Units for separation of seeds

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in enterprises of canning industry. Unit comprises a housing unit water supply, loading and unloading devices. Body is made as a closed box on all sides with tiered arranged one above the other and connected rigidly to a single technological chain perforated hollow screw rotor, exciter and elastic elements. Rotors are made concave and convex shapes are set alternately one under the other. Water supply unit includes a body mounted on the inside of each rotor are three collector and six ports. Unloading device made in the form of slide-ways. Inside the convex rotors mounted tension spring turns of the planar convex shape. Inside the concave rotor mounted tension spring the planar coils concave shape. Direction of helical lines of each of the springs below the opposite direction of the helices of springs mounted above.

EFFECT: use of the invention will improve the quality of separated seeds.

1 cl, 15 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used at preservation branch enterprises. The machine tool contains a cylindrical body equipped with a helical guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving helical appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn helical jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is represented by a multithread helical perforated surface made of one or more perforated strips bent into cylindrical coils that so that to form curvilinear pockets of varied shapes and sizes.

EFFECT: invention usage allows to enhance seed separation efficiency.

7 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used at preservation branch enterprises. The device contains a cylindrical body equipped with a helical guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving helical appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn helical jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is represented by a multithread helical perforated surface made of a perforated strip of equal length folded into cylindrical coils that are connected along longitudinal edges so that to form helical perforated surfaces in the form of curvilinear pockets of varied shapes and sizes.

EFFECT: invention usage will allows to expand the technological capabilities of devices used for seeds separation.

7 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: plant contains a cylindrical body equipped with a helical guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving helical appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn helical jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. Along the perimeter, the rotor is made of five or more perforated strips of convex curvilinear shape, wound within a vertical plane in a longitudinal direction and curved along helical lines in a cross-wise direction on a barrelled mandrel so that to form helical lines and helical perforated convex-shaped surfaces along the rotor perimeter with centres of curvature inside the rotor as well as overlappings inside the rotor in the form of helical perforated blades along the whole of the rotor length, form charging to discharging.

EFFECT: invention usage allows to enhance seed separation efficiency.

8 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: machine contains a cylindrical body equipped with a helical guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving helical appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn helical jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is mounted on at least one of the perforated strips that are wound into helical coils and interconnected via their longitudinal edges; the strip is bend along the bending lines positioned at an angle relative to its longitudinal edges so that to form unidirectional helical lines and helical surfaces in the form of perforated polygonal pockets across the outer and the inner surface. The distance between the bending lines is equal to the length of each element of the polygon. The perforated pockets on the inner surface may differ from those on the outer surface in terms of shape and size and may be differently shaped along the perimeter.

EFFECT: invention usage allows to enhance seed separation efficiency.

7 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to food industry and may be used in seed separation plants. The installation contains a cylindrical body equipped with a screw guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving screw appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn screw jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is assembled of at least one perforates strip bent along straight lines positioned at equal distance from each other at identical angles to the crosswise edges of the perforated strip with formation of identical perforated parallelograms positioned after the bend on the perforated strip alternatively in opposite directions from each other. The perforated strip is wound into cylindrical coils interconnected along the longitudinal edges with formation of unidirectional broken helical lines and identical broken helical perforated pockets of triangular shape on the outer and the inner perforated surfaces of the rotor.

EFFECT: invention usage allows to enhance seed separation efficiency.

7 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used at preservation branch enterprises. The device contains a cylindrical body equipped with a screw guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor installed inside the body, a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is designed in the form of a perforated hollow cylindrical multiple-thread screw jacket. The rotor is made of no less than three perforated rectangular strips of identical width along the whole length of the strips, convoluted in a vertical plane in a longitudinal direction relative to the strip figure axis and curved along a helical line in a transverse direction on a cylindrical mandrel. The rotor is equipped with a receptacle screw appliance designed in the form of perforated hollow conical multiple-thread screw jacket made of no less than three perforated trapezoidal strips of varied width size increasing along the length of the receptacle part, twisted in a vertical plane in a longitudinal direction relative to the strip figure axis and curved along a helical line in a transverse direction on a conical mandrel.

EFFECT: invention usage will allow to expand the technological capabilities and enhance seeds separation efficiency.

16 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, machines for harvesting and separating seeds from cucurbitaceous fruits.

