Manufacturing method of structural decorative sheet panel (versions)
SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of a structural decorative sheet panel consists in transverse or diagonal braiding of sheet billets from thin strips from materials of wood or vegetable origin and attachment of at least two sheet billets by means of an adhesive compound, or an adhesive, or a polymer binding agent for formation of a panel assembly. For that purpose, a layer of the adhesive compound, or the adhesive, or the polymer binding agent is applied onto front or rear surface of one of them, and then, the other of the sheet billets is laid flatwise above the first one on the layer of the adhesive compound, or the adhesive, or the polymer binding agent, and cold or hot pressing of the panel assembly is performed prior to polymerisation of the adhesive compound, or the adhesive, or the polymer binding agent, and then, ends of the sheet billets, which project beyond the dimension of the panel, are trimmed. Besides, versions of the panel manufacturing method are described.
EFFECT: improving strength properties of panels.
23 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of development of structures of heat insulation of walls in construction and repair of buildings, designed for reduction of heat arrival from a room into wall thickness, as heat insulation panels are installed inside the room, or to protect walls against impact of negative atmospheric processes, as panels are installed at the outer side of the building. The panel for additional heat insulation of walls comprises sheets forming face and rear planes of the panel, with air layer between them, each of limiters providing for preservation of minimum thickness of air layer, and also the possibility of multiple dismantling and installation of the entire panel or only its face plane, is made in the form of at least four cells connected into a single structural part and having in the central part, where stiffening ribs of cells meet, a channel for insertion of a fastening part, designed for attachment of the face plane to the limiter, and stiffening ribs of each of the limiters are sunk into the mass of plastic material, from which they form a sheet forming a rear surface of the panel before the start of its hardening, as a result of which they produce a solid joint of each limiter with the rear plane of the panel made as capable of attachment of the wall using fastening parts, besides, sheets of panels are structurally grouped in packages of eight pieces with a stiff joint between them by rear and face planes and the ninth in the centre, which is capable of horizontal displacement relative to the wall due to attachment of a vibrator with a drive and a displacement speed controller to its face surface, a temperature controller connected with an air temperature sensor, arranged inside the panel, at the same time the temperature controller includes blocks of comparison and setting, electronic and magnetic amplifiers, an unit of non-linear feedback, and a displacement speed controller is made in the form of an unit of powder electromagnetic couplings, besides, the fastening part is made in the form of a rod with double-sided threaded joint, besides, with one end the rod is rigidly connected to the fastening channel in the central part of the limiter, and with the other end it is connected with the face plane of each panel sheet as capable of free joint and stiff joint, besides, on the rear surface of panel sheets grouped structurally as eight pieces in each group, there are curvilinear grooves with the opposite direction of tangents on each pair of panel sheets, at the same time on the first sheet of the pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove has a clockwise direction, and on the second sheet of this panel pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove has a counterclockwise direction. At the same time the displacement speed controller is connected to a moisture controller, comprising a moisture sensor, arranged inside the panel, besides, the moisture controller includes blocks of comparison and setting, electronic and magnetic amplifiers, an unit of non-linear feedback, besides, the magnetic amplifier is connected with a displacement controller in the form of an unit of powder electromagnetic couplings, and the moisture sensor is connected to the block of comparison.
EFFECT: maintenance of normalised strength parameters of barrier structures and panels for additional heat insulation of walls under changing weather and climate conditions of building operation by automated control and regulation of ventilated air moisture.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction and can be used for design of load-bearing enclosing structures of civil and industrial buildings. The wall panel includes inner and outer support layers and the intermediate insulating layer. The intermediate insulating layer is made as a heat-insulating material filling the interior cavities of ceramic or slag glass ceramic tubes arranged in parallel with respect to each other, and the outer and inner support layers are made from cured slag cast during the manufacture on the outer surface of said ceramic or slag glass ceramic tubes.
EFFECT: improvement of insulation, as well as reduction of the cost of the structure, reduction of installation cost and complexity of the design.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly, to ship compartment finishing. Layout of compartment sealing panels onto joint comprises clamping channel secured by fastener to sealing panels and decorative channel. Fastening of decorative channel is executed with the help of "Velcro" textile fastener with one half glued to clamping section and another half secured to decorative channel. Note here that both decorative and clamping channels follow the joint geometry event and angles.
EFFECT: higher reliability of fastening.
FIELD: automobile production.
SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of sandwich panels containing at least one layer of a warmth-keeping material, mainly foamed plastic and a reinforcing layer from glass fabric involves connection of the reinforcing layer and foamed plastic by means of a glued connection. Besides, there additionally used is at least one matrix form, the working surface of which is pre-treated with a releasing agent for resins; then, the working surface is filled with resin, mainly epoxy resin, with a layer of preferably 0.5-1.5 mm and left till it is dried; after that, an additional reinforcing layer in the form of a glass fibre matt layer and a reinforcing layer in the form of a glass fabric layer are laid in turns onto the resin layer; after that, the glass fibre matt and glass fabric layers are soaked with a self-expanding polyurethane adhesive with microspheres and the warmth-keeping material is laid onto the glass fabric layer; then, the layers being attached are pressed and dried, and mainly under pressure by means of a vacuum table; after complete drying of the layer the matrix form is removed.
EFFECT: improving heat-insulation and strength characteristics.
6 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to building construction and can find application during the construction of bearing-wall houses. Structural panel includes the reinforcing elements made of longitudinal reinforcing concrete bars, embedded in constructive heat-insulating material of panel filling and mounted at the boundaries of extreme quarters of width of the panel cross section, designed of channel section and having openings in the wall, through which transverse reinforced concrete bars of rectangular cross section pass through alternately in the level of top and bottom, the ends of which are attached to the extreme longitudinal reinforced concrete of rectangular cross section; in this case the height of holes in the walls of bars of channel section is equal to the triple thickness of transverse bars of rectangular cross section, in this case the holes in the walls of reinforcing concrete bars of channel section are made in the form of four-sided truncated pyramid, besides for each pair of reinforcing concrete bars of channel section, the smaller base of truncated quadrilateral pyramid is arranged for the first from pair from the outer side toward the pass of reinforced concrete bar of rectangular cross section, and for the second - from the inside, moreover, taper angle of the truncated pyramid is of 8÷12 degrees. Panel is equipped with bimetal strips, which are installed in the joints of longitudinal and transverse reinforced concrete bars of rectangular cross-section, in this case the material of bimetal from side of longitudinal reinforced concrete bars has the thermal-conductivity factor 2.0-2.5 times higher, than the thermal-conductivity factor of the material from side of transverse reinforced concrete bars.
EFFECT: maintenance of thermal-insulating properties of structural panel when exposed to freezing temperatures of the environment by eliminating the effects of "cold bridges" by creating the zone of high thermal resistance in joints of longitudinal and transverse reinforced-concrete bars.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to spacer, preferably for fabrication of wall panels or sandwich wall panels. A hollow or sandwich wall panel comprises at least two located spaced wall panels, at least one of which contains concrete and between which a spacer at least partially passes, and this spacer contains at least three rods, each of which contains at least two bearing parts formed by located opposite to each other rod end parts, meanwhile the rods are rigidly connected to each other at the section located at a distance from the rod end parts, and the bearing parts of the rods are spaced and thus form two bearing planes located opposite to each other, thus the rods form between them a sharp angle, and at least two, preferably three rods are contacting. Also the spacer is described, as well as the version of the wall panel and the method of its manufacture.
EFFECT: improvement of strength of wall panels, improvement of accuracy of their manufacture.
15 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: high-speed method of manufacture of building products with high void ratio provisions the volumetric vertical moulding of building products at separate forced filling of meshes with heterogeneous mixes with alternating use of vane mixers with slotted gates. Some meshes of the moulds with partitions are filled, while others are overlapped. And the meshes intended for formation of longitudinal voids, are temporarily filled with neutral cementless pulpous mix, and the meshes intended for moulding of products, are filled with liquid multicomponent concrete mix. During extraction of partitions from the mould give they are oscillated at high frequency in vertical direction, and after drying of products they are washed from pulp. Building products, such as wall panels obtained by the given method, have longitudinal voids and at least one channel intended for moulding of a concrete column of a monolithic frame of a building, and are designed with stops on side walls for installation of window openings. The process line for manufacture of building products with high void ratio is also described.
EFFECT: increase of productivity of the process line, increase of rate and quality vertical moulding and of building products from heterogeneous mixes, simplification of manufacture, tumbling and transportation of products.
