Plastic panel of polyvinyl chloride
FIELD: chemistry; construction.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improved plastic panel, in particular, based on main layer of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), as well as to method of its production. Panel, in particular, wall, ceiling or floor panel contains main layer (12) from polymer material and ground layer (17), where primer coat (17) contains printed on it decorative pattern (18), and on top of primer coat is applied cured polymer layer (19), wherein printing ink used for printing decorative pattern (18) contains polymerisable acrylate and/or N-vinylcaprolactam and is characterised by that printing ink and polymer layer are cured together.
EFFECT: improved adhesion properties, in particular, large service life.
25 cl, 2 ex, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of applying nanoparticles to the surface for creation of a layer with embedded nanoparticles of the photocatalyst, and also to a method of obtaining a uniform distribution of nanoparticles in the upper layer of plates and panels. The method of manufacturing a sheet comprising photocatalytic nanoparticles comprises the steps of impregnating (41, 42) the sheet (10) with polymeric resin, preferably comprising abrasion resistant particles; spraying (43, 40) on the sheet (10) new-impregnated with the polymer resin in an uncured and moist state, the impregnating liquid composition comprising dispersed photocatalyst nanoparticles; drying and/or at least partial curing (44, 45) of the said impregnated sheet comprising the polymeric resin and the impregnating liquid.
EFFECT: application of photocatalytic particles by more rational method and improvement of the distribution of photocatalytic nanoparticles, thereby improving the photocatalytic effect.
18 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to finishing building materials and to a laminated decorative board. It includes a core from fibrous material or chip material. At least on one side of the core - an intermediate resin-containing layer from liquid adhesive hardened under action of heat and/or pressure, as well as a decorative layer with graphic display of the simulated material surface, which is not saturated with resin.
EFFECT: invention provides easy manufacture of a decorative board.
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: decorative product manufacturing method includes preparation of a mixture based on a mineral binding substance, its pouring into the mould and maintenance until complete hardening, further retrieval and drying of the product; the mixture based on a mineral binding substance is represented by gypsum diluted with water at the ratio of 1:1.5; the mould is represented by 0.2-0.4 mm fraction quartz sand moistened with water at a ratio of 10-15 ml of water per 1 kg of quartz sand with an imprint of a relief image corresponding to that of the decorative product being manufactured.
EFFECT: simplification of the decorative product manufacture process, enhancement of decorative and aesthetic appeal of the resultant product due to a clearer, deeper 3D image on its surface.
10 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction boards with wood core. Proposed method comprises the steps that follow. 1) Sputter of wood fibers or ships coated with glue to make chipboard. 2) Compaction of said chipboard at high temperature to make large-size board with shagreen layer at, at least, its top surface. 3) Application of primer of melamine-based liquid resin on board surface to be coated. Note here that said resin penetrates, at least partially, into board surface layer to impregnate said shagreen and improve its properties. 4) Primer draying and 5) application of primer on the pad. 6) Primer drying and 7) application of at least one varnish saturated with painting water-based pigments to create the pattern. 8) Pattern drying and 9) application of sealing layer saturated with wear-resistant particles and resin cellulose melamine-based fibres. 10) Sealing drying and 11) application of liquid resin pad on board bottom layer. Note here that said resin penetrates, at least partially, into board bottom surface layer. 12) Pad drying and 13) application of stabilizing layer on said bottom surface. 14) Compaction of sandwiched structure by high temperature and pressure and 15) separation to panels of required width and length. 16) Application of bonding means and fixing elements on opposite lateral edges for flue-free joint and fixation of several panels to the floor floating structure.
EFFECT: wear-resistant laminar panels.
16 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to composite materials used as materials in interior finish, upholstery, construction and furniture manufacturing, and relates to printing on non-woven fabric and their use in composite materials. The method of manufacturing a composite material in which the composite material comprises a carrier and at least one textile surface structure laminated on at least one of the two sides of the carrier, and the textile surface structure comprises at least one curable binder in a state of "B- stage" and before laminating it is printed with imparting it decor using digital printing, and comprises the stages: a) preparing a carrier; b) applying the coating paper or coating non-woven fabric on at least one surface of the carrier, and the coating paper or the cover non-woven fabric comprises at least one binder in a state of "B-stage"; c) applying the textile surface structure to the coating paper or the cover non-woven fabric, and the textile surface structure is provided with decor using digital printing; d) applying the coating paper or non-woven fabric coating on the textile surface, the coating paper or the cover non-woven fabric comprises at least one binder in a state of "B-stage"; e) laminating the structure obtained in accordance with stages b)-d), under the action of pressure and heat so that the binder present in the state of "B-stage" is cured.
