Liquid detergent composition

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a liquid detergent composition for textile products. Described is a liquid detergent composition containing non-ionic surfactant (A), a cationic surfactant (B) and hydrogen peroxide (D) within certain intervals and water, where component (A) contains a non-ionic compound (A1) of formula (A1) in amount of 0.5 to 10 wt% of composition, weight ratio of an anionic surfactant (c1), different from a fatty acid or salt thereof, to component (B), (c1)/(B) ranges from 0 to 1, and composition has pH 3.0-7.0 at 20°C measured in accordance with standard JIS K3362:1998, section 8.3: R-O-(C2H4O)x-H (A1), where R is a linear alkyl group containing 12 carbon atoms, and has a primary carbon atom where R is bound with oxygen atom of R-O-; and x is number of moles of bonded ethyleneoxy groups and has integer values in range from 2 to 5 where Rb1 represents a chain hydrocarbon group containing from 12 to 18 carbon atoms, and may include group -(A′O)s-, where A′O represents ethyleneoxy group or propyleneoxy-group, and s is average number of moles A′O, located in range from 0 to 10; group Rb2, Rb3 and Rb4 each independently represents a methyl group, ethyl group, benzyl group or a hydroxyalkyl group containing 1-3 carbon atoms; and X- is CH3SO4-, CH3CH2SO4- or halogen-ion, and where component (A) contains at least one nonionic surfactant selected from surfactants of formulae (a1) and/or (a2), in amount of 10 to 60 wt%: R1a-O-[(C2H4O)p/(AO)q]H (a1), where R1a represents an alkyl or alkenyl group containing 8 to 22 carbon atoms, AO denotes alkyleneoxy-group containing 3-5 carbon atoms; p denotes average number of moles of bonded C2H4O-groups, located in range of 8-40; q denotes average number of moles of bonded AO groups located in range from 0 to 5; and “/” means that C2H4O-groups and AO group can be distributed or statistical connection, or block connection; R2a(CO)1O-[(C2H4O)m/(AO)n]R21a (a2), where R2a represents an alkyl or alkenyl group containing 8 to 22 carbon atoms; R21a represents an alkyl group containing 1-3 carbon atoms; 1 denotes a number equal to 0 or 1; AO denotes alkyleneoxy-group containing 3-5 carbon atoms; m denotes average number of moles of bonded C2H4O-groups, located in range of 5-30; n is average number of moles of bonded AO groups located in range from 0 to 5; and “/” means that C2H4O-groups and AO groups can be distributed or statistical connection, or block connection.

EFFECT: providing detergent power, which suppresses onset of specific smell, due to wet-dry state textile articles.

13 cl, 4 tbl

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves grafting onto a synthetic fibre a phosphorous containing monomer at room temperature for a period of 15 minutes and subsequent drying. The phosphorous containing monomer used is a 50% water solution of phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate, neutralised with a solution of ammonia to pH 7. Grafting is done in the presence of a sodium persulphate initiator, taken in quantity of 1-5% mass of phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate.

EFFECT: simplification of the technological process of obtaining modified synthetic fibre; their increased fire resistance; strength and resistance to thermo-oxidative breakdown.

1 tbl, 6 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mixture for the given processing contains a 50% water solution of phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate, neutralised by ammonia to pH 7 and a sodium persulphate initiator in quantity of 1-5% mass of phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate with the following mass ratios of the components: phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate - 50.0, water - 50.0, ammonia - 22.0, sodium persulphate - 1.0-5.0.

EFFECT: increased fire-resistance; strength and resistance to thermo-oxidative breakdown.

2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: oiling agent for preparing emulsion for treatment of wool fiber contains 4.5-5.5% oleic acid, 0.8-1.0% triethanolamine, 7.0-8.0% "syntanol", 3.0-4.0% "stearoks-6", transformer oil (balancing amount), and bactericidal additive, namely thiourea/phosphorus trichloride/formalin interaction product neutralized with soda ash used in amount 6.0-8.0% relative to 100% of above-indicated composition.

