Method for continuous hydroformylation of c3-c21 olefins into aldehydes

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for continuous hydroformylation of C3-C21 olefins into aldehydes in the presence of a catalyst system consisting of separate components - a soluble rhodium compound, a diphosphite ligand and an additional promoting organophosphorus ligand, selected from monophosphine, diphosphine or monophosphite. The method includes, while performing hydroformylation, controlling the value and rate of change of regioselectivity of the process on straight-chain aldehydes, periodically adding to the reaction mixture a disphosphite ligand in amount of 0.1-1 mol per 1 mol of the loaded rhodium and a promoting ligand in amount of 0.1-10 mol per 1 mol of the loaded rhodium, wherein the disphosphite ligand is added when regioselectivity decreases to a value not lower than 80%, and the promoting ligand is added when the rate of decrease of regioselectivity increases by more than 20% relative to the rate of the first decrease of regioselectivity after starting the hydroformylation process.

EFFECT: method reduces consumption of the diphosphite ligand with high regioselectivity of the catalyst system on straight-chain aldehydes.

1 dwg, 1 tbl, 6 ex

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: method of machining of products out of aluminium grade A85 working under stress relaxation conditions is performed by electric field action on the product, at that electrical potential is supplied to the products from stabilised power source, and average speed of voltages relaxation is increased by change of the specified potential within range from -1.5 V to 1.5 V.

EFFECT: control of voltage relaxation of technically clean Al grade A85.

1 tbl, 2 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of selecting a solvent or mixture of solvents useful for reducing deposit formation, cleaning existing deposits, and/or decreasing the rate of deposit formation. The invention relates to a method of dispersing contaminants in a liquid hydrocarbon stream, wherein the method includes steps of determining the nature of contaminants in the liquid hydrocarbon stream by measuring flow rate of the liquid hydrocarbon and estimating the ratio of hydrogen to carbon in the liquid hydrocarbon stream based on the measured value; selecting a solvent or a mixture of solvents suitable to disperse the contaminants based on the determined nature, wherein the ratio of hydrogen to carbon in the selected solvent or mixture of solvents is less than the estimated ratio of hydrogen to carbon in the liquid hydrocarbon stream; and contacting the contaminants with the selected solvent or mixture of solvents.

EFFECT: efficient dispersion and removal of contaminants from equipment.

18 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method for control over one or more processes that occur during the first part of the recipe of multiple parts to be executed by processing device to obtain the data on at least one part of one or several processes. At least a part of said data is memorised. At least said part of the data is made accessible for one or more processes occurring during the second part of said recipe. Note here that is becomes possible to very one or more processes occurring during second part of the recipe proceeding from at least said part of the data with respect to the part of multicomponent recipe first part.

EFFECT: reconfigurable system for production of substances from multiple separate ingredients.

47 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method for correction of carbon nano-tubes (CNTs) concentration in an electrolyte for electrochemical sedimentation of metals involves measurement of the temperature of electrolyte in the plating bath, measurement of CNTs concentration and recovery of CNTs concentration in the electrolyte. Measurement of CNTs concentration in the electrolyte is performed by way of passing the electrolyte through the photometer optical system; relying on the photometer readings, the initial CNTs concentration is recovered by way of dosaged delivery of CNTs into the electrolyte that is subsequently passed through the disperser and returned to the plating bath.

EFFECT: measurement of CNTs concentration and recovery of initial CNTs concentration in the electrolyte in the process of plated coating application.

2 cl, 5 dwg, 4 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: adjustable voltage transformer comprises the following: a primary winding connected to a source of power supply, a secondary winding electrically isolated from the primary winding, besides, the secondary winding is designed to reduce the primary voltage down to the secondary voltage and a multistep switch of transformer taps connected with the secondary winding, besides, the transforer tap switch divides the secondary voltage into the specified number of voltage steps.

EFFECT: even and less distorted adjustment of current supplied to heaters of electric resistance, supply of power supply to heaters of underground beds and their adjustment.

20 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: mixing pump includes mixing gas chamber, inlet channels protruding into the mixing chamber for supply to mixing chamber of high pressure and low pressure gas; outlet channel for discharge of mixed gases; pneumatic actuating element located in inlet high pressure gas supply channel and containing movable piston rigidly attached to the plug the position of which in inlet channel determines the flow passage of high pressure gas to mixing chamber; control cavity of movable piston, to which the pressure determining the position of movable piston, pneumatic circuit between pressure source and control cavity is supplied. Besides, according to the invention, pneumatic circuit includes at least one bleed valve made so that leakage can be created in pneumatic circuit, which allows changing the pressure supplied to the control cavity.

EFFECT: creation of easy-to-operate gas mixing pump capable of changing the outlet gas pressure value with the specified or reference value.