EFFECT: invention provides creation of composite materials with decorative finish having the characteristics of impact elasticity, strength and fire resistance which are comparable with laminate materials comprising glass fibre non-woven fabrics for reinforcement.
SUBSTANCE: fire-resistant laminate has low combustion heat of ≤3 MJ / kg according to ISO 1716 and due to the multilayer structure has excellent mechanical properties and has extremely good stability in variable climatic conditions (hot / wet / cold / dry). Contains several nonwoven fabrics made of mineral and glass fibres, having different functions and composition. These include high-filled nonwoven fabrics, bridging C-stages and other additives.
EFFECT: production of fire-resistant laminate, used in various fields, where exclusively laminates have been applied up to date in accordance with standard EN 438 and superior.
33 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 9 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of manufacturing decorative paper, and also to the decorative paper. The method of manufacturing the decorative paper comprises printing decoration on paper; applying aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion, and after applying aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion on paper the resin is applied with sealing. The decorative paper comprises at least one core, a printed layer and the aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion entered into the core, at that the paper is saturated with amino-plastic resins.
EFFECT: creation of decorative paper, which would have increased light-proofness and could be profitably manufactured.
13 cl, 2 dwg, 8 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for panel fixation, providing for fixation of the panel on a support with two fastening grooves at the opposite sides, which during installation of the panel are located oppositely to the device of panel fixation, comprising two primary ledges, which are adapted to cover two lateral opposite sides of the support; at the same time each primary ledge comprises a secondary ledge transversely directed inside, capable of being installed into one of appropriate grooves of the support or being located behind it. One or several such elements as the panel, primary or secondary ledges, are flexible or resilient, therefore secondary ledges under action of the bending force may be elastically removed or stretched from opposite lateral sides of the support, and upon termination of the bending force action, are able to engage with the appropriate groove.
EFFECT: improved reliability.
15 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to building board with main part with porous surface and paper web applied thereon. Building board with main part 10 with porous surface and paper web 14 applied thereon above mid layer of cured binder 36. Note here that said binder penetrates in said paper web. Note also that said paper web 14 comprises primer layer 34 coating aforesaid binder penetrating through web 14 to adhere paper web to coloring fluid 38. Said fluid may be applied with the help of programmed printing process, in particular, jet printing, on paper web surface located above said main part 10 and provided with primer layer 34.
EFFECT: building board with pattern made thereon, lower costs.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative paper using powders of aminoplast resins and/or phenol plastic resins and/or mixes thereof, of their mixes with additives. Proposed method comprises producing the composition for processing and applying it on substrate. Note here that processing composition represents a dry powder mix containing one polymer resin powder and/or mix of powders that can interact to form one polymer resin. Note also that said composition comprises additional heating either before or after application on the substrate to melt partially the polymer resin and/or melt and to subject said reagents to polymerisation/cross-linking. Note also that proposed method differs in that said composition represents a dry solid composition, Note that said polymer resin represents one or more amine and/or phenol resin or mix thereof.
EFFECT: perfected process.
16 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: decorative art.
SUBSTANCE: for simplification of the method the relief is produced by sticking of deceptive material over the contour of the applied image, and the required amount of plastic compound is applied by small sections uniformly on the image surface sections that a free of deceptive material.
EFFECT: simplified procedure.
FIELD: construction industry; methods of production of decorative tiles with a grainy coating.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of construction industry, in particular, to the method of production of decorative tiles with a grainy coating to increase their water-resistance. The method provides, that the base before application of an adhesive underlayer is subjected to a water-repelling process and in the capacity of an adhesive underlayer use a 8-I2 % water solution of sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose.
EFFECT: the invention ensures production of decorative tiles with a grainy coating.
FIELD: decorative-lining sheet material for producing of material simulating natural or artificial stone or various kinds of wood.
SUBSTANCE: method involves providing thermal vacuum forming of thermoplastic sheets having thickness of 0.5-8 mm and comprising on its face side decorative-protective polymeric film.
EFFECT: wider range of decorative and lining materials and increased efficiency in simulating structure of natural or artificial materials.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: ceramic decorations.