EFFECT: enhanced bactericidal properties.

5 tbl, 3 ex

The invention relates to a remedy as the stabilizer fabric, which has an excellent effect for preventing the removal of eggs is harmful to tissue insects

The invention relates to the technology of composite yarns, coated with a sizing composition, and can be used for the production of composite materials

The invention relates to the textile industry, namely, technology oiling polyacrylonitrile fibers (PAN-fibers) on the tape machines spinning production

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to membrane technology, particularly, to production of antibacterial polymer membranes to be used in water and aqueous solution treatment in food and pharmaceutical industries, and medicine. Proposed method comprises making polymer solution, forming of polymer membrane and processing with antibacterial substance. Produced membrane is dried, rinsed with water and subjected to final drying. Said antibacterial substance represents composition containing the following components in wt %: 5-10 of poorly soluble or insoluble slats of silver, 2-25 of formic acid an 65-93 of water.

EFFECT: prolonged antibacterial properties.

9 ex

The invention relates to the processing of textile fibers and yarn

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method of bleaching linen fibres for production of medical supplies is proposed, consisting in that the following operations are carried out in sequence: treatment with sulphuric acid solution and subsequent washing at a temperature of 25-30°C for 25-30 minutes, oxidative cooking with the alkaline solution of hydrogen peroxide containing stabiliser, in stages for various values of the silicate-alkali modulus, first at a temperature of 20-25°C at a module of 0.5-0.6 for 10-15 minutes, then at a module of 0.8-0.9 for 10-20 minutes, and then at a module of 1.0-1.1 for 30-60 minutes at a temperature of 70-75°C, after that the temperature is raised to 96-98°C and maintained for 30-60 minutes, then the module is reduced to 0.4-0.5 and cooking is continued for 30-60 minutes, bleaching in the alkaline solution containing the same substance as the solution for the oxidative cooking, washing with water and final oxidation with aqueous solution of acetic acid.

EFFECT: invention enables to improve the efficiency, environmental friendliness of the method and to obtain bleached fibres with high properties of bleaching, capillary capacity, normalised content of chloride, calcium and sulphate salts.

4 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises acid treatment, reducing boiling and oxidation treatment with the solution of hydrogen peroxide at a temperature from 95 to 100°C, avivage and washing between the technological operations first with hot and then cold water. The acid treatment is carried out with the preparation which is a composition comprising sulfamic acid with a concentration of 0.5 to 2.0 g/l. The boiling is carried out for 40 to 90 minutes using as a reducing agent the composition containing derivatives based on sulfinic acid with a concentration of 0.5 to 2.5 g/l and the reducing agent with the complexing additives with a concentration of 1.5 to 2.5 g/l.

EFFECT: improving the whiteness level of flax roving.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a stabilising composition containing (A) a polymer of formula , where R1 is hydrogen or C1-12-alkyl, R2-COOM or -CH2COOM; M is hydrogen, an alkali or alkali-earth metal ion, or an ammonium ion or mixture thereof; n, m and k are molar ratios of monomers, where n ranges from 0 to 0.95, m ranges from 0.05 to 0.9 and k ranges from 0 to 0.8, and (n+m+k)=1, and the weight-average molecular weight ranges from 500 to 20 000 000 g/mol; (B) a chelating agent; (C) poly-alpha-hydroxyacrylic acid or alkaline salt thereof, or corresponding polylactone thereof, and (D) possibly a polycarboxylic acid polymer or alkaline salt thereof. The invention also discloses a method of treating fibrous material with said stabilising composition.

EFFECT: disclosed composition has a synergetic stabilising effect compared to existing stabilisers.

28 cl, 5 tbl, 8 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: cellulose-containing textile material is processed in a bleaching solution, which contains hydrogen peroxide, diarin, which is a mixture of aqueous solutions of sodium salts of phosphorus-containing complexons, carbamide, a penetrating agent EM. Diarin is mixture of aqueous solutions of sodium salts of phosphorus-containing complexons. The penetrating agent EM is a composition based on anion-active and non-ionogenic surfactants. Besides, treatment in the bleaching solution is carried out simultaneously with ultrasonic exposure at the frequency of 25-35 kHz, capacity of 1.5-2.5 kW for 20-30 minutes.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to considerably reduce power inputs, to increase material quality, to improve process ecological compatibility and to reduce its labour intensiveness.