SUBSTANCE: method involves forming fruits into windrows; directing fruits into cells of lifting drum by means of which they are lifted and thrown onto tray; directing fruits to zone where drums with catches are located; gripping fruits by means of drums equipped with catches and adapted for rotation in opposite directions and guiding into gaps therebetween for further cutting into halves; orienting fruits with their cut portion upward and fixing on conveyor for combing out of seeds, followed by throwing of seeds into hopper; directing fruit halves free of seeds to charging zones for charging into vehicles. Apparatus has windrow forming section, lifting drum equipped with cells, tilt tray, drums with catches, knife positioned on frame of upper drum and provided with toothed comb, and tilter with counterweight, feeding conveyor having belt equipped with pins, roller conveyor positioned at the level of lower drum at the side opposite to direction of advancement of fruits and at an angle to feeding conveyor, said roller conveyor being provided with elastoplastic plates, separating drum mounted above feeding conveyor and provided with flexible members adapted for combing out of seeds, and seed hopper positioned under feeding conveyor and provided with movable bottom. Hopper is communicating with conveyor for charging of fruit halves and fruit seeds into vehicles. Upper drum is positioned for movement in vertical plane in conjunction with knife and tilter. Knife is located for reciprocation longitudinally of drums. Tilter is positioned for movement along circle sector around immovable axis.

EFFECT: reduced intensity of labor for separating seeds from cucurbitaceous fruits and improved quality of resultant product.

3 cl, 2 dwg

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to devices for separation of seeds, juice and pulp division

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to machines for cutting fruits with the Department of seed and can be used in agriculture and fruit processing industry

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, machines for harvesting and separating seeds from cucurbitaceous fruits.

SUBSTANCE: method involves forming fruits into windrows; directing fruits into cells of lifting drum by means of which they are lifted and thrown onto tray; directing fruits to zone where drums with catches are located; gripping fruits by means of drums equipped with catches and adapted for rotation in opposite directions and guiding into gaps therebetween for further cutting into halves; orienting fruits with their cut portion upward and fixing on conveyor for combing out of seeds, followed by throwing of seeds into hopper; directing fruit halves free of seeds to charging zones for charging into vehicles. Apparatus has windrow forming section, lifting drum equipped with cells, tilt tray, drums with catches, knife positioned on frame of upper drum and provided with toothed comb, and tilter with counterweight, feeding conveyor having belt equipped with pins, roller conveyor positioned at the level of lower drum at the side opposite to direction of advancement of fruits and at an angle to feeding conveyor, said roller conveyor being provided with elastoplastic plates, separating drum mounted above feeding conveyor and provided with flexible members adapted for combing out of seeds, and seed hopper positioned under feeding conveyor and provided with movable bottom. Hopper is communicating with conveyor for charging of fruit halves and fruit seeds into vehicles. Upper drum is positioned for movement in vertical plane in conjunction with knife and tilter. Knife is located for reciprocation longitudinally of drums. Tilter is positioned for movement along circle sector around immovable axis.

EFFECT: reduced intensity of labor for separating seeds from cucurbitaceous fruits and improved quality of resultant product.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used at preservation branch enterprises. The device contains a cylindrical body equipped with a screw guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor installed inside the body, a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is designed in the form of a perforated hollow cylindrical multiple-thread screw jacket. The rotor is made of no less than three perforated rectangular strips of identical width along the whole length of the strips, convoluted in a vertical plane in a longitudinal direction relative to the strip figure axis and curved along a helical line in a transverse direction on a cylindrical mandrel. The rotor is equipped with a receptacle screw appliance designed in the form of perforated hollow conical multiple-thread screw jacket made of no less than three perforated trapezoidal strips of varied width size increasing along the length of the receptacle part, twisted in a vertical plane in a longitudinal direction relative to the strip figure axis and curved along a helical line in a transverse direction on a conical mandrel.

EFFECT: invention usage will allow to expand the technological capabilities and enhance seeds separation efficiency.

16 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to food industry and may be used in seed separation plants. The installation contains a cylindrical body equipped with a screw guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving screw appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn screw jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is assembled of at least one perforates strip bent along straight lines positioned at equal distance from each other at identical angles to the crosswise edges of the perforated strip with formation of identical perforated parallelograms positioned after the bend on the perforated strip alternatively in opposite directions from each other. The perforated strip is wound into cylindrical coils interconnected along the longitudinal edges with formation of unidirectional broken helical lines and identical broken helical perforated pockets of triangular shape on the outer and the inner perforated surfaces of the rotor.

EFFECT: invention usage allows to enhance seed separation efficiency.