SUBSTANCE: method of making ceramic decorative art wall panel comes to the following: tiles are placed on backing secured vertically with tilting of 10-15° successively, starting from lower horizontal row, tiles of which are placed on corresponding limiting step of backing.
EFFECT: improved quality of wall panels.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 4 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; methods of manufacture of the architectural-decorative products.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method of manufacture of the architectural-decorative products. To increase the quality the products the method provides for laying of the color mixtures in the mold for casting of the product is conducted with usage of a vibration process on the vibration exciter.
EFFECT: the invention allows to improve quality of manufacture of the architectural-decorative products.
6 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: pre-impregnate is manufactured by impregnation of crude paper with thermosetting formaldehyde-free resin until content thereof 10 to 70%. Residual moisture content in pre-impregnate is 2-3%. Resin contains: at least one radical-polymerization polymer with less than 5% of α,β-ethylenically unsaturated mono- or dicarboxylic acid; at least one radical-polymerization polymer containing more than 5% of α,β-ethylenically unsaturated mono- or dicarboxylic acid; and at least one alkanolamine with at least two hydroxyl groups; or resin contains at least one radical-polymerization polymer with 5-100%, particularly 5-50%, or more particularly 10-40% of α,β-ethylenically unsaturated mono- or dicarboxylic acid and at least one above alkanolamine.
EFFECT: improved quality of surface, printing properties, delamination resistance, and varnishing capacity.
16 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: construction industry; domestic appliances; electrical engineering; motor-car industry; methods of production and application of the laminated composite materials with the different layers of a resin.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method of production and application of the laminated composite material with the different layers of a resin and may used in construction industry, domestic appliances, electrical engineering, motor-car industry. The laminated composite material contains the carrier made out of the thermoplastic polymeric compound, the located on it intermediate layer also made out of the thermoplastic polymeric compound and the applied on the intermediate layer of the thermoreactive layer. Between the carrier and the intermediate layer there is a layer of the resin (a) with the rate of consolidation of at least 20 %. Between the intermediate layer and the thermoreactive layer there is the layer of the resin (c) with the rate of consolidation of at least 60 %. The materials of the layers are laid as the flat sheets and at the temperature of 150-300° C link to the carrier. The material possess the high degree of stiffness and impact toughness, the high quality of the surface, the fast and easy solidification.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the high degree of stiffness and impact toughness, the high quality of the surface, the fast and easy solidification.
13 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: construction materials industry; production of the moldable decorative laminated material.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the moldable complicated decorative laminated material, which contains the polymer impregnated decorative layer made out of the bilateral expansible decorative paper and the core polymer impregnated layer formed out of the bilateral extendable kraft-paper. The laminated material is used for production of the different products requiring the molding concerning the surface of the complicated form, in particular, to the packet made out of the laminated material. The board made out of the laminated material has the moldable base in addition to the decorative layer. The method of manufacture of the moldable decorative laminated material includes the following operations: treatment of the decorating paper, its impregnation, the treatment and impregnation of the kraft-paper, the layer by layer stacking and joining of the layers of the decorative and kraft-paper under pressure with their preliminary impregnation with the phenol-formaldehyde polymeric compound. The technical result of the invention is improvement of the surface properties of the decorative laminated material.
EFFECT: the invention ensures improvement of the surface properties of the decorative laminated material.
37 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method comprises applying a lining material on the surface of the panel, gluing the lining material to the surface of the panel, pressing, and conditioning. Before applying the lining material, the panel is dampened and treated with steam. Pressing is performed at a temperature 127-132°C and at a pressure of 170 bar for 4-6 min.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: manufacture of decorative panels.
SUBSTANCE: prior to delivery of PVC blank to working area, its surface is subjected to loosening for increase of surface activity and for enhancing adhesion by applying solution of primer; use is made in working area of contra-shaft for holding-down the blank to drive guide transporting wheels and for rolling-on the facing material and connecting it with front surface; used as hold-down device is hold-down shaft with its own program-controlled shaft which is made from soft elastic material for copying the configuration of front and side surfaces of blank at the moment of connection with facing material at simultaneous stretching of it for avoidance of folds; its longitudinal axis is located at angle of from 0 to 90° relative to delivery of blank.
EFFECT: improved quality of facing; simplified construction of device; increased productivity of process.
5 cl, 3 dwg