1 tbl

FIELD: textile, cotton.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the textile industry in particular, to the technology of the bleaching of flax-containing fabrics and can be used for the production of the bleached woven linens or for the preparation of the fabrics for colouring and stamping. It describes the method of the fermentation and peroxide bleaching of the flax-containing fabrics including enzymatic procession by the soaking into the 40-45°C solution of the multienzyme preparation with the indicator the enzyme activity, in un/ml: endopolygalacturonase - 7-10; α-amylase - 8.8-9.2; β- amylase - 0.5-0.6; γ- amylase - 0.2-0.5; pectinesterase - 1.0-1.5; exopolygalacturonase - 0.5-0.7; exogalactosidase - 0.3-0.4; exoxylosidase - 0.2-0.3; exoglucanase - 0.3-0.5, with the addition of the sodium bicarbonate 20-25 g/l and penetrating agent, maturing the wet squeezed fabric and its steaming in 85-95°C temperature during 20-30 min.; intermediate washing with the acidification in oxalic acid solution 2.5-5 g/l, high-temperature peroxide bleaching by the stabilised alkaline-peroxide solution with the peroxide concentration 2.2-2.9 g/l with active oxygen for one stage, washing and drying.

EFFECT: invention helps to increase the level of the removal of starch size before peroxide bleaching up to 80-85%; it increases the speed of the capillary soaking of water solution and improves uniformity of the capillary characteristics of the fabric; it increases the strength properties of the fabric, decreases its rigidity to 96-125 mN·cm2 because of larger removal of the lignin; it decreases the attenuationof the dyeing of colour warpings of the tapestry linens; it simplifies the process and reduce its duration.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns method of flaxen roving preparation for spinning and can be applied in textile industry. Method of enzyme and peroxide preparation of highly lignified flaxen roving for spinning involves deacidification, enzyme processing at 40-50°C for 90-95 minutes by polyenzyme preparation solution with enzyme activity indicators, units per ml: endopolygalacturonase - 20-25; pectinesterase - 2.5-4.7; protease - 0.2-0.3; exopolygalacturonase - 0.6-0.1; exogalactosidase - 0.2-0.4; exoxylosidase - 0.3-0.5; and exoglucanase - 0.6-0.8. Further the roving is heated to the boiling point and matured for 20-25 minutes, flushed by water and processed for 90-95 minutes in alkaline peroxide solution at hydro peroxide concentration of 0.6-0.8 g/l of active oxygen and total alkalinity of 6.5-7.0 g/l rated per caustic soda. Then the roving is flushed with detergent and water and undergoes counter-microbe processing.

EFFECT: fiber whitening degree enhanced up to 54-56%; obtainment of thin yarn meeting the requirements for both "1 high-flaxen" and "1 high tow" grades by GOST 10078-85 in line density and line density and tear load variation rates; reduced yarn tear rate in weaving process to 40-50 tears for 100 spindles per hour; enhanced yarn strength in 1,2-1,4 times; improved esthetics of woven canvas exterior.

1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns method of flaxen roving preparation for spinning and can be applied in textile industry. Method of enzyme and peroxide preparation of flaxen roving for spinning involves deacidification performed before enzyme processing for 90-95 minutes by polyenzyme preparation solution with enzyme activity indicators, units per ml: endopolygalacturonase - 20-25; pectinesterase - 0.8-4.7; protease - 0.2-0.3; and exopolygalacturonase - 0.2-0.4. Further the roving is flushed by water and processed for 90-95 minutes in alkaline peroxide solution at hydro peroxide concentration of 0.4-0.5 g/l of active oxygen and total alkalinity of 6.5-7.0 g/l rated per caustic soda, then flushed with detergent and water and undergoes counter-microbe processing.