17 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: method of control of multi-effect evaporator with natural evaporation head evaporator includes measurement and regulation of consumption of the initial solution and steam in the heating chamber and in the mortar space of the head evaporator and the boiling temperature of the solution, and the pressure of heating steam and the temperature of the solution at the outlet of the heating chamber of head evaporator are measured, based on the pressure of heating steam the temperature of its saturation and the difference between it and the solution temperature at the outlet of the heating chamber Δt1 is calculated, as well as the difference between the temperatures of the solution at the outlet of the heating chamber and the bioling temperature of the solution Δt2. With that, if Δt1 reduces to the value mentioned, e.g. 5°C, then the steam is supplied to the mortar space with consumption, corresponding to the amount of steam passing through the 0.3 section of the pipe during 1-2 minutes, if Δt2 decreases to the value lower than specified, e.g. to 3°C, the steam is supplied to the mortar space with consumption, corresponding to the total cross section of the pipe, and after reaching the setpoint value, e.g. 5°C the steam supply is stopped.

EFFECT: method enables to stabilise the operation of the apparatus, to increase plant efficiency and reduce the steam consumption for evaporation.

1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: device includes the following: continuous monitoring device of percentage of soaked carbon band; limit stops; time sweep unit of item winding; monitoring unit of volumetric distribution of binding agent; monitoring unit of shift parameters of binding agent in structure of wound item; monitoring unit of kinetic properties of binding agent in surface layer; interface unit to information display device; display device of information and communication between them.

EFFECT: increasing monitoring efficiency of manufacturing process of items by winding method and improving the quality of the item.

6 dwg

FIELD: metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for control of the service life of the items made from A85 grade aluminium and operated under creep conditions. Creep control method of A85 grade aluminium involves attachment to the item from aluminium of one of the metal plates having work function that is different from aluminium. At attachment of the above plates the contact difference of potentials appears. Depending on value of potential contact difference the creep process is either slowed by connection of plate from Pb, Ti, Fe, Cu, or accelerated by connection of plate from Zr, Ni.

EFFECT: increasing service life of aluminium items.

1 tbl, 2 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of synthetic carnallite. Proposed method comprises stabilising dissolution temperature, stabilising useful component concentration in varying stock consumption and determining useful component in flows entering the process. In varying said consumption relative to preset magnitude, useful component consumption is adjusted. Useful component comprises, apart from potassium chloride, magnesium chloride. Its concentration on feed stock flow is stabilised by evaporation of magnesium chloride initial solution. Additionally, content of magnesium chloride in evaporated solution is measured to calculate flow rate of evaporated solution by the following expression: where is flow rate of evaporated magnesium chloride solution, t; GKCl is potassium chloride flow rate per 100% of the product, t; is specified content of MgCl2 in evaporated solution, 35±0.5 %. Calculated magnitude is loaded in solution consumption control system as a setting point.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of control.

2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: installation comprises: sources of synthesis-gas and olefins, connected to reactor via purification devices, successively connected by means of pipelines with reactor input gas-liquid separator and evaporator, collector of bottom residue of which is connected with reverse pipeline of liquid recycle, with output of aldehydes from evaporator being collected with rectification column via collector-separator, as well as unit for discharge of waste catalyst and heavy reaction products. Installation is provided with sensor of liquid level, installed in collector of bottom residue; device for preparation of fresh catalyst solution, connected with reverse pipeline of liquid recycle and made in form of mixer with dosing device of catalyst components, with unit for discharge of waste catalyst and heavy reaction products being made in from of successively connected pump with device of its switching on and off, meter of liquid flow, device for distilling aldehydes from waste catalyst solution and connected with meter of liquid flow and dosing device of catalyst components of actuator, with output for aldehydes from device for their distillation from waste catalyst solution being connected with mixer of device for preparation of fresh catalyst solution, and sensor of liquid level is located with device of pump switching on and off.

EFFECT: realisation of hydroformylation on claimed installation makes it possible to provide constant optimal quantity of heavy reaction products, optimal composition and quantity of catalyst solution.

1 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of regulating hydroformylation process for obtaining aldehydes of normal structure (N) and iso-structure (I) with ratio N:I. Claimed method includes contact of unsaturated olefin compound with synthesis-gas and catalyst, which contains transition metal and organopolyphosphite and organomonophosphite ligand, with contact being carried out in conditions of hydroformylation, including partial pressure of synthesis-gas, where method includes increase of partial pressure of synthesis-gas to reduce ratio N:I or reduction of partial pressure of synthesis-gas to increase ratio N:I.

EFFECT: obtaining aldehydes of normal structure (N) and iso-structure (I) with ratio N to I.

