECT: invention provides for guaranteed observance of effect given by factors of temperature and time.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: laundry washer comprises tank for storage of water for washing, drum for placement of linen and steam generator, where water is supplied separately from water for washing. Method includes steps, at which operation of primary washing of linen is carried out to remove relatively large-sized dirt to prevent secondary contamination with this dirt, operation of steam washing with drum in operation, supplying steam to soak dirt in water and to sterilise linen, and operation of the main washing with drum in operation to remove dirt and dissolved proteins with the help of hot water containing laundry detergent.
EFFECT: development of method for operation of laundry washer providing for efficient removal of dirt containing protein and sterilisation of linen.
25 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: washing machine of a drum-type contains a reservoir mounted in the frame body and where the wash water should be delivered, the drum located with an ability to rotate in the tank, an electric motor which provides rotation of the drum, a control unit that regulates the speed of the electric motor to provide rotation of the drum with a given speed so that wash water circulates along the inner circumferential surface of the tank for its cleaning, and equipment for steam delivery, which is controlled by the control unit to supply high-temperature high-pressure steam into the reservoir and the drum. Method of cleaning the tank of washing machine of a drum-type includes a stage of accumulation of water when washing water flows into the reservoir to accumulate it in the tank, a stage of soaking when high-temperature high-pressure steam is supplied to the tank and the drum, and the cleaning operation when washing water in the tank circulates along the inner circumferential surface by adjusting the frequency of rotation of the drum to clean the inside circumferential surface of the tank.
EFFECT: creation of a washing machine and method of cleaning the tank of a washing machine, which ensures easy cleaning of all internal circumferential surface of the tank without using an additional device.
16 cl, 3 dwg