7 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: machine contains a cylindrical body equipped with a helical guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving helical appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn helical jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is mounted on at least one of the perforated strips that are wound into helical coils and interconnected via their longitudinal edges; the strip is bend along the bending lines positioned at an angle relative to its longitudinal edges so that to form unidirectional helical lines and helical surfaces in the form of perforated polygonal pockets across the outer and the inner surface. The distance between the bending lines is equal to the length of each element of the polygon. The perforated pockets on the inner surface may differ from those on the outer surface in terms of shape and size and may be differently shaped along the perimeter.

EFFECT: invention usage allows to enhance seed separation efficiency.

7 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: plant contains a cylindrical body equipped with a helical guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving helical appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn helical jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. Along the perimeter, the rotor is made of five or more perforated strips of convex curvilinear shape, wound within a vertical plane in a longitudinal direction and curved along helical lines in a cross-wise direction on a barrelled mandrel so that to form helical lines and helical perforated convex-shaped surfaces along the rotor perimeter with centres of curvature inside the rotor as well as overlappings inside the rotor in the form of helical perforated blades along the whole of the rotor length, form charging to discharging.

EFFECT: invention usage allows to enhance seed separation efficiency.

8 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used at preservation branch enterprises. The device contains a cylindrical body equipped with a helical guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving helical appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn helical jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is represented by a multithread helical perforated surface made of a perforated strip of equal length folded into cylindrical coils that are connected along longitudinal edges so that to form helical perforated surfaces in the form of curvilinear pockets of varied shapes and sizes.

EFFECT: invention usage will allows to expand the technological capabilities of devices used for seeds separation.

7 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used at preservation branch enterprises. The machine tool contains a cylindrical body equipped with a helical guide and installed so that to enable rotation, a perforated rotor (installed inside the body and equipped with a receiving helical appliance designed in the form of a hollow perforated conic multiturn helical jacket), a water delivery unit, a feeding and a discharging appliances. The rotor is represented by a multithread helical perforated surface made of one or more perforated strips bent into cylindrical coils that so that to form curvilinear pockets of varied shapes and sizes.

EFFECT: invention usage allows to enhance seed separation efficiency.

7 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: device to separate the seed comprises a housing and mounted therein a hollow perforated rotor assembly of water supply, loading and unloading devices. Perforated rotor perimeter made from three or more perforated strips of variable width convex curved shape, folded in a vertical plane in the longitudinal direction, the bent along helical lines in the transverse direction and bent on the notch with sloping walls in the cross-longitudinal direction, arranged in pairs at an angle one to the other on both sides of the perforated strips to form the perimeter of the perforated rotor directed towards each other broken lines and broken lines of the helical screw perforated surfaces with variable pitch.

EFFECT: invention can be used in devices for release seeds.

1 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in enterprises of canning industry. Unit comprises a housing unit water supply, loading and unloading devices. Body is made as a closed box on all sides with tiered arranged one above the other and connected rigidly to a single technological chain perforated hollow screw rotor, exciter and elastic elements. Rotors are made concave and convex shapes are set alternately one under the other. Water supply unit includes a body mounted on the inside of each rotor are three collector and six ports. Unloading device made in the form of slide-ways. Inside the convex rotors mounted tension spring turns of the planar convex shape. Inside the concave rotor mounted tension spring the planar coils concave shape. Direction of helical lines of each of the springs below the opposite direction of the helices of springs mounted above.

EFFECT: use of the invention will improve the quality of separated seeds.

1 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and can be used at tinned food factories. Device includes housing, water delivery unit, loading and unloading devices. Housing is made in the form of box closed on all sides containing located in tiers, one above the other, and rigidly connected into a single process chain screw hollow perforated rotors, vibration exciter and elastic elements. Rotors are installed in turn one above the other and are composed of screw perforated surface with helical lines along the perimeter and helical grooves inside the rotor made at an angle of 5-45 to the rotor rotation axis in the form of curved pockets with centers of curvature of curved pockets of helical perforated surface, located inside and outside the rotor. Rotors are mounted from one coiled in helical turns interconnected along lengthwise edges, equal-width perforated strip bent along creases arranged at an angle to flexure lines to make outer and inner perforated surfaces directed in one direction at an angle of 5-45 to the rotor rotation axis screw lines and helical perforated surfaces in the form of pockets which can differ along rotor perimeter both in shape and size. Water supply unit includes three collectors and six branches mounted inside the body above each rotor. Unloading device is made in the form of slide-ways. Direction of helices of each lower rotor is opposite to direction of helical lines of upper rotors mounted above.

EFFECT: higher quality of seeds separation.

1 cl, 8 dwg

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