10 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of hydroformylation and can be used in chemical industry. Claimed is method of hydroformylation for obtaining aldehyde product, including interaction in mode of continuous reaction in liquid phase for hydroformylation of unsaturated olefin compounds, carbon monoxide and hydrogen in presence of mixture of triphenylphosphine and organo-bisphosphite ligand of formula , where R1 and R2 represent monovalent aryl radical, containing from 6 to 40 carbon atoms, R28 represents C1-20-alkyl or cycloalkyl radical or alkoxyradical; and R29 can represent hydrogen atom, C1-20-alkyl or cycloalkyl radical or alkoxyradical. One of said ligands binds with rhodium with formation of hydroformylation catalyst, with molar ratio of triphenyl to metal and organo-bisphosphite ligand to metal constituting at least 4.

EFFECT: presence of organomonophosphite in said system of catalysts based on Rh/organopolyphosphite complex results in catalysts stabilisation without loss of reaction rate.

10 cl, 5 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to regioselective obtaining of n-pentanal, which is used for obtaining plasticisers, additives to motor oils, synthetic lubricating materials. The method is realised in a medium of an aldehyde-containing solvent by the interaction of synthesis-gas with an industrial butane-butene fraction in the presence of a catalytic system, containing rhodium and a diphosphite ligand, with the reaction being carried out with the content of the aldehyde in the solvent not less than 10 wt %, at temperatures 80-110°C, total pressure 0.7-3 MPa, synthesis-gas pressure 0.5-2.5 MPa, with a molar ratio of hydrogen to carbon oxide being in the range 5.0-0.5, molar ratio diphosphite/Rh being in the range 3-15, and rhodium concentration constituting 30-300 ppm, and the addition into a reaction mixture of antioxidants, selected from bisphenols of general formulas: the content of which constitutes 10-40 mol per 1 g-at. rhodium, where R stands for hydrocarbon univalent radicals or hydrogen.

EFFECT: elaboration of a method of regioselective obtaining of n-pentanal.

1 tbl, 26 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a novel acyclic aldehyde having 16 carbon atoms, containing at least three branches and selected from a group consisting of: 3-ethyl-7,11-dimethyldodecanal, 2,3,7,11-tetramethyl-dodecanal, 7,11,-dimethyl-3-vinyldodeca-6,10-dienal and 4,8,12-dimethyltrideca-4,7,11-trienal, to a composition of substances suitable for use as starting material for producing surfactants and containing at least one of the disclosed acyclic aldehydes, to a composition of detergent alcohols, suitable for producing a composition of surfactants and containing at least one acyclic alcohol converted from the disclosed acyclic aldehyde, and to a surfactant composition suitable for use in a detergent or cleaning composition and containing one or more surfactant derivatives of isomers of the acyclic detergent alcohol converted from the disclosed acyclic aldehyde. The invention also relates to versions of a cleaning composition and to versions of a method of producing an alcohol mixture for a composition of detergent alcohols.

EFFECT: improved properties of compounds.

19 cl, 10 tbl, 24 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing aldehydes via hydroformylation of terminal or internal olefins in the presence of a catalyst system containing rhodium and a mono- or polyphosphite ligand. An antioxidant is added to the reaction mixture, the antioxidant being phenols or thioureas of general formulae: where R denotes identical or different aliphatic or aromatic univalent radicals or hydrogen, and hydroformylation is carried out in liquid phase in a solvent medium in form of aldehyde, with rhodium concentration of 0.1-2 mmol/l, at temperature of 20-150°C and pressure of 0.2-5 MPa, wherein the amount of the antioxidant is 1-30 mol/mol phosphite ligand.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain end products using an efficient method at low raw material costs.

2 tbl, 15 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a method of processing a hydroformylation reaction liquid product which contains an aldehyde, high-boiling hydroformylation reaction by-products, a homogeneously dissolved rhodium complex catalyst, an unreacted olefinically unsaturated compound, synthesis gas and volatile by-products, in which a) the liquid stream after hydroformylation is throttled in an expansion tank, wherein there is separation into a liquid phase and a gas phase, b) the liquid phase obtained in the expansion tank is fed into a separation device in which there is separation into a liquid phase, which mainly contains high-boiling hydroformylation reaction by-products, a homogeneously dissolved rhodium complex catalyst and a small amount of aldehyde, and a gas phase which contains the bulk of the aldehyde, and c) a liquid rhodium-containing stream is collected from the separation device. A portion of the liquid rhodium-containing output stream collected from the separation device is removed from the process and the other portion is passed through a filter, and the separated solid substances are removed from the process while the obtained filtrate is returned to the hydroformylation reaction.

EFFECT: method enables to prevent breakdown and/or deactivation of the hydroformylation catalyst.