27 cl, 101 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of explosion protection of industrial buildings is that the installation of explosion-proof elements is carried out in the envelope of the buildings, where the explosive and flammable equipment works; explosive and flammable equipment is installed on the building foundation, and in the lateral and upper fences of the industrial building the explosion-proof elements are installed, besides the explosion-proof elements in the form of safety breaking structures of a building fence are mounted for the lateral fences, and for the upper fences - in the form of explosion-proof plates on the roof or the building camp ceiling with the explosive objects located therein.
EFFECT: improvement of reliability of personnel work in explosion-hazardous premises.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to woodworking industry and may be used for making slats. Said composition includes for inner layer 10-40% of rotten blank waste chips and 20% of wastes after roundup lumber chips as well as 40-70% of chips produced from pulp chips of PS grade with the help of binder based on low-molecular urea-formaldehyde resin and emulsion. Note here that said binder consists of low-molecular urea-formaldehyde resin of 60-62% concentration and aqueous solution of ammonia chloride of 20% concentration. Emulsion consists of the following components, in wt %: paraffin - 21, brown coal wax - 14, emulsifier - 1, water - 64.
EFFECT: lower material input, power savings, higher efficiency of equipment, lower toxicity.
1 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction materials, particularly, to light three-ply boards including foamed polymer filler. Proposed board comprises top and bottom plies with filler glued in place there between. Filler reinforced discrete elements shaped to stiffness are arranged at areas to sustain increased loads. Areas reinforced with discrete elements inside shaped plies are composed of hollow cases located in definite order above bottom ply with glue layer. Invention covers also the production of said boards.
EFFECT: higher hardness, longer life.
2 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of applying nanoparticles to the surface for creation of a layer with embedded nanoparticles of the photocatalyst, and also to a method of obtaining a uniform distribution of nanoparticles in the upper layer of plates and panels. The method of manufacturing a sheet comprising photocatalytic nanoparticles comprises the steps of impregnating (41, 42) the sheet (10) with polymeric resin, preferably comprising abrasion resistant particles; spraying (43, 40) on the sheet (10) new-impregnated with the polymer resin in an uncured and moist state, the impregnating liquid composition comprising dispersed photocatalyst nanoparticles; drying and/or at least partial curing (44, 45) of the said impregnated sheet comprising the polymeric resin and the impregnating liquid.
EFFECT: application of photocatalytic particles by more rational method and improvement of the distribution of photocatalytic nanoparticles, thereby improving the photocatalytic effect.
18 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to finishing building materials and to a laminated decorative board. It includes a core from fibrous material or chip material. At least on one side of the core - an intermediate resin-containing layer from liquid adhesive hardened under action of heat and/or pressure, as well as a decorative layer with graphic display of the simulated material surface, which is not saturated with resin.
EFFECT: invention provides easy manufacture of a decorative board.
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: decorative product manufacturing method includes preparation of a mixture based on a mineral binding substance, its pouring into the mould and maintenance until complete hardening, further retrieval and drying of the product; the mixture based on a mineral binding substance is represented by gypsum diluted with water at the ratio of 1:1.5; the mould is represented by 0.2-0.4 mm fraction quartz sand moistened with water at a ratio of 10-15 ml of water per 1 kg of quartz sand with an imprint of a relief image corresponding to that of the decorative product being manufactured.
EFFECT: simplification of the decorative product manufacture process, enhancement of decorative and aesthetic appeal of the resultant product due to a clearer, deeper 3D image on its surface.
10 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction boards with wood core. Proposed method comprises the steps that follow. 1) Sputter of wood fibers or ships coated with glue to make chipboard. 2) Compaction of said chipboard at high temperature to make large-size board with shagreen layer at, at least, its top surface. 3) Application of primer of melamine-based liquid resin on board surface to be coated. Note here that said resin penetrates, at least partially, into board surface layer to impregnate said shagreen and improve its properties. 4) Primer draying and 5) application of primer on the pad. 6) Primer drying and 7) application of at least one varnish saturated with painting water-based pigments to create the pattern. 8) Pattern drying and 9) application of sealing layer saturated with wear-resistant particles and resin cellulose melamine-based fibres. 10) Sealing drying and 11) application of liquid resin pad on board bottom layer. Note here that said resin penetrates, at least partially, into board bottom surface layer. 12) Pad drying and 13) application of stabilizing layer on said bottom surface. 14) Compaction of sandwiched structure by high temperature and pressure and 15) separation to panels of required width and length. 16) Application of bonding means and fixing elements on opposite lateral edges for flue-free joint and fixation of several panels to the floor floating structure.