EFFECT: reduced tear load in moist unprocessed roving up to 50-61%; obtainment of thin yarn meeting the requirements for 1 grade in thickness and stability of physical and chemical yarn properties; enhanced yarn strength in 1,2-1,4 times; improved esthetics of woven canvas exterior.

1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: textile, paper.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns methods of flax fiber dyeing and preparation for spinning and can be applied in textile industry. Combined method of dyeing and preparation for spinning involves deacidification, processing by digester dye solution for 90-95 minutes at 40-50°C, the solution including vat colour, sodium bicarbonate, sulfonol NP-3 and anhydrous synthanol, polyenzyme preparation with enzyme activity indicators, units per ml of solution: endopolygalacturonase - 20-40; pectinesterase - 2.5 - 8.0; protease - 0.2-0.4; exopolygalacturonase - 0.6-1.5; exogalactosidase - 0.3-0.5; exoxylosidase - 0.3-0.8; exoglucanase - 0.4-1.0. Further the mass is heated to the boiling point, matured for 30-60 minutes, flushed by cold water. Oxidising processing is performed for 15-25 minutes at 20-25°C in stabilised peroxide solution including 0.3-0.4 g/l of hydro peroxide (100%), 1-2 g/l of laundry soap, and alkaline agents to comprise total alkalinity of 5.5-6.0 g/l rated per caustic soda, with further heating for 20-50 minutes to 95-100°C and maturing for 20-30 minutes, followed by double flush with detergent first and with water next, and further deacidification at 45-50°C for 15-20 minutes and flushing.

EFFECT: reduced irregularity of geometrical parametres and durability of flax semiproducts; improved colorability and colour evenness of textile semiproducts; more environment-friendly process and improved labour health.

1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to bleaching compositions, which in fact do not contain peroxide bleaches, for bleaching of fabrics. Described is liquid bleaching composition with pH 10 or lower, which contains: (a) complex compound of transitional metal as catalyst of bleaching in air, (b) from 0.001 for 3 wt/wt % of odorant.

EFFECT: obtaining composition, whose bleaching activity is more, than 10 times higher as compared with bleaching activity of composition, containing as odorant molar equivalent of citronellal.

5 cl, 3 tbl, 62 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: particles contain inner coating layer that consist of at least one hydrate-forming mineral salt, and outer coating layer, including 0.2-3 wt % alkali metal silicate with module more than 2.5, particularly 3 to 5. Outer layer is obtained using alkali metal silicate solution with alkali metal silicate concentration 2 to 20 wt %. Dissolution time can be extended by alkali metal silicate concentration lowering in solution used, coating material amount being the same. Dissolution time can be extended significantly according to coating layers sequence and solution concentration with low quantity of alkali metal silicate.

EFFECT: extension of dissolution time.

18 cl, 7 tbl, 18 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a particle of a bleaching agent, which has a) core, which contains more than 70 wt % of sodium percarbonate, b) internal envelope, containing sodium sulphate in the form of thenardite or burkeite in an amount of at least 50 wt %, and c) internal envelope, containing a water-soluble binding agent and at least one bleaching activator, selected from capable of perhydrolysis N-acyl and O-acyl compounds. The invention also relates to a method of obtaining the particle and to a detergent.

EFFECT: particles of the bleaching agent are stable in storage, suitable for storing in bins and make it possible to transport them safely and to work with them even in a hot and wet climate.

17 cl, 15 ex, 3 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a particle of a bleaching agent, which has a) core, which contains more than 70 wt % of sodium percarbonate, b) internal envelope, containing sodium sulphate in the form of thenardite or burkeite in an amount of at least 50 wt %, and c) internal envelope, containing a water-soluble binding agent and at least one bleaching activator, selected from capable of perhydrolysis N-acyl and O-acyl compounds. The invention also relates to a method of obtaining the particle and to a detergent.

EFFECT: particles of the bleaching agent are stable in storage, suitable for storing in bins and make it possible to transport them safely and to work with them even in a hot and wet climate.

17 cl, 15 ex, 3 tbl

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