13 cl, 1 ex, 1 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for direct conversion of lower C1-C4 paraffins to oxygenates such as alcohols and aldehydes, which are valuable intermediate products of organic synthesis and can be used as components of engine fuel and/or starting material for producing synthetic gasoline and other engine fuels. The method involves passing a mixture consisting of a lower paraffin or oxygen, diluted with an inert gas or air or pure oxygen, through a catalyst bed at temperature not higher than 350°C. The catalyst used is a catalyst system for heterogeneous reactions, which contains microfibre of a high-silica support and at least one active element, the active element being in form of either a MeOxHalv composite or a EwMezOxHaly composite, wherein the element Me in both composites is selected from a group which includes transition metals of groups 5-12 and periods 4 and 5, or elements of lanthanum or lanthanide groups or, preferably, ruthenium; element Hal is one of the halogens: fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, but preferably chlorine; element E in the EwMezOxHaly composite is selected from a group which includes alkali, alkali-earth elements, or hydrogen, and indices w, z, x and y are weight fractions of elements in given composites and can vary in the following ranges: z - from 0.12 to 0.80, x - from 0.013 to 0.34, y - from 0.14 to 0.74, w - from 0 to 0.50.

EFFECT: method enables to achieve high degree of conversion of starting reactants and high selectivity of formation of alcohols.

4 cl, 15 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a continuous hydroformylation process for producing a mixture of aldehydes with improved control over normal/branched (N/I) isomer ratio of the product aldehydes. The method involves contacting under continuous reaction conditions in a hydroformylation reaction fluid, one or more olefin compounds, carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the presence of a mixture of an organopolyphosphite ligand and an organomonophosphite ligand, at least one of said ligands being bonded to a transition metal to form a hydroformylation catalyst containing a transition metal-ligand complex; the organopolyphosphite ligand comprising a plurality of phosphorus (III) atoms each bonded to three hydrocarbyloxy radicals, any non-bridging species of which consists essentially of an aryloxy radical (substituted or unsubstituted); the contacting is further conducted: (a) at a sub-stoichiometric molar ratio of organopolyphosphite ligand to transition metal such that said molar ratio is greater than 0 but less than 1.0/1; (b) at a super-stoichiometric molar ratio of organomonophosphite ligand to transition metal such that said molar ratio is greater than 2/1; (c) at a carbon monoxide partial pressure in a negative order region of a hydroformylation rate curve wherein rate of reaction decreases as carbon monoxide partial pressure increases, and wherein rate of reaction increases as carbon monoxide partial pressure decreases, the rate curve being measured on an identical hydroformylation process in the presence of the organopolyphosphite ligand but not the organomonophosphite ligand; and (d) with varying the molar ratio of organopolyphosphite ligand to transition metal within the aforementioned sub-stoichiometric range while maintaining the molar ratio of organomonophosphite ligand to transition metal in the aforementioned super-stoichiometric range, so as to control continuously the normal/branched isomer ratio of the aldehyde products.

EFFECT: providing a continuous production of a mixture of aldehydes with improved control over normal/branched (N/I) isomer ratio of the aldehyde products.

21 cl, 3 ex, 4 tbl, 2 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a carbonylation method in which at least one compound olefinically unsaturated compound reacts with carbon monoxide in the presence of a complex catalyst of a metal of subgroup VIII of the periodic table of elements, containing an organophosphorus compound as a ligand, where the additional reagent used is at least hydrogen and hydroformylation is carried out. Carbonylation is carried out in the presence of at least one sterically hindered secondary amine with 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine , units. The invention also relates to a mixture for use in the disclosed carbonylation method.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain desired products with high selectivity using a stable catalyst system.

18 cl, 4 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: installation comprises: sources of synthesis-gas and olefins, connected to reactor via purification devices, successively connected by means of pipelines with reactor input gas-liquid separator and evaporator, collector of bottom residue of which is connected with reverse pipeline of liquid recycle, with output of aldehydes from evaporator being collected with rectification column via collector-separator, as well as unit for discharge of waste catalyst and heavy reaction products. Installation is provided with sensor of liquid level, installed in collector of bottom residue; device for preparation of fresh catalyst solution, connected with reverse pipeline of liquid recycle and made in form of mixer with dosing device of catalyst components, with unit for discharge of waste catalyst and heavy reaction products being made in from of successively connected pump with device of its switching on and off, meter of liquid flow, device for distilling aldehydes from waste catalyst solution and connected with meter of liquid flow and dosing device of catalyst components of actuator, with output for aldehydes from device for their distillation from waste catalyst solution being connected with mixer of device for preparation of fresh catalyst solution, and sensor of liquid level is located with device of pump switching on and off.

EFFECT: realisation of hydroformylation on claimed installation makes it possible to provide constant optimal quantity of heavy reaction products, optimal composition and quantity of catalyst solution.

1 dwg, 1 ex

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