EFFECT: wear-resistant laminar panels.
16 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to composite materials used as materials in interior finish, upholstery, construction and furniture manufacturing, and relates to printing on non-woven fabric and their use in composite materials. The method of manufacturing a composite material in which the composite material comprises a carrier and at least one textile surface structure laminated on at least one of the two sides of the carrier, and the textile surface structure comprises at least one curable binder in a state of "B- stage" and before laminating it is printed with imparting it decor using digital printing, and comprises the stages: a) preparing a carrier; b) applying the coating paper or coating non-woven fabric on at least one surface of the carrier, and the coating paper or the cover non-woven fabric comprises at least one binder in a state of "B-stage"; c) applying the textile surface structure to the coating paper or the cover non-woven fabric, and the textile surface structure is provided with decor using digital printing; d) applying the coating paper or non-woven fabric coating on the textile surface, the coating paper or the cover non-woven fabric comprises at least one binder in a state of "B-stage"; e) laminating the structure obtained in accordance with stages b)-d), under the action of pressure and heat so that the binder present in the state of "B-stage" is cured.
EFFECT: invention provides creation of composite materials with decorative finish having the characteristics of impact elasticity, strength and fire resistance which are comparable with laminate materials comprising glass fibre non-woven fabrics for reinforcement.
SUBSTANCE: fire-resistant laminate has low combustion heat of ≤3 MJ / kg according to ISO 1716 and due to the multilayer structure has excellent mechanical properties and has extremely good stability in variable climatic conditions (hot / wet / cold / dry). Contains several nonwoven fabrics made of mineral and glass fibres, having different functions and composition. These include high-filled nonwoven fabrics, bridging C-stages and other additives.
EFFECT: production of fire-resistant laminate, used in various fields, where exclusively laminates have been applied up to date in accordance with standard EN 438 and superior.
33 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 9 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of manufacturing decorative paper, and also to the decorative paper. The method of manufacturing the decorative paper comprises printing decoration on paper; applying aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion, and after applying aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion on paper the resin is applied with sealing. The decorative paper comprises at least one core, a printed layer and the aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion entered into the core, at that the paper is saturated with amino-plastic resins.
EFFECT: creation of decorative paper, which would have increased light-proofness and could be profitably manufactured.
13 cl, 2 dwg, 8 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for panel fixation, providing for fixation of the panel on a support with two fastening grooves at the opposite sides, which during installation of the panel are located oppositely to the device of panel fixation, comprising two primary ledges, which are adapted to cover two lateral opposite sides of the support; at the same time each primary ledge comprises a secondary ledge transversely directed inside, capable of being installed into one of appropriate grooves of the support or being located behind it. One or several such elements as the panel, primary or secondary ledges, are flexible or resilient, therefore secondary ledges under action of the bending force may be elastically removed or stretched from opposite lateral sides of the support, and upon termination of the bending force action, are able to engage with the appropriate groove.
EFFECT: improved reliability.
15 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to building board with main part with porous surface and paper web applied thereon. Building board with main part 10 with porous surface and paper web 14 applied thereon above mid layer of cured binder 36. Note here that said binder penetrates in said paper web. Note also that said paper web 14 comprises primer layer 34 coating aforesaid binder penetrating through web 14 to adhere paper web to coloring fluid 38. Said fluid may be applied with the help of programmed printing process, in particular, jet printing, on paper web surface located above said main part 10 and provided with primer layer 34.
EFFECT: building board with pattern made thereon, lower costs.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative paper using powders of aminoplast resins and/or phenol plastic resins and/or mixes thereof, of their mixes with additives. Proposed method comprises producing the composition for processing and applying it on substrate. Note here that processing composition represents a dry powder mix containing one polymer resin powder and/or mix of powders that can interact to form one polymer resin. Note also that said composition comprises additional heating either before or after application on the substrate to melt partially the polymer resin and/or melt and to subject said reagents to polymerisation/cross-linking. Note also that proposed method differs in that said composition represents a dry solid composition, Note that said polymer resin represents one or more amine and/or phenol resin or mix thereof.
EFFECT: perfected process.
16 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: decorative art.
SUBSTANCE: for simplification of the method the relief is produced by sticking of deceptive material over the contour of the applied image, and the required amount of plastic compound is applied by small sections uniformly on the image surface sections that a free of deceptive material.
EFFECT: simplified procedure.